Padmarajan: Wikis


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P. Padmarajan
Born P. Padmarajan Pillai
May 23, 1945(1945-05-23)
Muthukulam, Alappuzha, Travancore
Died January 24, 1991 (aged 45)
Kozhikode, Kerala, India
Other name(s) Pappettan
Occupation Film Director, Writer, News Reader AIR
Years active 1975-1991
Spouse(s) Radha Lakshmi
Official website

P. Padmarajan (Malayalam: പി. പത്മരാജന്‍) (23 May 1945 – 24 January 1991) was a Malayalam based author, screenwriter, and filmmaker acclaimed for his fine and detailed screenwriting and expressive direction style. Padmarajan made some of the landmark motion pictures in Malayalam cinema, including masterpieces like Oridaththoru Phayalvaan (1981), Arappatta Kettiya Graamathil (1986), Kariyila Kattu Pole (1986), Namukku Parkkan Munthiri Thoppukal (1986), Thoovanathumbikal (1987) and Moonnam Pakkam (1988).


Early life

Born at Muthukulam near Haripad in Onattukara, Alleppey, he was the sixth son of Thundathil Anantha Padmanabha Pillai and Njavarakkal Devaki Amma. After early schooling at Muthukulam, he studied at M. G. College and University College, Trivandrum, graduating in Chemistry (1963). Subsequently, he learned Sanskrit from the scholar Cheppad Achyutha Warrier at Muthukulam. He then joined All India Radio, Trichur (1965), starting as a programme announcer, and later settled at Poojappura, Trivandrum (1968); he would remain at AIR until 1986, when his busy involvement in films would prompt him to retire voluntarily.

Career as screenwriter and director

Padmarajan during his early career

His stories deal with deceit, murder, romance, mystery, passion, jealousy, libertinism, anarchism, individualism, and the life of peripheral elements of society. Some of them are considered as among the best in Malayalam literature, his first novel Nakshathrangalaey kaaval (With only the stars as witness) won the Kerala Sahithya Academy award (1972).

He entered the world of Malayalam films by writing the screenplay for Bharathan's directorial debut Prayaanam (1975) to take first steps to be one of the most talented script writers to have graced Malayalam cinema.

He later began to direct films based on his own screenplays, beginning with Peruvazhiyambalam (The Street as a Choultry) (1979), which are greatly popular among the common people as well as intellectuals and film critics, while maintaining richness in artistic and thematic originality and excellence. Padmarajan was a great experimenter who explored all walks of life in his works. His screen plays had such hitherto-unheard of features and subjects - such as casting rain as a character in Thoovanthumbikal (Fireflies of the Night), lesbian love in Desadanakili Karayarilla (Migratory Birds Don't Cry), unusual climax (By traditional standards) in Namukku Parkkan Munthiri Thoppukal (Wineyards for us to dwell) and Oridaththoru Phayalvaan (Once There Was A Wrestler). Many of his films bear the mark of his romanticism.

He is celebrated for his possibly unparalleled attention to detail in his screenplays. Some of his scripts are arguably the smoothest narratives ever penned in the Malayalam language. They are also ample proof for his keen observation, acute perception, and astute portrayal of human relationships and emotions. Many of his films have stunning and haunting climaxes, most of them not commonly portrayed in Malayalam movies. His characters were portrayed with great sensitivity and intensity on the screen and many of the scenes are generously sprinkled with humor. The dialogues of characters are quite natural, in the language of the common man, and yet have a subtle lyrical quality.

Indeed, a just case may be made that his directorial merit flowed easily from his exquisitely crafted screenplays: he never directed a film based on a script written by someone else (unlike other Malayalam film directors of comparable stature, say, Bharathan and K. G. George), and rarely adapted his script from a story not his own. Consequently, he had an unusually intimate knowledge of the characters in his films in combination with his mastery of the script.


Association with Bharathan

Together with Bharathan and K. G. George, he successfully laid the foundation for a school of Malayalam cinema that strove to tread a middle ground by striking a fine balance between intellectual and commercial appeal, without sacrificing the strong points of either approach; this was accomplished by portraying brilliant stories with "next door" men and women as characters, steering clear of artificial characters, stereotypes and pedantic inclinations allegedly typical of `critically acclaimed' films. The term "Parallel film" is usually used to describe his style of film making. Along with Bharathan, he displayed mastery in handling sexuality on the screen, hitherto less known in Malayalam Cinema.

Association with actors

He was quite adept in spotting talent, and introduced many fresh faces who would later make their mark in Indian cinema, including Ashokan (Peruvazhiyambalam), Rasheed (Oridathoru Phayalavaan), Rahman (Koodevide), Jayaram (Aparan), Ramachandran (Novemberinte nashtam), Ajayan (Moonnaampakkam). Also artists like Nitish Bharadwaj (Njaan gandharvan),Suhasini Mani Ratnam (Koodevide); Shaari (Namukku Parkkan Munthirithoppukal) were introduced to Malayalam screen by him.

He coaxed sparkling and inspired performances from many actors, such as Bharath Gopi, Karamana Janardhanan, Mohanlal, Mammootty,Rahman, Jagathy Sreekumar, Suresh Gopi in Innale, Shobhana, Sumalatha, Thilakan, and Nedumudi Venu; indeed, Thilakan's rendition in Moonnaampakkam is one of the best performances of the thespian's career. He also aided in establishing, to a fair degree, the fame of other directors such as Bharathan, I. V. Sasi, and Mohan, through his association with them; his collaboration with Bharathan as a script writer is considered to have produced remarkable works in Malayalam cinema. His assistants who went on to direct films independently include Thoppil Ajayan (Perumthachchan), Suresh Unnithan (Jaathakam, Raadhaamaadhavam), and Blessy (Kaazhcha,Thanmaathra, the latter adapted from Padmarajan's short story Ormma,Bhramaram).


His sudden and untimely death, which occurred at Hotel Paramount Towers in Calicut while he was visiting a Cinema playing his last film Njaan gandharvan. Njaan gandharvan did not fare well at the box office. The news of his death was a shock to Keralites and was widely mourned, and the feeling of loss among the people of Kerala lingers to this day.


His wife Radhalakshmi recalls that during the later part of year 1990 when Padmarajan was planning to do Njan Gandahrvan there were many bad omens in his life. Gandarvans are singers from heaven in Hindu Mythology and their visits to Earth are believed to cast a spell on maidens and is usually dealt with an attitude of fear by the traditional Hindus. Following this belief, many people along with his wife advised Padmarajan not to make a film based on this subject. After postponing the film on this subject many times Padmarajan finally decided to do this film and started the work for the film. Many "bad omens" surfaced in this period, the flight he was supposed to travel to Mumbai to select the hero of the film was hit by a bird and was cancelled. There were continuous problems in the site of the film. Heroine Suparna fainted under a Pala tree during the shoot. Actor Nitish was also accounted to having fainted on getting poisoned from a betel leaf. Padmarajan was notably losing weight during this period and had high cholesterol despite the fact that he was jogging regularly and had stopped smoking.Despite the obstacles, the team completed the movie. The team including Nitish Bharadwaj and Padmarajan planned to visit the theaters in Calicut to promote the film where he joined the unknown.

Personal life

Padmarajan's wife Radhalakshmi Padmarajan is from Chittur in Palakkad. Radhalakshmi was his colleague at AIR before their marriage in 1970. RadhaLakshmi has written her reminiscences about him in her book Padmarajan entaey gandharvan (Padmarajan, my celestial lover). Their son, P. Ananthapadmanabhan, is a writer and adapted one of his fathers novels "Vadakaku oru Hridayam" for a tv serial by KK Rajeev. His daughter Madhavikutty is working in Trivandrum


Kerala Sahithya Academy Awards:

Film Awards:

  • 1975 Best script - Film Fans - Prayanam
  • 1977 Best script - Film Fans, Film Critics- Itha Ividevare
  • 1978 Best Script - State- Rappadikalude Gaadha, Rathinirvvedam, Best Script - Film Fans - Rappadikalude Gaadha, Rathnirvvedam
  • 1978 Second Best Film, Best Script & Director - Peruvazhiyambalam, Best Script, Best Regional Film - Central - Peruvazhiyambalam
  • 1979 Best Script - Film Fans - Thakara
  • 1982 Best Film, Best Script - International (Kualalumpur) - Oridathoru Phayalvan, Best Film - Gulf award, Filim Critics - Novemberinte Nashtam
  • 1984 Best Film - State - Koodevide, Best Script - Film Critics - Koodevide, Best Director - Pournami Award - Koodevide
  • 1985 Best Script - State, Film Critics - Kanamarayathu,
  • 1986 Best Script - Film Critics - Namukkuparkkan Munthirithoppukal, Best Story - Film Chamber - Thoovanathumbikal, Best Script - Film Critics - Nombarathipoovu
  • 1989 Best Script - State, Film Critics - Aparan, Moonnampakkam, Best Director - Film Fare - Aparan
  • 1990 Best script - State, Film Critics, Film Chamber - Innale
  • 1991 FAC award - Njan Gandharvan


  1. Peruvazhiyambalam [Highway shelter] (adapted from his novel) (1979)
  2. Oridaththoru phayalvaan [At some place, a wrestler] (1981)
  3. Kallan Pavithran [Pavithran, the thief] (1981)
  4. Novemberintaey nashtam [November's loss] (1982)
  5. Koodevide [Whither the nest] (adapted from the Tamil novel Moongil pookkal by Vaasanthi) (1983)
  6. Parannu parannu parannu [Soaring soaring soaring] (1984)
  7. Thinkalaazhcha nalla divasam [Monday, an auspicious day] (1985)
  8. Nammukku paarkkaan munthiri thoppukal [Vineyards for us to dwell] (adapted from the novel Nammukku graamangalil chennu raappaarkkaam [Let us go and dwell in the villages] by K. K. Sudhakaran) (1986)
  9. Kariyilakkaattu pole [Like a zephyr of dry leaves] (1986)
  10. Arappatta kettiya graamaththil [In the village which wears a warrior's belt] (1986)
  11. Desatanakkili Karayarilla [The migratory bird never cries] (1986)
  12. Nombaraththippoovu [The sorrowful flower] (1987)
  13. Thoovaanathumbikal [Butterflies of the spraying rain] (adapted from his novel Udhakappola [A bubble in water]) (1987)
  14. Aparan [The Impostor] (adapted from his short story) (1988)
  15. Moonnam Pakkam [On the third day] (1988)
  16. Season (1989)
  17. Innalaey [Yesterday] (adapted from the Tamil novel Jananam [Birth] by Vaasanthi) (1990)
  18. Njaan gandharvan [I, the celestial lover] (1991)


  1. Prayaanam [Progression] (Bharathan) (1975)
  2. Ithaa ividaey varaey [Look! Till here] (I. V. Sasi; adapted from his novel) (1977)
  3. Rathinirvedham [Venereal disenchantment] (Bharathan; adapted from his novel) (1978)
  4. Raappaadikaludaey gaadha [The song of the Nightingales] (K. G. George) (1978)
  5. Nakshathrangalaey kaaval [The stars alone guard me] (K. S. Sethumadhavan; adapted from his novel) (1978)
  6. Vaadakakkoru hrudhayam [A heart for rent] (I. V. Sasi; adapted from his novel) (1978)
  7. Sathraththil oru raathri [A night in an inn] (N. Sankaran Nair) (1978)
  8. Thakara [Weed] (Bharathan; adapted from his novel) (1979)
  9. Lorry (Bharathan) (1980)
  10. Kochchu kochchu thettukal [Minor mistakes] (Mohan) (1980)
  11. Shalini entaey koottukaari [Shalini, my friend] (Mohan) (1980)
  12. Idavela [Interval] (Mohan) (1982)
  13. Eenam [Tune] (Bharathan) (1983)
  14. Kaikeyi (I. V. Sasi) (1983)
  15. Kaanaamarayaththu [Beyond the horizon] (I. V. Sasi) (1984)
  16. Ozhivukaalam [Vacation] (Bharathan) (1985)
  17. Karimpinpoovinakkaraey [Across the sugarcane flowers] (I. V. Sasi) (1985)
  18. Ee thanuththa veluppaankaalaththu [In these cold wee hours] (Joshi) (1990)

Novels and short stories (excluding filmed ones)

  1. Nakshathrangalle kaval [stars that guard]
  2. Onnu randu moonnu [One, two, three]
  3. Jalajwaala [The watery fire]
  4. Nanmakaludaey sooryan [The sun of virtues]
  5. Vikramakaaleeshwaram
  6. Shavavaahanangalum thedi [In search of biers]
  7. Manjukaalam notta kuthira [The horse which longed for winter]
  8. Kaivariyudaey thekkaey attam [The southern end of the bannister]
  9. Kazhinja vasanthakaalaththil [During last spring]
  10. Prathimayum raajakumaariyum [The statue and the princess]
  11. Prahaelika [Conundrum]
  12. Pukakkannada [Smoke glasses]
  13. Mattullavarudaey venal [The summer of others]
  14. Syphilisintaey nadakkaavu [The path of syphilis]
  15. Rithubhedhangaludaey paarithoshikam [The reward of vicissitudes]
  16. Lola Milford enna American penkidaavu [Lola Milford, the American maiden]
  17. Thanmathra [Molecule]

See also



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