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Coordinates: 46°27′07″N 4°07′13″E / 46.451944°N 04.1202778°E / 46.451944; 04.1202778

Commune of Paray-le-Monial

Paray le M apsidy zvenku DSCN1136.JPG
Apse of the Sacré-Coeur church
Location
Paray-le-Monial is located in France
Paray-le-Monial
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Charolles
Canton Paray-le-Monial
Intercommunality Paray-le-Monial
Mayor Jean-Marc Nesme
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 234–304 m (770–1,000 ft)
(avg. 245 m/800 ft)
Land area1 25.20 km2 (9.73 sq mi)
Population2 9,502  (2006)
 - Density 377 /km2 (980 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 71342/ 71600
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Sacré-Coeur church in Paray-le-Monial
Cloister
Hôtel de Ville

Paray-le-Monial is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

Contents

Sights

The town is mainly known for its Romanesque church "Sacré-Coeur" and as a place of pilgrimage.

The Hôtel de Ville, in Renaissance style, the façade of which is adorned with a large statue of the Blessed Virgin, is also one of the historical monuments.

History

Paray (Paredum; Parodium) existed before the monks who gave it its surname of Le Monial, for when Count Lambert of Chalon, together with his wife Adelaide and his friend Mayeul de Cluny, founded there in 973 the celebrated Benedictine priory, the borough had already been constituted, with its ædiles and communal privileges. At that time an ancient temple was dedicated to the Mother of God (Charter of Paray). The Cluny monks were, 999-1789, lords of the town.

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Religious history

Protestantism made many proselytes here, but in 1618 the Jesuits were summoned, and after a century there remained only a few Protestant families, who have long since disappeared. In order to complete the work, Père Paul de Barry, the author of Pensez-y-bien, in 1678 brought the Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary (the Visitandines) here.

Paray-le-Monial has become a much-frequented place of pilgrimage since 1873, as many as 100,000 pilgrims arriving yearly from all parts of Europe and America. The most venerated spot is the Chapel of the Visitation, where most of the apparitions to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque took place. Next comes the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, in charge of secular chaplains, formerly the church of the monks, which is one of the most beautiful monuments of Cluniac architecture (10th or 11th century).

Pilgrimage is also made to the Hieron or temple-palace, erected by a layman in honour of the Eucharistic King, where there is a very curious collection of pictures and objects of art bearing on the Holy Eucharist. Despite the difficulties of the present religious situation in France [as of 1911], Paray still possesses a number of communities or monasteries which justify its surname. Moreover, with this town are connected the associations the object of which is the cult of the Sacred Heart, such as the Apostleship of Prayer, the Archconfraternity of the Holy Hour (established at Paray itself in 1829 by Père Robert Debrosse), and the Communion of Reparation, organized in 1854 by Père Victor Drevon. The latter maintains its headquarters at Paray.

Pope Leo XIII said in his Brief of Coronation of Notre Dame de Romay (25 July, 1896), "Cœ;lo gratissimum oppidum", "a town very dear to heaven".

Geography

The river Bourbince flows northwestward through the commune and crosses the town.

Economy

The area's primary industry is agriculture in particular dairy farming.

Notable people

Paray-le-Monial was the birthplace of:

  • Jacqueline Maillan (1923-1992), actress

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Paray-le-Monial is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. http://www.bethlehem-city.org/Twining.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : France : Central France : Burgundy : Paray-le-Monial
Contents

Paray-le-Monial is a little town in the south of Burgundy in France. It is the sister city of Bad Dürkheim, Germany and Wells, England.

  • The Basilique is the major attraction in Paray-le-Monial. It was established in the 11th century and is nowadays quite popular with pilgrims.
  • Right next to the Basilique you'll find a cloister which was built in the 18th century.
  • Club 4: It's the only real club in town.
  • Hotel 3 Pigeons
  • Hotel Terminus which is in a short walking distance of the station. It has a wonderful garden to sit in in summer.

Stay safe

The town is not very dangerous and there is hardly any crime. You can walk through the town at night at any time. Especially when it's pilgrim-season you should be careful as there are many tourists in town around that time.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


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