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Ouvrage Col de Garde
Part of Maginot Line, Alpine Line
near Saint-Agnès
Ouvrage Col de Garde is located in France
Coordinates 43°45′24″N 7°28′48″E / 43.75659°N 7.48011°E / 43.75659; 7.48011Coordinates: 43°45′24″N 7°28′48″E / 43.75659°N 7.48011°E / 43.75659; 7.48011
Built  ()
Built by CORF
Construction
materials
Concrete, steel, rock excavation
Current
condition
Abandoned
Open to
the public
No
Controlled by France
Battles/wars Italian invasion of France, Operation Dragoon
Ouvrage Col de Garde
Type of work: Small artillery work (Petit ouvrage)
sector
└─sub-sector
Fortified Sector of the Maritime Alps
└─Corniches, Quartier Sainte-Agnès
Work number: EO 10
Regiment: 58th DBAF
Number of blocks: 4
Strength: 4 officers, 111 men

Ouvrage Col de Garde is a lesser work (petit ouvrage) of the Maginot Line's Alpine extension, the Alpine Line, also called the Little Maginot Line. The ouvrage consists of two entry blocks, one infantry block and one observation block, slightly more than 1 km south of Sainte-Agnès.

The ouvrage comprises four combat blocks at an altitude of 231 metres (760 ft), and was manned in 1940 by 115 men under the command of Lieutenant Juffet.[1]

Col de Garde was sited to control the Col de Garde road between Saint-Agnès and Menton, as well as protecting the southern flank of the Ouvrage Sainte-Agnès. The ouvrage is closed and locked and in a good state of repair, although covered by vegetation.[1] The position overlooks Autoroute A8 at the Col de Garde tunnel.

Contents

Description

Col de Garde is a compact site with two entries and a short set of rock-cut galleries with short branches for ammunition magazines, barracks and the usine.

  • Block 1 (south entry): One machine gun port.[2]
  • Block 2 (north entry): One machine gun port.[3]
  • Block 3 (observation block): one machine gun turret.[4]
  • Block 4 (infantry block): one37mm anti-tank gun port and one twin machine gun port.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Col de Garde (PO EO10 du)" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=6018. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Col de Garde (po du) Bloc 1" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=6019. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  3. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Col de Garde (po du) Bloc 2" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=6020. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Col de Garde (po du) Bloc 3" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=6021. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Col de Garde (po du) Bloc 4" (in French). Index de la Ligne Maginot. fortiff.be. http://www.fortiff.be/maginot/index.php?p=6022. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 

Bibliography

  • Allcorn, William. The Maginot Line 1928-45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-646-1
  • Kauffmann, J.E. and Kaufmann, H.W. Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98345-5
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 4 - La fortification alpine. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-915239-46-1 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 5. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35250-127-5 (French)

External links

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