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Pan Africanist Congress of Azania: Wikis


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Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
Leader Letlapa Mphahlele
Founded 1959
Ideology Pan Africanism
National Assembly members 1
Politics of South Africa
Political parties
Deputy President
Council of Provinces
National Assembly
Constitutional Court

The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (once known as the Pan Africanist Congress, abbreviated as the PAC), was a South African liberation movement, that is now a minor political party. It was founded in 1959 after a number of members broke away from the African National Congress (ANC) because they objected to the substitution of the 1949 Programme of Action with the Freedom Charter adopted in 1955.[1] Robert Sobukwe was elected as the first president, at the founding conference held in April 1959 in Johannesburg.



It is Pan Africanism with three principles of African nationalism, socialism, and continental unity. Its body of ideas drew largely from the teachings of Anton Lembede, George Padmore, Marcus Garvey, Kwame Nkrumah, and W. E. B. Du Bois.


Election results

Election Votes % Seats
2009 48,530 0.27 1
2004 113,512 0.73 3
1999 113,125 0.78 3
1994 243,478 1.25 5

See also


  1. ^ (See Apartheid Cannot be Reformed: The speeches of John Nyati Pokela, United Nations Centre Against Apartheid)

External links



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