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Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Part of Maginot Line
Northeast France
PO Karre - 2003-12-21 - 18.jpg
Machine gun turret — note two GFM cloches to the rear
Ouvrage Bois-Karre is located in France
Coordinates 46°25′46″N 6°12′14″E / 46.42944°N 6.20389°E / 46.42944; 6.20389Coordinates: 46°25′46″N 6°12′14″E / 46.42944°N 6.20389°E / 46.42944; 6.20389
Built by CORF
Construction
materials
Concrete, steel, deep excavation
Current
condition
Preserved
Open to
the public
Yes
Controlled by France
Battles/wars Battle of France, Lorraine Campaign
Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Type of work: Small infantry work (Petit ouvrage - infantry)
sector
└─sub-sector
Fortified Sector of Thionville
└─Sub-sector of Hettange-Grande
Work number: A11
Constructed: 1930-1935
Regiment: 168th Fortress Infantry Regiment (RIF)
Number of blocks: 1
Strength: 2 officers, 91 men

Ouvrage Bois- Karre is located in the Fortified Sector of Thionville of the Maginot Line, facing the France - Luxembourg border. The petit ouvrage is situated in the Cattenom Forest between the gros ouvrages Soetrich and Kobenbusch, just south of Boust. It is unusual for a Maginot fortification in its construction as a single blockhouse, with no underground gallery system or remotely-located entries.

Contents

Design and construction

Bois-Karre was surveyed by CORF (Commission d'Organisation des Régions Fortifiées), the Maginot Line's design and construction agency, in 1930. Work began in 1931,[1] and the position became operational in 1935,[2] at a cost of 10 million francs.[3]

Bois-Karre was planned as an anchor point for a fortified line of retreat from the Cattenom salient formed by Kobenbusch and Oberheid. A firing chamber is arranged to cover the reinforcing line (bretelle de Cattenom), which was to be anchored at its other end by Block 2 of Ouvrage Galgenberg. The reinforcing line was never built.[4]

Description

The single two-level combat block comprises two firing chambers and one machine gun turret. The west firing chamber was armed with a machine gun embrasure and a machine gun/47mm anti-tank gun embrasure (JM/AC47). The east firing chamber was equipped with two JM/AC47 embrasures and a JM embrasure. Three automatic rifle cloches (GFM) on the surface provided spotting for ouvrage Métrich, along with a machine gun turret.[1][5] The integral usine was equipped with two 40 horsepower (30 kW) Renault engines.

Several casemates, observatories and infantry shelters are located around Bois-Karre, including

  • Casemate de Basse-Parthe Ouest: Single clasmate flanking to the west with one JM/AC37 embrasure, one JM embrasure and one GFM cloche.
  • Casemate de Basse-Parthe Est: Single clasmate flanking to the east with one JM/AC37 embrasure, one JM embrasure and one GFM cloche.
  • Abri du Bois-Karre: Surface shelter for one infantry section, with two GFM cloches.
  • Abri du Rippert: Sub-surface shelter for two infantry sections and the quarter command post, two GFM cloches.
  • Abri du Bois-de-Cattenom: Surface shelter for one infantry section, two GFM cloches.

None of these are connected to the ouvrage or to each other. All were built by CORF.[1]

Manning

The garrison comprised 91 men and two officers of the 168th Fortress Infantry Regiment under Sub-Lieutenant Boulay.[1]

Current condition

The ouvrage which retains a large portion of its equipment, has been restored and may be visited.[4]

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques (2003) (in French). Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 3. Histoire & Collections. p. 93. ISBN 2-913903-88-6. 
  2. ^ Kauffmann, J.E.; Kauffmann, H.W. (2006). Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International. pp. 25. ISBN 0-275-98345-5. 
  3. ^ Wahl, J.B.. (P.O.) Bois Karre - A12 "Infanteriewerk (P.O.) Bois Karre - A12" (in German). darkplaces.org. http://www.darkplaces.org/Frankreich/WW2/Ligne_Maginot/SF_de_Thionville/PO/Bois_Karre/Bois_Karre.htmltitle=Infanteriewerk (P.O.) Bois Karre - A12. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Petit ouvrage du Bois Karre" (in French). Association Ligne Maginot du Secteur Fortifié du Bois de Cattenom. 2009. http://forticat.com/spip.php?article16. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "Bois-Karre (po A12 de)last=Puelinckx" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. 2010. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=3318. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 

Bibliography

  • Allcorn, William. The Maginot Line 1928-45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-646-1
  • Kauffmann, J.E. and Kaufmann, H.W. Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98345-5
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 3. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2003. ISBN 2-913903-88-6 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 5. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35250-127-5 (French)

External links

  • Boise-Karre at Ligne Maginot du Secteur Fortifié du Bois de Cattenom (LM SFBC) (French)
  • Bois Karre at fortiff.be (French)
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