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Palatine
Village
Looking east along Slade Street.
Official name: Village of Palatine
Motto: Where quality is a way of life.
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Palatine
Elevation 741 ft (226 m)
Coordinates 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056
Area 13.1 sq mi (34 km2)
 - land 13.0 sq mi (34 km2)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 67,232 (2005)
Density 5,047.2 /sq mi (1,949 /km2)
Mayor Jim Schwantz
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195
Area code 847, 224
Location of Palatine within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Palatine, Illinois
Website: http://www.palatine.il.us/

Palatine is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 65,479, making it the sixth-largest community in Cook County and the 16th-largest in the state of Illinois at that time. In 2005 its population was estimated to be 67,232.

Contents

Geography

Palatine is located at 42°7′1″N 88°2′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056 (42.116885, -88.040613)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 13.1 square miles (34.0 km²), of which, 13.0 square miles (33.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.99%) is water. Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.

Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with the Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed. As a consequence, floods occur very frequently in Palatine.

Sunset at Deer Grove Forest Preserve

History

George Ela was also one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road which passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela in his honor.

The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.

A short line railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine[2].

Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a sub-division with a name that pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.

During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion was under attack from atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle. A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal. While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village as such. The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag.

In 1993, a multiple-homicide--the Brown's Chicken massacre received national attention.

Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999[3]. This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.

In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 10% - one of the United States' highest sales tax rates. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhemingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County. According to Midwest historians Mary Healy and Ben Niewenhuis, there was a similar, less well-known incident in 1934 when a group of disillusioned townspeople wanted to stage an uprising.[4]

The Palatine Metra station is visible looking southeast along the Union Pacific Northwest Line

Government

Palatine operates under the Council-manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor. The council then hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation. The current mayor is Jim Schwantz.

Education

Palatine is part of Illinois' Community Consolidated School District 15 and Township High School District 211. The village is home to two high schools, Palatine High School on the northeast side and William Fremd High School on the southwest side; and a community college, William Rainey Harper College. Both high schools and the college, as well as the public library, have received high national honors. There are two public junior high schools in Palatine, Walter R. Sundling Junior High, and Winston Campus, which includes a junior high school and an elementary school. Some junior high students attend Plum Grove Junior High in Rolling Meadows just outside the Palatine village limits. There are a total of ten public elementary schools in Palatine:

  • Winston Campus School (K-8)
  • Jane Addams School
  • Hunting Ridge School
  • Marion Jordan School
  • Lake Louise School
  • Lincoln School
  • Pleasant Hill School
  • Stuart R. Paddock School
  • Gray M. Sanborn School
  • Virginia Lake School

Palatine also has three Preschool - 8th grade parochial schools:

Quest Academy, a private Preschool - 8th grade school for gifted children, is also located in Palatine.

Park Districts

The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected Park Commissioners who oversee a professional staff.

The Palatine Park District operates four swimming pools (Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, Eagle and Willow) for its residents as well as two recreational centers (Community Center & Birchwood). Planning is currently underway for a third rec center at Falcon Park.

It is the mission of the Salt Creek Rural Park District to provide for the community a quality park and recreation system that is committed to excellence in service and facilities, as well as being sensitive to individuals and economics.

The Salt Creek Rural Park District was formed in 1956 and operates under the Park District Code of Statutory Laws which directly governs the power, duties, and purposes relating to park districts in the State of Illinois.

Legal voters from the park district elect seven non-paid park commissioners. Commissioners serve 6, 4, and 2 year terms. The Board of Commissioners elect a President, Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary. The commissioners appoint a Director of Parks and Recreation to manage the day-to-day operations of the district.

The Director of Parks and Recreation hires professional administrative staff to oversee the operation of parks, recreation facilities and recreation programs.

The district provides recreation and leisure services to the residents that live within the corporate boundaries of the district. The corporate boundaries of the district include parts of the Village of Arlington Heights, Palatine and the City of Rolling Meadows.

The district also provides recreation and leisure services to many non-residents of the area on a fee basis.

Economy

Weber-Stephen Products Co., manufacturers of the Weber grill, is located in Palatine.

Square D, one of the largest makers of circuit breakers, is headquartered in Palatine.

Sister cities

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 65,479 people, 25,518 households, and 16,586 families residing in the village. The population density was 5,047.2 people per square mile (1,949.2/km²). There were 26,223 housing units at an average density of 2,021.3/sq mi (780.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 83.05% White, 2.15% African American, 0.22% Native American, 7.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.08% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.12% of the population.

There were 25,518 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the village the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $63,321, and the median income for a family was $76,270 (these figures had risen to $69,336 and $84,186 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[6]). Males had a median income of $50,341 versus $35,342 for females. The per capita income for the village was $30,661. About 3.5% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

The village is home to a Sikh gurdwara on its northwest side that is visited by Sikhs from across the country.

Famous Palatinians

References

External links

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Simple English

Palatine
Village
Official name: Village of Palatine
Name origin: from Palatine, NY
Motto: Where quality is a way of life.
Nickname: P-ville, P-town
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Palatine
Elevation 741 ft (226 m)
Coordinates 42°07′01″N 88°02′26″W / 42.11694°N 88.04056°W / 42.11694; -88.04056 extra parameters (dms format) in {{Coord}}
Area 13.1 sq mi (34 km²)
 - land 13.0 sq mi (34 km²)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km²)
Population 65,479 (2000)
Density 5,047.2 /sq mi (1,949 /km²)
Founded 1866
Mayor Rita L. Mullins
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60038, 60055, 60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095
Area code 847
Wikimedia Commons: Palatine, Illinois
Website: http://www.palatine.il.us/

Palatine is a village in the state of Illinois. It is north west of Chicago, the biggest city in Illinois. In 2000, the number of people in Palatine was counted and was 65,479. It was guessed that there were 67,232 people in Palatine in 2005.

History

Palatine was made in 1866, close to a train station that went to Chicago and other cities. The village has been growing a lot since the 1970s, like the other cities around Chicago.

People

Palatine has many different kinds of people. There are poor, normal, and rich people in the village. Some say there are over 100 languages spoken in Palatine.

Education

Palatine has a lot of schools for the people. Palatine has two high schools, Palatine High School and William Fremd High School; and a college, William Rainey Harper College. The high schools, as well as the library, have gotten big awards from the whole country.

There are nine public elementary schools:

  • Jane Addams School
  • Hunting Ridge School
  • Marion Jordan School
  • Lake Louise School
  • Lincoln School
  • Pleasant Hill School
  • Stuart R. Paddock School
  • Gray M. Sanborn School
  • Virginia Lake School

There is also a combined kindergarten-through-eighth grade school, Winston Campus, which is Winston Churchill School and Winston Park Junior High combined.

Palatine also has three preschool-through-eighth grade schools:

  • Saint Theresa (Catholic)
  • Saint Thomas of Villanova (Catholic)
  • Immanuel Lutheran (Lutheran)


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