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Parathyroid hormone receptor 2
Symbols PTHR2;
External IDs OMIM601469 MGI2180917 HomoloGene3701 IUPHAR: PTH2 GeneCards: PTHR2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PTHR2 206772 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 5746 213527
Ensembl ENSG00000144407 ENSMUSG00000025946
UniProt P49190 Q8BUM8
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_005048 NM_139270
RefSeq (protein) NP_005039 NP_644676
Location (UCSC) Chr 2:
208.98 - 209.07 Mb
Chr 1:
65.25 - 65.32 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Parathyroid hormone receptor 2, also known as PTH2, is a human protein encoded by the PTHR2 gene.[1]

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family 2. This protein is a receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH). This receptor is more selective in ligand recognition and has a more specific tissue distribution compared to parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1). It is activated only by PTH and not by parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) and is particularly abundant in brain and pancreas.[1]


See also


Further reading

  • Usdin TB, Gruber C, Bonner TI (1995). "Identification and functional expression of a receptor selectively recognizing parathyroid hormone, the PTH2 receptor.". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (26): 15455–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.26.15455. PMID 7797535.  
  • Usdin TB, Modi W, Bonner TI (1997). "Assignment of the human PTH2 receptor gene (PTHR2) to chromosome 2q33 by fluorescence in situ hybridization.". Genomics 37 (1): 140–1. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0532. PMID 8921382.  
  • Clark JA, Bonner TI, Kim AS, Usdin TB (1998). "Multiple regions of ligand discrimination revealed by analysis of chimeric parathyroid hormone 2 (PTH2) and PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) receptors.". Mol. Endocrinol. 12 (2): 193–206. doi:10.1210/me.12.2.193. PMID 9482662.  
  • Hoare SR, Clark JA, Usdin TB (2000). "Molecular determinants of tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues (TIP39) selectivity for the parathyroid hormone-2 (PTH2) receptor. N-terminal truncation of TIP39 reverses PTH2 receptor/PTH1 receptor binding selectivity.". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (35): 27274–83. doi:10.1074/jbc.M003910200. PMID 10854439.  
  • John MR, Arai M, Rubin DA, et al. (2002). "Identification and characterization of the murine and human gene encoding the tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues.". Endocrinology 143 (3): 1047–57. doi:10.1210/en.143.3.1047. PMID 11861531.  
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932.  
  • Seeliger S, Hausberg M, Eue I, et al. (2003). "The parathyroid hormone-2 receptor is expressed on human leukocytes and down-regulated in hyperparathyroidism.". Clin. Nephrol. 59 (6): 429–35. PMID 12834174.  
  • Bisello A, Manen D, Pierroz DD, et al. (2004). "Agonist-specific regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor type 2 activity: structural and functional analysis of PTH- and tuberoinfundibular peptide (TIP) 39-stimulated desensitization and internalization.". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (6): 1486–98. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0487. PMID 14988434.  
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, et al. (2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMID 15489334.  
  • Mahon MJ, Shimada M (2005). "Calmodulin interacts with the cytoplasmic tails of the parathyroid hormone 1 receptor and a sub-set of class b G-protein coupled receptors.". FEBS Lett. 579 (3): 803–7. doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2004.12.056. PMID 15670850.  

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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