Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays: Wikis


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Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays
Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays logo
Founded 1972, New York City, New York, United States
Area served Global
Focus LGBT activism
Method Campaigning, Advocacy, Support groups, Public speaking

Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) is a group of family members and friends of Lesbian, Gay, bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) people. PFLAG's goal as given in its mission statement is to promote the health and well-being of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender persons, while providing support and information to their families and friends.[1] This work falls into three areas:

  • Support, to cope with an adverse society
  • Education, to enlighten an ill-informed public
  • Advocacy, to end discrimination and to secure equal civil rights

In 2002 PFLAG welcomed intersex persons and their families as fully participating members.[2]

PFLAG has more than 400 affiliates throughout the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and 11 other countries.[3]

The acronym PFLAG is pronounced "P-FLAG" (/ˈpiːflæɡ/), and until removal of the hyphen in 1993 was officially styled in that manner.[4]



PFLAG contingent at San Francisco Pride, 2004.

The event that sparked PFLAG was in 1972 when Jeanne Manford was watching a TV news report and saw her son "being tossed down an escalator during a gay rights protest while the New York City Police Department stood by and watched."[5]

The idea for the organization arose out of Jeanne Manford's marching with her gay son Morty, carrying a sign saying: "Parents of Gays: Unite in Support for Our Children" in New York City's Christopher Street Liberation Day Gay Pride Parade (now known as Heritage of Pride) which started two years prior. People came up to Manford during and after the parade, applauding her actions and inspiring her to form a support group for gays and lesbians and their families. In time the scope of the organization – which turned into POG (Parents of Gays), later P-FLAG, and beginning in 1993, PFLAG – expanded to include bisexuals, and ultimately, transgender people.

PFLAG has grown to comprise 500 chapters and 250,000 members in the United States.


"Stay Close" is a national campaign started in 2006 by PFLAG that encourages the family and friends of a LGBT persons to give them support.[6]

In the mid-1990s, "Project Open Mind" caused some controversy from Pat Robertson. He threatened to sue PFLAG and any television station that aired the project's ads, which showed clips of anti-LGBT quotes from several people, including Robertson, Jerry Falwell, and United States Sen. Jesse Helms.[7][8] The ads can currently be seen on the Commercial Closet webpage.


The PFLAG Northeast Regional Conference for family, friends, and allies from across the region took place October 27 to October 29, 2006.[9] The venue was the DCU Center in Worcester, Massachusetts USA. It was held in conjunction with the Transcending Boundaries Conference.

The 2007 PFLAG National Convention, sponsored by IBM, was planned for October 11 through October 17, 2007 in McLean, Virginia. The theme is "Family Voices Moving Equality Forward."

Parents and Friends of Ex-gays (PFOX)

Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays (PFOX), no relation to PFLAG, formed in 1998 as what PFLAG's then Executive Director Kirsten Kingdon called "a counter to PFLAG".[10] PFOX maintains that homosexuality is a choice, not a product of biological determination.[11] The organization provides support for the ex-gay community and is considerably smaller than PFLAG, having only 32 chapters vs. PFLAG's 500. Whereas PFLAG's agenda could be broadly characterized as liberal, PFOX trends towards more conservative views and is supported by the Family Research Council.[10][12] PFOX voiced opposition to "grade-specific sex education and information about HIV/AIDS" on the basis that "the standards are not age-appropriate and would undermine abstinence-only messages."[13] PFOX opposed "legislation to protect transgender individuals from discrimination" with a stated concern that it would give "male cross-dressers access to women's restrooms".[14][15] In 2005, PFOX was barred from presenting a workshop at the National Parent Teacher Association (PTA) Convention.[16] They have also been denied participation at events held by the National Mental Health Association, the National Education Association, and the American Association of University Women. PFLAG, which has been an invited guest to the National PTA convention in recent years, responded to PFOX through PFLAG’s executive director Jody Huckaby:

PFLAG and others also find the basic premise of PFOX’s rationale confusing. If someone is not gay or bisexual, they are heterosexual. Since this is the case PFOX should have no concerns. P-FLAG supports safe schools for all sexual orientations - gay, bisexual and heterosexual.[17]

See also


  1. ^ PFLAG: Vision, Mission and Strategic Goals
  2. ^ PFLAG: Policy Statements
  3. ^ About PFLAG
  4. ^ See banner styled P-FLAG; (also see Discussion this article)
  5. ^ Rankin, Richard (Oct/November 2006, Issue #3). "Talking Tolerance". Wo! Magazine. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  6. ^ Stay Close :: Pflag
  7. ^ PFLAG: History
  8. ^ P-FLAG vs Pat Robertson
  9. ^ Transcending Boundaries Conference
  10. ^ a b O’Bryan, Will (10 September 1999). "P-FOX Shift Bodes Badly for ‘Ex-Gays’: Ousted director reveals fiscal shortfalls". Washington Blade. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  11. ^ PFOX - "About Us"
  12. ^ Sanchez, Casey (15 December 2007). "Christian 'Ex-Gays' Brainwash Thousands: Can the anti-gay Christian Right's "sexual reorientation therapy" be stopped?". Intelligence Report. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  13. ^ "Across The Nation: Washington, D.C., Board of Education Approves Health Education Standards That Include HIV/AIDS Information". Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  14. ^ Marimow, Ann E. (22 November 2007). "Leggett Signs Bill For Protection of Transgender People". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  15. ^ Davis, Janel (21 November 2007). "Leggett Signs Transgender Discrimination Ban Into Law"., Maryland Community Newspapers Online. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  16. ^ Westen, John-Henry (20 May 2005). "US Parent Teacher Association Allows Gay Activists but Refuses Ex-Gays". LifeSite News. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  17. ^ PFLAG Returns to NPTA Convention, from PFLAG website

External links

PFLAG around the world :

Other links:

Simple English

Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays
Founded 1972, New York City, New York, United States
Area served Global
Focus LGBT activism
Method Campaigning, Advocacy, Support groups, Public speaking

Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays or PFLAG is an American organization devoted to the cause of homosexual or gay rights while actively involving (as in its' name) parents, family and friends of those individuals. The organization started in 1972 when Jeanne Manford watched in horror as the police of New York City ignored her son being thrown down an escalator, during a protest for gay rights.[1]


  1. Rankin, Richard (Oct/November 2006, Issue #3). "Talking Tolerance". Wo! Magazine. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 

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