Palm Beach Gardens, Florida: Wikis

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City of Palm Beach Gardens
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): The Gardens
Coordinates: 26°49′43″N 80°6′36″W / 26.82861°N 80.11°W / 26.82861; -80.11Coordinates: 26°49′43″N 80°6′36″W / 26.82861°N 80.11°W / 26.82861; -80.11
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Palm Beach
Established 1959
Government
 - Type Council-City Manager
 - Mayor Joe Russo 
Area
 - Total 55.93 sq mi (144.9 km2)
 - Land 55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.7 km2)  0.45%
Elevation 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2006) 44,315
 - Total 48,944
 Density 792.33/sq mi (305.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33403, 33408, 33410, 33412, 33418, 33420(PO Box)
Area code(s) 561
FIPS code 12-54075[1]
GNIS feature ID 0302681[2]
Website http://www.pbgfl.com/

Palm Beach Gardens is a city in Palm Beach County in the U.S. state of Florida. The city is in the center of a rapidly-developing area north of West Palm Beach in the northern part of the county and the South Florida metropolitan area. As of 2006, the population was estimated by the United States Census Bureau is 48,944. The city has relatively strict zoning laws and also a number of gated communities.

Contents

Geography

Palm Beach Gardens is located at 26°49′43″N 80°06′36″W / 26.828588°N 80.109965°W / 26.828588; -80.109965.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 144.9 km² (55.93 mi²). 144.85 km² (55.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.45%) is water.

History

Prior to development, the land that became Palm Beach Gardens was primarily cattle ranches and pine forests, as well as swampland further west. In 1959, wealthy landowner and insurance magnate John D. MacArthur announced plans to develop 4,000 acres (16 km²) and build homes for 55,000 people. He chose the name Palm Beach Gardens after his initial choice, Palm Beach City, was denied by the Florida Legislature, because of the similarity of the name to the nearby Palm Beach. MacArthur planned to build a "garden city" so he altered the name slightly. The city was incorporated as a "paper town" (meaning that it existed only on paper) in 1959. The 1960 Census recorded that the city officially had a population of one, apparently a squatter whom MacArthur had allowed to stay on his property.

Rapid development took place in the 1960s. By 1970 the city had a population approaching 7,000 people. To showcase his new community, MacArthur purchased an 80-year-old banyan tree located in nearby Lake Park, that was to be cut down to enlarge a dentist's office. It cost $30,000 and 1008 hours of manpower to move it. A second banyan was moved the following year. While moving the first banyan tree over the Florida East Coast Railway, the massive tree shifted and disconnected the Western Union telephone and telegraph lines running adjacent to the railroad, cutting off most communications between Miami, 80 miles to the south, and the outside world until the damage could be repaired. These trees still remain at the center of MacArthur Boulevard near Northlake Boulevard and are still featured on the city shield. In January 2007, the great-grandson of impressionist artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alexandre Renoir, presented a painting to the city which depicts the Gardens banyan tree. It is currently on display at the city hall on North Military Trail.

City growth was slow but steady throughout the 1970s and 1980s, as the population has still not reached the predicted 55,000 people envisioned by MacArthur. However, the opening of the 1.3-million-square foot Gardens Mall in 1988 initiated a new wave of development, as did the sell off in 1999 of approximately 5,000 acres (20 km²) in the city by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Development of this property happened quickly and led to much new growth in the city. The city adopted an Art In Public Places ordinance in 1989 and has amassed an eclectic collection of works.[4]

The city suffered much damage to its tropical landscaping in the hard freezes of 1985 and 1989, but has experienced no freezing temperatures since then. The city was hit by Hurricane Frances, Hurricane Jeanne, and Hurricane Wilma in 2004 and 2005. Much of the city lost power for days at a time after each storm, and many traffic signals and directional signs in the city were destroyed. Many homes and businesses were severely damaged during the first two storms and contractors and construction materials were at a premium. Hundreds of homes were only nearing final repair when Hurricane Wilma hit the following year damaging or destroying many of those completed or ongoing repairs.

The Professional Golfers' Association of America has its headquarters in the city. There are 12 golf courses within the city limits, including a course owned by the municipality. Several PGA tournaments have been hosted in Palm Beach Gardens since 1971. The Honda Classic has been held at the PGA National Resort and Spa since 2007 and was held at the Country Club at Mirasol from 2003 to 2006; both are located in Palm Beach Gardens. Ameribank and Wackenhut also have their headquarters in Palm Beach Gardens. The Gardens Mall, PGA Commons, Legacy Place, and Downtown at the Gardens [5] are the center of the city's retail market. The city has the first and one of only three Paul bakeries in the United States.

Education

Public K-12 primary and secondary schools are administrated by the School District of Palm Beach County. Palm Beach Gardens Community High School and William T. Dwyer High School are the local public high schools. The Upper School campus of The Benjamin School is also located in Palm Beach Gardens.

The Edward M. Eissey Campus, a satellite campus of Palm Beach Community College, is located in Palm Beach Gardens. It includes the Eissey Theatre for the Performing Arts.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 35,058 people, 15,599 households, and 10,217 families residing in the city. The population density was 243.1/km² (629.6/mi²). There were 18,317 housing units at an average density of 127.0/km² (329.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.78% White (89.1% were Non-Hispanic White,)[6] 2.30% African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.63% of the population.

There were 15,599 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $59,776, and the median income for a family was $74,548 (these figures had risen to $69,630 and $83,715 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[7]). Males had a median income of $50,045 versus $33,221 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,975. About 3.5% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2000, speakers of English as a first language accounted for 89.27% of all residents, while Spanish comprised 5.60%, Italian was at 1.00%, French made up 0.83%, and German was the mother tongue of 0.61% of the population. Eleven other languages are spoken in the city, each of which are reported at less than 0.5%.[8]

City services

The Palm Beach Gardens Police Department is the municipal police department.[9] It has 117 sworn officers, including SWAT, Traffic, K9, Tactical, Community Policing, Hostage Negotiating Team and other special units. The department also has a 70-member volunteer V.I.P.S. (Volunteers In Police Service) unit and a Police Explorer Post.

The Palm Beach Gardens Police Foundation [10] is a non-profit foundation holding IRS 501c3 status whose mission is to provide funding for innovative police department projects, not available from the city’s budget, that serve the community, improve communications, and foster excellence in policing.

The Palm Beach Gardens Fire Department is the municipal fire department. It operates out of five stations located throughout the City.

Government

The city charter provides for a council-manager government. The city council consists of five Palm Beach Gardens residents elected to serve three-year terms. A quorum of three members may conduct city business. Current council members are Mayor Joe Russo (term expires 2010), Vice-Mayor David Levy (term expires 2010), Bert Premuroso, Jody Barnett, and Eric Jablin.

Transportation

In December 1987, the last "missing link" of Interstate 95 opened in the city, paving the way for new development immediately to the north. There are three interchanges on I-95 serving the city and a fourth is planned at Central Boulevard. The city also is served by two interchanges on the Florida's Turnpike.

Public transit is available to the rest of Palm Beach County through the regional commuter bus system PalmTran. In addition, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority has proposed extending the Tri-Rail commuter rail system northward with a proposed station near PGA Boulevard north of the current terminus at Mangonia Park. A trolley system is also proposed to serve the newly developed "Downtown" area.

The nearest airports are Palm Beach International Airport (17 miles south of the City), Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (61 miles south of the City), and North County Airport (an uncontrolled general aviation airport 2 miles north of the City).

Notable former and current residents

References

External links

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Simple English

Palm Beach Gardens is a city in Northeastern Palm Beach County, which is a county in Florida.


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