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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paracha (Urdu: پراچہ) (Also rendered as Peracha,Piracha)is a family name in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh,and India.



The Pirachas were traders from Persia. The word Paracha means cloth and it was one of the principle items of their trade.

Paracha Clans in South Asia

They migrated from northern Yemen in the time of Prophet Muhammad (in 7th Century C.E.) and traveled to Iran where they were called Ferashas or people who were direct descendants of one Ali Yamani, a cloth trader who used to prepare the ground for Prophet Muhammad to pray upon. Ferash in Persian means ground.From Persia, many from this clan traveled to Afghanistan and northwestern India and modern Pakistan. Most of them settled in Makhad in the 12th Century C.E. In India and Pakistan they became to be known as Parachas. It is believed that the clan settled in what is presently northern Pakistan under the rule of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.


The tribe which today mostly speak Hindko, Pashto, Pothohari dialect of Punjabi and Urdu.

Present Paracha

Paracha's (known by the individual prefixes of the seven groups) are wealthy Muslim traders of NWFP (North West Frontier Province) and northwestern Punjab of Pakistan.This wealthy class is found in large number at Lahore (Mochi Darwaza) Sargodha, Lawa in Mohalla Gatal, Makhad, Attock(malahi tola)(Haji Shah), Kohat, Mangowal, Shahpur, Khushab, Quetta,Bhanda Peeraan, Peshawar and Nowshera Malakand division. They used to trade as far as Central Asia, chiefly in Cloth, Silk, Indigo and Tea.

The Paracha tribe, which is one of the largest in Pakistan and today scattered all over the country and even in India, is said to have become a large clan in Makhad in the 10th Century of the common era.

Today, the Parachas are scattered all over the world in various professions. Some believe Parachas to be of Shahi Turkish descent.


Late Muhammad Hussain Paracha,Late Ahmad Nawaz Paracha (Lawa, Teh.Talagung)

See also

Castes and Tribes of the Punjab
Ancient Kshatriya Tribes Ahir | Dhangar | Gujjar | Kamboj | Khash | Yadav
Arains Arain | Chaudhary | Mehr | Mian | Malik | Sardar
Brahmins Saraswat Brahmins | Punjabi Brahmins | Mohyal | Bali | Bhimwal | Chhibber | Datt | Lau | Mohan | Vishwakarma Vaidic Brahmins | Vaid
Dalits Punjabi Dalits | Balmiki | Chamar | Chura | Kabirpanthi | Mazhabi | Nai | Ramdasia | Rangrehta | Ravidasi
Jatts Jatt : List of Jat surnames
Kshatriyas Khatri : Dhaighar | Charghar | Aathghar | Barahghar | Bawanghar | Kukhran | Sareen | List of Khatri subgroups
Arora : Uttradhi | Dakhna | Gujarati | List of Arora subgroups
Sood | Bhatia | Lohana
Rajputs Rajput | Bagal | Bais | Bhutta | Bhatti | Chadhar | Chauhan | Chibb | Narma | Doad | Dogra | Gheba | Haral | Jamwal | Janjua | Jarral | Jaswal | Johiya | Jaura | Jodhra | Khakha | Kharal | Khati | Mahnike | Mair | Mangral | Manhas | Manj | Meo | Mer | Minhas | Mir | Naul | Noon | Panwar | Parhar | Parmar | Pundir | Punwar | Rana | Ranial | Rathore | Saini | Salaria | Sial | Thakial | Toor | Wattu | Wejhwa | Wijhalke
Shaikhs Shaikh | Abbasi | Alavi | Farooqi | Gardezi | Gilani | Hashemi | Osmani | Quraishi | Sayyid | Shaikh Siddiqui
Tarkhans Tarkhan : Bhatti | Dhiman | Gade | Jhangra | Khatti | Khokhar | Matharu | Netal | Siawan | Tharu | Virdi | List of Tarkhan surnames
Others Paracha | Ahluwalia | Awan | Bakarwal | Bania | Bishnoi | Chhimba | Gakhar | Kalal | Labana |Meghwar | Mekan | Sansi


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