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Illustration from the Old French translation of Guillaume de Tyr's Histoire d'Outremer

Outremer, French (outre-mer) for "overseas", was the general name given to the Crusader states established after the First Crusade: the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli and especially the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The name was often used as an equivalent to Levant, Syria or Palestine, and incorporated areas that are today large parts of Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon and a small part of Turkey.

The term could also be used for any other land "overseas"; Louis IV of France was called "Louis d'Outremer" as he was raised in England.

The modern term outre-mer means overseas, and is notably used for the French Overseas Departments and Territories (départements d'outre-mer et territoires d'outre-mer).

Cultural impact

The author Chaz Brenchley set his series The Books of Outremer in an alternate universe version of this region.

See also



Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



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From French outre-mer ‘beyond the sea’, from outre ‘beyond’ + mer ‘sea’.


  • IPA: /ˈuːtɹəmɛː/

Proper noun


  1. (French history) The French Crusader States established in the Middle East after the First Crusade.
    • 1997: After the capture of Jerusalem, the genuine pilgrims had begun to trickle home; the Franks who remained in Outremer (as the Crusader lands in the Middle East had come to be called) were military adventurers, now out for what they could get. — John Julius Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium (Penguin 1998, p. 260)


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