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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

History of the
Greek language

(see also: Greek alphabet)
Proto-Greek
Mycenaean (c. 1600–1100 BC)
Ancient Greek (c. 800–330 BC)
Dialects:
Aeolic, Arcadocypriot, Attic-Ionic,
Doric, Locrian, Pamphylian;
Homeric Greek.
Possibly Macedonian.

Koine Greek (c. 330 BC–330)*
Medieval Greek (330–1453)
Modern Greek (from 1453)
Dialects:
Cappadocian, Cheimarriotika, Cretan,
Cypriot,Demotic, Griko, Katharevousa,
Pontic, Tsakonian, Maniot, Yevanic


*Dates (beginning with Ancient Greek) from D.B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament (Grand Rapids 1997), 12.

Pamphylian is a little-attested and isolated dialect of Ancient Greek which was spoken in Pamphylia, on the southern coast of Asia Minor. Its origins and relation to other Greek dialects are uncertain. A number of scholars have distinguished in Pamphylian dialect important isoglosses with Arcadocypriot which allow them to be studied together. Pamphylia means "land of all phyles (tribes)". The Achaeans may have settled the region while under the leadership of Amphilochus, Calchas, and Mopsus. However, other cities in Pamphylia were established by different Greek tribes: Aspendos was a colony of Argos, Side was a colony of Aeolian Cyme, Sillyon was a colony of an unknown Greek mother-city, and Perga was a colony established by a wave of Greeks from northern Anatolia. The isolation of the dialect took place even before the appearance of the Greek article. Pamphylian is the only dialect that does not use articles with the exception of Mycenaean and Poetic language.

Contents

Glossary

  • ἀβελιακόν/abêliakon - solar (Attic: ἡλιακόν, heliakon)
  • Ἀβώβας/Abôbas - Adonis (Attic: ὁ Ἄδωνις)
  • ἄγεθλα/agethla - sacrificial victims (Attic: "the driven ones")
  • ἀγός/agos - priest (Attic: hiereus, Cf. agô lead)
  • ἀδρί/adri (Attic: ἀνδρί, andri, dative of aner meaning "to (for) the man")
  • Ἀηδών/Aêdôn or Ἀβηδών/Abêdôn - Athena
  • αἰβετός/aibetos - eagle (Attic: ἀετός, aetos)
  • ἀμείνασις/ameinasis - mentha (Attic: ἡδύοσμον, hêdyosmon)
  • Ἀπέλο̄ν/Apelon (Attic: [[Apollo|Ἀπόλλων]])
  • ἄρκυμα/arkuma - locust (Attic: ἀκρίς, akris)
  • ἀτρώποισι/atrôpoisi or ἀτρο̄́ποισι dative, plural (Attic: τοῖς ἀνθρώποις, tois anthropois, "to/for the people")[1]
  • βαβέλιος/babelios - sun (Cretan and Doric: ἀβέλιος, abelios; Laconian: βέλα, bela; Aeolic: ἀέλιος, aelios; Ionic: ἠέλιος, ēelios; Attic: helios)
  • βόϝα/bowa[2] - oxen, cattle? (Attic: bota boes)
  • βο̄λε̄μενυς/bolemenus - willing (Attic: boulomenos) (ἐβο̄λᾱσετυ/ebolasetu - they wanted to (Attic: eboulêthêsan)[3]
  • βουρικυπάρισσος/bourikuparissos - vineyard (Attic: ampelos)
  • Εστϝεδιιυς/Estwediius - Aspendios or Aspendian
  • ϝέτιια/wetiia - years (Attic: etê; Homeric: etea; Locrian, Elean, and Arcadocypriot: Wetos; Latin: vetus)
  • ϝίλσις/wilsis - distress (genitive of wilsiios).[4]
  • ἰκτίς/iktis - weasel, skunk, cat or member of Felidae (Attic: αἴλουρος, aílouros; Attic: iktis)
  • ἴοδυ/iodu - imp. they should go (Attic: iontôn)[5]
  • κασσύας/kassuas - thunnus (Attic: ὄρκυνος, orkunos, orcynus)
  • κατεϝέρξοδυ/katewerxodu (katarxontôn?)[6 ]
  • κόρκορας/korkoras - bird or rooster (Modern Greek: kókoras)
  • κόρταφος/kortaphos - temple (anatomy) (Attic κρόταφος, krotaphos)
  • λάφνη/laphnê - daphne (Attic: δάφνη)
  • λάψα/lapsa - turnip (Attic: γογγυλίς, gongulis)
  • νι/ni - in or one (Attic: en or hen)[7]
  • ὀρούβω/oroubô[8] - rush forward (Homeric: orouô, ornumi)
  • πέδε/pede - five (Attic: πέντε, pente; Modern Greek: pende, informal pede)[9]
  • περτέδο̄κε/pertedoke - he gave (Attic: prosedôke; Aeolic: pres for Attic pros)[10]
  • πηρία/pêria - field or farm
  • σαράπιοι/sarapiοi - small fish, picarel, or maenidae (Attic: μαινίδες, mainides)
  • σισίλαρος/sisilaros - partridge (Attic: πέρδιξ, perdix)
  • σκυδρὺ/skudru[6 ]
  • τριμίσκον/trimiskon - clothing (Attic: himation, tribon; Koine: trimitos or trimiton meaning "garment of drill or ticking")
  • ὕλογος/hulogos - army (Attic: stratos; Attic: σύλλογος, syllogos meaning "reunion" or "gathering")
  • Vανάϡα Πρειία/Vanassa Preiia - lady-goddess (Homeric: ϝάνασσα see wanax; ΚλεVύτας ΛϝαραVυ Vασιρϝο̄τας dedicated it to her)[11]
  • Vοῖκυ/voiku - house (Attic: oikos; Cretan and Locrian: ϝοικία, Woikia)[12]
  • Vρυμάλια/Vrumalia[13]
  • φάβος/phabos[8] - light (Homeric: phaos; Attic: phôs)
  • φεννίον/phennion (Attic: μηδικὴ ὁδός, "Medean road")
  • φίκατι/phikati[14] - twenty (Attic: eikosi; Laconian: beikati; Aeolian, Doric: weikati).
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Onomasticon

Source: Brixhe, Dialecte grec de Pamphylie

  • Ἀθιμῖϝυς Athimiwus and ἈθιμεVς
  • ἈπελάVρυVις Apelavruvis
  • Ἀρτιμίνα Artimina Ἀρτιμίδωρυς Artimidôrus (Attic: Artemidôros)
  • Ἁφαστυς Aphastus (Attic: Hephaistos)
  • Ἀφορδίσιιυς Aphordisiius (Attic: Aphrodisios)
  • Βαλυς Balus
  • Βοβᾶς Bobas, Βοβᾶτυς
  • Γουκαλις Goukalis
  • Δέξιϝυς Dexiwus (Attic: Dexios)
  • Διβῶτυς Dibôtus
  • Διϝίδωρυς Diwidôrus (Attic: Diodôros) Διϝ- also in Cypriot names
  • Διϝονούσιυς Diwonousius (Attic: Dionysios)
  • Ἑλλόθεμις Ellothemis (Cf.Cypriot: Ἑλλόϝοικος, Ellowoikos from Homeric esthlos meaning "good", "brave")
  • Εστλεγιιυς Estlegiius
  • Εχϝαλια Echwalia
  • Ζοϝαμυς Zowamus
  • Ζώϝειτους Zôweitous
  • Ϝανάξαδρυς Wanaxadrus - wanax + anêr
  • Ϝαρνόπα Warnopa Ϝάρνιτους Warnitous
  • Ϝεχιδάμυς Wechidamus (Attic: Echedamos)
  • Ϝέχιτους Wechitous (Attic: Echetos)
  • Ϝουκω Woukô
  • Θανάδωρυς Thanadorus (Attic: Athenodôros)
  • Κέδαιϝις Kedaiwis
  • Κεσκεὺς Keskeus Κεσκῖϝους Keskiwous
  • Κοπερίνα Koperina
  • Κορϝαλίνα Korwalina - little girl (Arcadocypriot: korwa)
  • Κόρραγυς Korragus Ἀσπέδιιυς Aspediius Aspendian
  • Κουρασιὼ Kourasiô
  • Κυδρομολις Kudromolis
  • Λαυδίκα Laudika (Attic: Laodikê)
  • Μιαλίνα Mialina or Meialina (Attic: Megalina, Μιακλις Miaklis; Attic: Megaklês)
  • Μουριξους Mourixous
  • Μουρμακω Mourmakô
  • Νεϝοχάρις Newocharis (Attic: Neocharês and Νεϝόπολις Newopolis)
  • Ὀρυμνιϝυς Orumniwus
  • Πεδδᾶτος Peddatos
  • Πελλαυρύις Pellauruis
  • Περίϝεργυς Periwergus (Attic: periergos)
  • Ποναμελδῶς Ponameldôs
  • Πορσόπα Porsopa
  • Πρεῖϝυς Preiwus
  • Σϝαρδιας Swardias and Ισϝαρδιας
  • Vαναξίωνυς Vanaxiônus
  • Φορδισία Phordisia (Attic: Aphrodisia)
  • Χορείνα Choreina

See also

References

  1. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.7
  2. ^ Pamph. — Sillyon 400-350 BC Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.24.
  3. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.14, 3.8.
  4. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.2.
  5. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.19.
  6. ^ a b Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.12.
  7. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.
  8. ^ a b Eustahius Od.1654; Richard Valpy and Charles Anthon. The Elements of Greek Grammar (12th Edition). New York: W.E. Dean, Printer and Publisher, 1831, p. 297.
  9. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.5.
  10. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 17.
  11. ^ Pamph. — Perge ~400 BC Epigr.Anat. 11:97,1
  12. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.14,17.
  13. ^ Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 3.15, Cf. rhum-.
  14. ^ Pamph. — Aspendos 250-200 BC Brixhe, Dial.gr.Pamph. 17

Sources

  • Panayotou, A. "Pamphylian" (Maria Chritē and Maria Arapopoulou. A History of Ancient Greek: From the Beginnings to Late Antiquity. Cambridge University Press, 2007 ISBN 0521833078, pp. 427-432). Article in Greek: Παμφυλιακή.
  • Hesychius of Alexandria

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