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Palpimanidae: Wikis


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Anisaedus levii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Palpimanoidea
Family: Palpimanidae
Thorell, 1870

see text

15 genera, 127 species

The Palp-footed spiders (Palpimanidae) are a spider family with about 130 described species in 15 genera. Instead of the normal six, Palpimanidae have only two spinnerets. Their first legs are greatly enlarged.[1]. All species produce ecribellate silk [2]. Palpimanidae have six eyes, a red cephalothorax, very strong first legs, which are raised while moving. At least Palpimanus gibbulus lives in leaf litter or under stones in dry soils.[3]



Species of this family occur in South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, China, with a few species in the Mediterranean and one in Uzbekistan.


The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

  • Chediminae
  • Otiothopinae Platnick, 1999
  • Anisaedus Simon, 1893South America, Africa
  • Fernandezina Birabén, 1951 — South America
  • Notiothops Platnick, Grismado & Ramírez, 1999Chile
  • Otiothops MacLeay, 1839 — South America, Cuba
  • Palpimaninae Thorell, 1870

See also


  1. ^ Platnick 1975
  2. ^ Griswold et al. 1999
  3. ^ ARACNIS - Palpimanidae
  • Platnick, N.I. (1975): A revision of the palpimanid spiders of the new subfamily Otiothopinae (Araneae, Palpimandae). American Museum novitates 2562. PDF - Abstract
  • Griswold, C.E., Coddington, J.A., Platnick, N.I. and Forster, R.R. (1999): Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53-63. PDF
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

Further reading

  • Platnick, N.I. (1978): A new Otiothops from Colombia (Araneae, Palpimanidae). J. Arachnol. 5: 179-180. PDF (O. kochalkai)
  • Platnick, N.I. (1985): On the Chilean spiders of the family Palpimanidae (Arachnida, Araneae). J. Arachnol. 13: 399-400. PDF
  • Platnick, N.I., Grismado, C.J. & Ramírez, M.J. (1999): On the genera of the spider subfamily Otiothopinae (Araneae, Palpimanidae). American Museum novitates 3257. PDF - Abstract
  • Grismado, C.J. (2002): Palpimanid spiders from Guyana: New species of the genera Fernandezina and Otiothops (Araneae, Palpimanidae, Otiothopinae). Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 92: 3. PDF - HTML - doi:10.1590/S0073-47212002000300002

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Palpimanoidea
Familia: Palpimanidae
Genera: Anisaedus - Badia - Boagrius - Chedima - Diaphorocellus - Fernandezina - Hybosida - Ikuma - Notiothops - Otiothops - Palpimanus - Sarascelis - Scelidocteus - Scelidomachus - Steriphopus


Palpimanidae Thorell, 1870

Vernacular names


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