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Outline of linguistics: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Linguistics is the scientific study of natural language. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist. Linguistics can be theoretical or applied.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to linguistics:


Essence of linguistics

Main article: Linguistics

Branches of linguistics


Subfields of linguistics

Schools, movements, and approaches of linguistics

History of linguistics

Main article: History of linguistics

Timeline of discovery of basic linguistics concepts

When were the basic concepts first described and by whom?

  • Ancient Sanskrit grammarians
  • Ancient Greek study of language
  • Roman elaborations of Greek study
  • Medieval philosophical work in Latin
  • Beginnings of modern linguistics in the 19th century
  • Behaviorism and mental tabula rasa hypothesis
  • Chomsky and functionalism
  • Generative grammar leads to generative phonology and semantics
  • Alternate syntactic systems develop in 80s
  • Computational linguistics becomes feasible the late 80s
  • Neurolinguistics and the biological basis of cognition

Basic questions in linguistics

What are the basic questions asked in linguistics?

  1. What is language?
  2. How did it/does it evolve?
  3. How does language serve as a medium of communication?
  4. How does language serve as a medium of thinking?
  5. What is common to all languages?
  6. How do languages differ?

(The answers are not necessarily basic or easy to understand.)

Basic concepts

What basic concepts / terms do I have to know to talk about linguistics?

Languages of the world

Languages by country

Linguistics scholars

Main article: List of linguists

People who had a significant influence on the development of the field

Linguistics lists

Arabic Aramaic Armenian Braille Coptic Cyrillic
Georgian Gothic Korean Hebrew IPA English IPA
Kannada Hiragana Katakana Morse code NATO Phonetic Phoenician
Runic SAMPA Chart English SAMPA Shavian Thai

See also

External links


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