Panathinaikos FC: Wikis

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Panathinaikos
Panathinaikos Athletic Club crest
Full name P.A.E. Panathinaikos
Nickname(s) Prasinoi (The Greens)
Trifylli (The Shamrock)
Founded 1908
as Podosfairikos Omilos Athinon (Athens Football Club)
Ground Olympic Stadium
Athens, Greece
(Capacity: 71,030[1])
Chairman Greece Nikos Pateras
Head Coach Greece Nikos Nioplias
League Super League Greece
2008–09 Super League Greece, 3rd in regular season, 2nd after play-offs
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Panathinaikos FC (Greek: Π.Α.Ε. Παναθηναϊκός), is a Greek professional football club based in Athens. Founded in 1908, they play in the Super League Greece and are one of the oldest clubs in Greek football history. They have won 19 Greek championship titles, 16 Greek Cups, and in 1971, they reached the European Champion Clubs' Cup final.

Panathinaikos FC was the amateur football department of Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos multi-sport club (Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος), the Pan-Athenian Athletic Club, from which the club's other name, P.A.O., derives. In 1979, the department became professional and independent. They have played their home games in a number of fields, most significantly in Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, which is considered as their traditional home stadium, and in Athens Olympic Stadium. In 2008, the club announced the signing of a contract for the construction of its new stadium, Panathinaikos Athens Arena, the project began in September 2008 and will be ready for the 2010–11 season.

Contents

History

Panathinaikos FC centenary shirt.
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Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos

In late 1909, after a dispute between a number of board members and subsequent exodus of some, Kalafatis, unable to cement his control of the board, decided together with most of the players to pull out of the club and secure a new ground at Amerikis Square.[2] They changed their name to P.P.O. - Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos (Greek: Π.Π.Ο. - Πανελλήνιος Ποδοσφαιρικός Όμιλος), the Panhellenic Football Club and were afterwards followed by most of the board members and fans.[3] In 1912, Oxford University athlete John Campbell was brought as coach,[4] until then Kalafatis had been both playing and coaching. The Englishman's impact was immediate as he introduced football skills and tactics not yet seen in Greek football, but considered rudimentary by English standards. It was the first time that a foreigner was appointed as coach of a Greek team. By 1914, Campbell had returned to England but the club was already dominating Greek football with players such as Michalis Papazoglou, Michalis Rokos, Loukas Panourgias and Apostolos Nikolaidis.

Panellinios Podosferikos Agonistikos Omilos

At the conclusion of the Great War, the name of the club was changed again to P.P.A.O. - Panellinios Podosferikos ke Agonistikos Omilos (Π.Π.A.Ο. - Πανελλήνιος Ποδοσφαιρικός και Αγωνιστικός Όμιλος), the Panhellenic Football and Sports Club, because its athletes were by then competing not only in football but in other sports as well.[2] In 1919, the club adopted green as its official colour and the Tryfilli (shamrock) as its emblem, as proposed by Michalis Papazoglou.[2][5] That same year the "Union of Football Clubs of Athens and Piraeus" organized the first post war championship in which Panathinaikos was declared champion.[6] By this stage, the club had outgrown both the grounds at Patission Avenue and Amerikis Square, due mainly to its expansion in other sports, and began to look at vacant land at Perivola on Alexandras Avenue as its potential new ground. After long discussions and serious problems an agreement was reached and in 1924 Leoforos Alexandras was finally awarded to the club.[7]

Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos

The move to a permanent home ground also heralded another, final, name change to P.A.O. - Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (Π.Α.Ο. - Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος), the Pan-Athenian Athletic Club.[2]

In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation (H.F.F.) was founded and the first autonomous Greek Championship took place in 1927, replacing the S.E.G.A.S. Cup.

1930 championship

Panathinaikos won only one pre-war Championship in 1930 under the guidance of Joseph Kinsler with Angelos Messaris as the team's star player.[7] Panathinaikos beat rivals Olympiakos 8-2, a result that still remains the biggest win either team has achieved against its rival since. In 1931, a serious disagreement between board member Apostolos Nikolaidis and Messaris,[4] which lasted two years, damaged the club and led to a counterproductive period. In the meantime the H.F.F. Greek Cup had commenced in 1932. The last bright moment before World War II was winning the Cup for the first time in 1940 against Aris (3-1).

Post war

Post-war performance was better and until 1965, they had won 7 Championships (1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965) and 2 Cups (1948, 1955). One of the most remarkable accomplishments was the undefeated season of 1963-1964 with Stjepan Bobek as coach.[3][8] Panathinaikos were twice crowned Greek Champions (1969, 1970) and won a Greek Cup (1969).

The undefeated championship

In 1964 Panathinaikos won the Greek championship without a loss with Stjepan Bobek as coach. PAO is the only Greek team that won the championship undefeated.

European Cup finalists

PAO vs Ajax

In 1971, they were European Cup finalists, losing 2-0 to Ajax at Wembley Stadium. In road for the final Panathinaikos won Jeunesse Esch, Slovan Bratislava, Everton and Red Star Belgrade. Antonis Antoniadis was the leading scorer in the tournament scoring 10 goals.

Intercontinental Cup

In the same year Panathinaikos played for the 1971 Intercontinental Cup. In the last amateur days, P.A.O. won one Championship in 1972 and the Double in 1977.

Vardinogiannis era

In 1979, Greek football turned professional and the Vardinogiannis family, who are mostly known for their oil, media and entertainment enterprises, purchased the club's football department and George Vardinogiannis became president.[3][4] Panathinaikos were one of the first Greek clubs that formed a women's team in 1980 but that department is currently inactive. The transformation period lasted a few years but in 1982 their first professional era trophy, the Greek Cup, put everything in order and they would go on winning 2 Championships (1984, 1986), 4 more Greek Cups (1984, 1986, 1988, 1989) and their first Greek Super Cup in 1988.

European Cup 1984-85 semifinalists

In 1985, Panathinaikos had reached the European Cup semifinals, where they were thrown out by Liverpool F.C. (4-0, 0-1, aggregate 5-0).

The 1990s were a more successful period for the club, both nationally and internationally. Four Greek Championships (1990, 1991, 1995, 1996), 4 Greek Cups (1991, 1993, 1994, 1995) and 2 Greek Super Cups (1993, 1994) were awarded to the club.

Champions League 1995-96 semifinalists

They reached the semi-final stage of the UEFA Champions League in 1996, when they faced Ajax, recording a surprising first-leg away victory (0-1). However, they suffered a crushing 0-3 defeat on the second leg and were thus denied entry to the final once more. A long dry spell commenced after that year's European campaign.

The 2000 decline and gradual rise

In the summer of 2000, president George Vardinogiannis resigned from his duties. He was succeeded by his nephew Giannis, who changed the style of management into the team. Aggelos Anastasiadis was appointed as coach. Although Panathinaikos was doing well in Europe, it failed completely in domestic matches, remaining without a title once again.

Champions League 2001–02 quarter-finals

The next season, Panathinaikos bought Michalis Konstantinou from Iraklis for €15 million. Giannis Kyrastas was also appointed as manager for once more in the club. But the team struggled to stay in track of the league, resulting to the sacking of Kyrastas and the coming of Sergio Markarián. Panathinaikos reached the quarter-finals of the UEFA Champions League 2001–02, being eliminated by FC Barcelona.

The 2002–03 season was slightly better than the previous. Panathinaikos lost the league in the two last games by arch-rivals Olympiacos. In Europe, the team was eliminated in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals, by eventual winners FC Porto.

2004 Double

The changes were immediate: with Itzhak Shum as coach, Panathinaikos managed to win the double (league and cup) after almost ten years. New players were signed the summer before, like Ezequiel González, Lucian Sanmartean, and Markus Munch. However, Schumm was unexpectedly fired and goalkeeper Antonis Nikopolidis was transferred to Olympiacos.

2005 - 2008

Alberto Malesani succeeded him on the bench. The team struggled but didn't manage to win a title till the end of the season. However, Malesani remained as coach of the team.

In July 2005, major changes were made into Panathinaikos' roster. Many stars like Angelos Basinas and Michalis Konstantinou left, while others like Flávio Conceição and Igor Biscan arrived. But for another time, Vardinnogiannis missed by far his targets of the Greek league, cup, and the Champions League, where Panathinaikos collected only four points in six matches.

During the start of the 2006–07 season, Malesani left the team, and he was replaced by the lackluster Hans Backe, who left after three months after his appointment. Víctor Muñoz applied for coach, but the team didn't manage to do a serious achievement since the double once again, especially after losing the cup final to Larissa, much to the supporters' disappointment.

In the 2008 season, Panathinaikos got José Peseiro, but nothing changed: Panathinaikos missed every competition, losing the league in the final five matches, but managing to get to the next year's UEFA Champions League, thanks to very good results in the Super League's play-offs, which it won. However, it was decided long before that Pesseiro would leave.

Ownership model changed

On 22 April, main shareholder Giannis Vardinogiannis gave a press conference in which he announced the decision of his family to reduce their share in the club to 50%, after 30 years of full ownership, through a €80 million increase of the company's capital stock. After the negotiations and the share capital increase, Vardinogiannis family would hold 56% of the club, Amateur Panathinaikos 10% and the rest shareholders 34%.

2008 -

Following major presidential changes in the 2008 summer, and with Nikos Pateras as president instead of Giannis Vardinogiannis, Panathinaikos transferred Dutch Henk ten Cate as manager, and bought many expensive players, such as Gilberto Silva from Arsenal, Brazilian Gabriel from Fluminense and Djibril Cissé who became top goalscorer in the season 2009-2010 of the Superleague. With the changes made, the Greens proved that they could hold their weight in Champions League by reaching the Round of 16 after winning their group stage, which contained the likes of Internazionale and Werder Bremen.

Crest and colours

Panathinaikos FC centenary logo
Panathinaikos shirt history

The crest and colours were first used by the club in 1919 when player Michalis Papazoglou, a Constantinopolitan, proposed that the club adopt the colour green with a shamrock (Greek: Tριφύλλι - Trifylli) as an emblem, as used by his Chalcedon-based former club of Chalkidona. The jersey colours are green and white, although the white sometimes is omitted, used as trim or as an alternative.

During the first years after the establishment of green (Instead of red) as Panathinaikos' primary color, players were wearing green shirts, white shorts and green socks. Since then, the uniform style has changed many times but green has always remained the team's primary color.

Honouring the club's past and in part of the centenary season's celebrations, two new jerseys (home and away) were introduced on 6 January 2008.[9] A centennial year logo was also introduced, chosen via the club's website through a contest that took place within all Panathinaikos' fans in 2007. The logo combines Panathinaikos' traditional logo along with the number 100. It was designed by Nikos Karokis, an electrical-engineer and dedicated fan of the team.[10]

History of the kit

1934
1949
1955
1967
1971
1985
1992
1997
1999
2003
2007
2008

Stadium

Panathinaikos FC's original home ground since the early 1920s was the Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium in the Ampelokipi district in central Athens. The stadium is located on Alexandras Avenue and is most commonly referred to as the "Leoforos" (i.e. Avenue). It is considered the most historic in Greece as it was used by the Greek national football team as home ground for many years (most recently for the UEFA Euro 2004 qualifying matches) and even by Panathinaikos' biggest rivals, AEK Athens (for the 2003-2004 UEFA Champions League matches) and Olympiacos Piraeus (for friendly matches). Many world-famous sides such as FC Porto, FC Barcelona, Real Madrid, Arsenal, Manchester United, Everton, Red Star Belgrade and others have succumbed to the fiery passion displayed by Panathinaikos fans.

Panathinaikos left Leoforos in 1983 to play in the newly built Olympic Stadium of Athens. In 2000, the then club president Aggelos Philippides announced a return to Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium, following a €7 million renovation. Capacity was reduced from 25,000 to 16,620, new dressing rooms were built and modular stand roofing was added in compliance with UEFA requirements, but in 2004 stricter standards were announced and Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium would need further expansion were it to remain suitable for UEFA-sanctioned matches. This was precluded by local zoning regulations and the team had to return to the Athens Olympic stadium once more, until a new stadium, the Votanikos Arena, is built (projected for late 2008). The Leoforos ground is due for demolition and will become a park. A small section of the west curve spectator stands, the legendary "Gate 13", will be retained and house a small Panathinaikos museum.

On 27 January 2007, Panathinaikos Amateur and Panathinaikos FC decided to reuse Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium for the 2007–08 Greek Super League season and UEFA Cup matches. Also, the club directors decided to install new lawn, new seats and upgrade the press conference room and all the restrooms.

Stadium Name Capacity Years
Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium original: 25.000
(16.620 after 2001 renovation)
1923 - 1984,
2000 - 2005,
2007 - 2008
Athens Olympic Stadium 71.000 1984 - 2000,
2005 - 2007,
2008 - present
Votanikos Arena 40.000 (project) Only project

Honours

Domestic competitions

The classic champions league celebration (Ole-ole)
  • Segas Championship: (1)
    • 1911

International competitions

Current squad

Current players

As of 9 September 2009 Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Croatia GK Mario Galinović
3 Spain DF Josu Sarriegi
5 Croatia FW Ante Rukavina
7 Greece MF Sotiris Ninis
8 Mali DF Cédric Kanté
9 France FW Djibril Cissé
11 Argentina MF Sebastián Leto
14 Greece FW Dimitris Salpingidis (vice-captain)
15 Brazil MF Gilberto Silva (vice-captain)
17 Greece MF Lazaros Christodoulopoulos
18 Sweden DF Mattias Bjärsmyr
19 Brazil DF Gabriel
21 Greece DF Filipos Darlas
No.   Position Player
22 Greece DF Stergos Marinos
23 Mozambique MF Simão
24 Greece DF Loukas Vintra
25 Greece DF Giourkas Seitaridis
26 Greece MF Giorgos Karagounis (captain)
27 Greece GK Orestis Karnezis
28 Greece FW Antonis Petropoulos
29 Greece MF Kostas Katsouranis (vice-captain)
30 Greece GK Alexandros Tzorvas
31 Greece DF Nikos Spiropoulos
34 Greece DF Giorgos Machlelis
37 Greece MF Alexandros Tziolis
38 Brazil MF Cleyton
For recent transfers, see List of Greek football transfers summer 2009.

Out on Loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
South Africa DF Nasief Morris (on loan to Racing Santander)
Austria MF Andreas Ivanschitz (on loan to Mainz)
Brazil DF David (on loan to Flamengo)
Greece MF Sotiris Leontiou (on loan to Kavala)
Brazil MF Marcelo Mattos (on loan to Corinthians)
Greece DF Christos Melissis (on loan to Larissa)
South Africa DF Bryce Moon (on loan to PAOK)
Greece FW Vangelis Mantzios (on loan to Anorthosis)

European campaigns

Season Achievement Notes
European Champion Clubs' Cup
1970–71 Final defeated by Ajax 2-0 at Wembley Stadium
1984–85 Semi Final eliminated by Liverpool 0-1 in Athens, 0-4 in Liverpool
1991–92 Quarter Final Group Stage finished fourth in a group with Sampdoria, Red Star Belgrade, and Anderlecht
Champions League
1995–96 Semi Final eliminated by Ajax won 1-0 in Amsterdam, 0-3 in Athens
2000–01 Second Group eliminated in a group with Manchester United, Valencia and Sturm Graz
2001–02 Quarter Final eliminated by Barcelona won 1-0 in Athens, 1-3 in Barcelona
2008–09 Round of 16 eliminated by Villarreal 1-1 in Villarreal, 1-2 in Athens
UEFA Cup
1987–88 Quarter final eliminated by Club Brugge 2-2 in Athens ,0-1 in Belgium
2002–03 Quarter final eliminated by Porto won 1-0 in Porto, lost 2-0 in Athens
Intercontinental Cup
1971 Final tied with Nacional 1-1 in Athens, defeated 1-2 in Uruguay


UEFA club competition record

As of 5 August 2009.

Competition Pld W D L GF GA
ECCC 141 46 40 55 168 188
ECWC 22 9 3 10 29 36
UCUP 68 31 12 25 91 77
SCUP 0 0 0 0 0 0
UIC 0 0 0 0 0 0
EUSA 2 0 1 1 2 3
Total 233 86 56 91 290 304

Notable former players

Greece
Angola
Argentina
Austria
Brazil
Cameroon
Croatia
Cyprus
Denmark
Finland
Germany
Iceland
Netherlands
Norway
Peru
Poland
Romania
Portugal
Serbia
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Senegal

All time leaders in appearances and goals

Rank Name Caps Still Active?
1 Greece Mimis Domazos 502 No
2 Poland Greece Krzysztof Warzycha 390 No
3 Greece Kostas Antoniou 322 No
4 Greece Anthimos Kapsis 319 No
5 Greece Frangiskos Sourpis 309 No
Rank Name Goals Still Active?
1 Poland Greece Krzysztof Warzycha 288 No
2 Greece Antonis Antoniadis 197 No
3 Greece Dimitris Saravakos 156 No
4 Greece Nikos Lyberopoulos 97 Yes
5 Greece Kostas Eleftherakis 88 No

Former coaches

As of 3 November 2009.

References

  1. ^ "Athens Olympic Stadium". stadia.gr. http://www.stadia.gr/oaka/oaka-f.html. Retrieved 2008-06-22.  
  2. ^ a b c d "Foundation and transformations of Panathinaikos" (in Greek). sansimera.gr. http://www.sansimera.gr/archive/articles/show.php?id=400&feature=PAO. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  
  3. ^ a b c "Panathinaikos celebrates today (3/2) their 100th birthday!" (in Greek). balla.gr. 2008-02-03. http://www.balla.gr/default.asp?clubid=1&pid=264&la=1&cur_men=8. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  
  4. ^ a b c Kyriazis, Christos (2008-02-04). "The "Golden Age" of PAO" (in Greek). Ethnosport (Pegasus Publishing S.A.). http://sports.e-go.gr/article.asp?catid=8332&subid=2&pubid=772208. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  
  5. ^ "Do Panathinaikos Have Secret Irish Connections?". The Guardian. 2 August 2001. http://football.guardian.co.uk/news/theknowledge/0,9204,530929,00.html. Retrieved 19 December 2009.  
  6. ^ "Panathinaikos FC history". pao.gr. http://www.pao.gr/category.php?category_id=51.  
  7. ^ a b Alexopoulos, Ilias (2008-01-03). "Our best moments..." (in Greek). Athlitikι. http://www.athlitikh.gr/article_detail.asp?node_serial=001001001001&node_id=48&article_id=15421. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  
  8. ^ "History" (in Greek). shoot.gr. http://www.shoot.gr/category.php?category_id=208. Retrieved 2008-03-28.  
  9. ^ "Centenary Shirts". pao.gr. http://www.pao.gr/document.php?category_id=18&document_id=3308. Retrieved 2008-01-07.  
  10. ^ "Centenary Celebration". pao.gr. http://www.pao.gr/document.php?category_id=94&document_id=3254.  
  11. ^ "Greek all time champions". Hellenic football federation. http://www.epo.gr/a_division_history_uk.asp.  
  12. ^ "Greek Champions' history". Galanis Sports Data. http://www.galanissportsdata.com/football/national/season2007_08/history.asp.  
  13. ^ "Greek Cup winners". Hellenic football federation. http://www.epo.gr/detail_uk.asp?e_article_cat_id=15&e_article_id=1517.  

External links

Official websites

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