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Pantherinae[1]
Fossil range: Late Miocene to Recent
Tiger (Panthera tigris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Pocock, 1917
Genera

Neofelis
Panthera
Uncia

Pantherinae is the subfamily of the family Felidae which includes the genera Panthera, Uncia and Neofelis.[1] The divergence of Pantherinae from Felinae has been ranked between six and ten Ma[2]. Recent DNA evidence suggests Uncia uncia or the Snow Leopard is basal to the entire Pantherinae and should be renamed Panthera uncia. There is also evidence of distinct markers for the mitochondrial genome for Felidae.[3][1] [4][2]

Another DNA based study has suggested that the branching order was Panthera tigris first, followed by Panthera onca, Panthera leo and last two sister species Panthera pardus and Panthera uncia.[5] Additional work will be required to resolve this issue.

Species

References

  1. ^ a b c Wozencraft, W. C. (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 545-548. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.  
  2. ^ Johnson, W.E., Eizirik, E., Pecon-Slattery, J., Murphy, W.J., Antunes, A., Teeling, E. & O'Brien, S.J. (2006). "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment" (abstract). Science 311: 73–77. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/311/5757/73.  
  3. ^ Molecular Biology Reports, Publisher Springer Netherlands, ISSN 0301-4851 (Print) 1573-4978 (Online), DOI 10.1007/s11033-008-9257-9
  4. ^ Phylogenetic relationships within mammalian order Carnivora indicated by sequences of two nuclear DNA genes. Li Yua,b,c, Qing-wei Lid, O.A. Rydere, Ya-ping Zhanga,b. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33 (2004) 694–705
  5. ^ Yu L, Zhang YP.(2005) Phylogenetic studies of pantherine cats (Felidae) based on multiple genes, with novel application of nuclear beta fibrinogen intron 7 to carnivores. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 35(2):483-495
  6. ^ Kitchener, A., et al. (2006-12-05). "Geographical Variation in the Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, Reveals Two Species". Current Biology 16 (23): 2377–2383. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2006.10.066.  

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

From Panthera +‎ -inae.

Proper noun

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Pantherinae

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic subfamily within the family Felidaebig cats.

Related terms

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Ordo: Carnivora
Subordo: Feliformia
Familia: Felidae
Subfamilia: Pantherinae
Genus: Neofelis - Panthera - Uncia

Name

Pantherinae Pocock, 1917

Synonyms

  • Neofelina Kalandadze & Rautian, 1992
  • Neofelinae Kretzoi, 1929
  • Pantherini Kalandadze, 1992

References

  • Pantherinae on Mammal species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).
  • Christiansen, P. 2008: Phylogeny of the great cats (Felidae: Pantherinae), and the influence of fossil taxa and missing characters. Cladistics, DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2008.00226.x

Vernacular names

Български: Пантерови котки
Deutsch: Großkatzen
English: Big Cats
Français: Panthérinés, Grands félins
Hrvatski: Velike mačke
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Store katter
Português: Panteríneos
Русский: Большие кошки
Türkçe: Büyük kediler
中文: 豹亚科

Simple English

Redirecting to Felidae


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