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Pac-Man
Pac-man.png
Screenshot of the original arcade version of Pac-Man
Developer(s) Namco
Publisher(s) Namco
Midway
Designer(s) Tōru Iwatani — Game designer
Shigeo Funaki (舟木茂雄) — Programmer
Toshio Kai (甲斐敏夫) — Sound & Music
Platform(s) Arcade
Release date(s) JPN May 22, 1980[1][2]
NA 1980[3]
Genre(s) Maze
Mode(s) Up to two players, alternating turns
Rating(s) ESRB: E
OFLC: G
Input methods 4-way joystick
Cabinet Standard upright, mini-upright and cocktail
Arcade system Namco Pac-Man
CPU 1x ZiLOG Z80 @ 3.072 MHz[4][5]
Sound 1× Namco WSG (3-channel mono) @ 3.072 MHz
.Pac-Man (パックマン Pakkuman?) is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution in the U.S. by Midway, first released in Japan on May 22, 1980.[1][2] Immensely popular in the United States from its original release to the present day, Pac-Man is universally considered as one of the classics of the medium, virtually synonymous with video games, and an icon of the 1980s popular culture.^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Thus you may play patterns with the original Pac-Man.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Upon its release, the game—and, subsequently, its derivatives—became a social phenomenon[6] that sold a bevy of merchandise and also inspired, among other things, an animated television series and a top-ten hit single.^ The other thing to do before we're going to script the game, is to form a connection between our HTML-elements and our script.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We'd love to talk to Pacman about his return (among other things), but he's not expected to chat with the media until after he plays a game.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Classic Video Games Top Ten Greatest Video Games of All-Time Highlighting my top ten video games of all-time.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.When Pac-Man was released, most arcade video games in North America were primarily space shooters such as Space Invaders, Defender, or Asteroids.^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still considered the most widely-recognized video game character in the U.S., his likeness has been licensed to over 250 companies for over 400 products.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most visible minority were sports games that were mostly derivative of Pong. .Pac-Man succeeded by creating a new genre and appealing to both genders.^ Pac-Man Plus and Ms. Pac-Man both use the same basic pathfinding/targeting logic as the original Pac-Man.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I believe that is an ingredient in the longevity of the game.”—Toru Iwatani, creator of Pac-Man .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The table below summarizes the speed data for both Pac-Man and the ghosts, per level.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Pac-Man is often credited with being a landmark in video game history, and is among the most famous arcade games of all time.^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I have heard that Pac Man charactures were used on a cover of TIME but not related to video games.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .The character also appears in more than 30 officially licensed game spin-offs,[10] as well as in numerous unauthorized clones and bootlegs.^ Still considered the most widely-recognized video game character in the U.S., his likeness has been licensed to over 250 companies for over 400 products.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The addictive gameplay and challenge of increasing levels of difficulty kept the die-hard gamers more than happy, while the simplicity of the game appealed to younger children.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In summary, Pacman looked like a guy who was playing his first game in more than a year.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

[11] .According to the Davie-Brown Index, Pac-Man has the highest brand awareness of any video game character among American consumers, recognized by 94 percent of them.^ Pac-Man hardware is at the highest level: .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]

Contents

Gameplay

North American Pac-Man title screen, showing the official ghost names.
.The player controls Pac-Man through a maze, eating pac-dots.^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commonly referred to as the ghost house or monster pen , this cordoned-off area in the center of the maze is the domain of the four ghosts and off-limits to Pac-Man.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The premise of Pac-Man is delightfully simple: using a four-way joystick, the player guides Pac-Man—up, down, left, and right—through a maze filled with dots for him to gobble up.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When all dots are eaten, Pac-Man is taken to the next stage.^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man and Blinky have now swapped tiles with each other in frame five, and Pac-Man can go on his merry way because he never “collided” (i.e., shared the same tile) with Blinky at all!
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a certain number of dots are all that remain in a level, Blinky (red ghost) will change “gears”, speeding up as well as chasing Pac-Man even in scatter mode.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Four ghosts (Blinky, Pinky, Inky and Clyde) roam the maze, trying to catch Pac-Man.^ Pinky kills Pac-Man right above ghost pen .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If Pac-Man is moving right, Pinky's tile will be four tiles to the right.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blinky seems to always be the first of the ghosts to track Pac-Man down in the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a ghost touches Pac-Man, a life is lost.^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When all lives have been lost, the game ends.^ The game has an ending after all—just not a very happy or exciting one.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man is awarded a single bonus life at 10,000 points by default—DIP switches inside the machine can change the required points or disable the bonus life altogether.^ Pac-man Dip Switches .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Table 10 Dip Switch Settings .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Near the corners of the maze are four larger, flashing dots known as power pellets that provide Pac-Man with the temporary ability to eat the ghosts.^ FRIGHTENED —Ghosts enter frightened mode whenever Pac-Man eats one of the four energizers located in the far corners of the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of four, large, flashing dots located near the corners of the maze worth 50 points each.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man's four enemies in the maze are typically referred to as ghosts or monsters .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ghosts turn deep blue, reverse direction, and usually move more slowly when Pac-Man eats a power pellet.^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, he selects an offset four tiles away from Pac-Man in the direction Pac-Man is currently moving (with one exception).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When a ghost is eaten, its eyes remain and return to the ghost home where it is regenerated in its normal color.^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After being eaten, a ghost's eyes will return to the monster pen where it is resurrected, exiting to chase Pac-Man once again.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now when the ghosts are eaten by Pac-Man and return home, they will still be using the global dot counter to determine when to leave.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Blue ghosts flash white before they become dangerous again and the amount of time the ghosts remain vulnerable varies from one board to the next, but the time period generally becomes shorter as the game progresses.^ All pathfinding logic described in this chapter is shared by the four ghosts—it is important to understand what they have in common before we get into what makes them different.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scatter modes happen four times per level before the ghosts stay in chase mode indefinitely.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inky: The light-blue ghost is nicknamed “Inky” and his character is described as one who is bashful .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In later stages, the ghosts do not change colors at all, but still reverse direction when a power pellet is eaten.
.In addition to Pac-dots and power pellets, bonus items, usually referred to as fruits (though not all items are fruits) appear near the center of the maze.^ Commonly referred to as the ghost house or monster pen , this cordoned-off area in the center of the maze is the domain of the four ghosts and off-limits to Pac-Man.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This usually goes unnoticed given that the majority of patterns are designed to eat the bonus fruit as quickly as possible after it has been triggered to appear.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These items score extra bonus points when eaten.^ Bonus score for extra life: .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The background, scores, bonus items, and dots are drawn on a static background using images from the 4096 byte tile ROM (pacman.5e).
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Pac-Man can then eat the blue ghosts for additional points, scoring more for each consecutive ghost eaten from one energizer: 200, 400, 800, and 1,600 points respectively.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The items change and bonus values increase throughout the game.^ Also, the bonus point values are changed to match the current symbol being used.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, a series of intermissions play after certain levels toward the beginning of the game, showing a humorous set of interactions (the first being after level 2) between Pac-Man and Blinky (the red ghost).^ The red ghost will get stuck first.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blinky seems to always be the first of the ghosts to track Pac-Man down in the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ghosts

.Initially, Pac-Man's enemies were referred to as monsters on the arcade cabinet, but soon became colloquially known as ghosts.^ Pac-man Cabinet Dimensions .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man's four enemies in the maze are typically referred to as ghosts or monsters .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Musicdistributing.com is repainting/ restoring original yellow Pac-Man cabinets.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ghosts are bound by the maze in the same way as Pac-Man, but generally move slightly faster than the player, although they slow down when turning corners and slow down significantly while passing through the tunnels on the sides of the maze (Pac-Man passes through these tunnels unhindered).^ Pac-Man is able to navigate the turns in the maze faster than his enemies.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blinky seems to always be the first of the ghosts to track Pac-Man down in the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is irrelevant whether the ghost moved into Pac-Man's tile or Pac-Man into the ghost's—the result is the same either way.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man slows down slightly while eating dots, potentially allowing a chasing ghost to catch him.^ Eating dots slows Pac-Man a little bit, so eating dots allows ghosts to catch up.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Blinky, the red ghost, also speeds up after a certain number of dots are eaten (this number gets lower in higher levels).^ When a certain number of dots are all that remain in a level, Blinky (red ghost) will change “gears”, speeding up as well as chasing Pac-Man even in scatter mode.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edible ghost : The edible ghost uses a pseudo random number generator (PRNG) that creates a random address from 0000h to 1FFFh, which is used to look up a byte, reading the last bits.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The first control used to evaluate when the ghosts leave home is a personal counter each ghost retains for tracking the number of dots Pac-Man eats.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Names

The ghosts are introduced during attract mode by the following names and nicknames:
Ghost Color Original Pac Man[13] American Pac-Man
Character (Personality) Translation Nickname Translation Alternate
character
Alternate
nickname
Character (Personality) Nickname
Red Oikake (追いかけ) chaser Akabei (赤ベイ) red guy Urchin Macky Shadow Blinky
Pink Machibuse (待ち伏せ) ambusher Pinky (ピンキー) pink guy Romp Micky Speedy Pinky
Cyan Kimagure (気まぐれ) fickle Aosuke (青助) blue guy Stylist Mucky Bashful Inky
Orange Otoboke (お惚け) stupid Guzuta (愚図た) slow guy Crybaby Mocky Pokey Clyde

Behavior

.A ghost always maintains its current direction until it reaches an intersection, at which point it can turn left or right.^ If a wall blocks the chosen direction, the ghost then attempts the remaining directions in this order: up, left, down, and right, until a passable direction is found.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The transparent red ghost is moving left-to-right across a row of tiles in legal space.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The last thing to mention about the ghost house is how to determine whether a ghost will move right or left after exiting the home.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Periodically, the ghosts will reverse direction and head for the corners of the maze (commonly referred to as "scatter mode"), before reverting to their normal behavior.^ In all three modes of behavior, the ghosts are prohibited from reversing their direction of travel.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ghosts do not reverse direction when changing back from frightened to chase or scatter modes.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a life is lost any time after Blinky has become Elroy, he will revert back to his normal behavior and speed when play resumes, heading for his home corner during the initial scatter period.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In an interview, Iwatani stated that he had designed each ghost with its own distinct personality in order to keep the game from becoming impossibly difficult or boring to play.^ Coin lockout mechanisms are hardware designed to keep more coins from being added during game play, so that software does not have to check for new coins all the time.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Iwatani eventually found his place designing titles for Namco's new video games division.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attacks on the player were designed to come in waves (similar to Space Invaders ) as opposed to an endless assault, and each ghost was given an unique personality and character.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .The behaviors of each ghost have been exactly determined by reverse-engineering the game.^ In all three modes of behavior, the ghosts are prohibited from reversing their direction of travel.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15]
.Despite the seemingly random nature of some of the ghosts, their movements are strictly deterministic, enabling experienced players to devise precise sequences of movements for each level (termed "patterns") that allow them to complete the levels without ever being caught.^ Therefore, the purpose of this guide is to give the player a better understanding of Pac-Man without the use of patterns by taking a closer look at gameplay, maze logic, ghost personalities, and the mysterious “split screen” level.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It wasn't too long after the release of Pac-Man when word began to spread of players occasionally passing straight through a ghost unharmed, seemingly at random.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is why the frightened ghosts' movements are repeatable in the context of a memorized pattern or sequence.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A later revision of the game code altered the ghosts' behavior, but new patterns were soon developed for that behavior as well.^ New discoveries found during the research for this page in December 2008 have allowed for the clearest view yet of the actual ghost behavior and pathfinding logic used by the game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was a new job for the game industry in 1977 when most games were designed by the programmers who coded them.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sound effects and music were some of the final touches added as development neared an end along with constant tweaking of the ghosts' behavior.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Players have also learned how to exploit other flaws in the ghosts' behavior, including finding places where they can hide indefinitely without moving, and a code bug occasionally allows Pac-Man to pass through a non-blue ghost unharmed.^ It wasn't too long after the release of Pac-Man when word began to spread of players occasionally passing straight through a ghost unharmed, seemingly at random.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A bug occasionally allows Pac-Man to pass through a non-blue ghost unharmed.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.Several patterns have been developed to exploit this bug.^ Several patterns exploit this bug, and some can be seen on YouTube.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.The bug arises from the fact that the game logic performs collision detection based on ghost / Pac-Man occupancy of grid squares, where the grid squares are large relative to the size of the characters.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plays, but Orange Pac-Man on the playfield and the cyan/pink ghosts.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ghosts start a level in gather mode, trying to reach Pac-Man.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.A character occupies (for collision detection purposes) only one grid square ("tile") at at time, despite its graphic depiction overflowing to another tile.^ Each ghost's “dot counter” is reset to zero when a level begins and can only be active when inside the ghost house, but only one ghost's counter can be active at any given time regardless of how many ghosts are inside.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The visible game screen should be thought of as a regular grid of tiles, each eight pixels square.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a ghost and Pac-Man switch tiles with each other simultaneously (which is not a rare phenomenon, because the tiles granularity is large), a collision isn't detected.^ Pac-man Dip Switches .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 4 Pac-Man tiles in the tile ROM .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Split-screen

The 256th split-screen level cannot be completed due to a software bug.
.Pac-Man technically has no ending—as long as the player keeps at least one life, he or she should be able to continue playing indefinitely.^ Pac-Man was always meant to be a game with no ending.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a football team takes a player in the first round and doesn't find out if he can play by the end of his second training camp, it's run by irresponsible people.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, because of a bug in the routine that draws the fruit, the right side of the 256th level becomes a garbled mess of text and symbols, rendering the level impossible to pass by legitimate means.^ At the end of every drawing loop, the register is decreased by one and then checked to see if it is zero (the signal for the routine to stop drawing symbols).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The routine starts drawing bonus symbols using the confused register as a counter.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a bug in the fruit drawing routine, which causes board 256 to be a garbled mess (Figure 14 ) that so far has been impassible despite enormous effort expended to conquer it.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.Normally, no more than seven fruits are displayed at any one time, but when the internal level counter (stored in a single byte) reaches 255, the subroutine erroneously causes this value to "roll over" to zero before drawing the fruit.^ Here's what happens: when level 256 is reached, the internal level counter is incremented to 255 (the level counter starts at zero – not one) and the routine for drawing the bonus symbols is called.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of every drawing loop, the register is decreased by one and then checked to see if it is zero (the signal for the routine to stop drawing symbols).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, 255 is the largest number that can fit in a single byte which is the size of the Z-80 CPU registers, so when the value is incremented the overflow is discarded leaving a zero in the register instead of the expected value of 256.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This causes the routine to attempt to draw 256 fruits, which corrupts the bottom of the screen and the whole right half of the maze with seemingly random symbols.^ The culprit is the routine responsible for drawing the bonus symbols along the bottom edge of the screen.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 256 th level of the game, where the right half of the screen is filled with garbage instead of the usual maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first 64 addresses draw two rows, right to left, top to bottom, along the bottom of the screen, each row 32 tiles wide, with 4 of the tiles off-screen on both ends.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

[17]
Through tinkering, the details of the corruption can be revealed. .Some ROMs of the game are equipped with a "rack test" feature that can be accessed through the game's DIP switches.^ Turning on the game board test switch does diagnostics, shown in Figure 12 .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Coins up but joystick only moves Pac-Man down.  Rack Advance (dip switch 7) doesn't work.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This can be seen using the rack advance dip switch at 16 racks per minute for about 15 minutes.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This feature automatically clears a level of all dots as soon as it begins, making it easier to reach the 256th level very quickly, as well as allowing players to see what would happen if the 256th level is cleared (the game loops back to the first level, causing fruits and intermissions to display as before, but with the ghosts retaining their higher speed and invulnerability to power pellets from the later stages).^ When all of the dots have been cleared, nothing happens.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patterns were quickly created to exploit this fact and, for any player able to get past the first 20 levels, the game now became a test of endurance to see how many points you could rack up before losing focus and making a mistake.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each ghost also has a “dot limit” associated with his counter, per level.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When the rack test is performed in an emulator, a person can more easily analyze the corruption in this level.^ To date, the only known way to legitimately get past level 256 is by using the rack test switch inside these machines.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.Pac-Man and the ghosts can move freely throughout the right half of the screen, barring some fractured pieces of the maze.^ Pinky kills Pac-Man right above ghost pen .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If Pac-Man is moving right, Pinky's tile will be four tiles to the right.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite claims that someone with enough knowledge of the maze pattern could play through the level, it is technically impossible to complete since the graphical corruption eliminates most of the dots on the right half of the maze.^ The 256 th level of the game, where the right half of the screen is filled with garbage instead of the usual maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The premise of Pac-Man is delightfully simple: using a four-way joystick, the player guides Pac-Man—up, down, left, and right—through a maze filled with dots for him to gobble up.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But perhaps what is most amazing is the fact he can play without using any memorized routines widely known as “patterns”.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few edible dots are scattered in the corrupted area, and these dots reset when the player loses a life (unlike in the uncorrupted areas), but these are insufficient to complete the level.^ The scatter/chase timer gets reset whenever a life is lost or a level is completed.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This PRNG is reset at each level or life.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Not surprisingly, an over-reliance on these routines leaves many a player clueless as to how to effectively avoid the ghosts and finish off the remaining dots in the higher levels once a mistake occurs.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result, the level has been given a number of names, including "the Final Level", "the Blind-Side", and the ending.^ Bonus symbols (including the Galaxian flagship) were added into the mix at some point, and the ghosts were finally given names: Akabei, Pinky, Aosuke, and Guzuta.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is known more generally as a kill screen.

Perfect play

.A perfect Pac-Man game occurs when the player achieves the maximum possible score on the first 255 levels (by eating every possible dot, energizer, fruit, and monster) without losing a single life then scoring as many points as possible in the last level.^ A perfect score in Pac-Man is 3,333,360 points, which can only be attained by playing a perfect game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eating an energizer dot causes Pac-Man to stop moving for three frames.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18][19] .As verified by the Twin Galaxies International Scoreboard on July 3, 1999, the first person to achieve the maximum possible score (3,333,360 points) was Billy Mitchell of Hollywood, Florida, who performed the feat in about six hours.^ This was first achieved by Billy Mitchell of Hollywood, Florida in 1999.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1999, Billy Mitchell of Hollywood, Florida became the first person to obtain a perfect score of 3,333,360 at Pac-Man, eating every possible dot, energizer, ghost, and bonus on every level without losing a single life in the process.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A perfect score in Pac-Man is 3,333,360 points, which can only be attained by playing a perfect game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19][20]
In September 2009, David Race of Beaver Creek, Ohio, became the sixth person to achieve a perfect score. His time of 3 hours, 41 minutes, and 22 seconds set a new record for the fastest time that a perfect score had been reached.[21]
.On October 28, 2009, Kevin Ruhnke of Esko, Minnesota became the seventh person to achieve the perfect score of 3,333,360 points in 5 hours, 23 minutes, and 38 seconds..^ A perfect score in Pac-Man is 3,333,360 points, which can only be attained by playing a perfect game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1999, Billy Mitchell of Hollywood, Florida became the first person to obtain a perfect score of 3,333,360 at Pac-Man, eating every possible dot, energizer, ghost, and bonus on every level without losing a single life in the process.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
.In December 1982, an 8-year-old boy, Jeffrey R. Yee, supposedly received a letter from U.S. President Ronald Reagan congratulating him on a worldwide record of 6,131,940 points, a score only possible if the player has passed the Split-Screen Level.^ Red Screen on Maze portion only, HI Score & Credits legible .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A perfect score in Pac-Man is 3,333,360 points, which can only be attained by playing a perfect game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This results in not enough dots on the screen for Pac-Man to eat and pass the level.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

[19] .Whether or not this event happened as described has remained in heated debate among video-game circles since its supposed occurrence.^ Arcades Artificial Intelligence Gaming Evolution Since the 1970's when video gaming proved a hit prospect with the consumers, it has evolved from the old school simple games of Pac Man.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fast-forward to nearly thirty years later: Pac-Man remains the best-selling coin-operated video game in history.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jamey Pittman ( jamey.pittman@yahoo.com ) has been fascinated with video games ever since he saw his first Pac-Man machine in 1981.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In September 1983, Walter Day, chief scorekeeper at Twin Galaxies, took the US National Video Game Team on a tour of the East Coast to visit video game players who claimed they could get through the Split-Screen.^ If Pacman took a tour, then the Cowboys would have tampered with a player under contract with another team.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ The cocktail mode Pac-Man games flip the screen for two-player modes by flipping sprites and reordering tiles.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Because of the nature of the game of football, coaches in general always try not to worry about the players who are not there -- for injury or other reasons -- and focus on those who are.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

.No video game player could demonstrate this ability.^ There was another issue of Time that did have an article about video games and a related cover but no actuall photos of games were used on the cover.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many books were written offering tips and tricks used by the best players to achieve high scores—the first-ever strategy guides published for a video game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Midway has available now a new program for their hit video game "Pac-Man".  The new program increases the difficulty of the game and adds a new challenge to players already familiar with the original.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1999, Billy Mitchell offered $100,000 to anyone who could provably pass through the Split-Screen Level before January 1, 2000; the prize went unclaimed.^ The prize money went unclaimed.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This topic became so hotly debated in the upper echelons of the arcade gaming community that Billy Mitchell—who was convinced it was impossible—offered a $100,000 cash prize to the first player to prove they could legitimately get past level 256, leaving the challenge open for a full year.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 14 Split screen bug on level 256 .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

[19]

Development

.The game was developed primarily by a young Namco employee Tōru Iwatani, over an eighteen month period, beginning in April of 1979, employing a nine-man team.^ The team Namco assigned Iwatani to bring Puck-Man to life included a programmer (Shigeo Funaki), a hardware engineer, a cabinet designer, and a music composer (Toshio Kai).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clay Cowgill had developed a Pac Man multi game auxiliary board that has a on screen menu to choose your game (1 of 24 variations of Pac Man or similar games).  Unfortunately the items is no longer available due to concerns with Namco lawsuits.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The original title was pronounced pakku-man (パックマン?) and was inspired by the Japanese onomatopoeic phrase paku-paku taberu (パクパク食べる?),[23] where paku-paku describes (the sound of) the mouth movement when widely opened and then closed in succession.[24] .Although it is often cited that the character's shape was inspired by a pizza missing a slice,[6] he admitted in a 1986 interview that it was a half-truth and the character design also came from simplifying and rounding out the Japanese character for mouth, kuchi () as well as the basic concept of eating.^ Those quotes came out of Jerry's mouth after the Cowboys signed Tank Johnson.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ The Cowboys didn't give up much in the trade to Tennessee, either, basically moving back a round and waiting a year after everything shook out.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Finally, I think the magic words came out of his mouth ...
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

[25] Iwatani's efforts to appeal to a wider audience—beyond the typical demographics of young boys and teenagers—eventually led him to add elements of a maze. .The result was a game he named Puck Man.^ The name Puck-Man came from that word.” .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Puck-Man's creation was a year and five months in the making—the longest ever for a video game to that point.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most significant change to Puck-Man was the name.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When first launched in Japan by Namco in 1980, the game received a lukewarm response, as Space Invaders and other similar games were more popular at the time.^ In fact, Namco's multi-colored Space Invaders clone, called Galaxian, was much more popular with the gaming public—the predominately male, game-playing audience in Japan was unsure what to make of Puck-Man with its cartoon-like characters, maze, and pastel colors, whereas Galaxian was more immediately familiar to them with its shoot-'em-up space theme.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coin lockout mechanisms are hardware designed to keep more coins from being added during game play, so that software does not have to check for new coins all the time.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

[8]
.The following year, the game was picked up for manufacture in the United States by Bally division Midway, under the altered title Pac-Man (see Localization, below).^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pictures below illustrate the four possible offsets Pinky will use to determine his target tile based on Pac-Man's orientation: .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

American audiences welcomed a breakaway from conventions set by Space Invaders, which resulted in unprecedented popularity and revenue that rivaled its successful predecessor, as even Iwatani was impressed with U.S. sales.[25] The game soon became a worldwide phenomenon within the video game industry, resulting in numerous sequels and merchandising tie-ins. .Pac-Man's success bred imitation, and an entire genre of maze-chase video games soon emerged.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Floyd Mayweather Jr. Floyd Mayweather Jr Video Game Elements: Pac-Theory Everyone knows about Pac-Man, he is the grandaddy of a video game mascots.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The unique game design inspired game publishers to be innovative rather than conservative, and encouraged them to speculate on game designs that broke from existing genres.^ Published 6/21/2007 More topics: Game Design .
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rather than make another space shooter, Toru wanted to take his game design in a completely new direction that did not focus on violence or conflict, and would appeal to both male and female audiences.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps as a concession, his first game design, called Gee Bee, was a paddle game similar to Atari's Breakout but with a decidedly pinball-inspired slant to the gameplay.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man introduced an element of humor into video games that designers sought to imitate, and appealed to a wider demographic than the teenage boys who flocked to the action-oriented games.^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Puck-Man's creation was a year and five months in the making—the longest ever for a video game to that point.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man's success in North America took competitors and distributors completely by surprise in 1980. Marketing executives who saw Pac-Man at a trade show prior to release completely overlooked the game (along with the now classic Defender), while they looked to a racing car game called Rally-X as the game to outdo that year.^ Pac Man Look Back to the 1980's It was the decade of decadence.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Everyone loves the classic game of Pac Man.
  • Pac-Man: Free Online Kids Games: Alfy.com 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC www.alfy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Best Man Pac-Man: Championship Edition - Xbox 360 Game Review The name of this game is fools us, because it makes us think that it's basically the same Pac-Man game we've played 20 years ago...This is the true sequel that builds upon the classic, not just graphic wise, but game play wise as well.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .The appeal of Pac-Man was such that the game caught on immediately with the public; it quickly became far more popular than anything seen in the game industry up to that point.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Puck-Man's creation was a year and five months in the making—the longest ever for a video game to that point.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man outstripped Asteroids as the best-selling arcade game of the time,[27] and would go on to sell over 350,000 units.^ Pac man 2 Game .
  • Pac Man Free Games Παιχνιδια Δωρεαν Paixnidia Greek Games 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.arcadegames.gr [Source type: General]

^ Free game Pac Man .
  • Pac Man Free Games Παιχνιδια Δωρεαν Paixnidia Greek Games 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.arcadegames.gr [Source type: General]

^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]
.Pac-Man went on to become an icon of video game culture during the 1980s, and a wide variety of Pac-Man merchandise was marketed with the character's image, from t-shirts and toys to hand-held video game imitations and even specially shaped pasta.^ By 1982, Pac-Man merchandise was literally everywhere: t-shirts, hats, keychains, wrist bands, bedsheets, air fresheners, wall clocks, drinking glasses, trading cards, stickers, cereal boxes, comic books—even a Saturday morning cartoon.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Puck-Man's creation was a year and five months in the making—the longest ever for a video game to that point.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .The Killer List of Videogames lists Pac-Man as the #1 video game on its "Top 10 Most Popular Video games" list.^ Puck-Man's creation was a year and five months in the making—the longest ever for a video game to that point.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] .Pac-Man, and other video games of the same general type, are often cited as an identifying cultural experience of Generation X, particularly its older members, sometimes called Baby Busters.^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Converted to other, then back to Pac-man .

^ Donkey Kong The Buyer's Guide to Buying Video Games for Children Video Games are here to stay, and alas, are being thought of in the same way as another medium that captured a generation's heart and mind, comic books.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Localization

The North American Pac-Man cabinet design differs significantly from the Japanese Puck Man design.
.For the North American market, the name was changed from Puck Man to Pac-Man, as it was thought that vandals would be likely to change the P in "puck" to an F, forming a common expletive.^ The most significant change to Puck-Man was the name.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name Puck-Man came from that word.” .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] Puck Man machines can be found throughout Europe.
.When Midway released Pac-Man in the United States, the company also redesigned the cabinet's artwork, as the Namco-style artwork was more costly to mass-produce.^ Pac-man Cabinet Dimensions .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Puck Man was painted overall white featuring multicolored artwork on both sides with cheerful Pac-Man characters in different poses while Pac-Man was painted yellow, with simple artwork on both sides front and back.^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Ms. Pac-man now runs but exhibits odd characters you know that either the ribbon cable or some component on the auxiliary board is deffective.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each example shows Pac-Man entering the same four-way intersection from a different direction.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

World Championship

Carlos Borrego, winner of the Pac-Man World Championship, alongside Namco's mascot
.On June 5, 2007, the first Pac-Man World Championship was held in New York City, which brought together ten competitors from eight countries to play the new Pac-Man Championship Edition just prior to its release on Xbox Live Arcade.^ Best Man Pac-Man: Championship Edition - Xbox 360 Game Review The name of this game is fools us, because it makes us think that it's basically the same Pac-Man game we've played 20 years ago...This is the true sequel that builds upon the classic, not just graphic wise, but game play wise as well.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The top two scorers, Robert Glashuettner of Austria and Carlos Daniel Borrego of Mexico, competed for the championship in a single five-minute round. .Borrego was named Pac-Man World Champion and won an Xbox 360 console, specially decorated with Pac-Man artwork and signed by Tōru Iwatani.^ Best Man Pac-Man: Championship Edition - Xbox 360 Game Review The name of this game is fools us, because it makes us think that it's basically the same Pac-Man game we've played 20 years ago...This is the true sequel that builds upon the classic, not just graphic wise, but game play wise as well.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's easier to control two monsters than four.”—Billy Mitchell, champion Pac-Man player .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32][33]

Ports

.Pac-Man is one of the few games to have been consistently published for over two decades.^ Figure 1 Two views of Pac-Man .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, he selects an offset four tiles away from Pac-Man in the direction Pac-Man is currently moving (with one exception).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the 1980s, it was released for the Apple II series, Atari 2600, Atari 5200, the Atari 8-bit computers, IBM Personal Computer, Intellivision, Commodore VIC-20, Commodore 64, Nintendo Entertainment System (1987 and 1990 by Tengen, and 1993 by Namco) and TI 99/4a. For handheld game consoles systems, it was released on the Game Boy (1991), Sega Game Gear (1991), and the Neo Geo Pocket Color (1999). .Special editions and compilations include Pac-Man: Special Color Edition for the Game Boy Color (1999), and Pac-Man Collection for the Game Boy Advance (2001).^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Floyd Mayweather Jr. Floyd Mayweather Jr Video Game Elements: Pac-Theory Everyone knows about Pac-Man, he is the grandaddy of a video game mascots.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man was also included as an unlockable game in Pac 'n Roll for the Nintendo DS.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac Man Time Capsule Item: The Atari 2600 Forget the PS3, Game Cube, and all the others.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man has been most widely distributed in Namco's long-running Namco Museum series, first released for the PlayStation in 1996. Namco Museum is also available for the Game Boy Advance, PSP, and Nintendo DS. An Xbox 360 port of Pac-man was released via Xbox Live Arcade on August 9, 2006. Pac-Man is also available in its original form as part of the GameTap service.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Released in 1978, it was Namco's first original video game—they had only ported existing Atari games to the Japanese market up to this point—and it enjoyed moderate success in the arcades.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On September 12, 2006, a port was released for play on the iPod music player. A version for the iPhone and iPod touch was released on July 9, 2008.
There have been efforts to hack the preexisting Ms. Pac-Man cartridge (as well as other variants in the Pac-Man series) to create the original Pac-Man for the Atari 7800.[34]
Namco has repeatedly rereleased this game to arcades. In 2001, Namco released a 20-Year Reunion cabinet featuring Ms. Pac-Man and Galaga that permits the unlocking of Pac-Man for play. .In 2005, Namco released a board openly featuring all three of the games on the 20-Year Reunion board in honor of Pac-Man's 25th Anniversary.^ Basic Pac-man Board Tips .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-man Board is Dead .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The NES version later became a Classic NES Series title for the Game Boy Advance, and was also released for download via the Wii's Virtual Console service in May 2007.
.Namco's wireless division, Namco Networks America Inc., released a line of Pac-Man games for cell phones in 2002, starting with the original arcade version and following up with Pac-Man game extensions like Pac-Man Bowling and Pac-Man Pinball.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The game starts with Pac-Man at 80% of his maximum speed.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This division also launched a networked game, Ms. Pac-Man For Prizes, in 2004. Pac-Man mobile games are available on both BREW and Java platforms across major cellular carriers, as well as on Palm PDAs and Windows Mobile-based cell phones and PDAs. .There is a port of Pac-Man for Android[35] which can be controlled not only through an Android phone's trackball but through touch gestures or its on-board accelerometer.^ Basic Pac-man Board Tips .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-man Board is Dead .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Atari 2600 port

.
The Atari 2600 Pac-Man only somewhat resembled the original, and its flickering ghosts were widely criticized.
^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36][37][38]
.The Atari 2600 version of Pac-Man was developed by programmer Todd Frye and published in 1982 by Atari.^ Penta/Pengo  a decrypted version of Pengo will run on Pac Man with a slight modification.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a secret message hidden in Pac-Man by the developers at Namco.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was the first port of the arcade game, Atari being the licensee for the video game console rights.^ The lack of war-like motifs and violence did as Iwatani had hoped and attracted a sizable female audience—a first for a video game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several web pages with information about the original Pac-Man arcade game can be found online including Wikipedia and the Killer List Of Video Games .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Video Crafts The Origins and History of Video Games From the very first video game created in 1958, video games have proved to be immensely popular.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Although it sold 7 million units to a user base of 10 million, this port's quality was widely criticized. Having manufactured 12 million cartridges with the expectation that the game would increase sales of its console, Atari incurred large financial losses from remaining unsold inventory. .This was one of the catalysts that led to the North American video game crash of 1983, second only to the home video game version of E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial in terms of unsold inventory.^ The fourth scatter period lasts for five seconds on level one, but then is only 1/60 th of a second for the rest of play.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PAC MAN PACMANIA VIDEO GAME ARCADE MARQUEE NR EX CONDT Auction ends in: 11 minutes, 13 seconds .

Spin-offs

Sequels

Ms. Pac-Man

Pac-Man spawned numerous sequels, the most significant of which is Ms. Pac-Man, released in the United States in 1981. Originally called Crazy Otto, this unauthorized hack of Pac-Man was created by General Computer Corporation and sold to Midway without Namco's permission. .The game features several changes from the original Pac-Man, including faster gameplay, more mazes, new intermissions, and moving bonus items.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man is able to navigate the turns in the maze faster than his enemies.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, he selects an offset four tiles away from Pac-Man in the direction Pac-Man is currently moving (with one exception).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some consider Ms. Pac-Man to be superior to the original, and even the best in the entire series.[9] Namco sued Midway for exceeding their license. Eventually, Bally Midway struck a deal with Namco to officially license Ms. Pac-Man as a sequel.

Bally Midway spin-offs

Following Ms. Pac-Man, Bally Midway released several unauthorized spin-offs, such as Pac-Man Plus, Jr. Pac-Man, Baby Pac-Man and Professor Pac-Man, resulting in Namco severing business relations with Midway. .Some of these other titles were generally considered inferior and unimportant, serving to oversaturate the market with Pac-Man games.^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man and Blinky have now swapped tiles with each other in frame five, and Pac-Man can go on his merry way because he never “collided” (i.e., shared the same tile) with Blinky at all!
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6][39]

Pac-Man Vs.

Pac-Man Vs. is a version of the game which allows competitive play among multiple participants; it cannot be played alone. .One player takes the role of Pac-Man and is pursued by the other players' ghosts.^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Converted to other, then back to Pac-man .

^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When one of the ghosts catches Pac-Man, the level starts anew and the two players exchange roles - the player who was playing Pac-Man becomes a ghost and the player who caught him now becomes Pac-Man.^ The ghosts start a level in gather mode, trying to reach Pac-Man.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Plays, but Orange Pac-Man on the playfield and the cyan/pink ghosts.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To start, Figure 1 shows a Pac-Man attract screen and the start of a level.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.In order to make the game fair, the players acting as ghosts are presented with only a limited view of the maze (rendered in a 3D view, quite unlike the original) and the Pac-Man's player sees the full classical top-down view.^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blinky seems to always be the first of the ghosts to track Pac-Man down in the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The game continues with players swapping roles until one of them wins the match by reaching a predetermined number of points.^ The ghost continues to be associated with the same tile until frame six where its center point has now crossed over into the next one.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But nearly every player I've spoken to has made it clear they have one goal: winning the Super Bowl.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Reward: "We've got a potential game-changer, Pro Bowl player, a good teammate, one that can come in and be an example of how to turn it around.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

.The basic gameplay is basically similar to the original - the ghosts can't eat the dots and the tables are turned on them when Pac-Man eats a power-pill.^ Table 7 Pac-Man sound registers.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Table 1 - Pac-Man memory map .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Basic Pac-man Board Tips .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pac-Man Vs. has been released for the Nintendo GameCube (this required a Game Boy Advance and special cable), Nintendo DS (wirelessly between 2 - 4 DS consoles) and has seen Japanese release on mobile phones (using bluetooth connectivity).

Pac-Man Championship Edition

.Twenty-six years after the original Pac-Man, Microsoft worked with Tōru Iwatani and Namco Bandai to produce a remake of the game, Pac-Man Championship Edition.^ What other games from the Pac-Man family will this ghost logic work with?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Best Man Pac-Man: Championship Edition - Xbox 360 Game Review The name of this game is fools us, because it makes us think that it's basically the same Pac-Man game we've played 20 years ago...This is the true sequel that builds upon the classic, not just graphic wise, but game play wise as well.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was released for the Xbox Live Arcade on June 6, 2007, and later for the iPhone OS.

Clones

.Many unauthorized versions of Pac-Man, such as Funny-Man, were created to profit from Pac-Man's fame.^ Penta/Pengo  a decrypted version of Pengo will run on Pac Man with a slight modification.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modified pcb to toggle between Ms. Pac and Pac Man, Original speed and fast version.

^ Many people have asked about Pac Man being on the cover of TIME magazine or being "man of the year" the only instance of this that I know of is the spoof by MAD Magazine.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also one of the early first person video games was a 3D-version of Pac-Man called 3-Demon.^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Non-video games

In 1982, Milton Bradley released a board game based on Pac-Man[40][41] and another based on Ms. Pac-Man.[42] Several other pocket games and a card game were also produced.[43]
.A group of students from the computer science department of Simon Fraser University had developed a "life-sized" Pac-Man system, using laptops and mobile phone tracking to track the location of the dots, ghost and Pac-Man.^ You can determine the difficulty setting of a machine by observing which ghost kills Pac-Man during the attract mode demo game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It has become a regular activity of Computer Science Frosh Week, and is usually played in Downtown Vancouver.[44]
.A real-life version of Pac-Man has also been played around the Washington square park area of New York, in a game-christened PacManhattan.^ A speedup chip really adds new life into this game.

^ Penta/Pengo  a decrypted version of Pengo will run on Pac Man with a slight modification.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-man, Ms. Pac-man, Baby Pac-man Registry (Formerly @ www.tfgpittsburgh.com) Pac-man Settings Pac-man Dip Switches Pac-man Pinouts Basic Pac-man Board Tips Pac-man Board is Dead Signs of Life Plays But...
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45]
.Pac-Man was implemented using Roombas by three University of Colorado students.^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pictures below illustrate the four possible offsets Pinky will use to determine his target tile based on Pac-Man's orientation: .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other three orientations have the expected offset of two tiles in the direction Pac-Man is moving.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Board game

.The Pac-man board game is a turn based action game.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Basic Pac-man Board Tips .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-man Board is Dead .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are 4 Pac-mans and 2 ghosts included in the game.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Midway has available now a new program for their hit video game "Pac-Man".  The new program increases the difficulty of the game and adds a new challenge to players already familiar with the original.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On my Ms Pac Man, when I power up the game the coin meter (counter) clicks 2 times, Why?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their colors are yellow, green, blue, and red.^ Colors are defined in a 32-entry palette ROM (82s123.7f) where each 8-bit entry stores a 3-bit value for each of red and green and a 2-bit value for blue.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]

Film

.In 2004, Crystal Sky Pictures announced they were producing a theatrical film adaption titled Pac-Man: The Movie.^ Since they are copyrighted by the original owners, you should obtain a legal copy from an emulator or purchase a real Pac-Man machine from EBay!
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ After a long time, they go to scatter mode, trying to avoid Pac-Man, and each going to a different quadrant of the board.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

It will combine live-action and special effects.[47] The film was included in a $200 million deal with Grosvenor Park.[48] .As 2009, nothing more has been said about the film.^ "I think what you worry about is that you don't want things to add up, and more guys to get involved," Witten said.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Sorry, folks, but I can't come up with much more to say about the "nothing" incident at the moment.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

Fruit machine

.In the early 1980s in the UK, JPM released a fruit machine called "Fruit Snappa". Numbers on the reels move "Pac-Man" around a maze, eating prizes.^ Plays, Pac Man too high in Maze, jumps about vertically .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coins up but joystick only moves Pac-Man down.  Rack Advance (dip switch 7) doesn't work.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plays, But Maze graphics are wrong/ corrupt.  Full of large segment of "super Pac Man" from intermission.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was released in 1982 and the Jackpot was a £2 Token Jackpot, and when the Prizes were raised the following year, the Jackpot became £3 and the machine was re-released under the name "Fruit Chaser". The Machine was identical in every other way to its predecessor.^ Of course, within a few years of Pac-Man's release, players had discovered that every level beyond the 21 st was identical.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Use in music

In 1981, Buckner & Garcia released the song "Pac-Man Fever" which went to #9 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts.[7] A full album featuring other video game songs was released in 1982.
Rapper Lil Flip sampled sounds from the game Pac-man and Ms. Pac-man to make his top-20 single "Game Over". NamCo America filed a lawsuit against Sony BMG Music Entertainment for unauthorized use of these samples. The suit was settled out of court, and the two companies issued a joint statement that "Namco and Sony BMG are pleased to have resolved this matter and we look forward to continuing our business relationship in the spirit of our mutual respect for intellectual property".[49][50]
.Electronic music artist Richard D. James released an EP in 1992 entitled Power-Pill, consisting of tracks composed primarily using remixes of the musical themes in the Pac-Man arcade game.^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2008, Sudden Death released a song entitled "Pac-Man" on their Sudden Death album, a parody of "Smack That" by Akon.^ Chapter 1 is purely the backstory of Namco and Pac-Man's designer, Toru Iwatani, chronicling the development cycle and release of the arcade classic.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It wasn't too long after the release of Pac-Man when word began to spread of players occasionally passing straight through a ghost unharmed, seemingly at random.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.In his song "eBay", "Weird Al" Yankovic mentions that he will buy a "Pac-Man Fever" lunch box.^ Since they are copyrighted by the original owners, you should obtain a legal copy from an emulator or purchase a real Pac-Man machine from EBay!
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This is a small rectangular black box about 2 inches long and a 1.5 wide with wires coming out of the top and connected to the pac man board in a few spots.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Awards

.Guinness World Records has awarded the Pac-Man series eight records in Guinness World Records: Gamer's Edition 2008, including "First Perfect Pac-Man Game" for Billy Mitchell's July 3, 1999 score; "Most Successful Coin-Operated Game"; and "Largest Pac-Man Game", when, in 2004, students from New York University created Pac-Manhattan, a real life reenactment of the game, in which people dressed as Pac-Man and the four ghosts chased each other around Manhattan city blocks.^ Pac Man Plus (requires auxiliary board (epoxy coated shown below), 6 new eproms & 2 new color proms 4A, 7F).
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plays, but Orange Pac-Man on the playfield and the cyan/pink ghosts.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each player was teamed with a controller who communicated the player's positions using cellular phones.^ So the coaches are considering using Felix or Pacman, who are the team's most dynamic return men, on kick returns.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

[51]

References

  1. ^ a b Namco Bandai Games Inc. (2005-06-02). "Bandai Namco press release for 25th Anniversary Edition" (in Japanese). bandainamcogames.co.jp/. Archived from the original on 2007-12-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20071230012914/http://www.bandainamcogames.co.jp/bnours/hotnews/index.php?id=21. Retrieved 2007-10-10. "2005年5月22日で生誕25周年を迎えた『パックマン』。 ("Pac-Man celebrates his 25th anniversary on May 22, 2005", seen in image caption)" 
  2. ^ a b Tony Long (2007-10-10 (questionable)). "Oct. 10, 1979: Pac-Man Brings Gaming Into Pleistocene Era". Wired.com. http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2007/10/dayintech_1010. Retrieved 2007-10-10. "[Bandai Namco] puts the date at May 22, 1980 and is planning an official 25th anniversary celebration next year." 
  3. ^ Year 1980 shown on North American Pac-Man title screen.
  4. ^ "Game Board Schematic" (PDF). Midway Pac-Man Parts and Operating Manual. Chicago, Illinois: Midway Games. December 1980. http://www.arcadedocs.com/vidmanuals/P/Pac-Man.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  5. ^ Nitsche, Michael (2009-03-31). "Games and Rules". Video Game Spaces: Image, Play, and Structure in 3D Worlds. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-262-14101-9. "[...] they would not realize the fundamental logical difference between a version of Pac-Man (Iwatani 1980) running on the original Z80 [...]" 
  6. ^ a b c Green, Chris (June 17, 2002). "Pac-Man". Salon.com. http://www.salon.com/ent/masterpiece/2002/06/17/pac_man/print.html. Retrieved February 12 2006. 
  7. ^ a b "Pac-Man Fever". Time Magazine. April 5, 1982. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,921174,00.html. Retrieved October 15, 2009. "Columbia Records' Pac-Man Fever ... was No. 9 on the Billboard Hot 100 last week." 
  8. ^ a b Goldberg, Marty (2002-01-31). ""Pac-Man: The Phenomenon: Part 1"". Classicgaming.com. http://classicgaming.gamespy.com/View.php?view=Articles.Detail&id=249. Retrieved 2006-07-31. 
  9. ^ a b Parish, Jeremy (2004). ""The Essential 50: Part 10 - Pac Man"". 1UP.com. http://www.1up.com/do/feature?cId=3122102. Retrieved 2006-07-31. 
  10. ^ "The Legacy of Pac-Man". Archived from the original on 1998-01-21. http://web.archive.org/web/19980121102807/http://www.gamecenter.com/Features/Exclusives/Pacman/. 
  11. ^ "Pac Man Bootleg Board Information". Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20070702002820/http://users.adelphia.net/~68hc11/bootpac/bootpac.htm. 
  12. ^ Davie Brown Entertainment :: Davie Brown Celebrity Index: Mario, Pac-Man Most Appealing Video Game Characters Among Consumers
  13. ^ DeMaria, Rusel & Wilson, Johnny L. (2003-12-18). High Score!: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill Osborne Media. ISBN 0-07-223172-6. 
  14. ^ Mateas, Michael (2003). "Expressive AI: Games and Artificial Intelligence" (PDF). Proceedings of Level Up: Digital Games Research Conference, Utrecht, Netherlands. http://www.lcc.gatech.edu/~mateas/publications/MateasDIGRA2003.pdf. 
  15. ^ The Pac-Man Dossier, Jamey Pittman Ch. 4
  16. ^ The Pac-Man Dossier, Jamey Pittman Ch. 3
  17. ^ a b Don Hodges. "Pac-Man's Split-screen level analyzed and fixed". http://www.donhodges.com/how_high_can_you_get2.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  18. ^ Pac-Man review at OAFE
  19. ^ a b c d Ramsey, David. "The Perfect Man - How Billy Mitchell became a video-game superstar and achieved Pac-Man bliss." Oxford American, issue 53. Spring 2006.
  20. ^ "Pac-Man at the Twin Galaxies Official Scoreboard". Twin Galaxies. http://www.twingalaxies.com/index.aspx?c=22&pi=2&gi=3229&vi=3365. Retrieved 2006-07-22. 
  21. ^ Twin Galaxies Announces New All Time Pac-Man Champion, Twin Galaxies, September 11, 2009
  22. ^ Twin Galaxies Announces Seventh Winner, Twin Galaxies, October 30, 2009
  23. ^ Kohler, Chris (2005). Power-Up: How Japanese Video Games Gave the World an Extra Life. Brady Games. ISBN 0-7440-0424-1. 
  24. ^ ""Daijisen Dictionary entry for ぱくぱく (paku-paku), in Japanese"". http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%B1%E3%81%8F%E3%81%B1%E3%81%8F&dtype=0&dname=0na&stype=0&pagenum=1&index=14705600. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  25. ^ a b Lammers, Susan M. (1986). Programmers at Work: Interviews. New York: Microsoft Press. ISBN 0-914845-71-3. 
  26. ^ Bowen, Kevin (2001). "Game of the Week: Defender". ClassicGaming.com. http://www.classicgaming.com/rotw/defender.shtml. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  27. ^ "Player 2 Stage 4: Two Superstars". The Dot Eaters. http://thedoteaters.com/p2_stage4.php. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  28. ^ Bowen, Kevin (2001). "Game of the Week: Pac-Man". ClassicGaming.com. http://www.classicgaming.com/rotw/pacman.shtml. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  29. ^ "The Pac-Page (including database of Pac-Man merchandise and TV show reference)". http://pac-man.classicgaming.gamespy.com/. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  30. ^ McLemore, Greg. "The Top Coin-Operated Videogames of All Times". Killer List of Videogames. http://www.klov.com/TOP100.html. Retrieved 2006-07-22. 
  31. ^ Kent, Steve. Ultimate History of Video Games, p.142
  32. ^ Run, Gobble, Gobble, Run: Vying for Pac-Man Acclaim - New York Times
  33. ^ Xbox.com | Calendar of Events - PAC-MAN World Championships
  34. ^ 7800: Pac-Man Completed. - AtariAge Forums
  35. ^ Nguyen, Vincent (28 May 2008). "First LIVE images and videos of FULLSCREEN Android demos!". http://androidcommunity.com/first-live-images-of-fullscreen-android-demo-20080528/. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  36. ^ "Creating a World of Clones", Philadelphia Inquirer: 16, October 9th 
  37. ^ Thompson, Adam (Fall), "The King of Video Games is a Woman", Creative Computing Video and Arcade Games 1 (2): 65, http://www.atarimagazines.com/cva/v1n2/mspacman.php 
  38. ^ Ratcliff, Matthew (August), "Classic Cartridges II", Antic 7 (4): 24, http://www.atarimagazines.com/v7n4/classicii.html 
  39. ^ "Ms. Pac-Man". Killer List of Videogames. http://www.klov.com/M/Ms._Pac-Man.html. Retrieved 2006-07-31. 
  40. ^ "" Milton Bradley's PAC-MAN Board Game!"". X-Entertainment. 2003-04-14. http://www.x-entertainment.com/articles/0770/. Retrieved 2006-07-31. 
  41. ^ 1982 Milton Bradley Pac-Man. The Great Game Database.
  42. ^ 1983 Milton Bradley Ms. Pac-Man. The Great Game Database.
  43. ^ Gill, Chuck & Vicki. ""Pac-Man non-video games"". The Virtual Pac-Man Museum. http://www.zutco.com/toy_game_1.htm. Retrieved 2006-07-31. 
  44. ^ Lau, Dominic. "Pacman in Vancouver". SFU Computing Science. http://www.cs.sfu.ca/news/index.cgi/articles/2007-11-15-1.html. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  45. ^ ""PacManhattan website"". http://www.pacmanhattan.com/about.php. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  46. ^ ""Roomba Pac-Man website"". http://pacman.elstonj.com. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  47. ^ "Crystal Sky, Namco & Gaga are game again". Crystalsky.com. Retrieved on 11 August 2008.
  48. ^ Jaafar, Ali (19 May 2008) "Crystal Sky signs $200 million deal". Variety.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2008.
  49. ^ Simon Carless, "Namco, Sony Music Settle Over Pac-Man Samples", Gamasutra, Aug. 29, 2005.
  50. ^ Marcus Lai, "Namco and Sony settle Pac-Man lawsuit", Punch Jump, Aug. 29, 2005.
  51. ^ "About Pac-Manhattan". Pac-Manhattan. 2004. http://www.pacmanhattan.com/about.php. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 

Further reading

  • Trueman, Doug (November 10, 1999). ."The History of Pac-Man". GameSpot.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Comprehensive coverage on the history of the entire series up through 1999.
  • Morris, Chris (May 10, 2005). ."Pac Man Turns 25". CNN Money.
  • Vargas, Jose Antonio (June 22, 2005).^ Red attempts to reduce the distance between himself and Pac-Man, by turning in the direction that will immediately reduce the greater of the horizontal or vertical distance between himself and Pac-Man.
    • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Pac-Man can turn corners faster than the ghosts can, so turning corners helps escape ghosts.
    • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

    ."Still Love at First Bite: At 25, Pac-Man Remains a Hot Pursuit". The Washington Post.
  • Pac-Man Guide at MameWorld.^ Anti Pac Man Send to a Friend Link/Post Comments Game Problems .
    • Anti Pac Man - AbcArcade.com 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.abcarcade.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The EPROMs are marked "A", "B", "C" or "E", "F", "H" with the first set being a normal Ms Pac-Man and the second set of 3 being Miss Pac Plus (see Alternate Mazes?
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Instructions: Use Arrow Keys to guide Pac Man around the maze.
    • Pac Man - AbcArcade.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.abcarcade.com [Source type: General]

    In-depth strategy guide, including basic techniques, chase patterns and ghost behavior.
  • Hirschfeld, Tom. .How to Master the Video Games, Bantam Books, 1981. ISBN 0-553-20164-6 Arcade strategy guide to several games including incarnations of Pac-Man.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
    • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Includes hand drawings of some of the common patterns for use in the arcade Pac-Man.
  • Hirschfeld, Tom.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the Ms. Pac-man now runs but exhibits odd characters you know that either the ribbon cable or some component on the auxiliary board is deffective.
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pac-Man actually uses less than half of this.
    • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

    .How to Master Home Video Games, Bantam Books, 1982. ISBN 0-553-20195-6 Follow-up guide covering home versions among others.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier.^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Figure 8 Pac-Man Video addresses .
    • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ I have heard that Pac Man charactures were used on a cover of TIME but not related to video games.
    • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    A complete description of ghost behavior and gameplay via source code analysis and studied observation, including additional information on the split screen, the collision bug, and the Namco easter egg.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Etymology

.From the arcade game Pac-Man (1980) and its player character, a circle with a snapping mouth gobbling dots in a maze.^ Pac man online game .
  • Pac man online game 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.ababasoft.com [Source type: General]

^ (Cue Pac-Man arcade game startup music) See?

^ For information on the game, see Pac-Man (game) .
  • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

Noun

Singular
Pac-Man
Plural
Pac-Man
  1. (slang) Anything that consumes indiscriminately.
    • 1992, Kenneth Janda, Jeffrey M Berry, Jerry Goldman, The challenge of democracy: government in America
      "Medicaid is becoming the .Pac-Man of state government, eating up every dollar," remarked one official.^ If one sling shots Pac-Man, he will jump up in pain.
      • Answers for PacMan 2:The New Adventures 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC toogam.bespin.org [Source type: General]

      ^ Pac-Man giving a thumbs up.
      • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Pac-Man loves to eat.
      • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

    • 1995, Bruce Piasecki, Corporate environmental strategy: the avalanche of change since Bhopal
      Chlorine acts like a .Pac-Man of the high atmosphere, gobbling one ozone molecule after another and then being regenerated to gobble again.^ Iwatani, himself claims that shape of Pac-Man came from one day when he was hungry, ordered a pizza, and removed a slice.
      • Pac-Man - Wikia Gaming - Walkthroughs, games, guides, and more 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC gaming.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ A slave to his addiction, Pac-Man must consume all drugs on the screen before fleeing the scene of the crime, as reality itself warps around him, sending him hurtling from one corner of the screen to another.
      • Pac-Man - The Board 8 Wiki - Board 8, Users, Characters, and more 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC board8.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Unauthorized "pirate" versions of the game were also created, most notably Hangly-Man , one variant of which replaced the Pac-Man character with the head of Popeye .
      • Bambooweb: Pac-Man 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.bambooweb.com [Source type: General]

    • 1995, J Richard Middleton, Brian J Walsh, Truth is stranger than it used to be: biblical faith in a postmodern age
      The ironic deconstruction of all meaningful discourse, including normative discourse, says Gergen, "is like a .Pac-Man of social pattern, gobbling all that stands in its path."^ We are all Pac-Man on the inside.
      • Pac-Man - The Board 8 Wiki - Board 8, Users, Characters, and more 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC board8.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ View all Pac-Man Vs.
      • IGN: Pac-Man Vs. / Pac-Man World 2 (Player's Choice) 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC cube.ign.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ See all guides for Pac Man .
      • eBay - Pac Man Reviews & Guides 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC search.reviews.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 1995, Patrick J Spain, James R Talbot, Hoover's Handbook of American Companies 1996
      Like the .Pac-Man of garbage, Browning-Ferris Industries (BFI) is gobbling up smaller waste disposal firms — 113 in 1994 alone — as that industry becomes increasingly consolidated.^ Pac-Man giving a thumbs up.
      • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Once a challenging game, Pac-Man has now become a way to pass the time, as games have come much further since the days of Tohru Iwatani .
      • Pac-Man@Everything2.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

      ^ And in this second version of the remake, PAC MAN WORLD 2 becomes even better with its interesting levels, colorful graphics, and Pac-man's new quirky moves.
      • Pac-Man World 2 (2002) on PlayStation 2 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC ps2.ign.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • 2001, Patrick O'Meara, Howard D Mehlinger, Roxana Ma Newman, Changing perspectives on international education
      Spanish is currently the .Pac Man of the foreign language field, gradually swallowing up all other languages.^ Reviews for PAC-MAN in other languages .

      ^ Pac-Man giving a thumbs up.
      • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ View all Pac-Man Vs.
      • IGN: Pac-Man Vs. 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cube.ign.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
      • IGN: Pac-Man Vs. / Pac-Man World 2 (Player's Choice) 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC cube.ign.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

.This is the first game in the Pac-Man series.^ Pac man online game .
  • Pac man online game 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.ababasoft.com [Source type: General]

^ Clyde first in Pac-Man .
  • Pac-Man (video game franchise) - giantbomb.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ A pac man game in Full 3D .

For other games in the series see the Pac-Man category.
Pac-Man
Box artwork for Pac-Man.
Developer(s) Namco
Publisher(s) Midway Games
Japanese title パックマン
Release date(s)
Genre(s) Action
System(s) Arcade, Apple II, Atari 8-bit, Atari 2600, Atari 5200, ColecoVision, Commodore 64/128, Commodore VIC-20, Fujitsu FM-7, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, Intellivision, MS-DOS, MSX, NES, TI-99/4A, Game Gear, Neo Geo Pocket Color, Xbox Live Arcade, GameTap, Mobile, iPod, Wii Virtual Console, iPhone
Players 1-2
Followed by Ms. Pac-Man (US)
Pac-Man Plus (US)
Super Pac-Man (JP)
Series Pac-Man
Pac-Man marquee
.Inspired over a lunch of pizza, Pac-Man began life in the arcades in 1980.^ Pac Man - Classic arcade game!

^ Pac-man Arcade Game .

^ The original Pac-Man was released in arcades on May 22, 1980.
  • Pac-Man (video game franchise) - giantbomb.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

.After being overlooked by "experts" who judged Namco's Rally-X to be the better of the two games, Pac-Man went on to unprecedented success and became an icon in Japan and in America.^ Pac man online game .
  • Pac man online game 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.ababasoft.com [Source type: General]

^ Pac-man is a classic game.

^ Ever played the game pac man?
  • Pac-Man Videos - Metacafe 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man's game play was a stark and refreshing contrast to the space aged shoot'em ups that were popular at the time.^ Pac man online game .
  • Pac man online game 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.ababasoft.com [Source type: General]

^ For information on the game, see Pac-Man (game) .
  • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Pac-Man giving a thumbs up.
  • Pac-Man (character) - Pac-Man Wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC pacman.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.Pac-mania became a phenomenon and video games' first mascot was met with an insatiable demand.^ It was the first ever perfect game of Pac-Man .
  • MySpace - Pac-Man - 30 - Male - Namco - myspace.com/only1pacman 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-mania became a phenomenon and video games' first mascot was met with an insatiable demand.
  • Pac-Man — StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC strategywiki.org [Source type: General]

^ This is the first game in the Pac-Man series.
  • Pac-Man — StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC strategywiki.org [Source type: General]

.Atari snapped up the rights to bring the arcade hit home, and let down millions of fans with a sub-par conversion on Atari's most popular home system, the Atari 2600. However, they did produce a far better conversion for their home computer systems and the Atari 5200 (if you can overlook the controls.^ Up 4 times Left 4 times Right 4 times Down 4 times .
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ System: Atari 2600 .

^ Arcade : 4-Way Joystick Atari 2600 Joystick Intellivision Controller Atari 5200 Controller NES Controller .
  • Pac-Man - Wikia Gaming - Walkthroughs, games, guides, and more 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC gaming.wikia.com [Source type: General]

) .From there, Pac-Man has gone on to grace just about every system that has ever been manufactured in some form or another.^ The Pac-Man wiki is about the Pac-Man series.
  • Pac-Man - Wikis from Wikia - Join the best wiki communities 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC www.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ With Pac-Man, everything was there.

^ K) NEW Krapman - another Pac-man.
  • PCman Game Archive Pacman Ms. Pacman - The PCman Website 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.thepcmanwebsite.com [Source type: General]

.While Pac-Man's popularity has died down today in comparison to the early 80s, he is still a recognizable figure, and has appeared on just about every form of merchandising available.^ The Pac-Man wiki is about the Pac-Man series.
  • Pac-Man - Wikis from Wikia - Join the best wiki communities 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC www.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ Games Pac-Man has appeared in .
  • Pac-Man - The Board 8 Wiki - Board 8, Users, Characters, and more 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC board8.wikia.com [Source type: General]

^ 'Everybody knows about Pac-Man.

.His legacy continues on the latest generation platforms with ever expanding adventures, and while they capture the good natured quality of our little yellow hero, they can never outshine the accomplishment of the original game.^ His legacy continues on the latest generation platforms with ever expanding adventures, and while they capture the good natured quality of our little yellow hero, they can never outshine the accomplishment of the original game.
  • Pac-Man — StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC strategywiki.org [Source type: General]

^ Another classic gaming icon (now making his way to the Xbox Live Arcade scene) is that of the little yellow eating machine known as Pac-Man.

^ The three-dimensional adventure game, complete with a 3D rendering of the original's maze, is released for the Sony Playstation in October 1999.
  • The Dot Eaters - Coin-op Video Game History 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.thedoteaters.com [Source type: General]

Story

.Actually, there's not much of a story at all.^ Actually, there's not much of a story at all.
  • Pac-Man — StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC strategywiki.org [Source type: General]

^ The actual game that players will download is pretty much a faithful incarnation of the original Pac-Man game, which means there is little to speak of when it comes to updates.

.Despite Pac-Man's popularity, an official explanation as to why Pac-Man had to run through a maze and gobble all of the dots and avoid the ghosts, has never been provided.^ Then he can run around the maze eating ghosts.
  • 2600Online.com - PacMan - Online Atari Games - 2600 Games - Pac-Man - Ms. Pac-Man - Berzerk - Yars Revenge - Classic Games - VCS 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC 2600online.com [Source type: General]

^ The game involves navigating Pac-Man through a maze.
  • NetLogo Models Library: Pac-Man 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC ccl.northwestern.edu [Source type: General]

^ Pac-Man is the lovable guy that eats the white dots and avoids ghosts.
  • Pac man online game 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.ababasoft.com [Source type: General]

.Feel free to make up your own.^ Make your own badge here .
  • full of fluff » Pac-Man!!!! 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC fulloffluff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If anyone would like to make a donation feel free to do so via Paypal: e5frog@gmail.com It would help speed up the process.
  • Pac-man for Channel F first and only cartridge yet... - AtariAge Forums 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.atariage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The price is also affordable at under US$20, considering that you make and share your own levels, thereby expanding this game beyond belief.
  • Geek.com PDA Review: PacMan v2.00 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.geek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Table of Contents

Appendices

Gameplay summary

.
Title screen
  • You control Pac-Man through the maze with the joystick.
  • You must eat every dot and energizer to advance to the next stage.
  • You must avoid contact with the ghosts while they are their normal color.
  • If you eat an energizer, the ghosts will turn blue, and you may eat them for bonus points until they turn back to their normal color.
  • Ghosts travel at half speed through the side escape tunnels.^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
    • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Eat these for bonus points.

    ^ The game involves navigating Pac-Man through a maze.
    • NetLogo Models Library: Pac-Man 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC ccl.northwestern.edu [Source type: General]

    Use them to get away.
  • A fruit or item will appear below the ghost pen twice per stage for bonus points.

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

.From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!^ Explore the community The Game Boy community Latest activity 2 days ago 427 customers have contributed 399 products, 40 lists & guides and more...
  • Amazon.com: Pac-Man Collection: Nintendo Gameboy Advance: Video Games 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For information about the Pac-Man character, please see Pac-Man (character)
Pac-Man
Image:Maze.gif
Developer(s) Namco
Arcade
Atari
Atari 2600
Intellivision
Publisher(s) Namco
Arcade (JP)
Midway
Arcade (NA)
Bally Astrocade
Atari
Atari 2600
Intellivision
Designer(s) Toru Iwatani
Release date Arcade:
May 22, 1980 (JP)
1980 (NA)
Bally Astrocade:
1981 (NA)
Atari 2600:
1982 (NA)
Intellivision:
1983 (NA)
Genre Maze
Mode(s) Single player
1-2 players alternating
Age rating(s) N/A
Arcade
Atari 2600
Bally Astrocade
Intellivision
Platform(s) Arcade
Atari 2600
Apple II
Bally Astrocade
Atari 8 Bit
Intellivision
Atari 5200
Commodore 64
Nintendo Entertainment System
Game Boy
Game Gear
Game Boy Color
Neo Geo Pocket Color
Game Boy Advance
As Part of:
Pac-Man Collection
Unlockable:
Pac n Roll
Input Arcade:
4-Way Joystick
Atari 2600 Joystick
Intellivision Controller
Atari 5200 Controller
NES Controller
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough
.Pac-Man is the most popular arcade game of all time, first introduced by Namco in 1980.^ (Cue Pac-Man arcade game startup music) See?

^ This is a classic game of pac man.
  • Pac man downloads at VicMan 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

^ Keywords: Game , games , pac man , pacman game , pac-man .
  • Pac man downloads at VicMan 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

It was first known as Puck-Man in Japan but revised to Pac-Man for the US because some people changed the "P" into an "F".

Contents

Origin

.Pac-Man was created by video game designer, Toru Iwatani.^ Toru Iwatani, creator of Pac-Man .
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The quote above is from an interview with Toru Iwatani, the designer of Pac-Man.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I believe that is an ingredient in the longevity of the game.”—Toru Iwatani, creator of Pac-Man .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iwatani, himself claims that shape of Pac-Man came from one day when he was hungry, ordered a pizza, and removed a slice.^ Toru Iwatani, creator of Pac-Man .
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, he selects an offset four tiles away from Pac-Man in the direction Pac-Man is currently moving (with one exception).
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, he admits this is just a story he likes to tell. .Pac-Man's shape is actually based on the Japanese character for mouth (kuchi), which is a square shape.^ In Japanese the character for mouth (kuchi) is a square shape.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the ghosts use Pac-Man's actual tile as the target; others only use it as an intermediate step to find another tile.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pictures below illustrate the four possible offsets Pinky will use to determine his target tile based on Pac-Man's orientation: .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He rounded it out, and as such, the little yellow circle was born.
.The name Pac-Man is American.^ Pac-Man was never meant to be part of the financial world, but some blasphemer apparently felt it necessary to name a business strategy after the blessed round one.

^ Not wanting their product associated with this word, Midway renamed the game Pac-Man before releasing it to American arcades in October 1980.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reply I think pac man is a great name too.
  • Old School Favorite: Pacman - Tildemark blogs 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC www.tildemark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Japan, the character is called Puck-Man, a name which is derived from the Japanese onomatopoeia for eating (Paku Paku).^ The name Puck-Man came from that word.” .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its personality is called "Shadow", which means it tails after the Pac-Man character like a shadow.
  • Writing the Pac-Man Game in JavaFX - Part 5 - InsideRIA 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.insideria.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most significant change to Puck-Man was the name.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The name was changed for US release because of the ease of changing Puck-Man to something else by scratching out part of the P.

Gameplay

.The gameplay involves maneuvering the yellow character Pac-Man through a series of mazes, gobbling up all the pellets.^ Yellow maze border no characters.
  • Arcade Game Over - Arcade - Pacman Troubleshooting 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.arcadegameover.com [Source type: Academic]

^ All yellow maze.
  • Arcade Game Over - Arcade - Pacman Troubleshooting 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.arcadegameover.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Your task is to help Pacman go through multi-level labyrinth, collecting items and defeating all evil characters.
  • Pacman downloads at VicMan 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

.However, Pac-Man's progress is opposed by four ghosts: Inky, Blinky, Pinky and Clyde.^ If Pac-Man is moving right, Pinky's tile will be four tiles to the right.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accordingly, any mention of “the ghosts” below refers to Pinky, Inky, and Clyde, but not Blinky.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pac-Man can only eat these ghosts by eating one of the four special power pellets placed throughout the maze.^ FRIGHTENED —Ghosts enter frightened mode whenever Pac-Man eats one of the four energizers located in the far corners of the maze.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Pac-Man eats a power pill, the ghosts enter blue mode.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pac-Man's four enemies in the maze are typically referred to as ghosts or monsters .
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Once Pac-Man eats every pellet on the screen, the level is over.^ To start, Figure 1 shows a Pac-Man attract screen and the start of a level.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Pac-Man hardware is at the highest level: .
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This results in not enough dots on the screen for Pac-Man to eat and pass the level.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

.Occasionally, fruit will show up that give Pac-Man bonus points.^ If one sling shots Pac-Man, he will jump up in pain.
  • Answers for PacMan 2:The New Adventures 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC toogam.bespin.org [Source type: General]

^ This gives Pac Man the opportunity to be the hunter as well as the hunted.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IWATANI: The algorithm for the four ghosts who are dire enemies of the Pac Man – getting all the movements lined up correctly.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Every 10,000 points, Pac-Man gains an extra life.^ "False Idols" is my attempt to catalog every Pac-Man clone, ripoff, and wannabe EVER MADE. (Sure, I'll fail in this attempt.

^ Here's how ya do it (stolen from videogames.com :) Exceed 3,000 kilometers in total distance raced to unlock a red roadster with a Pac-Man driver.

^ Every now and then all of the ghosts will simultaneously cease their pursuit of Pac-Man and head for their home corners.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The game is supposed to loop forever, although the 256th level is glitched and unbeatable.^ The result is that the game loops back around to the first board, but with the score intact and the ghosts still behaving as though it were level 21 or above.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Scoring

  • Pellet -- 10 points
  • Power pellet -- 50 points
  • Blue ghost -- 200 points (first), 400 (second), 800 (third), and 1600 (fourth)
  • Fruit prizes
  • Cherry -- 100 points
  • Strawberry -- 300 points
  • Orange -- 500 points
  • Apple -- 700 points
  • Grape -- 1000 points
  • Galaxian Flagship -- 2000 points
  • Bell -- 3000 points
  • Key -- 5000 points

Atari 2600 Version

.Pac-Man for the Atari 2600 is a port of the original arcade game.^ (Cue Pac-Man arcade game startup music) See?

^ PAC-MAN ATARI 5200 GAME TESTED !!
  • Atari 5200 Pac-Man, Video Games, Arcade. Great deals on eBay! 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atari 5200 Game MS. PAC-MAN .
  • Atari 5200 Pac-Man, Video Games, Arcade. Great deals on eBay! 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The game was designed by Tod Frye, who showed them a prototype of the game. Instead of letting Frye finish the game, Atari published the port.
.Of the differences that exist between this version and the original arcade version, the most notable of them is that the ghosts are all one color and tend to flicker a lot; also, the various fruit prizes are replaced by a single prize called the vitamin which is worth 100 points when eaten.^ Patterns are different on each one, and most patterns on the internet are for the original ROMs.
  • http://lomont.org/Software/Games/PacMan/PacmanEmulation.htm 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lomont.org [Source type: Academic]

^ His opponents are 4 ghosts of different color roaming the labyrinth in search for the pacman.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note also that the ghosts don't actually all reverse at exactly the same time, but within a few time steps of one another.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The player starts off with four lives and gets a new life with each screen cleared instead of at 10,000 points (up to nine lives can be stored up at a time).^ "It's getting to the point where it ain't no time for slip-ups right now," Pacman said.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course, Pacman's career could end at any time if he gets in any more off-field trouble.
  • Dallas Cowboys Blog | Sports News | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC cowboysblog.dallasnews.com [Source type: General]

^ IWATANI: The algorithm for the four ghosts who are dire enemies of the Pac Man – getting all the movements lined up correctly.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Atari manufactured 12 million cartridges of the game, but only about 7 million copies were sold.^ Midway sold over 119,000 copies of Ms. Pac-Man, making it the most popular game in U.S. arcade history.
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cartridge PacMan can wander into the arcade and play a copy of the first PacMan arcade game.
  • Answers for PacMan 2:The New Adventures 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC toogam.bespin.org [Source type: General]

^ Vintage Atari 5200 Pac-Man Game Cartridge 1982 Store: Boney-FiddleMusic .
  • Atari 5200 Pac-Man, Video Games, Arcade. Great deals on eBay! 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The game was a huge failure and many consumers asked for refunds. .This was one of the many games that led to the Video Game Crash of 1983.^ Hangly-Man : One of the many "altered" Pac-Man games.

Sequels

The most popular sequel in the Pac-Man franchise is Ms. Pac-Man, a variation with several additions and improvements. There have also been other variations, such as Jr. Pac-Man, that were not as widely popular. .The game Pac-Man 2: The New Adventures plays completely differently from the traditional game, but is designated "Pac-Man 2" and can be considered an official "storyline" sequel.^ I just played Pac-Man on a NEW machine.

^ This is a classic game of pac man.
  • Pac man downloads at VicMan 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

^ Keywords: Game , games , pac man , pacman game , pac-man .
  • Pac man downloads at VicMan 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

Clones

.In addition to sequels, there were also clones of the original Pac-Man arcade game.^ (Cue Pac-Man arcade game startup music) See?

^ Also, Pac-Man All-Stars exists for the PC, and I've got it (though I haven't played it yet,) and there's a bitchin' "Pac-Man Collection" available for the Game Boy Advance, which includes the elusive and wonderful "Pac-Man Arrangement," previously available only on the Namco Classics arcade game thingy.

^ (Of course there's the other differences, like I'm sure the graphics are likely different to some extent on the different systems, and there aren't different speed or difficulty options as there are for owners of the original arcade games (by modifying "jumper" switches on the arcade board), etc.
  • Answers for PacMan 2:The New Adventures 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC toogam.bespin.org [Source type: General]

The most notable ones are:
  • New Puc-One -- which features an altered maze with some additional passageways and two more tunnels, one in the top half of the screen and one in the bottom half.
  • Hangly Man -- which features a similarly altered screen in addition to another alternating screen where the playfield has no maze dividers, allowing free movement for both Pac-Man and the ghosts.
  • Pac-Man Plus -- a modified version of the original game where eating the power pill doesn't always turn all the ghosts blue, and where eating the fruit prize in the center of the screen temporarily turns the ghosts invisible (and also edible).

World Championship

.On June 5, 2007, the first Pac-Man World Championship was held in New York City, which brought together ten competitors from eight countries to play the new Pac-Man Championship Edition just prior to its release on Xbox Live Arcade.^ I just played Pac-Man on a NEW machine.

^ I played a game of the new Pac-Man, and it's freakin' cool as hell!!

^ You're supposed to catch a real human size pac-man in the city.
  • Old School Favorite: Pacman - Tildemark blogs 13 January 2010 11:41 UTC www.tildemark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The top two scorers, Robert Glashuettner of Austria and Carlos Daniel Borrego of Mexico, competed for the championship in a single five-minute round. .Borrego was named Pac-Man World Champion and won an Xbox 360 console, specially decorated with Pac-Man artwork and signed by Toru Iwatani.^ Toru Iwatani, creator of Pac-Man .
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The quote above is from an interview with Toru Iwatani, the designer of Pac-Man.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A perfect score in Pac-Man is 3,333,360 points, which can only be attained by playing a perfect game.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1][2]

Notes

.The Intellivision version was originally sold by Atari, and then later by INTV Corporation when the original stock was sold out and they acquired the rights from Atari and Namco to distribute the game under their own company label.^ Pac-Man Collection contains the original Pac-Man , plus Pac-Attack , PacMania 3D , and the never-before-seen-out-of-the-arcade Pac-Man Arrangement game.
  • Amazon.com: Pac-Man Collection: Nintendo Gameboy Advance: Video Games 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sonny The Rise and Fall of Atari Atari as a gaming company enjoyed success early on but time went on and it had gone out of the gaming industry.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Namco says on the back of the PacMan2 box (this is not necessarily an exact quote, as I'm doing it from my head) "Play the original PacMan and Ms. PacMan games in their entirety" which is false.
  • Answers for PacMan 2:The New Adventures 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC toogam.bespin.org [Source type: General]

.The Atari 5200 and 8-bit home computer versions use the Atari logo in place of the Galaxian flagship as the fruit prize that appears between the grape and the bell.^ This allows you to choose between 4 different versions of PacMan/Ms.Pacman using mechanical switches.
  • Midway Pacman Ms Pacman coin operated board conversion modifications 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.marvin3m.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whenever a fruit appears, the amount of time it stays on the screen before disappearing is always between nine and ten seconds.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atari had exclusive rights to produce the game on home systems, so the only other version out there at the time of this release was the Atari 2600 version.

.A prototype version of this game was developed for the ColecoVision by Atari, but it was never released.^ He also denounces Pac-Land and Pac-Mania as boring games that never should have been released.

^ Atari had exclusive rights to produce the game on home systems, so the only other version out there at the time of this release was the Atari 2600 version.

^ After the Atari game system, me and my friends went through Nintendo, Sega, and now the different versions of Playstation and X Box.
  • Pac Man - Associated Content - Topic 18 September 2009 8:54 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

An arcade-accurate homebrew version for the ColecoVision was developed and released as Pac-Man Collection in 2009, which also includes Ms. Pac-Man.
The Bally Astrocade version is called Muncher and was developed by a third-party company instead of by Midway. .Despite being of lower resolution, it is considered a rather faithful adaptation of the original arcade Pac-Man game.^ (Cue Pac-Man arcade game startup music) See?

^ How many games run on the original Pac man board?
  • Lawnmowerman's Pac-man Page - Parts, Information and Troubleshooting Guide - At Rotheblog.com 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC lawnmowerman.rotheblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note: As can be easily deduced from this table (in respect to the varying base speeds and their numerous subdividers), the game play of the original Pac-Man game can only be achieved by a quite high frame rate.
  • How To Write a Pac-Man Game in JavaScript 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC www.masswerk.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Apple II version sold by Atarisoft was originally Taxman, developed by Hal Laboratory.

Gallery

Ghosts

Ghost Color Original Puckman[3] American Pac-Man
Character Translation Nickname Translation Alternate
character
Alternate
nickname
Character Nickname
Red Oikake (追いかけ) chaser Akabei (赤ベイ) red guy Urchin Macky Shadow Blinky
Pink Machibuse (待ち伏せ) ambusher Pinky (ピンキー) pink guy Romp Micky Speedy Pinky
Cyan Kimagure (気まぐれ) fickle Aosuke (青助) blue guy Stylist Mucky Bashful Inky
Orange Otoboke (お惚け) stupid Guzuta (愚図た) slow guy Crybaby Mocky Pokey Clyde
.When Pac-Man eats a giant dot, the ghosts all turn dark blue and run away, and Pac-Man can eat these ghosts.^ When Pac-Man eats an energizer, the ghosts simultaneously reverse direction and, on earlier levels, turn dark blue.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once a ghost leaves, however, it cannot reenter unless it is first captured by Pac-Man—then the disembodied eyes can return home to be revived.
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They all share the same pathfinding logic for chasing a target tile, so how is it each one behaves differently when following Pac-Man?
  • The Pac-Man Dossier 3 February 2010 17:45 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

Pac-Man (character)

References

External links

Pac-Man wiki guide at StrategyWiki

Pac-Man series
Arcade game series
Pac-Man | Ms. Pac-Man | Super Pac-Man | Pac & Pal | Baby Pac-Man | Jr. Pac-Man | Pac-Land | Pac-Mania
Professor Pac-Man | Pac-Man Arrangement | Pac-Man VR
Console game series
Pac-Attack | Pac-In-Time | Pac-Man 2: The New Adventures | Pac-Man World | Ms. Pac-Man Maze Madness
Pac-Man: Adventures in Time | Pac-Man Collection | Ms. Pac-Man: Quest for the Golden Maze | Pac-Man Fever
Pac-Man World 2 | Pac-Man Vs. | Pac-Pix | Pac 'n Roll | Pac-Man World 3 | Pac-Man World Rally
Pac-Man Championship Edition | Pac-Man Carnival

This article uses material from the "Pac-Man" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Pac-Man is an arcade video game that was made by Namco. It was released in 1980, and became very popular.

In Pac-Man, the player makes a Pac-Man, a yellow disc move around a maze. The goal is to eat every yellow pellet (circles) while not getting caught by the ghosts/monsters. For extra points, fruits that appear can also be eaten. When Pac-Man eats a white pellet, the ghosts turn blue and can be eaten. Even though the game has 256 stages, the last level can not be finished due to a problem with the creation of the game.

The game is called Puck Man in Japan. The game was named Pac-Man in the United States so that nobody could change the "P" to "F"[1]. There were many sequels and remakes based on the game. Hanna-Barbera made a animated tv show airing on ABC in the early 1980s. The game was also part of Namco Museum games. There is a Namco Museum Remix for the Wii.

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Pac-Man, which are similar to those in the above article.








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