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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The location of Macedonia
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Macedonia

The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.[1] Macedonia is bordered by Serbia and Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east.

It was admitted to the United Nations in 1993 under the provisional reference the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia[2][3] commonly abbreviated to FYROM,[4][5] pending resolution of a naming dispute with Greece.[6] Many other international institutions and countries have recognised the country under the same reference, although an overall majority of countries recognise it under its constitutional name.[7]

The Republic of Macedonia forms approximately 35.8% of the land and 40.9% of the population of the wider geographical region of Macedonia, as it was defined in the late 19th century. The capital is Skopje, with 506,926 inhabitants according to a 2004 census, and there are a number of smaller cities, notably Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, Kočani, Gostivar and Strumica. It has more than 50 natural and artificial lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 meters (6,550 ft).

The country is a member of the UN and the Council of Europe and a member of La Francophonie, the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Since December 2005 it is also a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Macedonia:


General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Macedonia

Geography of Macedonia

An enlargeable topographic map of Macedonia
 Greece 246 km
 Kosovo 159 km
 Albania 151 km
 Bulgaria 148 km
 Serbia 62 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Macedonia

An enlargeable satellite image of Macedonia
  • Climate of Macedonia
  • Environmental issues in Macedonia
  • Ecoregions in Macedonia
  • Renewable energy in Macedonia
  • Geology of Macedonia
  • Protected areas of Macedonia
    • Biosphere reserves in Macedonia
    • National parks of Macedonia
  • Wildlife of Macedonia

Natural geographic features of Macedonia

  • Fjords of Macedonia
  • Glaciers of Macedonia
  • Islands of Macedonia
  • Lakes of Macedonia
  • Mountains of Macedonia
    • Volcanoes in Macedonia
  • Rivers of Macedonia
    • Waterfalls of Macedonia
  • Valleys of Macedonia
  • World Heritage Sites in Macedonia

Regions of Macedonia

Main article: Regions of Macedonia

Ecoregions of Macedonia

Main article: Ecoregions in Macedonia

Administrative divisions of Macedonia

Main article: Administrative divisions of Macedonia
Municipalities of Macedonia
Statistical Regions of the Republic of Macedonia

Demography of Macedonia

Main article: Demographics of Macedonia

Government and politics of Macedonia

Main article: Government of Macedonia and Politics of Macedonia

Branches of the government of Macedonia

Executive branch of the government of Macedonia

Legislative branch of the government of Macedonia

Judicial branch of the government of Macedonia

  • Supreme Court of Macedonia

Foreign relations of Macedonia

International organization membership

The Republic of Macedonia is a member of: [1]

Law and order in Macedonia

Main article: Law of Macedonia

Military of Macedonia

Main article: Military of Macedonia

Local government in Macedonia

History of Macedonia

Main article: History of Macedonia, Timeline of the history of Macedonia, and Current events of Macedonia
  • Economic history of Macedonia
  • Military history of Macedonia

Culture of Macedonia

Main article: Culture of Macedonia

Art in Macedonia

Sports in Macedonia

Main article: Sports in Macedonia

Economy of Macedonia

Main article: Economy of Macedonia

Education in Macedonia

Main article: Education in Macedonia

Infrastructure of Macedonia

See also

Macedonian language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


  1. ^ a b "Macedonia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.  
  2. ^ UN Resolutions #817 of April 7 and #845 of June 18 of 1993
  3. ^ "Note on Yugoslavia". Retrieved 2008-05-10.   "By resolution A/RES/47/225 of 8 April 1993, the General Assembly decided to admit as a Member of the United Nations the State being provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" pending settlement of the difference that had arisen over its name."
  4. ^ Bonk, M. R., Carlton R. A. (editors) (1997), International Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, 4th Edition, Detroit, New York, Toronto, London: Gale Research, LCCCN 85-642206, ISBN 0-8103-7437-4, ISSN 0743-0523, Volume 1, pg. 516 and Bonk, M. R (Project Editor) (2003), International Acronyms, Initialisms & Abbreviations Dictionary, 32nd Edition, USA: Gale-Thompson Group, Volume 1, pg. 1789, ISBN 0-7876-4109-X (Part 2 D-I only)
  5. ^ Alongside the official long-form reference, the "FYROM" acronym is frequently used by international organizations such as the UN, the EU, the OSCE, the EBU, the IMF, the World Bank, WTO and NATO (All NATO documents referring to "FYROM" have to be accompanied by a footnote text 'Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name')
  6. ^ United Nations Resolution 225 (1993)
  7. ^ See lists at Macedonia naming dispute

External links



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