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Pakistan Military Academy Logo

Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) is the Military Academy of Pakistan Army [1]. It is located at Kakul near Abbottabad in NWFP, Pakistan. The Pakistan Military Academy is similar in function to Sandhurst, Saint-Cyr or West Point and provides training to the officers of Pakistan Army. The academy has three training battalions and twelve companies. Another two thousand guest each year, from over 34 countries, receive some training at PMA.


History of Pakistan Military Academy

Pakistan Military Academy was set up in October 1947 after the independence of Pakistan from the British Empire.

On 25th January 1948, "The First Pakistan Battalion” was instituted. This battalion has four companies which were " named after the luminaries of Muslim military history i.e, Khalid, Tariq, Qasim and Salahuddin".

In March 1948, the First Battalion "was bestowed with Quaid-e-Azam’s patronage as Colonel-in-Chief and the most coveted claim “The Quaid-e-Azam’s Own’".

Khawaja Nazimuddin, gave the Quaid-e-Azam banner to the Pakistan Military Academy on behalf of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah.

The Quaid-e-Azam banner is held aloft by the champion company at every passing out parade.

"Regimental colours presented in 1950 by Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and the National Standard in 1961 by General Muhammad Musa, the then, Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army, have been some of the honours showered on the Academy, which it has always jealously guarded and kept high in letter and spirit."[2]

The 1965 war led to expansion of the academy and the second battalion of academy was raised in December 1965. This battalion consisted of four companies called Ghaznavi, Babur, Aurangzeb and Tipu.

In early 1989, the third battalion of the academy was founded. The third battalion's four companies are Haider, Ubaida, Saad and Hamza.


To foster and inculcate those attributes in a Gentleman Cadet (GC) which will ensure his continuous and progressive development as a regular officer in the Pakistan Army. To develop future officers for the Pakistan Army by training the Gentleman Cadets in a way that they can make decisions as and when required by the military profession.

Training Mode

At PMA potential officers undergo a series of grueling training programs designed to inculcate the attributes and qualities essential for a career in the Pakistani armed forces. The Cadet's personality is broken down and then rebuilt to suit requirements of the Pakistan army. For a short duration from 1976 to 1989, a Junior Cadet Battalion(JCB) was established which took even younger men, groomed them for two years to the Military Culture and also imparted Higher Secondary Education.The 3rd battalion will be accommodated here sometime till completion of its new accommodation.



1st Pakistan Battalion (Quaid-e-Azam's own)

Pakistan Military Academy's Main Gate
Pakistan Military Academy Passing out Parade

1st Pakistan Battalion consists of four companies:

  • Khalid
  • Tariq
  • Qasim
  • Salahuddin

2nd Pakistan Battalion (Quaid-e-Azam's own)

2nd Pakistan Battalion consists of four companies:

  • Ghaznavi
  • Babur
  • Aurangzeb
  • Tipu

3rd Pakistan Battalion (Quaid-e-Azam's own)

3rd Pakistan Battalion consists of five companies:

  • Haider
  • Ubaida
  • Saad
  • Hamza


There are five courses running parallel to each other but the most difficult and best course is always a long course. The courses are:

  • PMA Long Course

The PMA Long Course is for cadets who join all arms and services after their commission. The Long Course is has a duration of two years, which is further divided into four terms of six months each. After the 2 year training period Cadets pass out as 2nd Lieutenants. •

  • PMA Graduate Course

The PMA Graduate Course is taken by those cadets, who have already graduated. These cadets, like those of the Technical Graduate Course, undergo one year of military training. They pass out as 2nd Lieutenants. Graduate Course has been closed down because of the new policy.

  • PMA Technical Graduate Course (TGC)

The PMA Technical Graduate Course is for cadets, who have already done their degrees in the Military College of Signals, College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering and Military College of Engineering. They undergo a training period of one year and then pass out as Captains.

  • PMA Integrated Course (IC)

The PMA Integrated Course is for cadets of medical services, graduates of Amry Medical College and for those who have done their masters in different fields. The IC has a duration of six months. Cadets pass out as Captains.

  • PMA Lady Cadet's Course (LCC)

The PMA Lady Cadet's Course was first started in November 2006. The course is taken by masters and bachelors qualified ladies who are sound professionals in their fields. The lady cadets undergo a training period of six months and pass out as Captains in supporting arms of the Pakistan Army. By Awais Ahsan

Physical Fitness

GCs are required to pass various physical tests. The academy has very high physical standards, which all cadets have to achieve in order to pass. The physical requirements increase with promotion to the next term. The basic requirement for all cadets either of first,second,third or fourth term is to be able to run one mile within six minutes. Other tests includes push ups, sit ups, chin up, rope test, nine mile running, assault course, acid test and agility tests like the horse test. These tests generally test the stamina and strength of a cadet.

  • There are a number of training exercises for cadets, which include Kick Off in the first term, Yarmuk and Path Finder in the second term, Field Camp in the third term and Qiyadat in the final term.
  • In the second term, GCs are required to spend three minutes in the Boxing Ring with another opponent following a lengthy training period.
  • In the third term, Assault Course is also added as a part of PT Tests.
  • In the fourth term, the most difficult test is the Acid Test.

Swimming has been made compulsory for all cadets.

LCs are also required to pass physical efficiency tests like GCs, but the standards are bit less keeping in view to their physique. The basic requirement for all lady cadets is to run one mile within ten minutes. Other tests includes push ups, sit ups, bar hanging, assault course and also undegoes an exercise Qiyadat with GCs. They are entitled to do Horse Riding, Shooting, Swimming, and Fencing; depending on their will. LCs also compete for firing medal and PT medal.

Notable alumni

As would perhaps be expected of an institution which has a near monopoly on the training of officers in a large country, many alumni have gone on to distinguished careers.


Rahimuddin Khan (pictured here as Lieutenant-General in 1983) was PMA's premier commissioned officer following Partition in 1947

Foreign Alumni

PMA - Sri Lankan Intake 08 ( 1994/1995 ) (50 - GC's): H.S.Weerasuriya, M.G.T Chaminda, M.A.I. Perera, K.Dissanayaka, S.P.De Soysa, P.I.Punchihewa, H.A.H.C.Alwis, E.P.W.DeSilva, R.R.C.Karunarathna, R.V.K.Amarasinghe, R.W.M.K.W.Sadath, A.M.N.Rathnayaka, B.S.Kulathilaka, R.L.M.R. Liyanage, K.P.G.M.P.Chandrasiri, D.D.S.G.V.Abeyrathna, T.A.T.D.Samarasekara, E.G.N.S.B. Piyasena, N.W.A.P.Gunasekara, W.A.S.R.Wejesekara, A.T.K.Wejesekara, M.U.M.Fernando, A.H.L.R.Silva, M.P.L.A.Karunarathna, R.L.Panditharathna, S.S.B.Amunugama, N.N.S.Ranasinghe, N.P.A.Mendis, D.C.D.Kumarage, E.I.S.Pagoda, R.K.D.N.Chandradasa, T.M.S.K.B.Tennakoon, K.K.Samaranayaka, E.W.M.W.Aberathna, K.M.N.Dikkumbura, P.A.Nandathilaka, R.M.H.P.K.Rathnayaka, M.A.S.S.Mendis, B.K.R.U.Rodrigo, W.M.M.Wickramasinghe, T.G.N.De Silva, H.P.D.S.Gunawardhana, W.G.D.Srinath, U.H.A.Pasan, G.W.K.D.Gothatuwa, K.R.I.J.Perera, M.S.S Perera, M.W.L.Sujeewa, U.A.K.J.Gnanarathna.

PMA - Sri Lanka Intake 07 ( 1993 ) (48 - GC's): M. Silva, A. Ameer, K.C. Perera, K.M Karunaratne (KIA), A.L.R. Silva (WIA), B.D. Fernando, S.A. Anthonisz, T. Jayawardene, R. Sirisena, R. Nathavitharana, S. Karunaratne (KIA), G. Lokuliyana, A. Thisarachchi, J. Jayawardene, N. Weerakoon, S. Jayasinghe, V. Gamage, A. Gamage, N. Thilakaratne, N. Weerakoon.

PMA- TURKMENISTAN:1999-2001: (28 GC's): Maksat,Azim,Qasim,Mengli,Tahir,Ishan,Rowshen,Begench,Dowran,Merdan,Meret,Atamurat,Farhad,Nagmat,Dowlet,Nuryagdi,Polat,Muhammetnur,Maksat,Mergen,Oraz,Serdar,Dowran,Anna,Batir,Yolbars,Rahman,Toyli.


  1. ^ >Bavadam, Lyla Bavadam (2008). "Brothers in arms". Retrieved 2009-05-27. "The cadets who left for Pakistan formed the First Course of the PMA. Gentleman Cadet No. 391 at the IMA, who became Cadet No. 1 at the PMA, Rahim Uddin Khan, rose to the rank of General and became Joint Chief of Staff in Pakistan and, later, Governor of one of the provinces."  

Sri Lankan GCs in 90yh PMA Long Course Battalion Junior Under Officer GJNW Fernando, Company Sports Sergeant WBMKGK Weerasekara,GC AMACS Alagiyawanna, GC HMG Enoj, Gc SP Wickramasekara, GC HMDVSK Piyasinghe, GC UHCK Wijesekara, GC SMM Senanayake, GC JKAOI Wickramasekara, GC SAMS Kumar

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