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Provincie Overijssel
Province of Overijssel
Flag Overijssel.svg Coat of arms of Overijssel
Flag Coat of arms
Map: Province of Overijssel in the Netherlands South Holland North Holland Friesland Groningen Drenthe Flevoland Overijssel Gelderland Utrecht Limburg North Brabant Zeeland
About this image
Capital Zwolle
Largest city Enschede
Queen's Commissioner Geert Jansen
Religion (1999) Protestant 32%
Catholic 27%
Area
 • Land
 • Water
 
3.327 km² (4th)
94 km²
Population (2006)
 • Total
 • Density

1,113,529 (7th)
335/km² (7th)
Anthem Aan de rand van Hollands gouwen
ISO NL-OV
Official website www.overijssel.nl

Overijssel About this sound pronunciation (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central eastern part of the country. The region has a NUTS classification of NL21. The province's name means "Lands across river IJssel". The capital city of Overijssel is Zwolle and the largest city is Enschede. The province has a population of 1,113,529 inhabitants.

Contents

Geography

Map of Overijssel
Satellite photograph of Overijssel

Overijssel is bordered by Germany to the east, the Achterhoek region of Gelderland to the south, the Veluwe region of Gelderland and Flevoland to the west, and Friesland and the former moors of Drenthe to the north. Overijssel comprises three regions: Kop van Overijssel in the northwest, Salland in the centre of the province, and Twente in the east. Besides the capital Zwolle, the major cities are Almelo, Deventer, Enschede, and Hengelo.

To the southeast, the province's surface is mostly sandy, interspersed with small rivers such as the Regge and Dinkel and other brooks. In the northwest, the geology is dominated by sediments from the Overijsselse Vecht and clay. The northern parts were once covered by veen (bogs) which separated the dryer and more arable south from Drenthe and which have been exploited as fuel to a large degree. Only small patches survive today (Engbertsdijksvenen near Tubbergen, Witteveen (near Haaksbergen), and the Aamsveen (near Enschede). The extreme northwest is dominated by a system of lakes formed by former peat-mining, the Weerribben, which is a valuable wetland.

The highest point in Overijssel is the summit of the Tankenberg, a hill in the municipality of Losser, at 89 metres (295 ft). The lowest point is in the Mastenbroek Polder near Kampen at 2 metres (6 ft) below sea level.

History

Map of the Archbishopric of Utrecht around 1350, when present-day Overijssel was part of the region Oversticht

During its early history, Overijssel was formerly known as Oversticht and also included much of modern-day Drenthe. In 1336, it was made part of Guelders, though it was ceded to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347 and was known as het Sticht. The Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperor Charles V in 1528, who styled himself "Lord of Overijssel", thereby giving the province its modern name. The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir Philip II. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the province.

After a brief occupation by the forces of the Bishop of Münster (1672–74), Overijssel received a new form of government which granted the stadtholders more power. Widespread resistance against the increased power throughout the provinces eventually led to the formation of the Batavian Republic in 1795. A centralist government arose and the Netherlands was organised into a series of départements, based on those used by revolutionary France. At first organised into its own département, it was merged with Drenthe in 1798 to form Ouden IJssel, which was renamed Overijssel in 1801.

The French annexed the Batavian Republic in 1810, and Overijssel was organised into the new French département of Bouches-de-l'Yssel. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1814, the kingdom of the Netherlands and the former province of Overijssel were recreated. Overijssel was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II from May 1940 until its liberation in April 1945. The Noordoostpolder, which had been laid dry in 1942, was part of Overijssel from 1962 until 1986, when it became part of the newly created province of Flevoland.

Government

Diagram of the 2007 election results for the States-Provincial in Overijssel

The Queen's Commissioner of Overijssel is Geert Jansen. He is the chairman of the States-Deputed (executive branch) and the States-Provincial (elected parliament) of Overijssel.

2007 election results
Political party Votes in % Seats
Christian Democratic Appeal 34,1 17
Dutch Labour Party 17,9 9
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 13,6 6
Socialist Party (Netherlands) 11,8 6
ChristianUnion 10,4 5
GreenLeft 4,3 2
Reformed Political Party 3,5 2
Democrats 66 1,6 -
Pim Fortuyn List 0,4 -
Total 47

Municipalities

The municipalities of Overijssel
  1. Almelo
  2. Borne
  3. Dalfsen
  4. Dinkelland
  5. Deventer
  6. Enschede
  7. Haaksbergen
  8. Hardenberg
  9. Hellendoorn
  1. Hengelo
  2. Hof van Twente
  3. Kampen
  4. Losser
  5. Oldenzaal
  6. Olst-Wijhe
  7. Ommen
  8. Raalte
  1. Rijssen-Holten
  2. Staphorst
  3. Steenwijkerland
  4. Tubbergen
  5. Twenterand
  6. Wierden
  7. Zwartewaterland
  8. Zwolle
Amsterdam Almelo Almere Amersfoort Arnhem Assen Breda Den Haag Delft Delfzijl Den Bosch Den Helder Dordrecht Enchede Haarlem Hilversum Maastricht Middelburg Zwolle Lelystad Leiden Katwijk Nijmegen Eindhoven Vlissingen Rotterdam Leeuwarden Heerenveen Groningen (city) Emmen Almelo Apeldoorn Alkmaar Zaanstad Tilburg Venlo Heerlen Drenthe Flevoland Friesland Gelderland Groningen Limburg North Brabant North Holland Overijssel South Holland Utrecht Zeeland
Map of the Netherlands, linking to the province articles; red dots mark provincial capitals and black dots other notable cities or towns.

See also

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Overijssel is one of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands.

  • Kop van Overijssel
  • Salland
  • Twente
  • Almelo
  • Deventer
  • Enschede
  • Giethoorn - known as "Venice of the North" for it's rural waterways
  • Kampen
  • Kuinre
  • Hengelo
  • Oldenzaal
  • Staphorst
  • Zwolle

Get in

By car

The A1 highway runs directly from Amsterdam to Deventer, Almelo and Hengelo. Zwolle can be reached by taking the A1 and then the A28.

By train

From Schiphol Airport as well as from Amsterdam's Central Station, there are direct intercity services to Deventer, Almelo, Hengelo, Enschede and Zwolle. The farthest of these destinations take about two hours to reach.

  • The town of Giethoorn, sometimes called the "Venice of the north"
  • National Park "De Weerribben" in the extreme northwest of the province
  • The unspoilt medieval village of Ootmarsum
  • The picturesque medieval centre of the city of Deventer
  • The hills of Salland, northeast of Deventer

Get out

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Overijssel

  1. A province of the Netherlands.

Translations


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /oː.vər.ˈɛi.səl/

Proper noun

Overijssel n.

  1. Overijssel, a province of the Netherlands.

French

Proper noun

Overijssel

  1. Overijssel

Simple English


Overijssel (Latin: Transisalania) is a province of the Netherlands. It is in the central eastern part of the country. The province's name in both Dutch and Latin means "Lands across river IJssel". The capital city of Overijssel is Zwolle. Its biggest city is Enschede.

Contents

Geography

Overijssel has Germany to the east. The Achterhoek region of Gelderland lies to the south, the Veluwe region of Gelderland and Flevoland are to the west, and Friesland and the former moors of Drenthe to the north. Overijssel is made of three regions: Kop van Overijssel in the northwest, Salland in the centre of the province, and Twente in the east. Besides the capital Zwolle, the major cities are Almelo, Deventer, Enschede, and Hengelo.

To the southeast, the land is mostly sandy. There are small rivers and brooks cutting through it. Examples for such rivers are Regge and Dinkel. In the northwest, the geology is mostly made of sediments from the Overijsselse Vecht and clay. The northern parts were once covered by veen (bogs) which separated the dryer and more arable south from Drenthe. These bogs have been exploited as fuel to a large degree. Only small patches survive today (Engbertsdijksvenen near Tubbergen, Witteveen (near Haaksbergen), and the Aamsveen (near Enschede). The extreme northwest is dominated by a system of lakes formed by former peat-mining, the Weerribben, which is a valuable wetland.

The highest point in Overijssel is the summit of the Tankenberg, a hill in the municipality of Losser. It is 89 metres (295 ft). The lowest point is in the Mastenbroek Polder near Kampen at 2 metres (6 ft) below sea level.

History

Overijssel was formerly known as Oversticht. In 1336, it was made part of Guelders. It was given to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347. Utrecht was known as het Sticht. The Bishops gave the Oversticht to the Emperor Charles V in 1528, who styled himself "Lord of Overijssel". With this, he gave the province its modern name. The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir Philip II. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the province.

After a brief occupation by the forces of the Bishop of Münster (16721674), Overijssel received a new form of government. This granted the stadtholders more power. Widespread resistance against the bigger power throughout the provinces lead to the Batavian Republic in 1795. A centralist government arose and the Netherlands was organised into a series of départements, based on those used by revolutionary France. At first organised into its own département, it was merged with Drenthe in 1798 to form Ouden Ijssel, which was renamed Overijssel in 1801.

The French annexed the Batavian Republic in 1810, and Overijssel was organised into the new French département of Bouches-de-l'Yssel. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1814, the kingdom of the Netherlands and the former province of Overijssel were recreated. Overijssel was briefly occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II from May 1940, until its liberation in April 1945. The Noordoostpolder, which had been laid dry in 1942, was part of Overijssel from 1962 until 1986, when it became part of the newly created province of Flevoland.

Municipalities

  • Almelo
  • Borne
  • Dalfsen
  • Dinkelland
  • Deventer
  • Enschede
  • Haaksbergen
  • Hardenberg
  • Hellendoorn
  • Rijssen-Holten
  • Staphorst
  • Steenwijkerland
  • Tubbergen
  • Twenterand
  • Wierden
  • Zwartewaterland
  • Zwolle

Other websites


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