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municipal setup by state in India

Panchayat samiti is a local government body at the tehsil or Taluka level in India. It works for the villages of the Tehsil or Taluka that together are called a Development Block. The Panchayat Samiti is the link between the Gram Panchayat and the district administration. There are a number of variations of this institution in various states. It is known as Mandal Praja Parishad in Andhra Pradesh, Taluka panchayat in Gujarat, Mandal Panchayat in Karnataka, etc.

Contents

Constitution

It is composed of ex-officio members (all sarpanchas of the panchayat samiti area, the MPs and MLAs of the area and the SDO of the subdivision), coopted members (representatives of SC/ST and women), associate members (a farmer of the area, a representative of the cooperative societies and one of the marketing services) and some elected members.

The samiti is elected for 5 years and is headed by the chairman and the deputy chairman.

Departments

The common departments in the Samiti are:

  1. General administration
  2. Finance
  3. Public works
  4. Agriculture
  5. Health
  6. Education
  7. Social welfare
  8. Information Technology

There is an officer for every department. A government appointed block development officer is the executive officer to the samiti and the chief of its administration.

Functions

  1. Implement schemes for the development of agriculture.
  2. Establishment of primary health centres and primary schools.
  3. Supply of drinking water, drainage, construction/repair of roads.
  4. Development of cottage and small-scale industries and opening of cooperative societies.
  5. Establishment of youth organisations.

Sources of income

The main source of income of the panchayat samiti are grants-in-aid and loans from the State Government.

Sources

Indian Public Administration: Institutions and Issues by Ramesh K Arora & Rajni Goyal

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