The Full Wiki

Papyrus 75: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Papyrus 75
Name P. Bodmer XIV-XV
Sign \mathfrak{P}75
Text Luke 3:18-24:53 + John 1-15 (extensive portions of,)
Date 175-225
Script Greek
Found Pabau, Egypt
Now at Vatican Library, Rome
Cite V. Martin, R. Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV
Size 26 cm x 13 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Note very close to P66, B, 0162

Papyrus 75 (\mathfrak{P}75, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV) is an early Greek New Testament papyrus.

Contents

Description

Originally '[it] contained about 144 pages ... of which 102 have survived, either in whole or in part.'[1] It 'contains about half the text of ... two Gospels'[2] - Luke (Papyrus Bodmer XIV) and John (Papyrus Bodmer XV) in Greek. It is dated in Nestle-Aland (27th edition, NA27) as being an early third century manuscript. It is one the earliest manuscripts (along with \mathfrak{P}4)[3] of the Gospel of Luke. 'The surviving fragment contains Luke 3:18-24:53 ...'[3] [4] An unusual feature of this codex is that when the Gospel of Luke ends, the Gospel of John begins on the same page.[5]

It lacks text of Christ's agony at Gethsemane (Luke 22:43–44).

Text

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category I.[6] The text is closer to Codex Vaticanus than to Codex Sinaiticus. Agreement between \mathfrak{P}75 and codex B is 92% in John,[7] and 94% in Luke.[8] It concurs with \mathfrak{P}111.[9]

According to Kurt Aland, \mathfrak{P}75 is the key for understanding the primitive textual history of New Testament.[10]

Textual variants

In Luke 11:4, the phrase αλλα ρυσαι ημας απο του πονηρου (but deliver us from evil) is omitted. The omission of this phrase is also supported by the following manuscripts: Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Codex Regius, f1, 700, vg, syrs, copsa, bo, arm, geo.[11]

In Luke 16:19 the manuscript reads Ανθρωπος δε τις ην πλουσιος, ονοματι Ν[ιν]ευης, και ενεδιδυσκετο "There was a rich man, with the name N[in]eue, who clothed himself",[12] This reading has support from the Sahidic version and the two Greek minuscule manuscripts 36 and 37, in addition to a scholium of uncertain date have ευρον δε τινες και του πλουσιου εν τισιν αντιγραφοις τουνομα Νινευης λεγομενον.[13]

Luke 22:43-44 is omitted, as in codices א*, A, B, T, 1071.[14]

In Luke 23:34, \mathfrak{P}75 has omitted the words: "And Jesus said: Father forgive them, they know not what they do." This omission is supported by the manuscripts Sinaiticusa, B, D*, W, Θ, 0124, 1241, ita, d, syrs, copsa, copbo.[15]

The manuscript also lacks the Pericope of the Adulteress, usually placed in Translations at John 7:53-8:11. This omission is supported by the manuscripts Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus and \mathfrak{P}66.

The manuscript is currently housed at the Vatican Library at Rome.

The discovery of \mathfrak{P}75 has had a profound effect on New Testament textual criticism, due to its great agreement with Codex Vaticanus.

See also

References

  1. ^ Metzger+Ehrman (2005),p.58
  2. ^ Bodmer Papyrus 14-15 arrives at the Vatican
  3. ^ a b Gregory (2003) p.28
  4. ^ Wilker
  5. ^ Edwards (1976), p. 194
  6. ^ Kurt Aland, Barbara Aland, "The Text Of The New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 101.
  7. ^ S. A. Edwards, P75 Under the Magnifying Glass, Novum Testamentum, XVIII, fasc. 3, pp. 211-212.
  8. ^ Gordon D. Fee, \mathfrak{P}75, \mathfrak{P}66, and Origen: THe Myth of Early Textual Recension in Alexandria, in: E. J. Epp & G. D. Fee, Studies in the Theory & Method of NT Textual Criticism, Wm. Eerdmans (1993), pp. 247-273.
  9. ^ Philip W. Comfort, Encountering the Manuscripts. An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism, Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005, p. 76.
  10. ^ Reconsidering \mathfrak{P}75 in the Frame of a Various Egyptian Tradition
  11. ^ UBS3, p. 256.
  12. ^ Philip Comfort, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (2001), p. 551.
  13. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission and Limitaitons, Clarendon Press: Oxford 1977, p. 136.
  14. ^ UBS3, p. 305.
  15. ^ UBS4, p. 311.

Bibliography

  • V. Martin, R. Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XIV-XV: Evangiles de Luc et Jean, Vol. 1, Papyrus Bodmer XIV: Evangile de Luc chap. 3-24; vol. 2, Papyrus Bodmer XV: Evangile de Jean chap. 1-15, Cologny-Geneva: Biblioteca Bodmeriana, 1961.
  • Gregory, A. The Reception of Luke and Acts in the Period Before Irenaeus, Mohr Siebeck, (2003) ISBN 3161480864, p.28
  • Metzger,Bruce & Ehrman, Bart, The Text Of The New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, 2005, Oxford University Press, pp. 58-59.
  • K. Aland, "Neue neutestamentliche Papyri III", NTS 22 (1976), pp. 375-396.

Images

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message