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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Palisade in a Celtic village
Model of a motte-and-bailey castle, featuring palisade walls.

A palisade is a steel or wooden fence or wall of variable height, usually used as a defensive structure.

Contents

Typical construction

Typical construction consisted of small or mid sized trunks of trees aligned vertically, with no spacing in between. The trunks would be sharpened or pointed at the top end, and be driven into the ground on the other end. They would sometimes be reinforced with additional construction. The height of a palisade can range from a few feet or more to nearly ten feet. As a defensive structure, palisades were often used in conjunction with earthworks.

Palisades were an excellent option for small forts or other hastily constructed fortifications. Since they were wood, they could be quickly and easily built from materials readily available. They proved to be effective protection for short-term conflicts, and were an effective deterrent against small forces. However, due to their wooden construction, they were also very vulnerable to fire and siege weapons.

Often, a palisade would be constructed around a castle as a temporary wall until a permanent stone wall could be erected. They were frequently used in New France.

Ancient Greece and Rome

Both the Greeks and Romans created palisades to protect their military camps. The Roman historian Livy describes the Greek method as being inferior to that of the Romans during the Second Macedonian War. The Greek stakes were too large to be easily carried, and were spaced too far apart. This made it easy for enemies to uproot them and create a large enough gap in which to enter. In contrast, the Romans used smaller and easier to carry stakes which were placed closer together, making them more difficult to uproot. [1]

Precolumbian North America

A section of reconstructed palisade at the Angel Mounds Site, a Mississippian site in Evansville, Indiana.
The Kincaid Site, a Mississippian culture palisaded settlement in Southern Illinois, USA. Illustration by Herb Roe.

Many settlements of the Mississippian culture of the Southeastern United States also made use of palisades. The most prominent example is the Cahokia Mounds site in Collinsville, Illinois. A wooden stockade with a series of watchtowers or bastions at regular intervals formed a two-mile long enclosure around Monk's Mound and the Grand Plaza. Archaeologists found evidence of the stockade during excavation of the area and indications that it was rebuilt several times, in slightly different locations. The stockade seems to have separated Cahokia's main ceremonial precinct from other parts of the city, as well as being a defensive structure. [2]

Other examples include the Angel Mounds Site in Southern Indiana, the Kincaid Site in Illinois, the Parkin Site and the Nodena Sites in Southeastern Arkansas and the Etowah Site in Georgia.

References

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Agriculture, Viticulture and Mesas Combine in Palisade, Colorado
Agriculture, Viticulture and Mesas Combine in Palisade, Colorado

Palisade [1] is in the Northwestern part of the Rocky Mountains state of Colorado near Grand Junction. Palisade is perhaps most famous for its fruit orchards and the vineyards that comprise Colorado's Wine Country.

Understand

Founded in 1904, Palisade is an area of breathtaking beauty and agricultural bounty. Named for the austere and dramatic stone palisades of Mesa Verde Sandstone and Mancos Shale north of town, this sleepy farming community is surrounded by mesas of all shapes and sizes. Looming in front of the town are the dun-colored bluffs of the Bookcliffs, also known as the Palisades. The Bookcliffs form many different pillars, boulders and hoodoos that balance in seemingly impossible positions along Interstate 70.

Palisade is peach country, home to the eponymous Palisade Peach. Over 75 percent of Colorado's wine grapes come from Palisade, and the town is home to over a dozen wineries. Most visitors come in the summer months, or early fall when the grapes are being harvested.

The best times to visit Palisade are May, June or September. The weather is mild and there are an abundance of outdoor activities to enjoy. The town is probably best known for its three big festivals, Palisade Bluegrass and Roots Festival [2], Palisade Peach Fest [3], and Colorado Mountain Wine Fest [4].

There is an informal, rustic charm to this small town. Historic Victorian gingerbread houses line the road into town, while Main Street offers a "Norman Rockwell" setting. Most of the inhabitants know each other by first name. Travelers can experience this camaraderie first hand at the summer farmer's market, held downtown on the weekends. The market features local musicians, artists and fresh produce.

The changing seasons bring something different for visitors to enjoy. The fruit trees blossom in the early spring, the grapes hang heavy on the vines at harvest time, while the grape leaves turn red and orange in late fall.

Palisade is the perfect coda to the more frenetic and higher-priced ski resorts of Aspen or Vail. Visitors can relax on the front porch of a local inn or bed and breakfast, sip fine wine and enjoy the scenery, all without breaking their budgets.

Downtown Palisade is easily traveled by foot
Downtown Palisade is easily traveled by foot

By plane

You're going to have to rely on neighboring Grand Junction, just 10 minutes away by car or taxi, to fly into Palisade.

  • Grand Junction Regional Airport [5], (IATA: GJT, ICAO: KGJT), otherwise known as Walker Field, is served by six airlines with nonstop service to Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Salt Lake City, Phoenix, and Las Vegas. Some service is seasonal. For private pilots, it is also possible to fly your small plane into the airport and leave it while you tour the area. Taxi service is also available at the airport.
  • Sunshine Taxi, +1-970-245-8294.  edit
Rental car agencies at Walker Field include:

Taxi service is also available at the airport.

  • Advantage Rent-A-Car‎, 2828 Walker Field Dr Grand Junction, +1-970-243-4469, [6].  edit
  • Alamo, +1-970- 243-6626, [7]. Daily 07AM-11:15PM.  edit
  • Avis, +1-970-244-9170, [8]. Su-F 8AM-10:30PM,Sa 8AM-8:30PM.  edit
  • Hertz, +1-970-243-0747, [9]. Daily 7:30AM-11PM.  edit

  • Denver International Airport [10], (IATA: DEN, ICAO: KDEN). Commonly referred to as DIA. It is located about 20 miles to the east of downtown Denver. Frontier Airlines, United Airlines, and Southwest Airlines all maintain hubs at the airport in Concourses A, B, and C respectively. Most other major domestic carriers also have service here.

By car

Palisade is on Interstate 70, about 40 minutes east of the Utah border and 4 hours west of Denver.

By train

Amtrak [11] serves nearby Grand Junction with the California Zephyr [12], which runs daily between Emeryville (in the San Francisco Bay Area) and Chicago.

By bus

Greyhound Bus Lines[13] is located at 230 S 5th St, Grand Junction - +1-970-242-6012. But if you're without a car, you'll still need to hail a cab into town.

By bike

For extreme mountain bikers, it's possible to follow the Kokopelli Trail from Moab, Utah, then join up with the the Colorado River Front Trail [14]system and bicycle all the way to Palisade. This is a five or six day, strenuous excursion where you must pack in your own food, shelter and water.

Get around

The downtown area of Main Street is small but charming, and easily navigated on foot. The wineries and orchards, however, require a bicycle or car to visit.

  • Rapid Creek Cycles & Sports, 317 S Main Palisade, CO 81526, +1- 970-464-9266, [15].  edit
Palisade is wine and fruit growing region
Palisade is wine and fruit growing region

The primary thing to see in Palisade are the town's orchards and wineries. For more winery information, see Colorado's Wine Country.

Do

Healthy outdoor activities comprise the lion's share of fun things to do in the Grand Valley. Most of these activities will take place on one of the surrounding mesas. On top of the Bookcliffs roams a herd of federally-protected wild mustangs. It’s possible to visit them and see this symbol of the Wild West. The Bookcliffs culminate in Mount Garfield, an icon of the Grand Valley, majestically rising above Palisade's vineyards. There is an arduous yet extremely rewarding trail to Mount Garfield's summit. To the east of town lie the verdant evergreen slopes of the Grand Mesa, largest flattop mountain in the world, and home to many great activities such as skiing, hiking, fishing and horse back riding. (No fall trip to the mesa would be complete without a drive to see the changing aspen leaves). To the south of Palisade are the red sandstone formations of the Colorado National Monument.

You can drive to all these mesas. They are also interlaced with a variety of hike-able and bike-able trails.

  • Powderhorn Ski Resort, 48338 Powderhorn Rd Mesa Co 81643, +1-970-268-5700, [16].  edit
  • Bring your camera. All these rocky formations provide a photogenic setting that frames the irrigated farm land on the valley floor.
  • Rent a limo or shuttle service for you and your pals and go on a wine tasting tour.
  • Absolute Prestige Limousine, Grand Junction, Colorado, +1-888-858-3904, [17].  edit
  • April Annual Peach Blossom Art Show, "Barrel Into Spring” Barrel Tasting
  • May Palisade Bike Festival, “Barrel Into Spring” Barrel Tasting, Annual Parade of Roses
  • June Country Jam USA, Palisade Bluegrass Festival, Palisade Sunday Market
  • July Fourth of July Celebrations, Mesa County Fair, Palisade Sunday Market
  • August Palisade Peach Festival, Olathe Sweet Corn Festival, Ravenshire Renaissance and Pirate Faire, Palisade Sunday Market
  • September Rock Jam, Colorado Mountain Winefest, Tour of the Vineyards
  • November Thanksgiving in the Vineyards at the Wine Country Inn
  • December Palisade Olde Fashioned Christmas
  • Blue Pig Gallery, 119 West Third Street Palisade, CO 81526, +1-970-464-4819, [18]. The Blue Pig Gallery, in historic Palisade, Colorado features fine art exhibitions of more than thirty renowned and emerging artists. These Colorado artists work in all media and styles in an airy and welcoming space. Stop by the gallery Tuesday through Sunday and meet the artists or watch a live demonstration.  edit
Palisade's climate favors Rhone varietals
Palisade's climate favors Rhone varietals

There are over a dozen wineries in the Palisade area to visit.

  • Inari’s Palisade Bistro, 336 Main Street Palisade, CO 81526, +1 970-464-4911, [19]. A neighborhood bistro with a seasonally changing menu, using the locally procured ingredients wherever possible. Casual and friendly Premium spirits are served. Patio seating is available.  edit
  • Red Rose Café, 235 Main Street Palisade, CO 81526, +1 970-464-7673, [20]. Owners Tom and Rose Cassabona have developed a menu that features an eclectic mix of Asian, Italian, and American with emphasis on seafood. Excellent assortment of Colorado wines. Period art graces the walls. The Red Rose Café has two rooms for dining. Both are available for parties. Reservations are suggested.  edit

Packing Shed, 349 W 8th St.(970) 464-9202‎. This is a restaurant in a historical home, close to the starting point of many rafting excursions. Steak and seafood are popular choices on the menu.

  • Palisade Brewery, [21]. Locally hand-crafted beer and soda. In addition to refreshing microbrews, the Palisade Brewery offers panini sandwiches, bratwurst, BBQ pulled pork and brisket sandwiches every day of the week. Expanded smokehouse/BBQ menu offered every Friday, Saturday and Sunday from 12pm - 8pm, with spareribs, smoked chicken and burgers and more. Brewery tours available by appointment.  edit
  • Peach Street Distillers, 200 Peach Avenue Palisade, CO 81526, 970-464-7257, [22].  edit
  • A DiVine Thyme B & B, 404 W. 1st Street Palisade, Co 81526, +1 970-464-9144, [23]. Victorian-style bed and breakfast.  edit
  • Colorado Wine Country Inn, 777 Grande River Drive (Located just off Interstate 70 Exit 42. Take a short drive just west of Grande River Vineyards), 888-855-8330, [24]. checkin: 3:00 pm; checkout: 11:00 am. Colorado’s first wine-themed hotel located in Palisade. Stroll through the working vineyards that surround the inn, an 80-room Victorian style hotel, which sits in the middle of two wineries with 21 acres of vines.  edit
  • Colorado River State Park — Island Acres Campground/Park, PO Box 700 Clifton, CO 81520 (Located in scenic Debeque Canyon, five miles east of Palisade, Exit 47 on Interstate 70.), 970-434-3388. Tent camping and full-service hook-up sites. Showers, flush toilets, laundry facilities, children's playground, swimming, fishing and hiking. Pets must be kept on a leash.   edit
  • Dreamcatcher Bed and Breakfast, 3694 F Rd Palisade, CO 81526, 970-464-9900, [25].  edit
  • The Gallery Bed and Breakfast, 547 30 Road Grand Junction, CO 81504, +1 970-243-2501, [26]. Run by local artist Damian Radice, works by Damian and other area artists are on display and available for purchase. You may also visit the ceramic studio and take a pottery lesson during your stay. Fireplace, hot breakfast.  edit

Contact

Internet Access

Most Starbucks, hotels and coffee shops throughout the region offer wireless Wi-Fi access. But if you don't have a computer, try the public library.

  • Mesa County Public Library, 530 Grand Ave Grand Junction, +1-970-243-4783, [27].  edit
  • Grand Junction Visitor & Convention Bureau, 740 Horizon Drive, Grand Junction, +1-970-243-7393, [28].   edit

Get out

Neighboring Grand Junction is worth seeing. Palisade can also act as the hub for a series of day trips to Telluride, Aspen and Vail, as well as Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park, Canyonlands National Park and Arches National Park.

Routes through Palisade
Junction N SGrand Junction  W noframe E  RifleDenver
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also palisade

German

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Palisade

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Etymology

From French palissade

Noun

Palisade f. (genitive Palisade, plural Palisaden)

  1. palisade

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