Pahrump, Nevada: Wikis

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Pahrump, Nevada
—  CDP  —
Nickname(s): Heart of the New Old West[1][2]
Location of Pahrump, Nevada
Coordinates: 36°12′31″N 116°0′43″W / 36.20861°N 116.01194°W / 36.20861; -116.01194
Country United States
State Nevada
Area
 - Total 364 sq mi (771.5 km2)
 - Land 364 sq mi (771.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,697 ft (822 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 41,654
 Density 82.7/sq mi (31.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 89000-89099
Area code(s) 775
FIPS code 32-53800
GNIS feature ID 0845593
An aerial view from March 2005 shows development scattered across the valley floor

Pahrump is a census-designated place (CDP) in Nye County, Nevada, United States. The population was 29,631 as of the 2000 census, making it by far the largest settlement in the county. The town's motto is "Heart of the New Old West".

Contents

History

Pahrump was originally inhabited by the Shoshone. It was discovered and slowly inhabited by American settlers in the late 19th century. They reportedly chose the name for the valley which Pahrump is named after the original indigenous name Pah-Rimpi, or "Water Rock," so named because of the abundant artesian wells in the valley. Because of these artesian wells, the new inhabitants of Pahrump Valley began a number of large ranch-style holdings, mostly over 1000 acres (4 km²) in size. On these ranches, alfalfa, cotton, and livestock were raised.

View of the mountains from town

Until the 1960s, Pahrump had no telephone service and there were no paved roads in or out of the Pahrump Valley. However, as Las Vegas grew, real estate speculation became more popular in the area, which led to increased interest in Pahrump.[citation needed] This led to the introduction of telephone service and the construction of a paved highway, from Las Vegas to Pahrump, during the late 1960s. Later, this road was extended from Pahrump northward to US 95, near Amargosa Valley. A second paved road was introduced that went from Pahrump to neighboring Shoshone, California, which provided a link to the Death Valley area, as well as a shorter route to those wishing to travel to Los Angeles or other areas in California. In 1974, Pahrump's first high school was constructed.

Since the late 1970s, Pahrump has grown almost exponentially, increasing from about 2000 residents in 1980 to almost 25,000 in 2000. Pahrump is an archetypal example of an exurb. Almost all significant agriculture has ceased in the valley[citation needed], and the surface aquifers have been filled up over the years[citation needed]. Pahrump has also attracted a number of notable residents, including paranormal talk radio host Art Bell, former child star Dick Blue, and Michael Jackson, who purchased a home in the area in 2008, where he briefly had a home studio and home schooled his three children.[3] Notable businesses in the area include Front Sight Firearms Training Institute[citation needed] and Spring Mountain Motor Sports Ranch[citation needed], in addition to several legal brothels such as the Chicken Ranch and Sheri's Ranch.

Similar to many communities in Nevada, Pahrump has an unincorporated town status, with a limited government that manages land use planning, recreation, and fire, while leaving most services to Nye County. As of May 2009, The Pahrump town board has set up an advisory board to incorporate Pahrump as a town or even city of its own.

On November 15, 2006, the Pahrump town board voted for an ordinance declaring English the official language of business, forbidding the display of foreign flags and denying any benefits to illegal aliens. A measure in the ordinance requires an American flag to be displayed above any other flag, regardless of what organization, nation or government it represents. This law was repealed on February 13, 2007.[4]

Geography

Pahrump, Nevada welcome sign, entering town from Bell Vista Road

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 297.9 square miles (771.5 km²), all of which is land.

Demographics

Government offices for Pahrump

As of the census of 2000,[5] there were 24,631 people, 10,153 households, and 7,127 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 82.7 people per square mile (31.9/km²). There were 11,651 housing units at an average density of 39.1/sq mi (15.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 71.02% White, 10.30% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 2.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.6% of the population.

There were 10,153 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,860, and the median income for a family was $39,812. Males had a median income of $35,862 versus $21,586 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,708. About 7.3% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Art Bell

Pahrump is author and radio personality Art Bell's hometown, although he briefly took up residence in the Philippines in 2006. He is the founder of the Coast to Coast AM radio talk show, which is mainly about paranormal matters. He still hosts it on some weekends, and formerly owned KNYE, the local radio station located in Pahrump.

On the December 28, 2006 broadcast of Coast to Coast AM, Bell announced that he has moved back to Pahrump. His weekend show is being broadcast from his local facilities as it was before. In July 2007, Bell again announced his retirement.

Film history

  • In the movie Rain Man the diner scene and exterior where "Rain Man" himself counts the cards was filmed at a Pahrump bar known for rough fights.[citation needed]
  • In the film Mars Attacks! Martians land in Pahrump and announce that they have "come in peace", but after a dove flies overhead they attack and kill the humans gathered there. (The scene was actually shot in Burns, Kansas, as was most of the film.)[citation needed]
  • Season 2 of the CBS reality show The Amazing Race featured Pahrump's dry lake bed as its starting point.[citation needed]
  • Pahrump was featured in the Aaron Sorkin television drama Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip in a two-part episode titled "Nevada Day". Part One aired November 6, 2006, and Part Two was aired a week later on November 13. The scenes, however, were set only in the town jail and a small diner across the street, and the town itself was not featured, implying that Pahrump was a much smaller town than it is.date=September 2009}}
  • Pahrump was the site of the episode Motorhead of Criss Angel: MindFreak. Filmed at Spring Mountain Motor Sports Ranch, the magician made his custom designed Lamborghini disappear.[citation needed]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Pahrump Valley Times - Nye County's Largest Newspaper Circulation
  2. ^ Pahrump Nevada Profile and Resource Guide, City or community of Pahrump, Nevada Facts, Information, Relocation, Real Estate, Advertising
  3. ^ Smith, Ethan (2008-06-13). "Michael Jackson: The Next Elvis?". The Wall Street Journal. p. W1. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121331476011469961.html?mod=googlenews_wsj. Retrieved 2008-06-13. "Recently the singer had been living in Pahrump, Nev., an unincorporated town 60 miles west of Las Vegas, where he had been writing new songs in a home studio and having his three children (ages 11, 10 and 6) home-schooled." 
  4. ^ Pahrump Valley Times - Nye County's Largest Newspaper Circulation
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 36°12′31″N 116°0′43″W / 36.20861°N 116.01194°W / 36.20861; -116.01194

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