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.Parasitism is a type of symbiotic relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the host.^ Differences between totalizts and parasites: .
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is obviously one of the bad types of parasites.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ In addition, he detailed the behavioral specializations that permit the parasitic nestling to prosper in the nest of the host, often at the expense of the true offspring of the nest owner.
  • Biographical Memoirs V.62 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In general, parasites are much smaller than their host, show a high degree of specialization for their mode of life, and reproduce more quickly and in greater numbers than their hosts.^ The following epidemic is therefore much smaller, with a greater density of hosts surviving to reproduce.
  • PLoS ONE: The Population Dynamical Implications of Male-Biased Parasitism in Different Mating Systems 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These parasites can do much more than that and the process in which they do this in is amazing.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ There are more species of parasite than there are host species.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Classic examples of parasitism include interactions between vertebrate hosts and diverse animals such as tapeworms, flukes, the Plasmodium species, and fleas.^ Depending on the species which acts as the vector, the worm will then begin a new life cycle in the animal host and the cycle of infection will continue-assuring the perpetuation of the species.
  • Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.herbs2000.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The three examples he gives are a parasitic wasp which can brilliantly perform a “brain surgery” to control a roaches mind, a parasitic nematode which can cleverly get their way into their host to reproduce, and the blood fluke who can stay inside their host for years and years.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Host and microhabitat specificity, for example, may be affected by the age of host and parasite, presence or absence of other competitive parasite species, and the numbers of parasite individuals present.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Parasitism is differentiated from parasitoidism, a relationship in which the host is always killed by the parasite such as moths, butterflies, ants, flies, elietes and humans and also others.^ Hasegawa E: Phylogeny and host-parasite relationships in social parasitism in Lasius ants.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This explains why N. fowleri attacks are so rapidly fatal—since hosts are not necessary to its survival, the parasite does not have to take pains to avoid killing them.
  • Damn Interesting • A Fluke of Nature 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.damninteresting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In its award-winning documentary, The Body Snatchers , National Geographic magazine reported: "In fact, parasites have killed more humans than all the wars in history."

.The harm and benefit in parasitic interactions concern the biological fitness of the organisms involved.^ As we stated above, the broad definition of a parasite is any organism that is dependent on another (the host) for room and board, and does not necessarily cause the host any harm.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A second type of symbiosis, commensalism, likewise involves a benefit to only one of the two organisms, but in commensalism the beneficiary, or commensal, manages to receive its benefits without causing any detriment to the host.
  • Parasites and Parasitology – FREE Parasites and Parasitology information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Parasites and Parasitology research 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parasite is an organism that lives on or in other organisms from which it obtains nutrients to live and causes harm in the process.
  • Human Intestinal Parasites Worms 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.appliedozone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parasites reduce host fitness in many ways, ranging from general or specialized pathology (such as castration), impairment of secondary sex characteristics, to the modification of host behaviour.^ Modification of intermediate host behaviour by parasites.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ There are many parasites that fit this category.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A parasite is generally smaller than the host and of a different species.
  • Your Liver , Parasites and the Healing Crisis 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC altered-states.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parasites increase their fitness by exploiting hosts for food, habitat and dispersal.^ The abstraction of foodsubstances from the tissues of the host may be insignificant even if the parasites are numerous, but it is notable that in many cases the effect is not merely that of causing an extra drain on the food-supply of the host which might be met by increased appetite.

^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

^ The explanation given was that is was a symbiotic relationship in which the parasite gets food and shelter, and the host gets a well-regulated immune system.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

.Although the concept of parasitism applies unambiguously to many cases in nature, it is best considered part of a continuum of types of interactions between species, rather than an exclusive category.^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Although no-one carried out any research in this area, I personally believe that because of the parasitism dies more people than because of any other illness.
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many parasites may be considered as harmless or even necessary for their hosts.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Particular interactions between species may satisfy some but not all parts of the definition.^ Because the relationship between the sexual and asexual phases is not always apparent, a particular species of fungi may have two names until someone discovers that the two phases occur in the same organism.

^ The Tapeworm genus Hymenolepis contains in excess of 400 species (according to some authorities), virtually all of which are found in higher vertebrates.
  • Parasite symptoms 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shanti.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, some species have become so well adapted to live in the human intestine that the host (man) may be entirely asymptotic."

In many cases, it is difficult to demonstrate that the host is harmed. .In others, there may be no apparent specialization on the part of the parasite, or the interaction between the organisms may be short-lived.^ If not there is no chance of getting parasites.

^ No parasitism of any other weevil species was observed.
  • BIREA: Entomophagous biological control agents 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.b3nz.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Other species of Isospora may be present.
  • Parasites - Internal 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC maxshouse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In medicine, only eukaryotic organisms are considered parasites, with the exclusion of bacteria and viruses.^ Getting rid of all these parasites would be absolutely impossible using clinical medicines that can kill only one or two parasites each.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Herbal parasite cleans-parasite cleans, cleansing parasites with black walnut,wormwood and cloves 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.curezone.com [Source type: General]

^ Drugs should not be considered the only means of attacking parasites.
  • Alternative-Doctor Parasites prevention cure alternative remedies 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.alternative-doctor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately most parasite cleanse products not only cause disruptive side effects but are limited in their effectiveness, targeting only one particular parasitic organism in limited areas of the body.
  • Purify Parasite Cleanse. Help rid parasites today, with the premium 100% natural parasite cleanse. 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.thelifetree.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some branches of biology, however, regard members of these groups as parasitic.^ In addition, he provides detail on some of the difficulties that guard members -- some of whom were themselves victims of the flooding -- encountered while carrying out these tasks.
  • Flood Exhibit Guide 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.mnstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because supergroups E and H cluster in this major group of the tree [A, B, E, H], we can further hypothesize that these two taxa are or were ancestrally reproductive parasites.
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Age, sex, strain of T. gondii, and number of parasites may account for some of these differences.
  • Parasites - Internal 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC maxshouse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
Mites parasitising a harvestman

Contents

Types of parasitism

Flea bites on a human.
.Parasites are classified based on their interactions with their hosts and on their life cycles.^ On host life-history response to parasitism.
  • Asexual Reproduction in Pygospio elegans Claparede (Annelida, Polychaeta) in Relation to Parasitism by Lepocreadium setiferoides (Miller and Northup) (Platyhelminthes, Trematoda) -- MCCurdy 201 (1): 45 -- The Biological Bulletin 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biolbull.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Host life history responses to parasitism.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Another law of nature is that the parasite, not only by sucking off the life sustenance of the host, but also by altering its life cycle, will inevitably kill the host.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Those that live on its surface are called ectoparasites (e.g. some .mites) and those that live inside the host are called endoparasites (e.g.^ When they are not on a host we call them 'free-living.'
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

^ Other parasites move to the inner cabins of the host and are called endoparasites (endo=in).
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

hookworms). .Endoparasites can exist in one of two forms: intercellular (inhabiting spaces in the host’s body) or intracellular (inhabiting cells in the host’s body).^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

^ Perhaps while a Flood infection form takes over the hosts body and suppresses their consciousness, the infection form also extracts the basic memories of their hosts.
  • Halo Story Page | Story Elements | The Flood 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC halostory.bungie.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Flood's inability to suitably care for the host body has caused sufficient degeneration, the Worker/Soldier class will also change into the Carrier form.
  • Halo Story Page | Story Elements | The Flood 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC halostory.bungie.org [Source type: Original source]

.Intracellular parasites, such as bacteria or viruses, tend to rely on a third organism which is generally known as the carrier or vector.^ We presented an extensive, evolutionary analysis of mutualism and parasitism in W. pipientis endosymbionts, widespread intracellular bacteria of arthropods and filarial nematodes.
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Fleas or louse on dogs and cats should be eliminated as they transmit not only bacteria, viruses but also parasites.
  • Parasites and Pathogenic Protoz 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.ourfood.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A parasite is an organism that lives off the life force of another organism, such as an animal or a human.
  • Purify Parasite Cleanse. Help rid parasites today, with the premium 100% natural parasite cleanse. 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.thelifetree.com [Source type: Original source]

The vector does the job of transmitting them to the host. .An example of this interaction is the transmission of malaria, caused by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, to humans by the bite of an anopheline mosquito.^ As few as ten of the microscopic Giardia protozoan parasite organisms in a glass of water could cause a severe case of giardiasis in the human who drinks it.

^ Cryptosporidiosis is an infection of the epithelial tissue in the upper digestive tract caused by a microscopic human parasite of the genus Cryptosporidium .

^ Their work was a little delayed after Stratman-Thomas developed malaria following a bite from one of the experimental mosquitoes.
  • Development of parasite immmunology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.priory.com [Source type: Academic]

.An epiparasite is one that feeds on another parasite.^ The transport host is really a way for the immature parasite to get from one mammalian host to another.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The parasite does not develop within the transport host, but is just transferred from one host to another.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social parasitism implies that one eusocial species depends on the labour force of another [ 13 - 15 ].
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

.This relationship is also sometimes referred to as hyperparasitism which may be exemplified by a protozoan (the hyperparasite) living in the digestive tract of a flea living on a dog.^ Sleep deprivation is known to cause mental breakdown and hallucinations sometimes referred to as schizophrenia; hence in vulnerable people mental problems may be initiated.
  • drugs, smoking and addiction - abelard 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.abelard.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the cat lives in a flea-infested environment, reinfection with tapeworms may occur in as little as two weeks.
  • Parasites - Internal 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC maxshouse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The larvae may penetrate through the digestive tract into the muscle of the second host.
  • Parasites and Pathogenic Protoz 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.ourfood.com [Source type: Academic]

A female Catolaccus grandis wasp is attracted by a boll weevil larva.
.Parasitoids are organisms whose larval development occurs within another organism's body, resulting in the death of the host.^ HOST: That organism which is necessary for the development of a parasite.
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In a broad sense, a parasitic relationship is defined as one in which one organism (the parasite) lives on or within the other (host), and may cause the host harm.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A parasite is regarded as an organism that derives nourishment by feeding on or within another animal.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .Thus, the interaction between the parasitoid and the host is fundamentally different from true parasites and their host, and shares some characteristics with predation.^ Differences between totalizts and parasites: .
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He concludes by placing all parasites within a shared evolutionary framework, with the host immune response as a constant and powerful selective factor.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ The most closely related genus appears to be Grassenema, a parasite of Procavia, but the differences between the 2 genera are very distinct.

.Social parasites take advantage of interactions between members of social organisms such as ants or termites.^ Buschinger A: Evolution of social parasitism in ants.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sumner S, Aanen DK, Delabie J, Boomsma JJ: The evolution of social parasitism in Acromyrmex leaf-cutting ants: a test of Emery's rule.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Sanetra M, Buschinger A: Phylogenetic relationships among social parasites and their hosts in the ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

.In kleptoparasitism, parasites appropriate food gathered by the host.^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

^ The explanation given was that is was a symbiotic relationship in which the parasite gets food and shelter, and the host gets a well-regulated immune system.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ They are not required by parasitic animals which live a relatively sheltered existence on or inside the bodies of their hosts amid a relative abundance of food."
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.An example is the brood parasitism practiced by many species of cuckoo and cowbird, which do not build nests of their own but rather deposit their eggs in nests of other species and abandon them there.^ Cuckoos, cowbirds, and other cheats .
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Brood parasitism in birds: Strangers in the nest.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Nesting: The brown-headed cowbird is a brood parasite; no nest is built and the eggs are laid in the nests of other birds (host species).
  • Molothrus ater 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.fs.fed.us [Source type: Academic]

.The host behaves as a "babysitter" as they raise the young as their own.^ Unlike common cuckoos, young indigobirds are reared along with their hosts and they mimic the mouth markings of host nestlings (Nicolai, 1964 ; Payne, 1973 b , 1982 ).
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.If the host removes the cuckoo's eggs, some cuckoos will return and attack the nest to compel host birds to remain subject to this parasitism.^ Parasitic birds and their hosts: Studies in coevolution .
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Inheritance of egg-colour in the ‘parasitic’ cuckoos.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The distribution of conspecific nest parasitism in birds.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[2] .The cowbird’s parasitism does not necessarily harm its host’s brood; however, the cuckoo may remove one or more host eggs to avoid detection, and furthermore the young cuckoo may heave the host’s eggs and nestlings from the nest.^ Preferred host nests have eggs present.
  • Molothrus ater 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.fs.fed.us [Source type: Academic]

^ The parasitic cowbirds and their hosts.
  • Molothrus ater 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.fs.fed.us [Source type: Academic]

^ Parasitism does not necessarily result in injury or benefit to the host.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Parasitism can take the form of isolated cheating or exploitation among more generalized mutualistic interactions.^ Caring for Pets Dog Intestinal Parasites Internal parasites can take several different forms and can affect the health of your dog or puppy.

^ These bacteria occur in diverse eukaryotic hosts and form parasitic and mutualistic interactions that can be evolutionarily stable for hundreds of millions of years.
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A system is formed by the parasite, the host, and the environment where each one interacts and influences the other subsystem in such a way that any change in one subsystem affects the other two (Ferreira 1973).
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.For example, broad classes of plants and fungi exchange carbon and nutrients in common mutualistic mycorrhizal relationships; however, some plant species known as myco-heterotrophs "cheat" by taking carbon from a fungus rather than donating it.^ This suggests that C. oncophora and C. surnabada are much more common in the north; however, the results may indicate the location of interested collectors rather than the distribution of the two species.
  • Bibliography of Parasites of Bison 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.montana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Most nematode species are not parasitic, but some common types of parasitic intestinal worm are the pinworm, whipworm, hookworm, and roundworm.

^ They participated to the full in the common English distrust of our cause and our success, and talked and acted for the South rather than for our nation.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Evolutionary aspects

.Biotrophic parasitism is a common mode of life that has arisen independently many times in the course of evolution.^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Evolution of parasite life history traits: miths and reality.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ M. Broom, G. D. Ruxton, and R. M. Kilner Host life-history strategies and the evolution of chick-killing by brood parasitic offspring Behav.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Depending on the definition used, as many as half of all animals have at least one parasitic phase in their life cycles,[3] and it is also frequent in plants and fungi.^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ "Parasitic diseases account for a large proportion of human morbidity and mortality, and doubtlessly contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality among all animal populations as well.
  • Natural Remedies and Holistic Cures to Treat Parasites on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Home Remedies! 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Another law of nature is that the parasite, not only by sucking off the life sustenance of the host, but also by altering its life cycle, will inevitably kill the host.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover, almost all free-living animals are host to one or more parasite taxa.^ Obligatory parasites live on a host all the time.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When they are not on a host we call them 'free-living.'
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Parasitic diseases account for a large proportion of human morbidity and mortality, and doubtlessly contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality among all animal populations as well.
  • Natural Remedies and Holistic Cures to Treat Parasites on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Home Remedies! 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

[3]
Restoration of a Tyrannosaurus with parasite infections. A 2009 study showed that holes in the skulls of several specimens might have been caused by Trichomonas-like parasites[4]
.Parasites evolve in response to defense mechanisms of their hosts.^ Overcome Host Defenses: Mechanisms include .
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Host life history responses to parasitism.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ To compensate, martins have evolved their own set of defensive strategies to combat their parasites.
  • Ectoparasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC purplemartin.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Examples of host defenses include the toxins produced by plants to deter parasitic fungi and bacteria, the complex vertebrate immune system, which can target parasites through contact with bodily fluids, and behavioural defenses.^ Overcome Host Defenses: Mechanisms include .
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ He concludes by placing all parasites within a shared evolutionary framework, with the host immune response as a constant and powerful selective factor.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ The accumulation of toxins compromises our immune system and wears the body down leaving us vulnerable to all sorts of maladies.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An example of the latter is the avoidance by sheep of open pastures during spring, when roundworm eggs accumulated over the previous year hatch en masse.^ Having studied almost no biology in his degree it was during this year (in which he studied hard to accumulate the appropriate knowledge) that Norman developed an interest in biology that was to shape his professional life.
  • Development of parasite immmunology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.priory.com [Source type: Academic]

.As a result of these and other host defenses, some parasites evolve adaptations that are specific to a particular host taxon and specialize to the point where they infect only a single species.^ Each parasite species must have special adaptations that guarantee infection of a host and survival in it.
  • Parasitism (An Introduction to Parasitology) - un knol de Klaus Rohde 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These parasites can be species specific, so cross infections do not often occur.
  • Freshwater Fish Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.exoticpetvet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HABITAT-SPECIFIC PARASITE - A parasite that can live in only one specific location on or in its host.
  • Ectoparasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC purplemartin.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such narrow host specificity can be costly over evolutionary time, however, if the host species becomes extinct.^ Evolutionary associations of brood parasitic finches ( Vidua ) and their host species: Analyses of mitochondrial DNA restriction sites.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Although few helminth parasites of ruminants are highly host-specific, the majority of those recorded from wild species have domesticated ruminants as their prime hosts.
  • Bibliography of Parasites of Bison 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.montana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Female lineages are faithful to particular host species over evolutionarily significant time scales in both common cuckoos ( Cuculus canorus ) and indigobirds ( Vidua spp.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Thus, many parasites are capable of infecting a variety of host species that are more or less closely related, with varying success.^ There are more species of parasite than there are host species.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fish infected with a parasite is called the host.
  • Freshwater Fish Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.exoticpetvet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Various stages of this parasite are capable of infecting both the definitive and intermediate hosts.
  • Parasites that can affect your dog abnd cat. 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC cedarwayvet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Host defenses also evolve in response to attacks by parasites.^ On host life-history response to parasitism.
  • Asexual Reproduction in Pygospio elegans Claparede (Annelida, Polychaeta) in Relation to Parasitism by Lepocreadium setiferoides (Miller and Northup) (Platyhelminthes, Trematoda) -- MCCurdy 201 (1): 45 -- The Biological Bulletin 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biolbull.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Host life history responses to parasitism.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ This explains why N. fowleri attacks are so rapidly fatal—since hosts are not necessary to its survival, the parasite does not have to take pains to avoid killing them.
  • Damn Interesting • A Fluke of Nature 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.damninteresting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Theoretically, parasites may have an advantage in this evolutionary arms race because of their more rapid generation time.^ Sick Fish Evicting Equine Parasites Grazing peacefully in the sun is heavenly for horses, but horses may eat much more than clover and grass.

^ You may have trouble identifying these skin parasites because the skin may be red and scratched as a result of you itching and scratching it.

^ This host-parasite system was chosen partly because Stoll was keen to demonstrate the generality of his discoveries.
  • Development of parasite immmunology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.priory.com [Source type: Academic]

.Hosts reproduce less quickly than parasites, and therefore have fewer chances to adapt than their parasites do over a given span of time.^ Less than 10 of the Cryptosporidium oocysts are sufficient to cause an infection - and theoretically even one could rather quickly multiply by cell division and soon cause an infection.

^ Parasitic disease is an eventual outcome of a given parasite in a given host from a given population in a certain environment during a particular life co-evolution period of both protagonists.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Genetic parentage analyses suggest that brood parasitic birds are less promiscuous than might be expected given their lack of nesting and parental care behavior.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.In some cases, a parasite species may coevolve with its host taxa.^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ Host and microhabitat specificity, for example, may be affected by the age of host and parasite, presence or absence of other competitive parasite species, and the numbers of parasite individuals present.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Many parasites may be considered as harmless or even necessary for their hosts.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.In theory, long-term coevolution should lead to a relatively stable relationship tending to commensalism or mutualism, in that it is in the evolutionary interest of the parasite that its host thrives.^ Hosts and helminth parasites: An evolutionary perspective.

^ Parasitic birds and their hosts: Studies in coevolution .
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism .
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

.A parasite may evolve to become less harmful for its host or a host may evolve to cope with the unavoidable presence of a parasite to the point that the parasite's absence causes the host harm.^ Alternative responses by hosts to parasites which may be helpful or harmful.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Later in the show, a woman who works with the host talks about her experience with parasites causing her to think that they are bad.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Richards points out that the presence of volatiles such as water in a mass of rock would make it buoyant, causing it to rise.
  • The Flood of Noah 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, although animals infected with parasitic worms are often clearly harmed, and therefore parasitized, such infections may also reduce the prevalence and effects of autoimmune disorders in animal hosts, including humans.^ Alternative responses by hosts to parasites which may be helpful or harmful.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Infections by parasitic worms are called filarial infections.

^ A fearsome parasite, the guinea worm, uses a human host.
  • Alternative-Doctor Parasites prevention cure alternative remedies 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.alternative-doctor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.The presumption of a shared evolutionary history between parasites and hosts can sometimes elucidate how host taxa are related.^ Host life history responses to parasitism.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Hosts and helminth parasites: An evolutionary perspective.

^ Host relations of the parasitic cowbirds.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.For instance, there has been dispute about whether flamingos are more closely related to the storks and their allies, or to ducks, geese and their relatives.^ Prepatent Period: There is one more term related to life cycles that we would like you to be familiar with.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Check in "Menu 3" whether there is even a more recent update!
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, does brood parasitism typically originate with the parasitism of closely related hosts species that are more likely to provide appropriate parental care for parasitic chicks?
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.The fact that flamingos share parasites with ducks and geese is evidence these groups may be more closely related to each other than either is to storks.^ These parasites can do much more than that and the process in which they do this in is amazing.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ The growing body of evidence is supporting the idea that parasitic disease may be an essential factor for AIDS. The theory was based upon three lines of evidence : .
  • Parasites page: worms protozoa amoeba diseases parasitic animals 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC curezone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You may in fact be taking one or more of these ingredients; however, they may not be in a high enough amount to initially rid the body of parasites, but would be adequate to provide protection against future infection once you clear up the condition.
  • Parasites page: worms protozoa amoeba diseases parasitic animals 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC curezone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parasitism is part of one explanation for the evolution of secondary sex characteristics seen in breeding males throughout the animal world, such as the plumage of male peacocks and manes of male lions.^ One unexpected result in this analysis is that the Old World brood parasites (tribe Cuculini) fall into two distinct clades.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Their data confirmed identifications based on egg markings and also indicated that each female mated with a single male, but that two females breeding at one site in Japan both mated with the same male.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Other opposing innate traits such as altruism and symbiosis on the one hand and aggression and parasitism on the other require much broader "group" or sociobiological models.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to this theory, female hosts select males for breeding based on such characteristics because they indicate resistance to parasites and other disease.^ They can serve as intermediate hosts for other parasites (the fish tapeworm).
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parasites are a serious public health threat because so few people are talking about them and even fewer people are listening when they are being discussed.
  • Parasites page: worms protozoa amoeba diseases parasitic animals 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC curezone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The growing body of evidence is supporting the idea that parasitic disease may be an essential factor for AIDS. The theory was based upon three lines of evidence : .
  • Parasites page: worms protozoa amoeba diseases parasitic animals 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC curezone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Co-speciation

.In rare cases, a parasite may even undergo co-speciation with its host.^ Many parasites may be considered as harmless or even necessary for their hosts.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ Many significant remnants in the genome of parasites and hosts are left during the co-evolution process of a host-parasite-environment system.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.One particularly remarkable example of co-speciation exists between the simian foamy virus (SFV) and its primate hosts.^ Host and microhabitat specificity, for example, may be affected by the age of host and parasite, presence or absence of other competitive parasite species, and the numbers of parasite individuals present.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Males of both species, which had been deposited in the National Parasite Collection between 1911 and 1967, were examined to determine their prevalence, geographic distribution, and hosts.
  • Bibliography of Parasites of Bison 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.montana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Bordenstein and Reznikoff 2005 ), horizontally transfer between host species (Werren et al.
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.In one study, the phylogenies of SFV polymerase and the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II from African and Asian primates were compared.^ Here we employed two mitochondrial genes ( cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, 16S ribosomal RNA ), comprising 1,265 bp, together with 64 morphological characters, to recover the phylogeny of Lasius by Bayesian and Maximum Parsimony inference after exploration of potential causes of phylogenetic distortion.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In the present study, in order to clarify the phylogenetic relationship with other species of schistosomes, sequences from the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) of the ribosomal gene repeat, part of the 28S ribosomal RNA gene (28S), and part of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene from B. nairi were analyzed.

^ Recent molecular systematic studies, however, require us to increase this tally by one for cuckoos and reduce it by one for African finches.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[6] Surprisingly, the phylogenetic trees were very congruent in branching order and divergence times. .Thus, the simian foamy viruses may have co-speciated with Old World primates for at least 30 million years.^ Nevertheless parasitic remains have been found in paleontological sites, 1,5 million years old as well as in 500,000 years old preserved organic material (Ferreira et al.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ In his final years, King, still on the take, was exposed as a principal in the $30 million Beauharnais Power Co.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am now fifty and for at least 30 years I remember having parasites.
  • Natural Remedies and Holistic Cures to Treat Parasites on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Home Remedies! 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

Ecology

Quantitative ecology

.When considering the distribution of a single parasite species, one finds that they exhibit an aggregated distribution among host individuals, which means that most hosts harbour few parasites, while a few hosts carry the vast majority of parasite individuals.^ Parasites are a serious public health threat because so few people are talking about them and even fewer people are listening when they are being discussed.
  • Parasites page: worms protozoa amoeba diseases parasitic animals 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC curezone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ Although no-one carried out any research in this area, I personally believe that because of the parasitism dies more people than because of any other illness.
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

.This poses considerable problems for students of parasite ecology: the use of parametric statistics should be avoided.^ Although Natural Balance can be used on its own as an exceptional detox, anyone wanting to use herbs to eliminate parasites should start by using Natural Balance as a primary cleanse.
  • Alternative-Doctor Parasites prevention cure alternative remedies 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.alternative-doctor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems people with the urge to constantly eat ( I had that and thought it psychological - but it seems the parasites are doing this to you) and with digestion problems should start the parasite program.
  • Natural Remedies and Holistic Cures to Treat Parasites on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Home Remedies! 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ We have used the framework to define hypotheses of the evolution of two outstanding traits, social parasitism and fungiculture, the evolution of which continues to pose riddles to evolutionary biology.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

.Log-transformation of data before the application of parametric test, or the use of non-parametric statistics is recommended by several authors.^ This program was also used to perform tests for the saturation of substitutions [ 88 ] on the cox1 and 16S rRNA data.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ White squares indicate constraints enforced in constraint analyses using our concatenated data set in order to test the subgenus relationships of W55, H98, and J04.
  • BioMed Central | Full text | A DNA and morphology based phylogenetic framework of the ant genus Lasius with hypotheses for the evolution of social parasitism and fungiculture 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biomedcentral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Statistical Assessment of the Root We tested the significance of topological differences in phylogenetic trees with different rooting positions using the Shimodaira–Hasegawa (SH) test (Shimodaira and Hasegawa 1999 ).
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

However, these give rise to further problems.[7] Therefore, modern day quantitative parasitology is based on more advanced biostatistical methods.

Diversity ecology

.Hosts represent discrete habitat patches that can be occupied by parasites.^ Experimental test of parasitoid host finding behavior Two habitat patches occupied by both the butterfly and the parasitoid were divided into 144 and 132 quadrants (2 x 2 m) in the spring of 2001.
  • Wasp behavior leads to uniform parasitism of a host available only a few hours per year -- van Nouhuys and Ehrnsten 15 (4): 661 -- Behavioral Ecology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC beheco.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Life-history responses of hosts after exposure to parasites represent reallocations of energy in ways that increase reproductive success relative to non-responses.
  • Asexual Reproduction in Pygospio elegans Claparede (Annelida, Polychaeta) in Relation to Parasitism by Lepocreadium setiferoides (Miller and Northup) (Platyhelminthes, Trematoda) -- MCCurdy 201 (1): 45 -- The Biological Bulletin 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.biolbull.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These ancient events represent the first steps towards a host-parasite way of life although still at the level of molecules.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.A hierarchical set of terminology has come into use to describe parasite assemblages at different host scales.^ DNA viruses actually integrate themselves into the host's genetic code, allowing them to stay dormant for a while, then entering into the lytic cycle described above at an unspecified time.
  • Halo Story Page | Story Elements | The Flood 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC halostory.bungie.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This classification really takes all the characteristics we described above, as well as anatomic features and uses them to organize the parasites by their similarities.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nucleotide uptake into liposomes loaded with solely 10 mM ADP was set to 100% (unpublished data) and the transport into the differently loaded liposomes was calculated accordingly.
  • PLoS Biology: Enlightening Energy Parasitism by Analysis of an ATP/ADP Transporter from Chlamydiae 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.plosbiology.org [Source type: Academic]

Infrapopulation
All the parasites of one species in a single individual host.
Metapopulation
All the parasites of one species in a host population.
Infracommunity
All the parasites of all species in a single individual host.
Component community
All the parasites of all species in a host population.
Compound community
All the parasites of all species in all host species in an ecosystem.
.The diversity ecology of parasites differs markedly from that of free-living organisms.^ Blood parasites in free-living African elephants.

^ The prospects for biological control of the free-living stages of nematode parasites of livestock.
  • Integrated Parasite Management For Livestock 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC attra.ncat.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

.For free-living organisms, diversity ecology features many strong conceptual frameworks including Robert MacArthur and E. O. Wilson's theory of island biogeography, Jared Diamond's assembly rules and, more recently, null models such as Stephen Hubbell's unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography.^ Pathological outcomes are therefore the result of many features and are always modulated by the responses of a living being confronting to a non-self element (DuBois 1959).
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ There are many examples in nature of two organisms living in close association with each other.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ More recently many Christian climbing groups have attempted to find the remains of the Ark, all so far without positive results.
  • The Flood of Noah 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

.Frameworks are not so well-developed for parasites and in many ways they do not fit the free-living models.^ There are many parasites that fit this category.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When they are not on a host we call them 'free-living.'
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

.For example, island biogeography is predicated on fixed spatial relationships between habitat patches ("sinks"), usually with reference to a mainland ("source").^ For one thing, each relationship is probably slightly different and for another there are probably examples which straddle some of the boundaries between different 'states'.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ An example in nature would be the relationship between a remora and a shark.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parasites inhabit hosts, which represent mobile habitat patches with dynamic spatial relationships.^ Although there is growing evidence that males tend to suffer higher levels of parasitism than females, the implications of this for the population dynamics of the host population are not yet understood.
  • PLoS ONE: The Population Dynamical Implications of Male-Biased Parasitism in Different Mating Systems 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The explanation given was that is was a symbiotic relationship in which the parasite gets food and shelter, and the host gets a well-regulated immune system.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ The parasite-host-environment system is dynamic, with several points of equilibrium.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.There is no true "mainland" other than the sum of hosts (host population), so parasite component communities in host populations are metacommunities.^ There are more species of parasite than there are host species.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, he detailed the behavioral specializations that permit the parasitic nestling to prosper in the nest of the host, often at the expense of the true offspring of the nest owner.
  • Biographical Memoirs V.62 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.nap.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Rob Robertson, MD - "There is no other product in a nutritional substance, nor a drug, that has this kind of power and ability to affect our immune system.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nonetheless, different types of parasite assemblages have been recognised in host individuals and populations, and many of the patterns observed for free-living organisms are also pervasive among parasite assemblages.^ The podcast discusses many different types of parasites.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ HOST: That organism which is necessary for the development of a parasite.
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ When they are not on a host we call them 'free-living.'
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most prominent of these is the interactive-isolationist continuum. .This proposes that parasite assemblages occur along a cline from interactive communities, where niches are saturated and interspecific competition is high, to isolationist communities, where there are many vacant niches and interspecific interaction is not as important as stochastic factors in providing structure to the community.^ There are many parasites that fit this category.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bird-ectoparasite interactions, nest humidity, and ectoparasite communities structure.
  • Bird Blow Fly - Literature List 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.birdblowfly.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As a last note, there may some important additional factors to help define criminality.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Whether this is so, or whether community patterns simply reflect the sum of underlying species distributions (no real "structure" to the community), has not yet been established.

Adaptation

.Parasites infect hosts that exist within their same geographical area (sympatric) more effectively.^ In its award-winning documentary, The Body Snatchers , National Geographic magazine reported: "In fact, parasites have killed more humans than all the wars in history."

^ He concludes by placing all parasites within a shared evolutionary framework, with the host immune response as a constant and powerful selective factor.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Recombination within and between the A and B Wolbachia supergroups has been reported previously using Max 2 , and the A and B Wolbachia frequently coinfect the same arthropod hosts (Baldo et al.
  • Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say -- Bordenstein et al. 26 (1): 231 -- Molecular Biology and Evolution 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC mbe.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.This phenomenon supports the "Red Queen hypothesis - which states that interactions between species (such as host an parasites) lead to constant natural selection for adaptation and counter adaptation."^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ He concludes by placing all parasites within a shared evolutionary framework, with the host immune response as a constant and powerful selective factor.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ In nature, we are familiar with all types of relationships between different species.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .The parasites track the locally common host phenotypes, therefore the parasites are less infective to allopatric (from different geographical region) hosts.^ Males of both species, which had been deposited in the National Parasite Collection between 1911 and 1967, were examined to determine their prevalence, geographic distribution, and hosts.
  • Bibliography of Parasites of Bison 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.montana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Submitted to natural selection and/or the inherent properties of a system, the parasite-host-environment system reacts to changes in each subsystem with different responses, according to the features of the stimulus.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ For example, have allopatric populations of a parasitic species independently evolved egg or nestling mimicry of the same host species?
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Experiments published in 2002 discuss the analysis of two different snail populations from two different sources- Lake Ianthe and Lake Poerua in New Zealand.^ For the purpose presented here, virulence – the ability to multiply and transmit genes – and pathogenicity – the capacity to induce morbility and mortality in a host population – are two different features.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ He also discusses the only fatalities that occurred in Hendrum related to the flood, when two brothers died in an accident while building a new home after the flood.
  • Flood Exhibit Guide 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.mnstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maori (New Zealand): Long ago, there were a great many different tribes, and they quarrelled and made war on each other.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

.The populations were exposed to two pure parasites (digenetic trematode) taken from the same lakes.^ Modeling population dynamics of a songbird exposed to parasitism and predation and evaluating management options.
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Nearly one-third of the entire human population has been exposed to this nasty parasite that can sometimes infect the brain.

^ On two new digenetic trematodes from amphibians of Sindh, Pakistan .
  • Information Resources on Amphibians. Parasites: Animal Welfare Information Center 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

In the experiment, the snails were infected by their sympatric parasites, allopatric parasites and mixed sources of parasites. .The results suggest that the parasites were more highly effective in infecting their sympatric snails than their allopatric snails.^ In its award-winning documentary, The Body Snatchers , National Geographic magazine reported: "In fact, parasites have killed more humans than all the wars in history."

^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Parasite Deworming Your Horse - Four Common Parasites There are more than a hundred different internal parasites that can infect horses, donkeys, and mules.

.Though the allopatric snails were still infected by the parasites, the infectivity was much less when compared to the sympatric snails.^ Even though you are careful to drink only bottled water, if you order a drink with ice cubes made from the local water you could be infected with the Giardia parasite.

^ Sadly though, even with a much more educated public, I still hear clients tell me that a doctor or nurse has advised them to get rid of their cat during pregnancy.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Pets Worms and Parasites: natural prevention and treatments An animal with a healthy immune system will be less likely to become infected with dog worms, including heartworm .
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hence, the parasites were found to have adapted to infecting local populations of snails.^ All the parasites found in wild boars except Gastrodiscoides hominis and Gnathostoma hispidum commonly infect the domestic pig(Soulsby, 1982).

^ Nearly one-third of the entire human population has been exposed to this nasty parasite that can sometimes infect the brain.

^ Ascaris Lumbricoides , a large roundworm, is the most common nematode parasite found in humans, infecting an estimated 1.47 billion individuals world-wide!

[8]

Transmission

Life cycle of Entamoeba histolytica, an anaerobic parasitic protozoan.
.Parasites inhabit living organisms and therefore face problems that free-living organisms do not.^ Therefore, the parasite is free to impose his own World Order, which has no organic relationship to the universe or to form.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

^ According to Brumpt (1913), parasites are all living beings, plants or animals, that during at least part of their lives depend upon another organism.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Hosts, the only habitats in which parasites can survive, actively try to avoid, repel, and destroy parasites.^ In fact, the host is merely trying to survive by throwing off the parasite.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ A human parasite is an organism or animal which lives inside the host human and survives and thrives by either eating the food ingested by the host, or by eating body cells and tissues of the host.

.Parasites employ numerous strategies for getting from one host to another, a process sometimes referred to as parasite transmission or colonization.^ Another law of nature is that the parasite, not only by sucking off the life sustenance of the host, but also by altering its life cycle, will inevitably kill the host.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many significant remnants in the genome of parasites and hosts are left during the co-evolution process of a host-parasite-environment system.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ In eurixene (eclectic) parasites, if virulence and transmission are linked characters, virulence may be considered as a fitness trait even if transmission requires the killing of the infected host.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Some endoparasites infect their host by penetrating its external surface, while others must be ingested.^ The flood's toxin must need a very highly evolved nervous system to operate (in other words it needs a highly cognitive, sentient host) 5.
  • Halo Story Page | Story Elements | The Flood 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC halostory.bungie.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The trypanosomes must evade host defences that vary from arthropods or other invertebrate vectors to the bloodstream or the intracellular habitat of vertebrate hosts.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Under some circumstances, these malformations may enhance parasite transmission by rendering infected amphibian hosts more susceptible to definitive host predators.
  • Information Resources on Amphibians. Parasites: Animal Welfare Information Center 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Once inside the host, adult endoparasites need to shed offspring into the external environment in order to infect other hosts.^ When they enter the favorable environment of the mammalian or human body, the cysts transform into the parasitic trophozoite form of the protozoa and infect the body of the host.

^ The model of Koella and Doebeli [34] instead assumes that a small proportion of hosts are infected at the beginning of each cohort due to vertical transmission to offspring.
  • PLoS ONE: The Population Dynamical Implications of Male-Biased Parasitism in Different Mating Systems 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The flood's toxin must need a very highly evolved nervous system to operate (in other words it needs a highly cognitive, sentient host) 5.
  • Halo Story Page | Story Elements | The Flood 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC halostory.bungie.org [Source type: Original source]

Many adult endoparasites reside in the host’s gastrointestinal tract, where offspring can be shed along with host excreta. .Adult stages of tapeworms, thorny-headed worms and most flukes use this method.^ The term is used to group certain parasites together and includes the Nematodes, which are long, cylindrical worms, tapeworms, and flukes.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Threats to Endangered Species: Brown-headed cowbird parasitism is one of the variables used in a scoring method to determined species prioritization for songbird conservation [ 28 ].
  • Molothrus ater 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.fs.fed.us [Source type: Academic]

.Among protozoan endoparasites, such as the malarial parasites and trypanosomes, infective stages in the host’s blood are transported to new hosts by biting-insects, or vectors.^ An external parasite is an insect that lives off the blood supply of the host.

^ It does not discuss the biting and blood-sucking parasites like mosquitos, horseflies, leeches and vampire bats which temporarily feed on a human host from outside, or those insect vampires like ticks, fleas, lice and bedbugs which attach themselves to the outer skin.

^ William W. Cort's School of Hygiene at Johns Hopkins supplied the developing network with many new students who continued to work on host parasite interactions.
  • Development of parasite immmunology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.priory.com [Source type: Academic]

.Larval stages of endoparasites often infect sites in the host other than the blood or gastrointestinal tract.^ Parasite-Induced Change in Host Behavior: Intermediate stages will induce qualitative changes in the intermediate host such that the infected intermediate host is more likely to be captured by a predator which is the definitive host.
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Often brutal authoritarian intriguers hate each other more than they are hated by libertarians.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.In many such cases, larval endoparasites require their host to be consumed by the next host in the parasite’s life cycle in order to survive and reproduce.^ We normally define parasites as orgamisms which cannot survive without their host and have special modifications to their body or their life cycle for this association.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ Another law of nature is that the parasite, not only by sucking off the life sustenance of the host, but also by altering its life cycle, will inevitably kill the host.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

.Alternatively, larval endoparasites may shed free-living transmission stages that migrate through the host’s tissue into the external environment, where they actively search for or await ingestion by other hosts.^ They cannot live and reproduce free in the environment.
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Endoparasites live in the host’s interior (They may be intra- or extracellular).
  • Ecology, epidemiology, and evolution of parasitism in Daphnia by Dieter Ebert 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.evolution.unibas.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ When they are not on a host we call them 'free-living.'
  • Dog Parasites: Types, Transmission & Life Cycles 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The foregoing strategies are used, variously, by larval stages of tapeworms, thorny-headed worms, flukes and parasitic roundworms.^ Typical medical lab tests for the presence of tapeworms and other flukes and worms usually involve examining stool samples to see if the adult parasites or their tiny eggs are present, but such tests do not detect the presence of Taenia solium larval cysts ( cysticerci ) hidden inside an organ or tissue.

^ Most nematode species are not parasitic, but some common types of parasitic intestinal worm are the pinworm, whipworm, hookworm, and roundworm.

^ The Radiolab podcast spent an episode examining parasites, and attempted to determine whether they are “evil or awesome,” by telling stories of the various lives and uses of parasites.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

.Some ectoparasites, such as monogenean worms, rely on direct contact between hosts.^ Some times the contact between mush and new sill is gradational, but if the sill is 90% solidified it may be quite abrupt.
  • Continental Flood Basalts 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.geokem.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pigs may also be infected, so contact with pig manure containing the worm eggs, or vegetables grown in contaminated pig manure, can transmit the Ascaris eggs to the mouth of a new human host.

^ Some species which infect animals such as dogs and cats, C. canis and C. felis , can also infect humans, and are transmitted by contact with dog or cat feces.

.Ectoparasitic arthropods may rely on host-host contact (e.g.^ Pigs may also be infected, so contact with pig manure containing the worm eggs, or vegetables grown in contaminated pig manure, can transmit the Ascaris eggs to the mouth of a new human host.

many .lice), shed eggs that survive off the host (e.g.^ Baylisascaris procyonis does not harm the raccoon host, which may continue to shed millions of roundworm eggs in its feces every day.

^ In fact, the host is merely trying to survive by throwing off the parasite.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

fleas), or wait in the external environment for an encounter with a host (e.g. ticks). .Some aquatic leeches locate hosts by sensing movement and only attach when certain temperature and chemical cues are present.^ Scaleworms are known for being commensals; some will only attach to a single species while others can live on a variety of other creatures.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ One which flows only at certain times of the year when it receives water from springs or from some surface source such as melting snow in mountainous areas.
  • Science in Your Watershed - General Introduction and Hydrologic Definitions 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC water.usgs.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Some parasites modify host behaviour to make transmission to other hosts more likely.^ Modification of intermediate host behaviour by parasites.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ HUMAN PARASITES Myself and a handful of others, like Dr. Hulda Clark, have spent years trying to bring the parasite issue to the forefront of preventative & curative medicine.
  • A Herbal Healer Academy - Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.herbalhealer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evolutionarily speaking, this makes more sense, as the grazing times of cattle and sheep (also an occasional host) dictate a greater amount of grazing during daylight hours.
  • Damn Interesting • A Fluke of Nature 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.damninteresting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example, in California salt marshes the fluke Euhaplorchis californiensis reduces the ability of its killifish host to avoid predators.[9] .This parasite matures in egrets, which are more likely to feed on infected killifish than on uninfected fish.^ In its award-winning documentary, The Body Snatchers , National Geographic magazine reported: "In fact, parasites have killed more humans than all the wars in history."

^ I have learned many more things than I knew before about parasitic life, and how they are heavily affecting human life.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Although no-one carried out any research in this area, I personally believe that because of the parasitism dies more people than because of any other illness.
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

.Another example is the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that matures in cats but can be carried by many other mammals.^ An infection by the Toxoplasma gondii protozoan parasite is known as Toxoplasmosis .

^ Facts: 1.Toxoplasma gondii affects most animals (most notably sheep, cats, and humans), but even insects, fish, and earthworms may be carriers.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Lastly, the podcast talks about toxoplasma which is another type of parasite.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

.Uninfected rats avoid cat odours, but rats infected with T. gondii are drawn to this scent, a change which may increase transmission to feline hosts.^ Preferred definitive host: Rats, mice, hamsters, dogs and cats .
  • PARASITES 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • PARASITES 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.cbu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ If a rat becomes infected with it, the parasite “rewires” the rat’s brain to be attracted to cats.
  • WNYC - Radiolab » Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC blogs.wnyc.org [Source type: General]

^ Yet on the other hand, both parasite and host will be exterminated if this increase of virulence occurs at the expense of the host before the parasite reaches transmission.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

[10]

Roles in ecosystems

.Modifying the behaviour of infected hosts to make transmission to other hosts more likely is one way parasites can affect the structure of ecosystems.^ Modification of intermediate host behaviour by parasites.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ It is not likely that other species will be affected.
  • Dog Parasites 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Internal parasites can also make a pet more susceptible to other diseases.
  • Internal Parasites (Worms) 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, in the case of Euhaplorchis californiensis (discussed above) it is plausible that the abundance of local predator and prey species would be different if this parasite were absent from the system.^ Host and microhabitat specificity, for example, may be affected by the age of host and parasite, presence or absence of other competitive parasite species, and the numbers of parasite individuals present.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Submitted to natural selection and/or the inherent properties of a system, the parasite-host-environment system reacts to changes in each subsystem with different responses, according to the features of the stimulus.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ For example, I have read that in certain tropical rain forest jungles, parasites comprise approximately half the animal species.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although parasites are often omitted in depictions of food webs, they usually occupy the top position.^ The shepherd and his six children gathered all the food and sheep they could and took them to the top of the very tall mountain Ancasmarca.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't think they fit your specifications, although there are interesting thoughts that plant plastids are in fact obligate parasite or commensal protozoa in plants.
  • The Sea Slug Forum - Symbiosis, commensalism, mutualism and parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.seaslugforum.net [Source type: General]

^ As one can gether from these web pages, our planet is just secretly occupied by these "evil parasites" from space.
  • Parasitism - the philosphy of immorality, stagnation, aggression and unhappiness (in English) 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.anzwers.org [Source type: Original source]

.Parasites can function like keystone species, reducing the dominance of superior competitors and allowing competing species to co-exist.^ For example, does brood parasitism typically originate with the parasitism of closely related hosts species that are more likely to provide appropriate parental care for parasitic chicks?
  • Molecular Genetic Perspectives on Avian Brood Parasitism -- Sorenson and Payne 42 (2): 388 -- Integrative and Comparative Biology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC icb.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Life emerged as a consequence of parasitism at the molecular level, and intracellular parasitism created evolutive events that allowed species to diversify.
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Parasites are found in every organism of all existing species on earth (Poulin & Morand 2000).
  • Mem�rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Parasitism, the diversity of life, and paleoparasitology 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

.Many parasites require multiple hosts of different species to complete their life cycles and rely on predator-prey or other stable ecological interactions to get from one host to another.^ Like many another arthropod parasite, it causes its hosts to itch.
  • Parasites and Parasitology – FREE Parasites and Parasitology information | Encyclopedia.com: Find Parasites and Parasitology research 18 September 2009 9:27 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parasite survives predation on its host.
  • PLoS ONE: Parasitoid Increases Survival of Its Pupae by Inducing Hosts to Fight Predators 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Each species has different grazing behavior that complements one another.
  • Sheep 201: Internal parasite (worm) control 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.sheep101.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this sense, the parasites in an ecosystem reflect the "health" of that system.^ Now, in perfect health and with a strong immune system , I don't have to worry about parasites of infections anymore.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When I was a child I was in poor health and my weak immune system could not protect me against all sorts of infections and parasites.
  • Worms and Parasites in humans and animals: natural herbal treatments 31 January 2010 13:48 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

References

  1. ^ H. Charles & J. Godfray (2004). "Parasitoids". Current Biology Magazine 14 (12): R456. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2004.06.004.  [1]
  2. ^ "Bullies of the Bird World - National Wildlife Magazine." Aug/Sep 1997, Vol. 35 No. 5[2]
  3. ^ a b Price, P.W. 1980. Evolutionary Biology of Parasites. Princeton University Press, Princeton
  4. ^ http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0007288;jsessionid=46F0A1EFB5E7F840BE2194BA7F0AEC02
  5. ^ Rook, G.A.W. (2007). "The hygiene hypothesis and the increasing prevalence of chronic inflammatory disorders". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 101: 1072–4. doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.05.014. 
  6. ^ SwitzerWM, Salemi M, Shanmugam V, Gao F, Cong ME, Kuiken C, Bhullar V, Beer BE, Vallet D, Gautier-Hion A, Tooze Z, Villinger F, Holmes EC, Heneine W. Ancient co-speciation of simian foamy viruses and primates. Nature. 2005 Mar 17; 434(7031):376-80.
  7. ^ Rózsa L, Reiczigel J, Majoros G 2000. Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. Journal of Parasitology, 86, 228-232.
  8. ^ a b Lively, Curtis M. and Dybdahl, Mark F. "Parasite adaptation to locally common host genotypes." Nature. Vol. 405. 8 June 2000.
  9. ^ Lafferty, K. D. and A. K. Morris. 1996. Altered behavior of parasitized killifish increases susceptibility to predation by bird final hosts. Ecology 77:
  10. ^ Berdoy M, Webster JP, Macdonald DW (2000). "Fatal attraction in rats infected with Toxoplasma gondii". Proc. Biol. Sci. 267 (1452): 1591–4. doi:10.1098/rspb.2000.1182. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=. 

Further reading

  • Zimmer, Carl (2001). Parasite Rex. Free Press. pp. 320. ISBN 074320011X. 
  • Combes, Claude (2005). The Art of Being a Parasite. .The University of Chicago Press.^ The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels , University of Chicago Press, 1949.
    • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

    pp. 280. ISBN 0226114384.
     
  • Desowitz, Robert (1998). Who Gave Pinta to the Santa Maria?. Harvest Books. pp. 264. ISBN 0156005859. 

External links


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010
(Redirected to The Parasite article)

From Wikisource

The Parasite
by Arthur Conan Doyle

Contents

I

March 24. The spring is fairly with us now. .Outside my laboratory window the great chestnut-tree is all covered with the big, glutinous, gummy buds, some of which have already begun to break into little green shuttlecocks.^ All along their frontier great powerhouses sprang into being, facing Germany from Italy, producing iron, bauxite, chemicals and power.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The water covered even the summit of the mountain, and Tamanduare and his family climbed into the palm tree and live there, eating its fruit, until the water subsided.
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^ Makunaima created a great tree from which all food plants grew.
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As you walk down the lanes you are conscious of the rich, silent forces of nature working all around you. The wet earth smells fruitful and luscious. Green shoots are peeping out everywhere. The twigs are stiff with their sap; and the moist, heavy English air is laden with a faintly resinous perfume. Buds in the hedges, lambs beneath them-- everywhere the work of reproduction going forward!
I can see it without, and I can feel it within. We also have our spring when the little arterioles dilate, the lymph flows in a brisker stream, the glands work harder, winnowing and straining. Every year nature readjusts the whole machine. .I can feel the ferment in my blood at this very moment, and as the cool sunshine pours through my window I could dance about in it like a gnat.^ The Canadian diplomat, Herbert Norman, and the Harvard Professor F.O. Matthiesen, also went out the window before they could be made to testify about their associations.
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.So I should, only that Charles Sadler would rush upstairs to know what was the matter.^ He said only a few people, with special preparation for the knowledge, should know all four names, or the world would change too suddenly.
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Besides, I must remember that I am Professor Gilroy. .An old professor may afford to be natural, but when fortune has given one of the first chairs in the university to a man of four-and-thirty he must try and act the part consistently.^ Many people believed that Lord Montagu Norman ran the Bank of England as a one-man show for thirty years, showing that some people will believe anything.
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^ One of his first official acts was the conferring of knighthood on Solomon de Medina.
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^ "A prosecution for conspiracy to commit an offense against the U.S, may also be tried in any district wherein any overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy is performed."
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What a fellow Wilson is! .If I could only throw the same enthusiasm into physiology that he does into psychology, I should become a Claude Bernard at the least.^ They were persons who were unable to become productive members of any society, and who could exist only by maintaining a parasitic attachment upon a host.
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His whole life and soul and energy work to one end. .He drops to sleep collating his results of the past day, and he wakes to plan his researches for the coming one.^ One day, they heard faint voices coming from the gourd.
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And yet, outside the narrow circle who follow his proceedings, he gets so little credit for it. Physiology is a recognized science. If I add even a brick to the edifice, every one sees and applauds it. But Wilson is trying to dig the foundations for a science of the future. His work is underground and does not show. .Yet he goes on uncomplainingly, corresponding with a hundred semi-maniacs in the hope of finding one reliable witness, sifting a hundred lies on the chance of gaining one little speck of truth, collating old books, devouring new ones, experimenting, lecturing, trying to light up in others the fiery interest which is consuming him.^ Unktehi puffed up her body to make the Missouri overflow, and the little water monsters, her children, did the same with other streams and lakes.
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^ The Bank of England soon created a "new class" of moneyed interests in the City, as opposed to the power of the old barons, whose fortunes derived from their landholdings.
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^ We shall then be able with impunity, with a sure stroke, and under the British flag, to scatter from one end of Italy to the other, books, pamphlets, etc.
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.I am filled with wonder and admiration when I think of him, and yet, when he asks me to associate myself with his researches, I am compelled to tell him that, in their present state, they offer little attraction to a man who is devoted to exact science.^ Wenebojo offered it a string of beads if it would tell him what it knew.
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^ One man who could see the future heard a voice telling him to plant a hollow reed.
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^ There are men in the United States of the finest temper who are in sympathy with Bolshevism because it appears to them to offer that regime of opportunity to the individual which they desire to bring about."
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If he could show me something positive and objective, I might then be tempted to approach the question from its physiological side. So long as half his subjects are tainted with charlatanerie and the other half with hysteria we physiologists must content ourselves with the body and leave the mind to our descendants.
No doubt I am a materialist. Agatha says that I am a rank one. I tell her that is an excellent reason for shortening our engagement, since I am in such urgent need of her spirituality. .And yet I may claim to be a curious example of the effect of education upon temperament, for by nature I am, unless I deceive myself, a highly psychic man.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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^ Forbes pointed out June 20, 1983 in a story about "Tony" Solomon, "Solomon may be the most important man in the Federal Reserve System after the chairman, and what he says and does has an effect upon us all."
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^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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I was a nervous, sensitive boy, a dreamer, a somnambulist, full of impressions and intuitions. .My black hair, my dark eyes, my thin, olive face, my tapering fingers, are all characteristic of my real temperament, and cause experts like Wilson to claim me as their own.^ C.W. Barron: "The Mexican Revolution was really caused by H. Clay Pierce, who owned 35% of Pierce-Waters Oil Co.; Standard Oil owned the other 65%.
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But my brain is soaked with exact knowledge. I have trained myself to deal only with fact and with proof. Surmise and fancy have no place in my scheme of thought. Show me what I can see with my microscope, cut with my scalpel, weigh in my balance, and I will devote a lifetime to its investigation. But when you ask me to study feelings, impressions, suggestions, you ask me to do what is distasteful and even demoralizing. A departure from pure reason affects me like an evil smell or a musical discord.
Which is a very sufficient reason why I am a little loath to go to Professor Wilson's tonight. Still I feel that I could hardly get out of the invitation without positive rudeness; and, now that Mrs. Marden and Agatha are going, of course I would not if I could. But I had rather meet them anywhere else. I know that Wilson would draw me into this nebulous semi-science of his if he could. In his enthusiasm he is perfectly impervious to hints or remonstrances. .Nothing short of a positive quarrel will make him realize my aversion to the whole business.^ Mayer Amschel Bauer (later Rothschild) discovered that although loans to farmers and small businesses could be profitable, the real profits lay in making loans to governments.
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.I have no doubt that he has some new mesmerist or clairvoyant or medium or trickster of some sort whom he is going to exhibit to us, for even his entertainments bear upon his hobby.^ The financiers then realized they created a new and even more untraceable source of paper money which had no backing.
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Well, it will be a treat for Agatha, at any rate. She is interested in it, as woman usually is in whatever is vague and mystical and indefinite.
10.50 P. M. This diary-keeping of mine is, I fancy, the outcome of that scientific habit of mind about which I wrote this morning. I like to register impressions while they are fresh. Once a day at least I endeavor to define my own mental position. It is a useful piece of self-analysis, and has, I fancy, a steadying effect upon the character. Frankly, I must confess that my own needs what stiffening I can give it. I fear that, after all, much of my neurotic temperament survives, and that I am far from that cool, calm precision which characterizes Murdoch or Pratt- Haldane. .Otherwise, why should the tomfoolery which I have witnessed this evening have set my nerves thrilling so that even now I am all unstrung?^ Even if they planned otherwise, the five masters of the World Order have now created a situation which must lead to world war, world economic collapse, or both.
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My only comfort is that neither Wilson nor Miss Penclosa nor even Agatha could have possibly known my weakness.
And what in the world was there to excite me? Nothing, or so little that it will seem ludicrous when I set it down.
The Mardens got to Wilson's before me. In fact, I was one of the last to arrive and found the room crowded. I had hardly time to say a word to Mrs. Marden and to Agatha, who was looking charming in white and pink, with glittering wheat-ears in her hair, when Wilson came twitching at my sleeve.
"You want something positive, Gilroy," said he, drawing me apart into a corner. "My dear fellow, I have a phenomenon--a phenomenon!"
I should have been more impressed had I not heard the same before. .His sanguine spirit turns every fire-fly into a star.^ But the Almighty, irritated with him for building the fire, appeared and turned him into a monkey.
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^ Messou fired arrows into the trunks of trees, and the arrows turned into branches.
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^ God ordered that no fires be kindled, but one man disobeyed and was turned into a dog.
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."No possible question about the bona fides this time," said he, in answer, perhaps, to some little gleam of amusement in my eyes.^ When Harriman and Otto Kahn were summoned by the ICC in 1897, Lovett advised them to refuse to answer all questions about their stock operations.
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^ No one else ever asked the question, nor did anyone answer it!
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."My wife has known her for many years.^ The fish dragged the ship through roiling waters for many years, at last bringing it to the highest peak of Himavat, which is still known as Naubandhana ("the Binding of the Ship").
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^ Miami Natl Bank, which is now owned by Citibank was known for many years to be controlled by Meyer Lansky.
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They both come from Trinidad, you know. .Miss Penclosa has only been in England a month or two, and knows no one outside the university circle, but I assure you that the things she has told us suffice in themselves to establish clairvoyance upon an absolutely scientific basis.^ Philby was quoted as saying, "Foreign agencies spying on the U.S. Government know exactly what one person in the CIA wants them to know, no more and no less."
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^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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^ The idea that one individual ran the Bank of England to suit himself, with no influences, is too ridiculous to be considered.
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There is nothing like her, amateur or professional. Come and be introduced!"
I like none of these mystery-mongers, but the amateur least of all. .With the paid performer you may pounce upon him and expose him the instant that you have seen through his trick.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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He is there to deceive you, and you are there to find him out. But what are you to do with the friend of your host's wife? Are you to turn on a light suddenly and expose her slapping a surreptitious banjo? Or are you to hurl cochineal over her evening frock when she steals round with her phosphorus bottle and her supernatural platitude? There would be a scene, and you would be looked upon as a brute. So you have your choice of being that or a dupe. I was in no very good humor as I followed Wilson to the lady.
.Any one less like my idea of a West Indian could not be imagined.^ The idea was not to disarm, but to persuade the nations to junk what arms they had so they could later be sold new ones.
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She was a small, frail creature, well over forty, I should say, with a pale, peaky face, and hair of a very light shade of chestnut. Her presence was insignificant and her manner retiring. .In any group of ten women she would have been the last whom one would have picked out.^ One day, a group of ragged Indians came and warned the proud inhabitants that the city would be destroyed by earthquake, flood, and fire.
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^ He said the rain would last for ten days and nights.
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Her eyes were perhaps her most remarkable, and also, I am compelled to say, her least pleasant, feature. They were gray in color,--gray with a shade of green,--and their expression struck me as being decidedly furtive. I wonder if furtive is the word, or should I have said fierce? On second thoughts, feline would have expressed it better. A crutch leaning against the wall told me what was painfully evident when she rose: that one of her legs was crippled.
.So I was introduced to Miss Penclosa, and it did not escape me that as my name was mentioned she glanced across at Agatha.^ He prayed to the god Lono in the name of his sister but did not escape.
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Wilson had evidently been talking. And presently, no doubt, thought I, she will inform me by occult means that I am engaged to a young lady with wheat-ears in her hair. I wondered how much more Wilson had been telling her about me.
"Professor Gilroy is a terrible sceptic," said he; "I hope, Miss Penclosa, that you will be able to convert him."
She looked keenly up at me.
"Professor Gilroy is quite right to be sceptical if he has not seen any thing convincing," said she. "I should have thought," she added, "that you would yourself have been an excellent subject."
"For what, may I ask?" said I.
"Well, for mesmerism, for example."
."My experience has been that mesmerists go for their subjects to those who are mentally unsound.^ Although the war was going well for those who had promoted it, hostilities were ended somewhat abruptly by the unforeseen intervention of an aide to the Czar of Russia, Maj.
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^ The methods of Freudian psychotherapy induce permanent mental illness in those who undergo this treatment by destabilizing their character.
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All their results are vitiated, as it seems to me, by the fact that they are dealing with abnormal organisms."
"Which of these ladies would you say possessed a normal organism?" she asked. ."I should like you to select the one who seems to you to have the best balanced mind.^ Another Columbia professor who liked Donovan was Jackson E. Reynolds, later president of the First National Bank of N.Y. who backed Donovan's selection as head of OSS. One of Donovan's Columbia classmates was Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
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^ The oldest wolf became distrustful of Wenebojo and decided they should leave him, but one wolf, who liked Wenebojo, stayed with him and hunted food for him, and Wenebojo considered him his nephew.
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^ He noted that: "No one ever seems to ask the question 'who is behind the Morgans and the Rockefellers ?'"
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Should we say the girl in pink and white?--Miss Agatha Marden, I think the name is."
"Yes, I should attach weight to any results from her."
"I have never tried how far she is impressionable. .Of course some people respond much more rapidly than others.^ He testified, "I probably had more power than perhaps any other man did in the war; doubtless that is true."
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^ When the water went down, some people went back to living as humans, but others stayed emperor penguins.
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^ When the other two men appeared, the tribe put on a ceremony rather than quarrelling more.
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May I ask how far your scepticism extends? I suppose that you admit the mesmeric sleep and the power of suggestion."
"I admit nothing, Miss Penclosa."
"Dear me, I thought science had got further than that. Of course I know nothing about the scientific side of it. I only know what I can do. You see the girl in red, for example, over near the Japanese jar. I shall will that she come across to us."
She bent forward as she spoke and dropped her fan upon the floor. .The girl whisked round and came straight toward us, with an enquiring look upon her face, as if some one had called her.^ Vladimir Halperin, in "Lord Milner and the Empire", writes: "It was through Milner and some of his friends that the Round Table Group came into being.
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^ In "A Man Called Intrepid", Stephenson is quoted as saying that after April, 1939, "The President was one of us."
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"What do you think of that, Gilroy?" cried Wilson, in a kind of ecstasy.
.I did not dare to tell him what I thought of it.^ Eagle told Coyote how to find a wife but did not tell him how to make children.
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To me it was the most barefaced, shameless piece of imposture that I had ever witnessed. The collusion and the signal had really been too obvious.
"Professor Gilroy is not satisfied," said she, glancing up at me with her strange little eyes. "My poor fan is to get the credit of that experiment. Well, we must try something else. Miss Marden, would you have any objection to my putting you off?"
"Oh, I should love it!" cried Agatha.
.By this time all the company had gathered round us in a circle, the shirt-fronted men, and the white-throated women, some awed, some critical, as though it were something between a religious ceremony and a conjurer's entertainment.^ This happened at the time of Yáiaasága, when men seized power from the women.
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^ Thus we see that the major foundations were all organized by the same small group of people, bankers and lawyers who function as front men for the World Order.
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^ The Hoover Library of Wartime Documents From the time that White, Gilman and Wilbur persuaded Hoover to gather documents for the Hoover Library, much support was made available from official sources.
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A red velvet arm-chair had been pushed into the centre, and Agatha lay back in it, a little flushed and trembling slightly from excitement. I could see it from the vibration of the wheat-ears. Miss Penclosa rose from her seat and stood over her, leaning upon her crutch.
And there was a change in the woman. She no longer seemed small or insignificant. Twenty years were gone from her age. Her eyes were shining, a tinge of color had come into her sallow cheeks, her whole figure had expanded. .So I have seen a dull-eyed, listless lad change in an instant into briskness and life when given a task of which he felt himself master.^ Once on the boat, the devil changed himself into a mouse and began gnawing holes in the hull, until Burkhan created a cat to catch it.
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She looked down at Agatha with an expression which I resented from the bottom of my soul--the expression with which a Roman empress might have looked at her kneeling slave. Then with a quick, commanding gesture she tossed up her arms and swept them slowly down in front of her.
I was watching Agatha narrowly. During three passes she seemed to be simply amused. At the fourth I observed a slight glazing of her eyes, accompanied by some dilation of her pupils. At the sixth there was a momentary rigor. At the seventh her lids began to droop. At the tenth her eyes were closed, and her breathing was slower and fuller than usual. I tried as I watched to preserve my scientific calm, but a foolish, causeless agitation convulsed me. I trust that I hid it, but I felt as a child feels in the dark. I could not have believed that I was still open to such weakness.
"She is in the trance," said Miss Penclosa.
"She is sleeping!" I cried.
"Wake her, then!"
I pulled her by the arm and shouted in her ear. She might have been dead for all the impression that I could make. Her body was there on the velvet chair. Her organs were acting--her heart, her lungs. But her soul! It had slipped from beyond our ken. Whither had it gone? What power had dispossessed it? I was puzzled and disconcerted.
"So much for the mesmeric sleep," said Miss Penclosa. "As regards suggestion, whatever I may suggest Miss Marden will infallibly do, whether it be now or after she has awakened from her trance. Do you demand proof of it?"
"Certainly," said I.
"You shall have it." I saw a smile pass over her face, as though an amusing thought had struck her. She stooped and whispered earnestly into her subject's ear. Agatha, who had been so deaf to me, nodded her head as she listened.
"Awake!" cried Miss Penclosa, with a sharp tap of her crutch upon the floor. The eyes opened, the glazing cleared slowly away, and the soul looked out once more after its strange eclipse.
We went away early. Agatha was none the worse for her strange excursion, but I was nervous and unstrung, unable to listen to or answer the stream of comments which Wilson was pouring out for my benefit. As I bade her good-night Miss Penclosa slipped a piece of paper into my hand.
"Pray forgive me," said she, "if I take means to overcome your scepticism. Open this note at ten o'clock to-morrow morning. It is a little private test."
I can't imagine what she means, but there is the note, and it shall be opened as she directs. My head is aching, and I have written enough for to-night. To- morrow I dare say that what seems so inexplicable will take quite another complexion. I shall not surrender my convictions without a struggle.
March 25. I am amazed, confounded. It is clear that I must reconsider my opinion upon this matter. But first let me place on record what has occurred.
I had finished breakfast, and was looking over some diagrams with which my lecture is to be illustrated, when my housekeeper entered to tell me that Agatha was in my study and wished to see me immediately. I glanced at the clock and saw with sun rise that it was only half-past nine.
When I entered the room, she was standing on the hearth-rug facing me. Something in her pose chilled me and checked the words which were rising to my lips. Her veil was half down, but I could see that she was pale and that her expression was constrained.
"Austin," she said, "I have come to tell you that our engagement is at an end."
I staggered. I believe that I literally did stagger. I know that I found myself leaning against the bookcase for support.
"But--but----" I stammered. "This is very sudden, Agatha."
."Yes, Austin, I have come here to tell you that our engagement is at an end."^ Morgenthau became furious, screaming at them, "I didn't come here to argue with you!
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"But surely," I cried, "you will give me some reason! This is unlike you, Agatha. Tell me how I have been unfortunate enough to offend you."
"It is all over, Austin."
"But why? You must be under some delusion, Agatha. Perhaps you have been told some falsehood about me. Or you may have misunderstood something that I have said to you. .Only let me know what it is, and a word may set it all right."^ He said only a few people, with special preparation for the knowledge, should know all four names, or the world would change too suddenly.
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"We must consider it all at an end."
"But you left me last night without a hint at any disagreement. What could have occurred in the interval to change you so? It must have been something that happened last night. You have been thinking it over and you have disapproved of my conduct. Was it the mesmerism? Did you blame me for letting that woman exercise her power over you? You know that at the least sign I should have interfered."
"It is useless, Austin. All is over:"
Her voice was cold and measured; her manner strangely formal and hard. It seemed to me that she was absolutely resolved not to be drawn into any argument or explanation. As for me, I was shaking with agitation, and I turned my face aside, so ashamed was I that she should see my want of control.
"You must know what this means to me!" I cried. "It is the blasting of all my hopes and the ruin of my life! You surely will not inflict such a punishment upon me unheard. You will let me know what is the matter. Consider how impossible it would be for me, under any circumstances, to treat you so. For God's sake, Agatha, let me know what I have done!"
She walked past me without a word and opened the door.
"It is quite useless, Austin," said she. "You must consider our engagement at an end." An instant later she was gone, and, before I could recover myself sufficiently to follow her, I heard the hall-door close behind her.
I rushed into my room to change my coat, with the idea of hurrying round to Mrs. Marden's to learn from her what the cause of my misfortune might be. So shaken was I that I could hardly lace my boots. Never shall I forget those horrible ten minutes. I had just pulled on my overcoat when the clock upon the mantel-piece struck ten.
Ten! I associated the idea with Miss Penclosa's note. It was lying before me on the table, and I tore it open. It was scribbled in pencil in a peculiarly angular handwriting.
"MY DEAR PROFESSOR GILROY [it said]: Pray excuse the personal nature of the test which I am giving you. .Professor Wilson happened to mention the relations between you and my subject of this evening, and it struck me that nothing could be more convincing to you than if I were to suggest to Miss Marden that she should call upon you at half-past nine to-morrow morning and suspend your engagement for half an hour or so.^ Nothing could be more incorrect.
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^ Marlborough claimed it had all been spent for intelligence, but witnesses testified he could not have spent more than 5000 pounds for this purpose in all of his campaigns.
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^ More than half of the Hoover staff went to Washington with Reagan.
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.Science is so exacting that it is difficult to give a satisfying test, but I am convinced that this at least will be an action which she would be most unlikely to do of her own free will.^ It is most unlikely that Hoover would have parted with such sums, but no one has ever admitted putting any money into this project.
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Forget any thing that she may have said, as she has really nothing whatever to do with it, and will certainly not recollect any thing about it. .I write this note to shorten your anxiety, and to beg you to forgive me for the momentary unhappiness which my suggestion must have caused you.^ You must give a certain amount of your economic income to other areas of the world."
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               "Yours faithfully;
                               "HELEN PENCLOSA.

Really, when I had read the note, I was too relieved to be angry. It was a liberty. Certainly it was a very great liberty indeed on the part of a lady whom I had only met once. But, after all, I had challenged her by my scepticism. It may have been, as she said, a little difficult to devise a test which would satisfy me.
And she had done that. .There could be no question at all upon the point.^ Naturally, there was no publicity for all this."
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^ There was no place they could go except for the rock Aragaladi, but Aragaladi was not a real rock; Snake had made it rise up for them.
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^ Its influence was so all-powerful that it was a saying, no war could be undertaken without the assistance of the Rothschilds.
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For me hypnotic suggestion was finally established. It took its place from now onward as one of the facts of life. .That Agatha, who of all women of my acquaintance has the best balanced mind, had been reduced to a condition of automatism appeared to be certain.^ Of all creatures, the only survivors were two men and two women who had the fortune to be in a canoe when the flood came.
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^ All drowned except a man and two or three women who took refuge on a mud island near Port Albert.
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A person at a distance had worked her as an engineer on the shore might guide a Brennan torpedo. A second soul had stepped in, as it were, had pushed her own aside, and had seized her nervous mechanism, saying: "I will work this for half an hour." And Agatha must have been unconscious as she came and as she returned. .Could she make her way in safety through the streets in such a state?^ It seems inexcusable that any person allowed to be at large in the United States could entertain or epxress such a view of this.'"
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I put on my hat and hurried round to see if all was well with her.
Yes. She was at home. I was shown into the drawing- room and found her sitting with a book upon her lap.
"You are an early visitor, Austin," said she, smiling.
"And you have been an even earlier one," I answered.
She looked puzzled. "What do you mean?" she asked.
"You have not been out to-day?"
"No, certainly not."
."Agatha," said I seriously, "would you mind telling me exactly what you have done this morning?"^ The bird would not tell Nenebojo what it saw until Nenebojo painted its feathers; then it said it saw Nenebojo's brother, whose skin the water-spirits were using as a door flap.
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^ No one would seriously believe that bankers of this magnitude would finance an "anti-capitalist" revolution for the Communists, yet this is exactly what happened.
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^ Norman Dodd, also a Yale man, said: "It was wellknown on campus that if you were tapped for Bones you would never have to worry about success in later life."
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She laughed at my earnestness.
"You've got on your professional look, Austin. See what comes of being engaged to a man of science. .However, I will tell you, though I can't imagine what you want to know for.^ He writes, "If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face -- forever."
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I got up at eight. I breakfasted at half-past. I came into this room at ten minutes past nine and began to read the `Memoirs of Mme. de Remusat.' .In a few minutes I did the French lady the bad compliment of dropping to sleep over her pages, and I did you, sir, the very flattering one of dreaming about you.^ Then one of them dreamed of a whirlwind, and the others said he had dreamed something bad.
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.It is only a few minutes since I woke up."^ Naareau told them to push up, and the sky was lifted a little, but they could lift it only so high since the sky was rooted to the land.
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"And found yourself where you had been before?"
"Why, where else should I find myself?"
."Would you mind telling me, Agatha, what it was that you dreamed about me?^ Norman Dodd, also a Yale man, said: "It was wellknown on campus that if you were tapped for Bones you would never have to worry about success in later life."
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It really is not mere curiosity on my part."
"I merely had a vague impression that you came into it. I cannot recall any thing definite."
"If you have not been out to-day, Agatha, how is it that your shoes are dusty?"
A pained look came over her face.
"Really, Austin, I do not know what is the matter with you this morning. .One would almost think that you doubted my word.^ GRAHAM: Then I would not use the word 'we' if I were you."
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If my boots are dusty, it must be, of course, that I have put on a pair which the maid had not cleaned."
It was perfectly evident that she knew nothing whatever about the matter, and I reflected that, after all, perhaps it was better that I should not enlighten her. It might frighten her, and could serve no good purpose that I could see. I said no more about it, therefore, and left shortly afterward to give my lecture.
But I am immensely impressed. My horizon of scientific possibilities has suddenly been enormously extended. I no longer wonder at Wilson's demonic energy and enthusiasm. .Who would not work hard who had a vast virgin field ready to his hand?^ Mayuruberu ate anyone who would not work.
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^ Every evening he would return home from work in the fields to find meals prepared.
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Why, I have known the novel shape of a nucleolus, or a trifling peculiarity of striped muscular fibre seen under a 300-diameter lens, fill me with exultation. How petty do such researches seem when compared with this one which strikes at the very roots of life and the nature of the soul! I had always looked upon spirit as a product of matter. The brain, I thought, secreted the mind, as the liver does the bile. .But how can this be when I see mind working from a distance and playing upon matter as a musician might upon a violin?^ The present educational conventions fade from our minds, and, unhampered by tradition, we work our own good will upon a grateful and responsive rural folk."
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The body does not give rise to the soul, then, but is rather the rough instrument by which the spirit manifests itself. The windmill does not give rise to the wind, but only indicates it. .It was opposed to my whole habit of thought, and yet it was undeniably possible and worthy of investigation.^ The two aims of the party are to conquer the whole surface of the earth and to extinguish once and for all the possibility of independent thought."
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And why should I not investigate it? I see that under yesterday's date I said: "If I could see something positive and objective, I might be tempted to approach it from the physiological aspect." Well, I have got my test. I shall be as good as my word. The investigation would, I am sure, be of immense interest. Some of my colleagues might look askance at it, for science is full of unreasoning prejudices, but if Wilson has the courage of his convictions, I can afford to have it also. I shall go to him to-morrow morning-- to him and to Miss Penclosa. If she can show us so much, it is probable that she can show us more.

II

March 26. Wilson was, as I had anticipated, very exultant over my conversion, and Miss Penclosa was also demurely pleased at the result of her experiment. Strange what a silent, colorless creature she is save only when she exercises her power! Even talking about it gives her color and life. She seems to take a singular interest in me. .I cannot help observing how her eyes follow me about the room.^ The two leaders did not know or particularly like each other; each of them conferred with W. Averell Harriman about how to talk to the other, and carefully followed his advice.
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We had the most interesting conversation about her own powers. It is just as well to put her views on record, though they cannot, of course, claim any scientific weight.
"You are on the very fringe of the subject," said she, when I had expressed wonder at the remarkable instance of suggestion which she had shown me. "I had no direct influence upon Miss Marden when she came round to you. I was not even thinking of her that morning. What I did was to set her mind as I might set the alarum of a clock so that at the hour named it would go off of its own accord. If six months instead of twelve hours had been suggested, it would have been the same."
"And if the suggestion had been to assassinate me?"
"She would most inevitably have done so."
"But this is a terrible power!" I cried.
"It is, as you say, a terrible power," she answered gravely, "and the more you know of it the more terrible will it seem to you."
."May I ask," said I, "what you meant when you said that this matter of suggestion is only at the fringe of it?^ The son asked twice more, and after the third time the tree said, "Do what you like," and the son rescued the other boy.
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What do you consider the essential?"
"I had rather not tell you."
I was surprised at the decision of her answer.
."You understand," said I, "that it is not out of curiosity I ask, but in the hope that I may find some scientific explanation for the facts with which you furnish me."^ The son asked twice more, and after the third time the tree said, "Do what you like," and the son rescued the other boy.
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^ You may find even more astonishing true facts than I have managed to glean in thirty-five years of intensive and in-depth research.
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."Frankly, Professor Gilroy," said she, "I am not at all interested in science, nor do I care whether it can or cannot classify these powers."^ The Round Table, it should be said, is an authority to this day on all Commonwealth interests."
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^ All of modern history stems directly from the struggle between these two powers.
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"But I was hoping----"
"Ah, that is quite another thing. .If you make it a personal matter," said she, with the pleasantest of smiles, "I shall be only too happy to tell you any thing you wish to know.^ Everyone takes this quote out of context: "Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him: 'If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.'"
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^ In 1822, his instructions to the chapters were confiscated and published, from which we excerpt: "We do not cease to recommend to you, to affiliate persons of every class and every manner of association, no matter what kind, only provided that mystery and secrecy shall be the dominant characteristic.
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^ The fish then revealed itself as Parjapati Brahma and said Manu shall create all living things and all things moving and fixed.
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Let me see; what was it you asked me? Oh, about the further powers. Professor Wilson won't believe in them, but they are quite true all the same. For example, it is possible for an operator to gain complete command over his subject-- presuming that the latter is a good one. Without any previous suggestion he may make him do whatever he likes."
"Without the subject's knowledge?"
"That depends. .If the force were strongly exerted, he would know no more about it than Miss Marden did when she came round and frightened you so.^ CARSE: No, I did not know anything about Zaharoff's income.
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^ Philby was quoted as saying, "Foreign agencies spying on the U.S. Government know exactly what one person in the CIA wants them to know, no more and no less."
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^ The brother and sister did not know how they would live, for they had eaten all the rice that was stored in the chest.
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Or, if the influence was less powerful, he might be conscious of what he was doing, but be quite unable to prevent himself from doing it."
"Would he have lost his own will power, then?"
"It would be over-ridden by another stronger one."
"Have you ever exercised this power yourself?"
"Several times."
"Is your own will so strong, then?"
"Well, it does not entirely depend upon that. Many have strong wills which are not detachable from themselves. The thing is to have the gift of projecting it into another person and superseding his own. I find that the power varies with my own strength and health."
."Practically, you send your soul into another person's body."^ GRAHAM: Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?
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"Well, you might put it that way."
"And what does your own body do?"
"It merely feels lethargic."
"Well, but is there no danger to your own health?" I asked.
"There might be a little. .You have to be careful never to let your own consciousness absolutely go; otherwise, you might experience some difficulty in finding your way back again.^ GRAHAM: Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?
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^ I ask you to accept nothing, but to make your own investigations.
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.You must always preserve the connection, as it were.^ The Memoirs of Max Warburg state, "The Kaiser thumped the table violently and shouted 'Must you always be right?', but then listened carefully to Max's view of financial matters."
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.I am afraid I express myself very badly, Professor Gilroy, but of course I don't know how to put these things in a scientific way.^ We don't know how long the flood stayed.
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I am just giving you my own experiences and my own explanations."
.Well, I read this over now at my leisure, and I marvel at myself!^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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.Is this Austin Gilroy, the man who has won his way to the front by his hard reasoning power and by his devotion to fact?^ Powers, in his biography of Richard Helms, also identifies Rusk as the man who cancelled the air support of the anti-Communists.
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^ He waited five days more and sent out the sandpiper, who reported back that the ground was hard, and the man ventured out.
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^ Australian: Grumuduk, a medicine man who lived in the hills, had the power to bring rain and to make plants and animals plentiful.
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.Here I am gravely retailing the gossip of a woman who tells me how her soul may be projected from her body, and how, while she lies in a lethargy, she can control the actions of people at a distance.^ Today, wherever in this world I meet a man or woman who fought for Spanish liberty I meet a kindred soul.
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^ I was openly talking about how the war may be prolonged, by fellows who were scared that the war might stop.
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^ Thirty people attended, who controlled aggregate wealth of $40 billion; they included: • • • • • • • • .
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Do I accept it? Certainly not. She must prove and re-prove before I yield a point. But if I am still a sceptic, I have at least ceased to be a scoffer. We are to have a sitting this evening, and she is to try if she can produce any mesmeric effect upon me. .If she can, it will make an excellent starting-point for our investigation.^ Once we started dismantling our stategic weapons, the defense stocks will make the hi tech group look stable by comparison.
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No one can accuse me, at any rate, of complicity. .If she cannot, we must try and find some subject who will be like Caesar's wife.^ His wife, Magigi, told him that it must have been her father who had turned himself into a mouse.
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^ Others appealed to the Creator, who told them to try to find refuge on Crooked Mountain, and he directed South Doctor to help them.
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Wilson is perfectly impervious.
10 P. M. I believe that I am on the threshold of an epoch-making investigation. .To have the power of examining these phenomena from inside--to have an organism which will respond, and at the same time a brain which will appreciate and criticise--that is surely a unique advantage.^ [Note that this was written before the "fall" of the Berlin Wall and the "collapse" of the Soviet Union, orchestrated by these same power brokers during the late 1980s.
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I am quite sure that Wilson would give five years of his life to be as susceptible as I have proved myself to be.
.There was no one present except Wilson and his wife.^ There was no place they could go except for the rock Aragaladi, but Aragaladi was not a real rock; Snake had made it rise up for them.
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^ No one offered him a drink while he sat there, until at the end of the day a woman finally did so.
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^ No one knows how long the waters sat there.
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I was seated with my head leaning back, and Miss Penclosa, standing in front and a little to the left, used the same long, sweeping strokes as with Agatha. At each of them a warm current of air seemed to strike me, and to suffuse a thrill and glow all through me from head to foot. My eyes were fixed upon Miss Penclosa's face, but as I gazed the features seemed to blur and to fade away. I was conscious only of her own eyes looking down at me, gray, deep, inscrutable. .Larger they grew and larger, until they changed suddenly into two mountain lakes toward which I seemed to be falling with horrible rapidity.^ When the people returned, they found the stone which Hailibu had turned into and placed it at the top of the mountain.
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^ Central Eskimo: The ocean rose suddenly and continued rising until it covered even the tops of mountains.
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^ He had no fire, so he dug into the mountain until he found fire inside, thus bringing fire again to the world.
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I shuddered, and as I did so some deeper stratum of thought told me that the shudder represented the rigor which I had observed in Agatha. .An instant later I struck the surface of the lakes, now joined into one, and down I went beneath the water with a fulness in my head and a buzzing in my ears.^ The people went down into the underworld again.
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^ A man once went into the sky and stole one of the eyes.
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^ He led the other animals to a cave and covered its entrance with wax, first giving them a long thorn with which to pierce the wax to determine when the water went down.
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.Down I went, down, down, and then with a swoop up again until I could see the light streaming brightly through the green water.^ He led the other animals to a cave and covered its entrance with wax, first giving them a long thorn with which to pierce the wax to determine when the water went down.
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^ The water went down, leaving the ground a soft mud.
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^ When the water went down, some people went back to living as humans, but others stayed emperor penguins.
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I was almost at the surface when the word "Awake!" rang through my head, and, with a start, .I found myself back in the arm-chair, with Miss Penclosa leaning on her crutch, and Wilson, his note book in his hand, peeping over her shoulder.^ "Observer" also noted that Col. House was the elder statesman behind the New Deal, and that House had only backed two Presidential candidates, Wilson and FDR. .
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^ Pacific, he served as president of the Nugan Hand Bank branch in Hawaii; Edwin Wilson, who is now in prison for arms deals; and Don Beazley, now of Miami.
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No heaviness or weariness was left behind. On the contrary, though it is only an hour or so since the experiment, I feel so wakeful that I am more inclined for my study than my bedroom. .I see quite a vista of interesting experiments extending before us, and am all impatience to begin upon them.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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^ Thomas Lamont, partner of J.P. Morgan, wrote of Dulles at that time, "All of us placed great reliance upon John Foster Dulles."
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^ Upon seeing all the people killed, the gods repented and wept.
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March 27. A blank day, as Miss Penclosa goes with Wilson and his wife to the Suttons'. Have begun Binet and Ferre's "Animal Magnetism." What strange, deep waters these are! Results, results, results--and the cause an absolute mystery. It is stimulating to the imagination, but I must be on my guard against that. Let us have no inferences nor deductions, and nothing but solid facts. I KNOW that the mesmeric trance is true; I KNOW that mesmeric suggestion is true; I KNOW that I am myself sensitive to this force. That is my present position. I have a large new note-book which shall be devoted entirely to scientific detail.
Long talk with Agatha and Mrs. Marden in the evening about our marriage. We think that the summer vac. (the beginning of it) would be the best time for the wedding. Why should we delay? I grudge even those few months. Still, as Mrs. Marden says, there are a good many things to be arranged.
March 28. Mesmerized again by Miss Penclosa. .Experience much the same as before, save that insensibility came on more quickly.^ Ancasmarca (near Cuzco, Peru): A month before the flood came, the sheep showed much sadness, watching the stars at night and not eating.
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See Note-book A for temperature of room, barometric pressure, pulse, and respiration as taken by Professor Wilson.
March 29. Mesmerized again. Details in Note-book A.
March 30. Sunday, and a blank day. I grudge any interruption of our experiments. At present they merely embrace the physical signs which go with slight, with complete, and with extreme insensibility. Afterward we hope to pass on to the phenomena of suggestion and of lucidity. Professors have demonstrated these things upon women at Nancy and at the Salpetriere. It will be more convincing when a woman demonstrates it upon a professor, with a second professor as a witness. And that I should be the subject--I, the sceptic, the materialist! At least, I have shown that my devotion to science is greater than to my own personal consistency. The eating of our own words is the greatest sacrifice which truth ever requires of us.
My neighbor, Charles Sadler, the handsome young demonstrator of anatomy, came in this evening to return a volume of Virchow's "Archives" which I had lent him. .I call him young, but, as a matter of fact, he is a year older than I am.^ You may find even more astonishing true facts than I have managed to glean in thirty-five years of intensive and in-depth research.
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"I understand, Gilroy," said he, "that you are being experimented upon by Miss Penclosa."
."Well," he went on, when I had acknowledged it, "if I were you, I should not let it go any further.^ They went further northeast, paddling hard as if going uphill, until they came to the Fourth World.
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.You will think me very impertinent, no doubt, but, none the less, I feel it to be my duty to advise you to have no more to do with her."^ Philby was quoted as saying, "Foreign agencies spying on the U.S. Government know exactly what one person in the CIA wants them to know, no more and no less."
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Of course I asked him why.
."I am so placed that I cannot enter into particulars as freely as I could wish," said he.^ The grebes said that people could have that world if they could survive plunging arrows into their heart.
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"Miss Penclosa is the friend of my friend, and my position is a delicate one. .I can only say this: that I have myself been the subject of some of the woman's experiments, and that they have left a most unpleasant impression upon my mind."^ Only a man named Coxcox (some call him Teocipactli) and a woman named Xochiquetzal survived in a small bark.
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^ After a second flood, only those four were left on earth, and they created the rest of the world.
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^ They were suspicious, but Kuamachi left some fruit with them, and they liked the taste so much they decided to go help pick fruit.
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.He could hardly expect me to be satisfied with that, and I tried hard to get something more definite out of him, but without success.^ He was cultivated by most of the Wilson lights, who speedily found out that he could do more for them than they could do by directly appealing to Wilson.
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^ His brother was frightened and tried to pull him out, but the lake began to overflow.
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^ He waited five days more and sent out the sandpiper, who reported back that the ground was hard, and the man ventured out.
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Is it conceivable that he could be jealous at my having superseded him? .Or is he one of those men of science who feel personally injured when facts run counter to their preconceived opinions?^ It is the rag and bone men who are running the economies of the world up and down like a window shade, and profiting handsomely on every move of the markets.
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^ Max Warburg, who was one of the most distinguished and wisest men that I have ever come into contact with, had a principle of financing these movements.
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He cannot seriously suppose that because he has some vague grievance I am, therefore, to abandon a series of experiments which promise to be so fruitful of results. .He appeared to be annoyed at the light way in which I treated his shadowy warnings, and we parted with some little coldness on both sides.^ He saw that land had appeared above the waters, so he parted some seams of his ship, saw the shore, and drove his ship aground in the Corcyraean mountains in Armenia.
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March 31. Mesmerized by Miss P.
April 1. Mesmerized by Miss P. (Note-book A.)
April 2. Mesmerized by Miss P. (Sphygmographic chart taken by Professor Wilson.)
April 3. It is possible that this course of mesmerism may be a little trying to the general constitution. Agatha says that I am thinner and darker under the eyes. I am conscious of a nervous irritability which I had not observed in myself before. The least noise, for example, makes me start, and the stupidity of a student causes me exasperation instead of amusement. .Agatha wishes me to stop, but I tell her that every course of study is trying, and that one can never attain a result with out paying some price for it.^ No one has ever found out who was paying them.
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When she sees the sensation which my forthcoming paper on "The Relation between Mind and Matter" may make, she will understand that it is worth a little nervous wear and tear. I should not be surprised if I got my F. R. S. over it.
Mesmerized again in the evening. The effect is produced more rapidly now, and the subjective visions are less marked. I keep full notes of each sitting. Wilson is leaving for town for a week or ten days, but we shall not interrupt the experiments, which depend for their value as much upon my sensations as on his observations.
April 4. I must be carefully on my guard. A complication has crept into our experiments which I had not reckoned upon. In my eagerness for scientific facts I have been foolishly blind to the human relations between Miss Penclosa and myself. I can write here what I would not breathe to a living soul. The unhappy woman appears to have formed an attachment for me.
.I should not say such a thing, even in the privacy of my own intimate journal, if it had not come to such a pass that it is impossible to ignore it.^ The 60% loss I took on my Fortune computer system could be a hint of things to come'."
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For some time,--that is, for the last week,--there have been signs which I have brushed aside and refused to think of. .Her brightness when I come, her dejection when I go, her eagerness that I should come often, the expression of her eyes, the tone of her voice--I tried to think that they meant nothing, and were, perhaps, only her ardent West Indian manner.^ One day, they heard faint voices coming from the gourd.
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^ The Indians on the moon were suspicious of the newcomers, but the Spider Indians assured them that they had only come to gamble.
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^ Vogul: After seven years of drought, the Great Woman said to the Great Man that rains had come elsewhere; how should they save themselves.
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.But last night, as I awoke from the mesmeric sleep, I put out my hand, unconsciously, involuntarily, and clasped hers.^ The children went to sleep, and when they awoke, one of the boys opened a hole, and they came out, the waters having had receded.
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When I came fully to myself, we were sitting with them locked, she looking up at me with an expectant smile. And the horrible thing was that I felt impelled to say what she expected me to say. What a false wretch I should have been! .How I should have loathed myself to-day had I yielded to the temptation of that moment!^ After two days of thinking about it, though, the wife yielded to temptation and threw the fish on the hot coals.
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But, thank God, I was strong enough to spring up and hurry from the room. I was rude, I fear, but I could not, no, I COULD not, trust myself another moment. .I, a gentleman, a man of honor, engaged to one of the sweetest girls in England--and yet in a moment of reasonless passion I nearly professed love for this woman whom I hardly know.^ Many people believed that Lord Montagu Norman ran the Bank of England as a one-man show for thirty years, showing that some people will believe anything.
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^ All people were destroyed except those whom Bunjil loved and fixed as stars in the sky, and a man and a woman who climbed a tall tree on a mountain, and from whom the present human race is descended.
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^ One man and one woman were saved on the high mountain called Tamanacu, on the banks of the Asiveru.
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She is far older than myself and a cripple. It is monstrous, odious; and yet the impulse was so strong that, had I stayed another minute in her presence, I should have committed myself. What was it? I have to teach others the workings of our organism, and what do I know of it myself? Was it the sudden upcropping of some lower stratum in my nature--a brutal primitive instinct suddenly asserting itself? I could almost believe the tales of obsession by evil spirits, so overmastering was the feeling.
Well, the incident places me in a most unfortunate position. On the one hand, I am very loath to abandon a series of experiments which have already gone so far, and which promise such brilliant results. .On the other, if this unhappy woman has conceived a passion for me---- But surely even now I must have made some hideous mistake.^ Even if they planned otherwise, the five masters of the World Order have now created a situation which must lead to world war, world economic collapse, or both.
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^ The wife thought the fish must be exceptionally good to eat, but the husband said he had promised the old man to keep it and made the woman swear not to eat it.
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^ Some people descended, and others made their homes on the ridges.
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She, with her age and her deformity! It is impossible. And then she knew about Agatha. She understood how I was placed. She only smiled out of amusement, perhaps, when in my dazed state I seized her hand. It was my half-mesmerized brain which gave it a meaning, and sprang with such bestial swiftness to meet it. I wish I could persuade myself that it was indeed so. On the whole, perhaps, my wisest plan would be to postpone our other experiments until Wilson's return. .I have written a note to Miss Penclosa, therefore, making no allusion to last night, but saying that a press of work would cause me to interrupt our sittings for a few days.^ He said the rain would last for ten days and nights.
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^ The men worked day and night to make this canoe, the biggest ever, and the women made a long rope of oiled cedar fibers with which they tied the canoe to a giant rock.
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^ Lord Rothschild at Tring a Press Lord gave him a sleepless night (no further explanation given) .....
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She has answered, formally enough, to say that if I should change my mind I should find her at home at the usual hour.
10 P. M. Well, well, what a thing of straw I am! I am coming to know myself better of late, and the more I know the lower I fall in my own estimation. Surely I was not always so weak as this. At four o'clock I should have smiled had any one told me that I should go to Miss Penclosa's to-night, and yet, at eight, I was at Wilson's door as usual. .I don't know how it occurred.^ We don't know how long the flood stayed.
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The influence of habit, I suppose. Perhaps there is a mesmeric craze as there is an opium craze, and I am a victim to it. I only know that as I worked in my study I became more and more uneasy. I fidgeted. I worried. I could not concentrate my mind upon the papers in front of me. And then, at last, almost before I knew what I was doing, I seized my hat and hurried round to keep my usual appointment.
We had an interesting evening. Mrs. Wilson was present during most of the time, which prevented the embarrassment which one at least of us must have felt. Miss Penclosa's manner was quite the same as usual, and she expressed no surprise at my having come in spite of my note. There was nothing in her bearing to show that yesterday's incident had made any impression upon her, and so I am inclined to hope that I overrated it.
April 6 (evening). No, no, no, I did not overrate it. I can no longer attempt to conceal from myself that this woman has conceived a passion for me. It is monstrous, but it is true. .Again, tonight, I awoke from the mesmeric trance to find my hand in hers, and to suffer that odious feeling which urges me to throw away my honor, my career, every thing, for the sake of this creature who, as I can plainly see when I am away from her influence, possesses no single charm upon earth.^ Debata, the Creator, sent a flood to destroy every living thing when the earth grew old and dirty.
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^ My method for collecting these stories is simply to collect every flood story I find.
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^ Ashochimi (California): A great flood covered the earth and drowned every living creature except the coyote.
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But when I am near her, I do not feel this. She rouses something in me, something evil, something I had rather not think of. She paralyzes my better nature, too, at the moment when she stimulates my worse. Decidedly it is not good for me to be near her.
Last night was worse than before. .Instead of flying I actually sat for some time with my hand in hers talking over the most intimate subjects with her.^ Ezra Pound broadcast on July 17, 1943: "I reckon my last talk was the most courageous I have ever given.
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We spoke of Agatha, among other things. What could I have been dreaming of? Miss Penclosa said that she was conventional, and I agreed with her. She spoke once or twice in a disparaging way of her, and I did not protest. What a creature I have been!
Weak as I have proved myself to be, I am still strong enough to bring this sort of thing to an end. It shall not happen again. I have sense enough to fly when I cannot fight. From this Sunday night onward I shall never sit with Miss Penclosa again. Never! Let the experiments go, let the research come to an end; any thing is better than facing this monstrous temptation which drags me so low. I have said nothing to Miss Penclosa, but I shall simply stay away. She can tell the reason without any words of mine.
April 7. Have stayed away as I said. .It is a pity to ruin such an interesting investigation, but it would be a greater pity still to ruin my life, and I KNOW that I cannot trust myself with that woman.^ Pitying the woman's loneliness, the moon told her that she would soon have companions.
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11 P. M. God help me! What is the matter with me? Am I going mad? Let me try and be calm and reason with myself. First of all I shall set down exactly what occurred.
It was nearly eight when I wrote the lines with which this day begins. Feeling strangely restless and uneasy, I left my rooms and walked round to spend the evening with Agatha and her mother. They both remarked that I was pale and haggard. About nine Professor Pratt- Haldane came in, and we played a game of whist. I tried hard to concentrate my attention upon the cards, but the feeling of restlessness grew and grew until I found it impossible to struggle against it. I simply COULD not sit still at the table. .At last, in the very middle of a hand, I threw my cards down and, with some sort of an incoherent apology about having an appointment, I rushed from the room.^ After some time, Olelbes (He-Who-Is-Above) looked down all around and finally saw something barely visible in the north in the middle of the water.
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^ The first kernel that the sloth threw down fell on hard ground, and the sun appeared again, but it was very small.
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As if in a dream I have a vague recollection of tearing through the hall, snatching my hat from the stand, and slamming the door behind me. As in a dream, too, I have the impression of the double line of gas-lamps, and my bespattered boots tell me that I must have run down the middle of the road. It was all misty and strange and unnatural. I came to Wilson's house; I saw Mrs. Wilson and I saw Miss Penclosa. I hardly recall what we talked about, but I do remember that Miss P. shook the head of her crutch at me in a playful way, and accused me of being late and of losing interest in our experiments. .There was no mesmerism, but I stayed some time and have only just returned.^ He stayed there and sent a crow to search for land, but it returned without finding any.
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^ Although there is no statue of George Peabody in the Wall Street area, there is one in London, just opposite .
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^ At that time, there were no real people in the world.
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My brain is quite clear again now, and I can think over what has occurred. It is absurd to suppose that it is merely weakness and force of habit. I tried to explain it in that way the other night, but it will no longer suffice. It is something much deeper and more terrible than that. Why, when I was at the Mardens' whist- table, I was dragged away as if the noose of a rope had been cast round me. I can no longer disguise it from myself. The woman has her grip upon me. I am in her clutch. But I must keep my head and reason it out and see what is best to be done.
But what a blind fool I have been! In my enthusiasm over my research I have walked straight into the pit, although it lay gaping before me. Did she not herself warn me? .Did she not tell me, as I can read in my own journal, that when she has acquired power over a subject she can make him do her will?^ Eagle told Coyote how to find a wife but did not tell him how to make children.
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^ One night Jilucu smeared genipa juice on his face, telling him it would make him feel fresh.
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And she has acquired that power over me. I am for the moment at the beck and call of this creature with the crutch. I must come when she wills it. I must do as she wills. Worst of all, I must feel as she wills. I loathe her and fear her, yet, while I am under the spell, she can doubtless make me love her.
.There is some consolation in the thought, then, that those odious impulses for which I have blamed myself do not really come from me at all.^ He stated at Salzburg, "I wish that there could be erected in Europe a complex of foundations whose representatives could exchange thoughts with those of American foundations and thus form a sort of informal approach to some of the great problems of the day."
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^ The frilled lizards had made shelters on mountains, and some animals managed to make their way there, but nearly all life was destroyed in the great flood.
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^ They heard that a terrible storm was coming, so they put some stones in a pond and sat on them, but the dwarfs were all destroyed.
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.They are all transferred from her, little as I could have guessed it at the time.^ The shepherd and his six children gathered all the food and sheep they could and took them to the top of the very tall mountain Ancasmarca.
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^ Naareau told them to push up, and the sky was lifted a little, but they could lift it only so high since the sky was rooted to the land.
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^ He sent lions, but they could not eat all of the people either.
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I feel cleaner and lighter for the thought.
.April 8. Yes, now, in broad daylight, writing coolly and with time for reflection, I am compelled to confirm every thing which I wrote in my journal last night.^ He wrote on July 31, 1916: "For years I had foreseen the twilight of the nations that I had heralded in my speeches and writings."
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I am in a horrible position, but, above all, I must not lose my head. I must pit my intellect against her powers. After all, I am no silly puppet, to dance at the end of a string. I have energy, brains, courage. For all her devil's tricks I may beat her yet. May! I MUST, or what is to become of me?
Let me try to reason it out! This woman, by her own explanation, can dominate my nervous organism. She can project herself into my body and take command of it. She has a parasite soul; yes, she is a parasite, a monstrous parasite. She creeps into my frame as the hermit crab does into the whelk's shell. I am powerless What can I do? I am dealing with forces of which I know nothing. And I can tell no one of my trouble. They would set me down as a madman. .Certainly, if it got noised abroad, the university would say that they had no need of a devil-ridden professor.^ Spotted Bear, the medicine man, said they would be safe as long as they had buffalo, but there were no buffalo around.
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^ The raven begged not to be cast down, saying the man would find no other surviving men without the raven's help.
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^ They had no need of another "return from exile".
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And Agatha! No, no, I must face it alone.

III

I read over my notes of what the woman said when she spoke about her powers. There is one point which fills me with dismay. She implies that when the influence is slight the subject knows what he is doing, but cannot control himself, whereas when it is strongly exerted he is absolutely unconscious. Now, I have always known what I did, though less so last night than on the previous occasions. .That seems to mean that she has never yet exerted her full powers upon me.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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Was ever a man so placed before?
Yes, perhaps there was, and very near me, too. Charles Sadler must know something of this! His vague words of warning take a meaning now. Oh, if I had only listened to him then, before I helped by these repeated sittings to forge the links of the chain which binds me! But I will see him to-day. I will apologize to him for having treated his warning so lightly. I will see if he can advise me.
4 P. M. No, he cannot. .I have talked with him, and he showed such surprise at the first words in which I tried to express my unspeakable secret that I went no further.^ Lord Rothschild at Tring a Press Lord gave him a sleepless night (no further explanation given) .....
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^ To my great surprise, Warburg spontaneously offered us 60,000 gold marks, to tide the movement over for its first three years ....
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As far as I can gather (by hints and inferences rather than by any statement), his own experience was limited to some words or looks such as I have myself endured. His abandonment of Miss Penclosa is in itself a sign that he was never really in her toils. Oh, if he only knew his escape! He has to thank his phlegmatic Saxon temperament for it. I am black and Celtic, and this hag's clutch is deep in my nerves. Shall I ever get it out? Shall I ever be the same man that I was just one short fortnight ago?
Let me consider what I had better do. I cannot leave the university in the middle of the term. If I were free, my course would be obvious. I should start at once and travel in Persia. But would she allow me to start? And could her influence not reach me in Persia, and bring me back to within touch of her crutch? I can only find out the limits of this hellish power by my own bitter experience. I will fight and fight and fight--and what can I do more?
I know very well that about eight o'clock to-night that craving for her society, that irresistible restlessness, will come upon me. How shall I overcome it? What shall I do? I must make it impossible for me to leave the room. I shall lock the door and throw the key out of the window. But, then, what am I to do in the morning? Never mind about the morning. I must at all costs break this chain which holds me.
April 9. Victory! I have done splendidly! At seven o'clock last night I took a hasty dinner, and then locked myself up in my bedroom and dropped the key into the garden. I chose a cheery novel, and lay in bed for three hours trying to read it, but really in a horrible state of trepidation, expecting every instant that I should become conscious of the impulse. Nothing of the sort occurred, however, and I awoke this morning with the feeling that a black nightmare had been lifted off me. Perhaps the creature realized what I had done, and understood that it was useless to try to influence me. At any rate, I have beaten her once, and if I can do it once, I can do it again.
It was most awkward about the key in the morning. .Luckily, there was an under-gardener below, and I asked him to throw it up.^ He threatened to pull up the four layers below the earth and pull down the four layers of the sky to get at the manidog there.
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No doubt he thought I had just dropped it. .I will have doors and windows screwed up and six stout men to hold me down in my bed before I will surrender myself to be hag-ridden in this way.^ It is the rag and bone men who are running the economies of the world up and down like a window shade, and profiting handsomely on every move of the markets.
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^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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^ As they played games around the fire, a Snake Indian climbed up the rope, darted through the fire, and escaped down the rope again before the Moon Indians could react.
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I had a note from Mrs. Marden this afternoon asking me to go round and see her. I intended to do so in any case, but had not excepted to find bad news waiting for me. It seems that the Armstrongs, from whom Agatha has expectations, are due home from Adelaide in the Aurora, and that they have written to Mrs. Marden and her to meet them in town. .They will probably be away for a month or six weeks, and, as the Aurora is due on Wednesday, they must go at once--to-morrow, if they are ready in time.^ Then they were told to return on June 16; by this time the entire setup was ready, and they were arrested.
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.My consolation is that when we meet again there will be no more parting between Agatha and me.^ Since then, there have been no more famines or floods.
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^ New Hebrides: Naareau the Elder created the earth, but the sky and the earth clove together with darkeness between them, for there was no separation.
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."I want you to do one thing, Agatha," said I, when we were alone together.^ One woman with an infant in her arms said, "If they want a little girl, why not take this one of mine?"
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."If you should happen to meet Miss Penclosa, either in town or here, you must promise me never again to allow her to mesmerize you."^ J.P. Morgan served on the board for 28 vears and never missed a meeting.
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Agatha opened her eyes.
."Why, it was only the other day that you were saying how interesting it all was, and how determined you were to finish your experiments."^ I'll finish all of you!"
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^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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^ It was Bentham who first coined the slogan later taken up by Karl Marx, "the greatest good for the greatest number", which has been so useful in inflaming the masses -- the Marxist flim flam that you can best serve your interests by serving others.
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"I know, but I have changed my mind since then."
"And you won't have it any more?"
"No."
"I am so glad, Austin. You can't think how pale and worn you have been lately. .It was really our principal objection to going to London now that we did not wish to leave you when you were so pulled down.^ GRAHAM: Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?
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And your manner has been so strange occasionally--especially that night when you left poor Professor Pratt-Haldane to play dummy. I am convinced that these experiments are very bad for your nerves."
"I think so, too, dear."
"And for Miss Penclosa's nerves as well. You have heard that she is ill?"
"No."
"Mrs. Wilson told us so last night. She described it as a nervous fever. Professor Wilson is coming back this week, and of course Mrs. Wilson is very anxious that Miss Penclosa should be well again then, for he has quite a programme of experiments which he is anxious to carry out."
I was glad to have Agatha's promise, for it was enough that this woman should have one of us in her clutch. On the other hand, I was disturbed to hear about Miss Penclosa's illness. It rather discounts the victory which I appeared to win last night. I remember that she said that loss of health interfered with her power. That may be why I was able to hold my own so easily. Well, well, I must take the same precautions to-night and see what comes of it. I am childishly frightened when I think of her.
.April 10. All went very well last night.^ He became very thirsty, drank all the water in camp, and went to the lake.
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I was amused at the gardener's face when I had again to hail him this morning and to ask him to throw up my key. I shall get a name among the servants if this sort of thing goes on. But the great point is that I stayed in my room without the slightest inclination to leave it. I do believe that I am shaking myself clear of this incredible bond--or is it only that the woman's power is in abeyance until she recovers her strength? I can but pray for the best.
The Mardens left this morning, and the brightness seems to have gone out of the spring sunshine. And yet it is very beautiful also as it gleams on the green chestnuts opposite my windows, and gives a touch of gayety to the heavy, lichen-mottled walls of the old colleges. How sweet and gentle and soothing is Nature! Who would think that there lurked in her also such vile forces, such odious possibilities! For of course I understand that this dreadful thing which has sprung out at me is neither supernatural nor even preternatural. No, it is a natural force which this woman can use and society is ignorant of. The mere fact that it ebbs with her strength shows how entirely it is subject to physical laws. If I had time, I might probe it to the bottom and lay my hands upon its antidote. But you cannot tame the tiger when you are beneath his claws. You can but try to writhe away from him. Ah, when I look in the glass and see my own dark eyes and clear-cut Spanish face, I long for a vitriol splash or a bout of the small-pox. One or the other might have saved me from this calamity.
I am inclined to think that I may have trouble to- night. There are two things which make me fear so. One is that I met Mrs. Wilson in the street, and that she tells me that Miss Penclosa is better, though still weak. I find myself wishing in my heart that the illness had been her last. .The other is that Professor Wilson comes back in a day or two, and his presence would act as a constraint upon her.^ "Observer" also noted that Col. House was the elder statesman behind the New Deal, and that House had only backed two Presidential candidates, Wilson and FDR. .
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^ The Federal Reserve Act was legislated through Congress as the Glass-Owen bill, backed by two Democrats, Congressman Carter Glass of Virginia, and Sen.
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I should not fear our interviews if a third person were present. For both these reasons I have a presentiment of trouble to- night, and I shall take the same precautions as before.
April 10. No, thank God, all went well last night. I really could not face the gardener again. I locked my door and thrust the key underneath it, so that I had to ask the maid to let me out in the morning. But the precaution was really not needed, for I never had any inclination to go out at all. Three evenings in succession at home! I am surely near the end of my troubles, for Wilson will be home again either today or tomorrow. Shall I tell him of what I have gone through or not? I am convinced that I should not have the slightest sympathy from him. .He would look upon me as an interesting case, and read a paper about me at the next meeting of the Psychical Society, in which he would gravely discuss the possibility of my being a deliberate liar, and weigh it against the chances of my being in an early stage of lunacy.^ German sailors were being deliberately murdered by Stephenson's provocateurs in New York as acts designed to force Hitler to declare war against the United States.
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^ Upon being released into the ocean, the fish told Manu that soon all terrestrial objects would be dissolved in the time of the purification.
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^ Education Foundation, and the super secret Mont Pelerin Society, which publishes no information about its meetings.
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.No, I shall get no comfort out of Wilson.^ Maddox points out that Wilson insisted that No.
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I am feeling wonderfully fit and well. I don't think I ever lectured with greater spirit. .Oh, if I could only get this shadow off my life, how happy I should be!^ Another law of nature is that the parasite, not only by sucking off the life sustenance of the host, but also by altering its life cycle, will inevitably kill the host.
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^ He demanded of Diaz that he should take off the taxes on oil imports so that Standard Oil could bring in products from the U.S. Diaz refused."
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.Young, fairly wealthy, in the front rank of my profession, engaged to a beautiful and charming girl-- have I not every thing which a man could ask for?^ The 60% loss I took on my Fortune computer system could be a hint of things to come'."
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^ Kikuyu (Kenya): A beautiful but mysterious woman agreed to marry a man on the condition that he never ask about her family.
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^ The children asked an old man what he could do; he said he didn't know, but he dug all night while the children slept.
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.Only one thing to trouble me, but what a thing it is!^ Coyote, the only living thing in the world, stood on one of the islands (Mount Diablo or Pico Blanco).
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^ Field also says, "For one thing, Wilson not only loved Baruch, he ADMIRED him.
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Midnight. I shall go mad. Yes, that will be the end of it. I shall go mad. I am not far from it now. My head throbs as I rest it on my hot hand. I am quivering all over like a scared horse. Oh, what a night I have had! And yet I have some cause to be satisfied also.
At the risk of becoming the laughing-stock of my own servant, I again slipped my key under the door, imprisoning myself for the night. Then, finding it too early to go to bed, I lay down with my clothes on and began to read one of Dumas's novels. Suddenly I was gripped--gripped and dragged from the couch. It is only thus that I can describe the overpowering nature of the force which pounced upon me. I clawed at the coverlet. I clung to the wood-work. I believe that I screamed out in my frenzy. It was all useless, hopeless. I MUST go. .There was no way out of it.^ There, they found fish to eat, but they had no way to cook it.
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It was only at the outset that I resisted. The force soon became too overmastering for that. I thank goodness that there were no watchers there to interfere with me. I could not have answered for myself if there had been. And, besides the determination to get out, there came to me, also, the keenest and coolest judgment in choosing my means. I lit a candle and endeavored, kneeling in front of the door, to pull the key through with the feather-end of a quill pen. It was just too short and pushed it further away. .Then with quiet persistence I got a paper-knife out of one of the drawers, and with that I managed to draw the key back.^ "The Panic of 1837 was aggravated by the Bank of England when it in one day threw out all the paper connected with the United States."
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^ But the baby was Kogulhtsude's child, and he sent water out to draw it back.
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.I opened the door, stepped into my study, took a photograph of myself from the bureau, wrote something across it, placed it in the inside pocket of my coat, and then started off for Wilson's.^ The shores were rocky with seemingly no place to land, but by opening the doors at the tops of their head, they found a current that took them to a sandy beach.
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It was all wonderfully clear, and yet disassociated from the rest of my life, as the incidents of even the most vivid dream might be. A peculiar double consciousness possessed me. There was the predominant alien will, which was bent upon drawing me to the side of its owner, and there was the feebler protesting personality, which I recognized as being myself, tugging feebly at the overmastering impulse as a led terrier might at its chain. .I can remember recognizing these two conflicting forces, but I recall nothing of my walk, nor of how I was admitted to the house.^ I remember, covered two whole sheets of my Ultra paper, Hitler told Kluge not to pay any attention to the American breakout.
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.Very vivid, however, is my recollection of how I met Miss Penclosa.^ When his brother returned from hunting and saw how thin he was, he told the people, "I'm very sorry for my little brother.
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She was reclining on the sofa in the little boudoir in which our experiments had usually been carried out. Her head was rested on her hand, and a tiger-skin rug had been partly drawn over her. .She looked up expectantly as I entered, and, as the lamp- light fell upon her face, I could see that she was very pale and thin, with dark hollows under her eyes.^ To the public the archives of the family, which could throw so much light upon history, are a profound secret, a sealed book kept well hidden."
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^ One man who could see the future heard a voice telling him to plant a hollow reed.
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^ Page then revealed to us, under seal of secrecy, that he had received from the President that afternoon, a personal communication upon the strength of which he could affirm that, at last, the die was cast.
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She smiled at me, and pointed to a stool beside her. It was with her left hand that she pointed, and I, running eagerly forward, seized it,--I loathe myself as I think of it,--and pressed it passionately to my lips. Then, seating myself upon the stool, and still retaining her hand, I gave her the photograph which I had brought with me, and talked and talked and talked--of my love for her, of my grief over her illness, of my joy at her recovery, of the misery it was to me to be absent a single evening from her side. She lay quietly looking down at me with imperious eyes and her provocative smile. Once I remember that she passed her hand over my hair as one caresses a dog; and it gave me pleasure--the caress. I thrilled under it. I was her slave, body and soul, and for the moment I rejoiced in my slavery.
And then came the blessed change. Never tell me that there is not a Providence! I was on the brink of perdition. My feet were on the edge. Was it a coincidence that at that very instant help should come? No, no, no; there is a Providence, and its hand has drawn me back. There is something in the universe stronger than this devil woman with her tricks. Ah, what a balm to my heart it is to think so!
As I looked up at her I was conscious of a change in her. Her face, which had been pale before, was now ghastly. Her eyes were dull, and the lids drooped heavily over them. Above all, the look of serene confidence had gone from her features. Her mouth had weakened. Her forehead had puckered. She was frightened and undecided. And as I watched the change my own spirit fluttered and struggled, trying hard to tear itself from the grip which held it--a grip which, from moment to moment, grew less secure.
"Austin," she whispered, "I have tried to do too much. I was not strong enough. I have not recovered yet from my illness. But I could not live longer without seeing you. You won't leave me, Austin? This is only a passing weakness. If you will only give me five minutes, I shall be myself again. Give me the small decanter from the table in the window."
But I had regained my soul. With her waning strength the influence had cleared away from me and left me free. And I was aggressive--bitterly, fiercely aggressive. .For once at least I could make this woman understand what my real feelings toward her were.^ Mayer Amschel Bauer (later Rothschild) discovered that although loans to farmers and small businesses could be profitable, the real profits lay in making loans to governments.
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My soul was filled with a hatred as bestial as the love against which it was a reaction. It was the savage, murderous passion of the revolted serf. I could have taken the crutch from her side and beaten her face in with it. .She threw her hands up, as if to avoid a blow, and cowered away from me into the corner of the settee.^ He went into a rage, rose up as rain, and washed them all away to the ocean, together with their homes and llamas.
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"The brandy!" she gasped. "The brandy!"
I took the decanter and poured it over the roots of a palm in the window. Then I snatched the photograph from her hand and tore it into a hundred pieces.
."You vile woman," I said, "if I did my duty to society, you would never leave this room alive!"^ Norman Dodd, also a Yale man, said: "It was wellknown on campus that if you were tapped for Bones you would never have to worry about success in later life."
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^ Connally said he did not know what would happen."
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^ He gave his host a small fish in a vessel and said he would reward the host if he did not eat the fish but returned it then.
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"I love you, Austin; I love you!" she wailed.
"Yes," I cried, "and Charles Sadler before. And how many others before that?"
"Charles Sadler!" she gasped. "He has spoken to you? So, Charles Sadler, Charles Sadler!" .Her voice came through her white lips like a snake's hiss.^ Another pelican came up when he was halfway through with these preparations, but not knowing what to make of the strange half black and half white creature, pecked him and killed him.
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."Yes, I know you, and others shall know you, too.^ Everyone takes this quote out of context: "Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him: 'If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.'"
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^ Allen Dulles placed a verse from the Bible (John 8:32) in the entrance to the CIA building, "And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free."
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You shameless creature! You knew how I stood. And yet you used your vile power to bring me to your side. You may, perhaps, do so again, but at least you will remember that you have heard me say that I love Miss Marden from the bottom of my soul, and that I loathe you, abhor you!
"The very sight of you and the sound of your voice fill me with horror and disgust. The thought of you is repulsive. .That is how I feel toward you, and if it pleases you by your tricks to draw me again to your side as you have done to-night, you will at least, I should think, have little satisfaction in trying to make a lover out of a man who has told you his real opinion of you.^ God told a man to make an ark.
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^ The Institute is now run by his widow, Margit Herzfeld, to whom President Reagan said, at a testimonial dinner for her husband, "You don't know how often I consult the books of your husband before making a decision."
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^ The buzzard told the man to make a box for himself and take along in it a dog and a chicken.
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You may put what words you will into my mouth, but you cannot help remembering----"
I stopped, for the woman's head had fallen back, and she had fainted. She could not bear to hear what I had to say to her! What a glow of satisfaction it gives me to think that, come what may, in the future she can never misunderstand my true feelings toward her. But what will occur in the future? What will she do next? I dare not think of it. Oh, if only I could hope that she will leave me alone! But when I think of what I said to her---- Never mind; I have been stronger than she for once.
.April 11. I hardly slept last night, and found myself in the morning so unstrung and feverish that I was compelled to ask Pratt-Haldane to do my lecture for me.^ The children asked an old man what he could do; he said he didn't know, but he dug all night while the children slept.
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It is the first that I have ever missed. I rose at mid-day, but my head is aching, my hands quivering, and my nerves in a pitiable state.
Who should come round this evening but Wilson. .He has just come back from London, where he has lectured, read papers, convened meetings, exposed a medium, conducted a series of experiments on thought transference, entertained Professor Richet of Paris, spent hours gazing into a crystal, and obtained some evidence as to the passage of matter through matter.^ Vladimir Halperin, in "Lord Milner and the Empire", writes: "It was through Milner and some of his friends that the Round Table Group came into being.
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^ She carried some of the tidbits back to the cave, made it into a curry, and tricked the mother into eating it.
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.All this he poured into my ears in a single gust.^ The sun sank into the sea, causing its waters to rise tumultuously and to cover all the earth except the summit of a single mountain.
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"But you!" he cried at last. "You are not looking well. And Miss Penclosa is quite prostrated to-day. How about the experiments?"
"I have abandoned them."
"Tut, tut! Why?"
"The subject seems to me to be a dangerous one."
Out came his big brown note-book.
"This is of great interest," said he. "What are your grounds for saying that it is a dangerous one? .Please give your facts in chronological order, with approximate dates and names of reliable witnesses with their permanent addresses."^ Please enter your email address below to reset your password.
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."First of all," I asked, "would you tell me whether you have collected any cases where the mesmerist has gained a command over the subject and has used it for evil purposes?"^ The bird would not tell Nenebojo what it saw until Nenebojo painted its feathers; then it said it saw Nenebojo's brother, whose skin the water-spirits were using as a door flap.
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^ As anyone in the Mafia can tell you, you don't collect unless you are willing to break legs.
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^ They were uncertain whether it would be proper for them to marry, so they asked the sun as it rose the next morning.
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"Dozens!" he cried exultantly. "Crime by suggestion----"
"I don't mean suggestion. I mean where a sudden impulse comes from a person at a distance--an uncontrollable impulse."
"Obsession!" he shrieked, in an ecstasy of delight. "It is the rarest condition. We have eight cases, five well attested. You don't mean to say----" His exultation made him hardly articulate.
"No, I don't," said I. "Good-evening! You will excuse me, but I am not very well to-night." .And so at last I got rid of him, still brandishing his pencil and his note-book.^ A later book, "Intrepid's Last Case" notes that: "What some would later call the secret SIS Secret Occupation of Manhattan began in 1990.
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^ "Intrepid's Last Case" notes that "a political decision forced the OSS to surrender to Moscow the captured Soviet military and diplomatic code books on intelligence from the Nazis."
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.My troubles may be bad to hear, but at least it is better to hug them to myself than to have myself exhibited by Wilson, like a freak at a fair.^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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He has lost sight of human beings. Every thing to him is a case and a phenomenon. I will die before I speak to him again upon the matter.
April 12. Yesterday was a blessed day of quiet, and I enjoyed an uneventful night. Wilson's presence is a great consolation. What can the woman do now? Surely, when she has heard me say what I have said, she will conceive the same disgust for me which I have for her. .She could not, no, she COULD not, desire to have a lover who had insulted her so.^ This raven, Ne-kil-stlas, was a person who could don and doff his feathers at will; he had been born of a woman who had had no husband.
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No, I believe I am free from her love--but how about her hate? Might she not use these powers of hers for revenge? Tut! why should I frighten myself over shadows? She will forget about me, and I shall forget about her, and all will be well.
April 13. My nerves have quite recovered their tone. I really believe that I have conquered the creature. But I must confess to living in some suspense. She is well again, for I hear that she was driving with Mrs. Wilson in the High Street in the afternoon.
April 14. I do wish I could get away from the place altogether. I shall fly to Agatha's side the very day that the term closes. I suppose it is pitiably weak of me, but this woman gets upon my nerves most terribly. I have seen her again, and I have spoken with her.
It was just after lunch, and I was smoking a cigarette in my study, when I heard the step of my servant Murray in the passage. I was languidly conscious that a second step was audible behind, and had hardly troubled myself to speculate who it might be, when suddenly a slight noise brought me out of my chair with my skin creeping with apprehension. I had never particularly observed before what sort of sound the tapping of a crutch was, but my quivering nerves told me that I heard it now in the sharp wooden clack which alternated with the muffled thud of the foot fall. Another instant and my servant had shown her in.
I did not attempt the usual conventions of society, nor did she. I simply stood with the smouldering cigarette in my hand, and gazed at her. .She in her turn looked silently at me, and at her look I remembered how in these very pages I had tried to define the expression of her eyes, whether they were furtive or fierce.^ It is not necessary for the Order to throw these groups against each other -they seek each other out like heat-seeking missiles, and try to destroy each other.
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To- day they were fierce--coldly and inexorably so.
"Well," said she at last, "are you still of the same mind as when I saw you last?"
"I have always been of the same mind."
"Let us understand each other, Professor Gilroy," said she slowly. "I am not a very safe person to trifle with, as you should realize by now. .It was you who asked me to enter into a series of experiments with you, it was you who won my affections, it was you who professed your love for me, it was you who brought me your own photograph with words of affection upon it, and, finally, it was you who on the very same evening thought fit to insult me most outrageously, addressing me as no man has ever dared to speak to me yet.^ I ask you to accept nothing, but to make your own investigations.
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^ Finally, the people incurred the wrath of the Lizard Man, who caused it to rain for days, and the water rose.
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^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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.Tell me that those words came from you in a moment of passion and I am prepared to forget and to forgive them.^ Those who did not make all the preparations perished when the waters came.
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.You did not mean what you said, Austin?^ GRAHAM: What did you mean by the use of the word 'we'?
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You do not really hate me?"
I might have pitied this deformed woman--such a longing for love broke suddenly through the menace of her eyes. But then I thought of what I had gone through, and my heart set like flint.
"If ever you heard me speak of love," said I, "you know very well that it was your voice which spoke, and not mine. .The only words of truth which I have ever been able to say to you are those which you heard when last we met."^ Everyone takes this quote out of context: "Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him: 'If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.'"
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^ Foreword When he was proffered the cup of hemlock by his fellow-citizens, Socretes' last words were: "Crito, I owe a cock to Asclepius; will you remember to pay the debt ?"
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^ They saw nothing but a floating log and, landing on it, heard the children inside, who were saying to each other that they had only three days of provisions left.
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"I know. Some one has set you against me. It was he!" She tapped with her crutch upon the floor. ."Well, you know very well that I could bring you this instant crouching like a spaniel to my feet.^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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You will not find me again in my hour of weakness, when you can insult me with impunity. Have a care what you are doing, Professor Gilroy. You stand in a terrible position. .You have not yet realized the hold which I have upon you."^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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I shrugged my shoulders and turned away.
."Well," said she, after a pause, "if you despise my love, I must see what can be done with fear.^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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^ "Then," said Congressman Reece, "you must conduct the investigation on that basis."
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You smile, but the day will come when you will come screaming to me for pardon. .Yes, you will grovel on the ground before me, proud as you are, and you will curse the day that ever you turned me from your best friend into your most bitter enemy.^ Wenebojo went to the bank of a lake where the manidog sometimes come out to sun themselves; he turned himself into a stump and waited four days.
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^ GRAHAM: Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?
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Have a care, Professor Gilroy!" I saw a white hand shaking in the air, and a face which was scarcely human, so convulsed was it with passion. An instant later she was gone, and I heard the quick hobble and tap receding down the passage.
But she has left a weight upon my heart. Vague presentiments of coming misfortune lie heavy upon me. I try in vain to persuade myself that these are only words of empty anger. I can remember those relentless eyes too clearly to think so. What shall I do--ah, what shall I do? I am no longer master of my own soul. .At any moment this loathsome parasite may creep into me, and then---- I must tell some one my hideous secret--I must tell it or go mad.^ Some people were turned into fiery spirits; all the rest drowned but one.
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If I had some one to sympathize and advise! Wilson is out of the question. .Charles Sadler would understand me only so far as his own experience carries him.^ He assured her that he was not Wenebojo, and she told him that the bark would be used to detect Wenebojo when he touched it, that she was treating the wounded manidog , and that only she had eaten his nephew.
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^ The World Order saw to it that funds were given only to those politicians who would carry out their program.
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^ With that stone, she told him, he could understand the language of animals, but he would turn to stone if he ever divulged its secret to anyone else.
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Pratt-Haldane! He is a well-balanced man, a man of great common-sense and resource. I will go to him. I will tell him every thing. God grant that he may be able to advise me!

IV

6.45 P. M. No, it is useless. .There is no human help for me; I must fight this out single-handed.^ There is no longer in a material sense anything to fight about .....
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Two courses lie before me. I might become this woman's lover. Or I must endure such persecutions as she can inflict upon me. Even if none come, I shall live in a hell of apprehension. But she may torture me, she may drive me mad, she may kill me: I will never, never, never give in. What can she inflict which would be worse than the loss of Agatha, and the knowledge that I am a perjured liar, and have forfeited the name of gentleman?
Pratt-Haldane was most amiable, and listened with all politeness to my story. .But when I looked at his heavy set features, his slow eyes, and the ponderous study furniture which surrounded him, I could hardly tell him what I had come to say.^ One man who could see the future heard a voice telling him to plant a hollow reed.
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^ The natives say Qat took the best of everything with him and look forward to his return.
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It was all so substantial, so material. .And, besides, what would I myself have said a short month ago if one of my colleagues had come to me with a story of demonic possession?^ One of Noah's sons didn't believe and said he would seek safety in the mountains.
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Perhaps. I should have been less patient than he was. .As it was, he took notes of my statement, asked me how much tea I drank, how many hours I slept, whether I had been overworking much, had I had sudden pains in the head, evil dreams, singing in the ears, flashes before the eyes--all questions which pointed to his belief that brain congestion was at the bottom of my trouble.^ He noted that: "No one ever seems to ask the question 'who is behind the Morgans and the Rockefellers ?'"
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^ Hoover points out in his Memoirs that: "...two-thirds of the work had been done during the Hoover Administration, all contracts were let as Hoover Dam, as was customary with many presidents with .
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.Finally he dismissed me with a great many platitudes about open-air exercise, and avoidance of nervous excitement.^ For many years he exercised great influence on Prime Minister Lloyd George of England.
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His prescription, which was for chloral and bromide, I rolled up and threw into the gutter.
No, I can look for no help from any human being. .If I consult any more, they may put their heads together and I may find myself in an asylum.^ Agents of either service are "eliminated" when they find out more than is good for them about this odd arrangement.
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^ You may find even more astonishing true facts than I have managed to glean in thirty-five years of intensive and in-depth research.
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I can but grip my courage with both hands, and pray that an honest man may not be abandoned.
April 10. It is the sweetest spring within the memory of man. So green, so mild, so beautiful! Ah, what a contrast between nature without and my own soul so torn with doubt and terror! It has been an uneventful day, but I know that I am on the edge of an abyss. I know it, and yet I go on with the routine of my life. .The one bright spot is that Agatha is happy and well and out of all danger.^ "The Panic of 1837 was aggravated by the Bank of England when it in one day threw out all the paper connected with the United States."
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If this creature had a hand on each of us, what might she not do?
April 16. The woman is ingenious in her torments. She knows how fond I am of my work, and how highly my lectures are thought of. So it is from that point that she now attacks me. It will end, I can see, in my losing my professorship, but I will fight to the finish. She shall not drive me out of it without a struggle.
I was not conscious of any change during my lecture this morning save that for a minute or two I had a dizziness and swimminess which rapidly passed away. On the contrary, I congratulated myself upon having made my subject (the functions of the red corpuscles) both interesting and clear. .I was surprised, therefore, when a student came into my laboratory immediately after the lecture, and complained of being puzzled by the discrepancy between my statements and those in the text books.^ Later, when the indians came, those people turned into animals.
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^ Vladimir Halperin, in "Lord Milner and the Empire", writes: "It was through Milner and some of his friends that the Round Table Group came into being.
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^ A little earth came into being, and it turned into all kinds of trees.
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He showed me his note-book, in which I was reported as having in one portion of the lecture championed the most outrageous and unscientific heresies. Of course I denied it, and declared that he had misunderstood me, but on comparing his notes with those of his companions, it became clear that he was right, and that I really had made some most preposterous statements. Of course I shall explain it away as being the result of a moment of aberration, but I feel only too sure that it will be the first of a series. It is but a month now to the end of the session, and I pray that I may be able to hold out until then.
April 26. Ten days have elapsed since I have had the heart to make any entry in my journal. Why should I record my own humiliation and degradation? I had vowed never to open it again. .And yet the force of habit is strong, and here I find myself taking up once more the record of my own dreadful experiences--in much the same spirit in which a suicide has been known to take notes of the effects of the poison which killed him.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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^ Zuni (New Mexico): A great flood once forced the Zunis out of their valley to take refuge on a nearby tableland.
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^ He had Kahshe, the piranha, cut the vine behind him so that the demon Ioroko couldn't climb up with his basket of poison.
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Well, the crash which I had foreseen has come--and that no further back than yesterday. The university authorities have taken my lectureship from me. It has been done in the most delicate way, purporting to be a temporary measure to relieve me from the effects of overwork, and to give me the opportunity of recovering my health. None the less, it has been done, and I am no longer Professor Gilroy. The laboratory is still in my charge, but I have little doubt that that also will soon go.
The fact is that my lectures had become the laughing- stock of the university. .My class was crowded with students who came to see and hear what the eccentric professor would do or say next.^ The Post continued: "The magazine quoted an FBI informant as saying 'it was common knowledge among lawyers at Bechtel that anyone who didn't keep Weinberger informed would be on the street the next day".
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^ Years later, Hailibu heard some birds saying that the next day the mountains would erupt and flood the land.
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I cannot go into the detail of my humiliation. Oh, that devilish woman! There is no depth of buffoonery and imbecility to which she has not forced me. I would begin my lecture clearly and well, but always with the sense of a coming eclipse. Then as I felt the influence I would struggle against it, striving with clenched hands and beads of sweat upon my brow to get the better of it, while the students, hearing my incoherent words and watching my contortions, would roar with laughter at the antics of their professor. .And then, when she had once fairly mastered me, out would come the most outrageous things--silly jokes, sentiments as though I were proposing a toast, snatches of ballads, personal abuse even against some member of my class.^ Carter Field points out, in his biography of Baruch: "My personal view is that Baruch would have been tremendously important in the Hughes election, if Hughes had been elected in the close election of 1916, both in the conduct of the war and in the making of the peace."
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^ The 60% loss I took on my Fortune computer system could be a hint of things to come'."
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^ After the flood had come and abated somewhat, he sent out some birds, which returned.
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And then in a moment my brain would clear again, and my lecture would proceed decorously to the end. No wonder that my conduct has been the talk of the colleges. No wonder that the University Senate has been compelled to take official notice of such a scandal. Oh, that devilish woman!
And the most dreadful part of it all is my own loneliness. Here I sit in a commonplace English bow- window, looking out upon a commonplace English street with its garish 'buses and its lounging policeman, and behind me there hangs a shadow which is out of all keeping with the age and place. In the home of knowledge I am weighed down and tortured by a power of which science knows nothing. No magistrate would listen to me. No paper would discuss my case. .No doctor would believe my symptoms.^ No one would seriously believe that bankers of this magnitude would finance an "anti-capitalist" revolution for the Communists, yet this is exactly what happened.
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My own most intimate friends would only look upon it as a sign of brain derangement. .I am out of all touch with my kind.^ The waters rushed out, flooding the world and bringing all kinds of fish.
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Oh, that devilish woman! Let her have a care! She may push me too far. .When the law cannot help a man, he may make a law for himself.^ He instructed one good man to make a large box and to preserve himself in it, along with many animals and seeds of certain plants.
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^ The buzzard told the man to make a box for himself and take along in it a dog and a chicken.
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She met me in the High Street yesterday evening and spoke to me. It was as well for her, perhaps, that it was not between the hedges of a lonely country road. She asked me with her cold smile whether I had been chastened yet. I did not deign to answer her. "We must try another turn of the screw;" said she. Have a care, my lady, have a care! I had her at my mercy once. Perhaps another chance may come.
April 28. The suspension of my lectureship has had the effect also of taking away her means of annoying me, and so I have enjoyed two blessed days of peace. .After all, there is no reason to despair.^ Naturally, there was no publicity for all this."
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^ When light returned, there was no land, and all the abodes of men had been overwhelmed.
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Sympathy pours in to me from all sides, and every one agrees that it is my devotion to science and the arduous nature of my researches which have shaken my nervous system. I have had the kindest message from the council advising me to travel abroad, and expressing the confident hope that I may be able to resume all my duties by the beginning of the summer term. .Nothing could be more flattering than their allusions to my career and to my services to the university.^ Nothing could be more incorrect.
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^ Marlborough claimed it had all been spent for intelligence, but witnesses testified he could not have spent more than 5000 pounds for this purpose in all of his campaigns.
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^ Agents of either service are "eliminated" when they find out more than is good for them about this odd arrangement.
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It is only in misfortune that one can test one's own popularity. This creature may weary of tormenting me, and then all may yet be well. May God grant it!
April 29. Our sleepy little town has had a small sensation. .The only knowledge of crime which we ever have is when a rowdy undergraduate breaks a few lamps or comes to blows with a policeman.^ He said only a few people, with special preparation for the knowledge, should know all four names, or the world would change too suddenly.
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.Last night, however, there was an attempt made to break-into the branch of the Bank of England, and we are all in a flutter in consequence.^ Current Biography 1940, noted, "There is an informal understanding that a director of Brown Shipley should be on the board of the Bank of England and Norman was elected to it in 1907."
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^ Since the Bank of England Charter was granted by William in 1694, there has never been another revolt against the Crown.
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^ The Hamburg branch was established, of course, because of the Warburg family bank there.
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Parkenson, the manager, is an intimate friend of mine, and I found him very much excited when I walked round there after breakfast. .Had the thieves broken into the counting-house, they would still have had the safes to reckon with, so that the defence was considerably stronger than the attack.^ The goat reappeared and said they could marry themselves, but they would have to put a hoe-handle and a clay pot with a broken bottom on their roof to signify that they are relatives.
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^ He sent down a black rain of resin; animals came into their houses and attacked them; and even pots and stones crushed them.
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^ They tried to escape onto their houses, into trees, and into caves, but the houses collapsed, the trees threw them off, and the caves slammed shut.
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Indeed, the latter does not appear to have ever been very formidable. .Two of the lower windows have marks as if a chisel or some such instrument had been pushed under them to force them open.^ The water stayed at its high mark for two days and then rapidly lowered.
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.The police should have a good clue, for the wood-work had been done with green paint only the day before, and from the smears it is evident that some of it has found its way on to the criminal's hands or clothes.^ Before the debacle of Nugan Hand Bank, Beazley was found to have transferred $200,000 from Nugan Hand to his Florida bank account.
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4.30 P. M. Ah, that accursed woman! That thrice accursed woman! Never mind! She shall not beat me! No, she shall not! But, oh, the she-devil! She has taken my professorship. Now she would take my honor. Is there nothing I can do against her, nothing save---- Ah, but, hard pushed as I am, I cannot bring myself to think of that!
.It was about an hour ago that I went into my bedroom, and was brushing my hair before the glass, when suddenly my eyes lit upon something which left me so sick and cold that I sat down upon the edge of the bed and began to cry.^ The people went down into the underworld again.
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^ A man once went into the sky and stole one of the eyes.
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^ The Canadian diplomat, Herbert Norman, and the Harvard Professor F.O. Matthiesen, also went out the window before they could be made to testify about their associations.
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.It is many a long year since I shed tears, but all my nerve was gone, and I could but sob and sob in impotent grief and anger.^ "Many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years" since Athens and Atlantis were preeminent.
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There was my house jacket, the coat I usually wear after dinner, hanging on its peg by the wardrobe, with the right sleeve thickly crusted from wrist to elbow with daubs of green paint.
So this was what she meant by another turn of the screw! She had made a public imbecile of me. Now she would brand me as a criminal. This time she has failed. But how about the next? I dare not think of it--and of Agatha and my poor old mother! I wish that I were dead!
Yes, this is the other turn of the screw. And this is also what she meant, no doubt, when she said that I had not realized yet the power she has over me. .I look back at my account of my conversation with her, and I see how she declared that with a slight exertion of her will her subject would be conscious, and with a stronger one unconscious.^ They escaped with a few belongings and looked back to see water covering their village.
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Last night I was unconscious. I could have sworn that I slept soundly in my bed without so much as a dream. .And yet those stains tell me that I dressed, made my way out, attempted to open the bank windows, and returned.^ The Canadian diplomat, Herbert Norman, and the Harvard Professor F.O. Matthiesen, also went out the window before they could be made to testify about their associations.
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Was I observed? .Is it possible that some one saw me do it and followed me home?^ One day he returned home and saw the bitch remove her skin and grind corn.
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^ People rushed up and cut off its head, and one of the men fed on some of the flesh the following morning.
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Ah, what a hell my life has become! I have no peace, no rest. But my patience is nearing its end.
10 P. M. I have cleaned my coat with turpentine. I do not think that any one could have seen me. It was with my screw-driver that I made the marks. I found it all crusted with paint, and I have cleaned it. My head aches as if it would burst, and I have taken five grains of antipyrine. If it were not for Agatha, I should have taken fifty and had an end of it.
May 3. Three quiet days. This hell fiend is like a cat with a mouse. She lets me loose only to pounce upon me again. I am never so frightened as when every thing is still. My physical state is deplorable-- perpetual hiccough and ptosis of the left eyelid.
.I have heard from the Mardens that they will be back the day after to-morrow.^ On the ninth day, they finally heard the cock crow and the needle strike bottom.
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^ One day, they heard faint voices coming from the gourd.
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^ They saw nothing but a floating log and, landing on it, heard the children inside, who were saying to each other that they had only three days of provisions left.
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I do not know whether I am glad or sorry. They were safe in London. .Once here they may be drawn into the miserable network in which I am myself struggling.^ Its cause isn't certain, but it may have been made the the three brothers Qoaqlqal, who travelled the country transforming things until they themselves were transformed into stones.
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^ Here they lived many centuries and raised two boys who had the power to transform themselves into eagles and serpents.
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And I must tell them of it. I cannot marry Agatha so long as I know that I am not responsible for my own actions. .Yes, I must tell them, even if it brings every thing to an end between us.^ Can anyone fail to make a connection between the director of a "charity" designed to control the education of every citizen of the U.S., and its director who conspired to involve us in a world war ?
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To-night is the university ball, and I must go. God knows I never felt less in the humor for festivity, but I must not have it said that I am unfit to appear in public. .If I am seen there, and have speech with some of the elders of the university it will go a long way toward showing them that it would be unjust to take my chair away from me.^ The conspirators knew that their parasitic way of life would not be long endured by any host.
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10 P. M. I have been to the ball. .Charles Sadler and I went together, but I have come away before him.^ He went first to Rio Tinto which reelected him to its Board and before long Rothschild asked him to be its chairman."
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^ He went into a rage, rose up as rain, and washed them all away to the ocean, together with their homes and llamas.
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.I shall wait up for him, however, for, indeed, I fear to go to sleep these nights.^ Wenebojo wished the manidog would go to sleep, and when they slept, he shot and wounded the king and the next to the king; then he ran away as the water was rising behind him.
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^ Another pelican came up when he was halfway through with these preparations, but not knowing what to make of the strange half black and half white creature, pecked him and killed him.
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^ The Empress, fearful of criticism, refused to receive him, and after spending the night at the palace, he was escorted back to the German lines.
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He is a cheery, practical fellow, and a chat with him will steady my nerves. On the whole, the evening was a great success. I talked to every one who has influence, and I think that I made them realize that my chair is not vacant quite yet. The creature was at the ball--unable to dance, of course, but sitting with Mrs. Wilson. Again and again her eyes rested upon me. .They were almost the last things I saw before I left the room.^ Sotuknang appeared and told them to look back, and they saw the islands, the last remnants of the Third World, sink into the ocean.
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^ When at last this ship came to rest, the couple nibbled their way out through its side, and they saw land stretching to the horizon in all directions.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the birds became angry and left when they saw him, leaving no food.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

.Once, as I sat sideways to her, I watched her, and saw that her gaze was following some one else.^ People rushed up and cut off its head, and one of the men fed on some of the flesh the following morning.
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It was Sadler, who was dancing at the time with the second Miss Thurston. To judge by her expression, it is well for him that he is not in her grip as I am. He does not know the escape he has had. .I think I hear his step in the street now, and I will go down and let him in.^ When the water fell, Yehl let go, dropped like an arrow onto a soft bank of seaweed, and was rescued by an otter who brought him to land.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God told Saint Michael the Archangel to go down, and Saint Michael reversed the man's face and hind parts and turned him into a monkey.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His companions begged him to let it go lest he anger the water monsters by killing it, but he refused to listen and began carrying it away.
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If he will----
May 4. Why did I break off in this way last night? .I never went down stairs, after all--at least, I have no recollection of doing so.^ Because they had no guiding philosophy, and no program, this American "upper class" never made it to the top of the stairs.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the waters ebbed, the survivors followed the tide down the mountain, but the trees were all gone, and the people, having no firewood, perished of cold.
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But, on the other hand, I cannot remember going to bed. .One of my hands is greatly swollen this morning, and yet I have no remembrance of injuring it yesterday.^ No one would seriously believe that bankers of this magnitude would finance an "anti-capitalist" revolution for the Communists, yet this is exactly what happened.
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Otherwise, I am feeling all the better for last night's festivity. But I cannot understand how it is that I did not meet Charles Sadler when I so fully intended to do so. Is it possible---- My God, it is only too probable! Has she been leading me some devil's dance again? .I will go down to Sadler and ask him.^ One day a mysterious man came by and asked Gim to go with him.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God told Saint Michael the Archangel to go down, and Saint Michael reversed the man's face and hind parts and turned him into a monkey.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

Mid-day. The thing has come to a crisis. My life is not worth living. But, if I am to die, then she shall come also. .I will not leave her behind, to drive some other man mad as she has me.^ When the flood had subsided, the man threw stones behind him, which became other people.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

No, I have come to the limit of my endurance. .She has made me as desperate and dangerous a man as walks the earth.^ Se-eh-ha and his brother Juvet-Makai (Earth Medicine Man) hurriedly made canoes and rode out the flood in them.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

.God knows I have never had the heart to hurt a fly, and yet, if I had my hands now upon that woman, she should never leave this room alive.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

I shall see her this very day, and she shall learn what she has to expect from me.
.I went to Sadler and found him, to my surprise, in bed.^ He went every day to clear the fields and found, on returning home, that food had been prepared for him.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

As I entered he sat up and turned a face toward me which sickened me as I looked at it.
"Why, Sadler, what has happened?" I cried, but my heart turned cold as I said it.
"Gilroy," he answered, mumbling with his swollen lips, "I have for some weeks been under the impression that you are a madman. Now I know it, and that you are a dangerous one as well. If it were not that I am unwilling to make a scandal in the college, you would now be in the hands of the police."
"Do you mean----" I cried.
."I mean that as I opened the door last night you rushed out upon me, struck me with both your fists in the face, knocked me down, kicked me furiously in the side, and left me lying almost unconscious in the street.^ When the flood began, the sinners gathered around it and rushed the door, but the wild beasts aboard the ark guarded the door and set upon them.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lowenstein, wishing to go to the washroom, opened the wrong door and fell out.
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^ The next out, in order, were Han, Dai, and last of all Jino (which literally means "last squeeze"); they became ancestors of their people.
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.Look at your own hand bearing witness against you."^ I ask you to accept nothing, but to make your own investigations.
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Yes, there it was, puffed up, with sponge-like knuckles, as after some terrific blow. What could I do? Though he put me down as a madman, I must tell him all. I sat by his bed and went over all my troubles from the beginning. .I poured them out with quivering hands and burning words which might have carried conviction to the most sceptical.^ In Asia, for centuries assassins had been sent to carry out their duties after being given quantities of drugs (assassin comes from the word for hasheesh).
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"She hates you and she hates me!" I cried. "She revenged herself last night on both of us at once. She saw me leave the ball, and she must have seen you also. .She knew how long it would take you to reach home.^ The conspirators knew that their parasitic way of life would not be long endured by any host.
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Then she had but to use her wicked will. Ah, your bruised face is a small thing beside my bruised soul!"
He was struck by my story. That was evident. "Yes, yes, she watched me out of the room," he muttered. "She is capable of it. But is it possible that she has really reduced you to this? What do you intend to do?"
"To stop it!" I cried. "I am perfectly desperate; I shall give her fair warning to-day, and the next time will be the last."
"Do nothing rash," said he.
"Rash!" I cried. "The only rash thing is that I should postpone it another hour." With that I rushed to my room, and here I am on the eve of what may be the great crisis of my life. I shall start at once. .I have gained one thing to-day, for I have made one man, at least, realize the truth of this monstrous experience of mine.^ On the ninth day, the old man returned and told his host that all living things would be drowned, but since he had kept his oath, he would be saved.
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^ One day a mysterious man came by and asked Gim to go with him.
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^ They decided to stay anyway, but after 24 days, one of the Insect People made love to the wife of the Swallow People's chief.
  • Flood Stories from Around the World 17 January 2010 8:39 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: Original source]

And, if the worst should happen, this diary remains as a proof of the goad that has driven me.
Evening. When I came to Wilson's, I was shown up, and found that he was sitting with Miss Penclosa. .For half an hour I had to endure his fussy talk about his recent research into the exact nature of the spiritualistic rap, while the creature and I sat in silence looking across the room at each other.^ The two leaders did not know or particularly like each other; each of them conferred with W. Averell Harriman about how to talk to the other, and carefully followed his advice.
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I read a sinister amusement in her eyes, and she must have seen hatred and menace in mine. I had almost despaired of having speech with her when he was called from the room, and we were left for a few moments together.
"Well, Professor Gilroy--or is it Mr. Gilroy?" said she, with that bitter smile of hers. "How is your friend Mr. Charles Sadler after the ball?"
"You fiend!" I cried. "You have come to the end of your tricks now. I will have no more of them. Listen to what I say." .I strode across and shook her roughly by the shoulder "As sure as there is a God in heaven, I swear that if you try another of your deviltries upon me I will have your life for it.^ The gods begat five children by the old woman and then returned to heaven, as did the goddess who restored her to life.
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Come what may, I will have your life. I have come to the end of what a man can endure."
"Accounts are not quite settled between us," said she, with a passion that equalled my own. "I can love, and I can hate. You had your choice. .You chose to spurn the first; now you must test the other.^ You must give a certain amount of your economic income to other areas of the world."
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It will take a little more to break your spirit, I see, but broken it shall be. Miss Marden comes back to-morrow, as I understand."
"What has that to do with you?" I cried. "It is a pollution that you should dare even to think of her. If I thought that you would harm her----"
.She was frightened, I could see, though she tried to brazen it out.^ His brother was frightened and tried to pull him out, but the lake began to overflow.
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She read the black thought in my mind, and cowered away from me.
"She is fortunate in having such a champion," said she. "He actually dares to threaten a lonely woman. I must really congratulate Miss Marden upon her protector."
The words were bitter, but the voice and manner were more acid still.
."There is no use talking," said I. "I only came here to tell you,--and to tell you most solemnly,--that your next outrage upon me will be your last."^ It was a traditional belief on Wall Street that if you wished to deal with a "gentiles only" firm, you went to J.P. Morgan; if you wanted a Jewish firm, there were a number of houses available, but the most influential, by far, was Kuhn, Loeb Co.
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^ There was no question of their marriage -- he was looking for a rich wife, she was looking for a rich husband -- they began a relationship which lasted for years.
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With that, as I heard Wilson's step upon the stair, I walked from the room. Ay, she may look venomous and deadly, but, for all that, she is beginning to see now that she has as much to fear from me as I can have from her. Murder! It has an ugly sound. But you don't talk of murdering a snake or of murdering a tiger. Let her have a care now.
May 5. I met Agatha and her mother at the station at eleven o'clock. She is looking so bright, so happy, so beautiful. And she was so overjoyed to see me. What have I done to deserve such love? .I went back home with them, and we lunched together.^ He went into a rage, rose up as rain, and washed them all away to the ocean, together with their homes and llamas.
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^ They went back to fight together, but the other boy was killed and the island submerged, and Gim and the King retreated to a second island.
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^ He went back home to warn his neighbors, but they didn't believe him.
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.All the troubles seem in a moment to have been shredded back from my life.^ By his side was the rifle he supposedly shot himself with, although in his last moments of life he apparently decided to wipe off all fingerprints.
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She tells me that I am looking pale and worried and ill. The dear child puts it down to my loneliness and the perfunctory attentions of a housekeeper. I pray that she may never know the truth! .May the shadow, if shadow there must be, lie ever black across my life and leave hers in the sunshine.^ It may be seen there today; it is called Black Mountain.
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^ I may not deceive you as well as myself in my desire, and like the bee leave my sting in you before I die.
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.I have just come back from them, feeling a new man.^ He looked on the sand of the new land and saw a man's tracks, seemingly coming from the north and leading into the water to the south.
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.With her by my side I think that I could show a bold face to any thing which life might send.^ The 60% loss I took on my Fortune computer system could be a hint of things to come'."
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5 P. M. Now, let me try to be accurate. Let me try to say exactly how it occurred. It is fresh in my mind, and I can set it down correctly, though it is not likely that the time will ever come when I shall forget the doings of to-day.
I had returned from the Mardens' after lunch, and was cutting some microscopic sections in my freezing microtome, when in an instant I lost consciousness in the sudden hateful fashion which has become only too familiar to me of late.
.When my senses came back to me I was sitting in a small chamber, very different from the one in which I had been working.^ One night they came together in the camp with their backs together and grew together into one creature, which grew tall enough to touch the sky.
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It was cosey and bright, with chintz- covered settees, colored hangings, and a thousand pretty little trifles upon the wall. A small ornamental clock ticked in front of me, and the hands pointed to half-past three. .It was all quite familiar to me, and yet I stared about for a moment in a half- dazed way until my eyes fell upon a cabinet photograph of myself upon the top of the piano.^ Certainly you have never voted him into any office, yet what he says and does has an effect upon us all.
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On the other side stood one of Mrs. Marden. Then, of course, I remembered where I was. It was Agatha's boudoir.
But how came I there, and what did I want? A horrible sinking came to my heart. Had I been sent here on some devilish errand? Had that errand already been done? Surely it must; otherwise, why should I be allowed to come back to consciousness? Oh, the agony of that moment! What had I done? I sprang to my feet in my despair, and as I did so a small glass bottle fell from my knees on to the carpet.
It was unbroken, and I picked it up. Outside was written "Sulphuric Acid. Fort." When I drew the round glass stopper, a thick fume rose slowly up, and a pungent, choking smell pervaded the room. I recognized it as one which I kept for chemical testing in my chambers. But why had I brought a bottle of vitriol into Agatha's chamber? Was it not this thick, reeking liquid with which jealous women had been known to mar the beauty of their rivals? My heart stood still as I held the bottle to the light. Thank God, it was full! No mischief had been done as yet. But had Agatha come in a minute sooner, was it not certain that the hellish parasite within me would have dashed the stuff into her---- Ah, it will not bear to be thought of! But it must have been for that. Why else should I have brought it? .At the thought of what I might have done my worn nerves broke down, and I sat shivering and twitching, the pitiable wreck of a man.^ They sat down in a row on a tree trunk, it broke, and they all cried out, and with that they were able to speak.
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It was the sound of Agatha's voice and the rustle of her dress which restored me. .I looked up, and saw her blue eyes, so full of tenderness and pity, gazing down at me.^ After some time, Olelbes (He-Who-Is-Above) looked down all around and finally saw something barely visible in the north in the middle of the water.
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."We must take you away to the country, Austin," she said.^ "Then," said Congressman Reece, "you must conduct the investigation on that basis."
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"You want rest and quiet. You look wretchedly ill."
"Oh, it is nothing!" said I, trying to smile. "It was only a momentary weakness. I am all right again now."
"I am so sorry to keep you waiting. Poor boy, you must have been here quite half an hour! .The vicar was in the drawing-room, and, as I knew that you did not care for him, I thought it better that Jane should show you up here.^ GRAHAM: Did you impress him with your belief that we were going to get into the war ?
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.I thought the man would never go!"^ Norman Dodd, also a Yale man, said: "It was wellknown on campus that if you were tapped for Bones you would never have to worry about success in later life."
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"Thank God he stayed! Thank God he stayed!" I cried hysterically.
"Why, what is the matter with you, Austin?" she asked, holding my arm as I staggered up from the chair. "Why are you glad that the vicar stayed? And what is this little bottle in your hand?"
"Nothing," I cried, thrusting it into my pocket. "But I must go. I have something important to do."
"How stern you look, Austin! I have never seen your face like that. You are angry?"
"Yes, I am angry."
"But not with me?"
"No, no, my darling! You would not understand."
."But you have not told me why you came."^ He further told her to refuse to board and, when her husband strikes her in anger, to say, "Why do you strike me, Shitkur?"
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."I came to ask you whether you would always love me--no matter what I did, or what shadow might fall on my name.^ The Memoirs of Max Warburg state, "The Kaiser thumped the table violently and shouted 'Must you always be right?', but then listened carefully to Max's view of financial matters."
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^ No one else ever asked the question, nor did anyone answer it!
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^ They were uncertain whether it would be proper for them to marry, so they asked the sun as it rose the next morning.
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Would you believe in me and trust me however black appearances might be against me?"
"You know that I would, Austin."
."Yes, I know that you would.^ Allen Dulles placed a verse from the Bible (John 8:32) in the entrance to the CIA building, "And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free."
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What I do I shall do for you. I am driven to it. .There is no other way out, my darling!"^ There, they found fish to eat, but they had no way to cook it.
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I kissed her and rushed from the room.
The time for indecision was at an end. As long as the creature threatened my own prospects and my honor there might be a question as to what I should do. But now, when Agatha--my innocent Agatha--was endangered, my duty lay before me like a turnpike road. I had no weapon, but I never paused for that. .What weapon should I need, when I felt every muscle quivering with the strength of a frenzied man?^ Louise Ware writes in her biography of Peabody, "He (Peabody) added that the national crisis (World War I), when every man was needed, should insure the Negro opportunity."
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.I ran through the streets, so set upon what I had to do that I was only dimly conscious of the faces of friends whom I met-- dimly conscious also that Professor Wilson met me, running with equal precipitance in the opposite direction.^ In 1912, Dillon met William A. Read, founder of a well known Wall Street bond brokerage, through a Harvard classmate.
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^ The worst Bolsheviks in the U.S. are not only college professors, of whom President Wilson is one, but capitalists and the wives of capitalists.
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Breathless but resolute I reached the house and rang the bell. .A white cheeked maid opened the door, and turned whiter yet when she saw the face that looked in at her.^ Seven days later, Nama told his eldest son to open the window and look around, and the son saw only the summits of mountains.
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^ His son Ham saw him lying naked in his tent and told his brothers Shem and Japheth, who came and covered Noah with their faces turned.
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^ They were expelled to the third world; the white face of the wind told them of an opening.
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"Show me up at once to Miss Penclosa," I demanded.
"Sir," she gasped, "Miss Penclosa died this afternoon at half-past three!"
PD-icon.svg This work is in the .public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).^ American taxpayers, and which makes our elections a farce because these men determine all policies which are implemented in the United States.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PARASITE (From Gr. irapa, beside, cr ros food), literally "mess-mate," a term originally conveying no idea of reproach or contempt, as in later times. .The early parasites may be divided into two classes, religious and civil.^ The child offers the chance of long term genetic survival to his parents, whereas the parasite undermines the long term genetic interests of its host and may even drive it into extinction.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The former were assistants of the priests, their chief duty being to collect the corn dues which were contributed by the farmers of the temple lands or which came in from other sources (Athenaeus vi.^ Of course, the priests had other duties, but none had greater practical significance than their butchery.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

235; Pollux vi. 35). .Considerable obscurity exists as to their other functions, but they seem to have been charged with providing food for the visitors to the temples, with the care of certain offerings, and with the arrangement of the sacrificial banquets.^ They are men who have devised a misanthropic life, who share neither food nor drink with others."
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They could care less about mentoring to the next generation of fellow whites or providing start up capital, contacts, deals, and job leads.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

In Attica the parasites appear to have been confined to certain demes (Acharnae, Diomeia), and were appointed by the demes to which the temples belonged. .The "civil" parasites were a class of persons who received invitations to dine in the prytaneum and subsequently in the tholos) as distinguished from those who had the right to dine there ex officio. An entirely different meaning ("sponger") became attached to the word from the character introduced into the Middle and New Comedy, first by Alexis, and firmly established by Diphilus.^ On July 8, 1937, the New York Times noted that Prof. Wilhelm, a German historian, had said: "The Rothschilds introduced the rule of money into European politics.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those who mock the words of the Jewish sages and sin against Israel are boiled in hot excrement."
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The German director of ITT was Baron Kurt von Schroder, of the Schroder banking family of Cologne, London and New York, who was Hitler's personal banker.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The chief object of this class of parasites was a good dinner, for which they were ready to submit to almost any humiliation. Numerous examples occur in the comedies of Plautus; and Alciphron and Athenaeus (vi. 236 sqq.) give instances of the insults they had to put up with at the hands of both host and guests. .Some of them played the part of professional jesters (like the later buffoons and court fools), and kept collections of witticisms ready for use at their patrons' table; others relied upon flattery, others again condescended to the most degrading devices (Plutarch, De adulatore, 23; De educatione puerorum, 17).^ Alger Hiss's lawyer at his trial for perjury), and other Rothschild operatives descended like locusts upon the prostrate nation.
  • The World Order a Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is some facility in the abstract use of numbers, without consideration of actual objects (or in other words, at least a start has been made in mathematics).
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not think we can jump the conclusion that all Thugs were genetically hard-wired towards parasitism like some of the animal models I will discuss later.
  • Res_Opp_ideol-5-Parasitism 3 February 2010 17:22 UTC www.amfirstbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

The term parasite, from meaning a "hanger-on," has been transferred to any living creature which lives on another one. See Juvenal v. 170 with J. E. B. Mayor's note, and the exhaustive: article by M. H. Meier in Ersch and Gruber's Allgemeine Encyclopadie..


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