Paramount, California: Wikis

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For the former town in Yolo County with this name, see Paramount, Yolo County, California.
City of Paramount
—  City  —
Location of Paramount in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°54′0″N 118°10′0″W / 33.9°N 118.166667°W / 33.9; -118.166667Coordinates: 33°54′0″N 118°10′0″W / 33.9°N 118.166667°W / 33.9; -118.166667
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) 1957-01-30[1]
Government
 - City Council Mayor Diane J. Martinez[2]
Gene Daniels
Tom Hansen
Daryl Hofmeyer
Peggy Lemons
Area
 - Total 4.84 sq mi (12.53 km2)
 - Land 4.73 sq mi (12.26 km2)
 - Water 0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)  2.17%
Elevation 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2000)[3]
 - Total 55,266
 Density 11,678.3/sq mi (4,509.0/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 90723[4]
Area code(s) 562[5]
FIPS code 06-55618
GNIS feature ID 1652771
Website paramountcity.com

Paramount is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. According to the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 55,266. Paramount is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area. The city is bordered by Compton and Lynwood to the west, South Gate and Downey to the north, Bellflower to the east and south, and Long Beach to the south.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.5 km² (4.8 mi²). 12.3 km² (4.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (2.07%) is water.

History

The city today known as Paramount was originally identified in 1781 by Spanish settlers of New Spain. It was organized under two old Spanish Ranchos; on the west, Rancho San Pedro, and on the east, Rancho Los Nietos (now portions of the cities of Santa Fe Springs and Whittier). These ranchos were established under the Spanish Empire and granted by King Carlos III in 1784. In 1834, Rancho Los Nietos was partitioned into five smaller ranchos including Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos, which both encompased parts of Paramount.

After the Mexican-American War California was ceded to the United States. The then-unincorporated community of Paramount was created in 1948 when the United States Postmaster General ordered the merger of the post offices of Hynes and Clearwater (Pitt 1997:381). The name was taken from Paramount Boulevard, the main north-to-south surface street extending through the city. The city officially incorporated January 30, 1957 following a successful "Save Paramount for Paramount" campaign to fight annexation by Long Beach, Bellflower, and South Gate.

While the Paramount economy was based largely on the hay and dairy industries, the high cost of land led to their local demise. The last Paramount dairy closed in 1977.

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 55,266 people, 13,972 households, and 11,331 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,511.3/km² (11,678.3/mi²). There were 14,591 housing units at an average density of 1,191.0/km² (3,083.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 34.70% White, 13.59% African American, 1.06% Native American, 3.35% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 41.69% from other races, and 4.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 72.28% of the population.

There were 13,972 households out of which 55.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.93 and the average family size was 4.31.

In the city the population was spread out with 36.9% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,749, and the median income for a family was $37,276. Males had a median income of $27,730 versus $22,472 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,487. About 19.1% of families and 21.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

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County, state, and federal representation

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department operates the Lakewood Station in Lakewood, serving Paramount.[7] The department operates the Paramount Substation within Paramount.[8]

Fire protection in Paramount is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department, with ground ambulance transport provided by Care Ambulance Service.[citation needed]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the South Health Center in Watts, Los Angeles, serving Paramount.[9]

In the state legislature Paramount is located in the 27th Senate District, represented by Democrat Alan Lowenthal, and in the 52nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Isadore Hall. Federally, Paramount is located in California's 39th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +13[10] and is represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez.

The United States Postal Service Paramount Beach Post Office is located at 7200 Somerset Boulevard.[11]

Transportation

The Century Freeway (Interstate 105) passes east-west through the northern portion of Paramount, the Long Beach Freeway (Interstate 710) follows north-south along the city's western border, and the Artesia Freeway (State Route 91) runs east-west less than a one-half-mile from the southern Paramount city limits.

Paramount is served by bus service from Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) and Long Beach Transit. The city also operates Easy Rider Shuttle[1], a fixed-route local bus.

Education

The Paramount Unified School District includes schools in Paramount, as well as a few in surrounding cities.

The schools located within Paramount are Paramount High School-senior and west campus, Alondra, Lincoln, Wirtz, Jefferson, Mokler, Zamboni, Los Cerritos, Gaines, Jackson, Hollydale, Tanner, Roosevelt, and Paramount Park. Schools that are run by the Paramount Unified school District, but are located in Lakewood include Buena Vista Continuation High School and Lakewood school. Collins school is also run by PUSD but is located in Long Beach.

Our Lady of the Rosary Private Catholic School is one of several private schools located in Paramount.

Library

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Paramount Library.[12]

City sites

The Paramount Hay Tree is a California State Historical Landmark. It is a still standing mature camphor tree remembered for its importance to the hay trading marketplace of the towns of Hynes and Clearwater, which later incorporated as Paramount. The hay traders met under the tree each working day to discuss the price of hay. Their numbers were quoted by the New York mercantile markets as the global hay standard.

An ice resurfacer lays down a layer of clean water, which will freeze to form a smooth ice surface.

Paramount is also home of the Zamboni. Frank Joseph Zamboni Jr. is the inventor of the ice resurfacing machine. Zamboni & Co. began and is still headquartered in Paramount. Zamboni manufactures and sells the machines world wide. Since 1939 the Zamboni family has also operated Iceland, an ice skating rink with improvements patented by Frank Zamboni.

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "Paramount City Council". http://www.paramountcity.com/citycouncil.cfm. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  3. ^ "Paramount city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=Paramount%20city&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=Paramount. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=Paramount. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Lakewood Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  8. ^ "Paramount Sub Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  9. ^ "South Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  10. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  11. ^ "Post Office Location - PARAMOUNT." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  12. ^ Megan Garvey (2002-11-13). "U.S. Rules Have Little Impact in L.A. County". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2002/nov/13/nation/na-libraries13. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 

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