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Paris Saint-Germain
Psg badge.png
Full name Paris Saint-Germain
Football Club
Nickname(s) PSG
Paris SG
Les Rouge-et-Bleu
Les Parisiens
Founded 12 August 1970
Ground Parc des Princes,
Paris
(Capacity: 48,713)
Owner France Butler Capital Partners
United States Colony Capital
Chairman France Robin Leproux
Manager France Antoine Kombouaré
League Ligue 1
2008–09 L1, 6th
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Paris Saint-Germain Football Club, also known simply as Paris Saint-Germain and familiarly as Paris SG or PSG is a professional football club based in Paris, France. It was founded on August 12, 1970, thanks to the merger of Paris FC (a pool of financial investors) and Stade Saint-Germain. After 20,000 subscriptions from individuals desperate to see an elite football club in Paris, a group of local businessmen, led by Guy Crescent, CEO of Calberson and Pierre-Étienne Guyot, Vice-president of RCF Paris, asked the directors of Stade Sangermanois to become part of their project. The creation of Paris Saint-Germain F.C. marked the reappearance of a major club in Paris after the decline of Racing Paris, Red Star, Stade Français and CA Paris.[1] The club's motto is "Paris Est Magique" (Paris Is Magic). The official PSG anthem is Allez Paris Saint-Germain by Les Parisiens.[2]

Paris Saint-Germain has been playing in the Ligue 1 since 1974, the current championship record. The capital club is one of the most prestigious outfits in French football having won two Ligue 1 titles, seven Coupes de France, a record three Coupes de la Ligue and two Trophées des Champions. PSG is, with Olympique de Marseille, the only French club to have won a European competition, claiming the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1996.[3]

The club's stadium is the Parc des Princes, the third largest stadium in France with a capacity of 48,713 seats. It has been Paris Saint-Germain's stadium since 1974.[4] The Camp des Loges has been operating as a training center for the club since 1974.[5] On April 11, 2006, the club was bought by a consortium comprising American investment company Colony Capital, French investment company, Butler Capital Partners, and American investment bank, Morgan Stanley.[6] On 30 June 2009, Colony Capital acquired all the shares of Morgan Stanley, becoming owners of the 95% of the club.[7]

Paris Saint-Germain's traditional colours are a blue shirt with a red central vertical bar framed by white edgings. It was designed by fashion designer Daniel Hechter, who collaborated with the club to design the iconic shirt which would become a strong symbol of the club. This shirt was first used between 1973 and 1974 in Division 2. The current badge was adopted in 2002. The logo consists of a red silhouette of the Eiffel Tower with the royal white cradle of Louis XIV underneath it and a blue background.[8]

Paris Saint-Germain enjoys a considerable amount of popularity; about 11% of French population support the club. PSG is the second most popular football club in France after Olympique de Marseille.[9] Their average home gate for the 2008–09 season was 40,902, the second highest in the Ligue 1.[10] PSG fans are known as Les Parisiens. The club shares an intense rivalry with Olympique de Marseille and contest the most notorious football match in France, known as Le Classique.[11][12]

As of September 2009, Paris Saint-Germain is the third richest club in France after Marseille and Lyon. The club was also one of the 14 founder members of the now-defunct G-14 group of the leading European football clubs and is member of its modern replacement, the European Club Association. The club also operates a reserve team, Paris Saint-Germain FC (res.), and a female section since 1971.[13]

In 1994, Paris Saint-Germain was ranked 1st in the Club World Ranking made by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.[14] The capital club is the only French club to ever achieve this honor. From 1994 to 1998, PSG finished in the top ten of Club World Ranking. As of 31 January, 2010, the club is ranked 83rd.[15] Paris SG was also ranked 1st in the UEFA coefficient of Top Clubs in 1998. The capital outfit is also the only French club to ever achieve this honor.[16]

Contents

History

Paris SG's first badge.

Despite that the first decade of the 21st century may have tested the patience of the fans, Paris Saint-Germain remain one of the most prestigious outfits in French football. Along with Stade de Reims, AS Saint-Étienne, Olympique de Marseille and Girondins de Bordeaux, the capital side have at times captured the imagination of the entire country. Despite currently being Ligue 1's longest tenants after an uninterrupted 35-year spell, PSG are one of the top flight's youngest teams in absolute terms. Compared to 136-year-old veterans Le Havre AC, 129-year-old Bordeaux or even 109-year-old Marseille, the Parc des Princes side are relative adolescents, in fact. Established on 12 August 1970 after a merger between Stade Saint-Germain and a group of investors united under the banner of virtual club Paris FC, Paris SG have always represented both Paris and nearby Saint-Germain-en-Laye. And with so many people eager to see a big club wearing the capital's colours once again, the nascent team grew at a stunning pace early on. Top-tier status was attained within four years and by the end of the 70's, Les Rouge-et-Bleu were ready to embark upon a historic decade. With charismatic presidents Daniel Hechter and, later, Francis Borelli setting the tone, the likes of Carlos Bianchi, Mustapha Dahleb, Safet Sušić and Luis Fernández became the club's first stars, followed closely behind by its first titles. Paris tasted French Cup honours in 1982 and 1983, before capturing their first league crown in 1986 - breakthroughs that opened the doors to Europe and some memorable encounters, particularly with Juventus in 1983 and 1989.

The Cup Winners' Cup trophy, PSG's most prestigious honour.

As significant as those successes were, however, the 90's proved even more fruitful, with Paris Saint-Germain entering a golden age after television giants Canal+ bought the club in May 1991. Now enjoying serious investment, the capital outfit were able to set their sights steadily higher. Two seasons later, Le Parc welcomed back UEFA Cup football in what would prove to be an unforgettable campaign given the calibre of opponent: PAOK, Napoli, Anderlecht and Real Madrid all fell by the wayside before PSG once again succumbed to their bête noire (Black Beast), Juventus, in the last four. That defeat notwithstanding, the club were on the move and between 1992 and 1998 they contested two UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals – winning in 1996 – reached the UEFA Champions League semi-finals once and twice advanced to the same stage of the UEFA Cup. On the domestic scene, results were just as satisfying, with Paris SG celebrating another Ligue 1 title, three Coupe de France, two Coupe de la Ligue and just as many Trophée des Champions wins. At the time, the players lighting up Le Parc were also mainstays of their national sides. Bernard Lama, Alain Roche, Paul Le Guen, Vincent Guérin, David Ginola and Youri Djorkaeff all enjoyed stints with France, while Ricardo, Valdo, Raí and Leonardo were regulars for Brazil. But perhaps the greatest talent of all was prolific Liberian marksman George Weah, who followed in the footsteps of PSG's many fine strikers by firing 55 goals in 138 games.

Paris players celebrate winning the Coupe de France.

To the considerable chagrin of the club's supporters, Paris Saint-Germain has never threatened to hit those same heights again. Three more trophies have been landed and the Parc des Princes faithful got to marvel at the likes of Marco Simone, Jay-Jay Okocha, Nicolas Anelka, Ronaldinho, Gabriel Heinze, Juan Pablo Sorín, Mario Yepes and Pauleta, but crisis has never lain far away. Indeed, the last two seasons were spent staving off relegations that were only very narrowly avoided. In recent seasons, PSG's form has slipped from 9th position in 2004–05 and in 2005–06. In 2006–07, they did not impress, failing to reach either cup final and finishing 15th in the league, just three places from relegation. Installed in January 2007, coach Paul Le Guen has made it his mission to rebuild Paris SG following their sale by Canal+. Some astute summer trading brought proven campaigners Claude Makélélé, Ludovic Giuly and Mateja Kežman to the capital, and they have added their experience to a young and humble core of players including Mamadou Sakho, Clément Chantôme, Younousse Sankharé and Guillaume Hoarau. But the club continued to lose momentum in the league eventually finishing in 16th position, just three points above the relegation zone. It nonetheless won the 2008 League Cup, and reached the French Cup final, losing 1-0 to Ligue 1 champions Lyon. In the 2008-09 season, although Paris finished 6th in the league and out of European action, the club regain fitness even getting to 2nd place in the table, reaching the semifinals in the Coupe de la Ligue and quarterfinals in the UEFA Cup. A great advance in comparison to the last two seasons, but not fully satisfying as in the last matches the club failed to match the heights because of political problems.[17]

Players

Player Matches
 France Jean-Marc Pilorget 435
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Safet Sušić 343
 France Paul Le Guen 343
 France Bernard Lama 315
 Algeria Mustapha Dahleb 306
Player  Goals 
 Portugal Pedro Miguel Pauleta 109
 France Dominique Rocheteau  100
 Algeria Mustapha Dahleb 98
 Republic of the Congo François M'Pelé 97
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Safet Sušić 85
 Brazil Raí 72
 Argentina Carlos Bianchi 71

Jean Djorkaeff, captain of the French national football team, joined Paris Saint-Germain in June 1970. He was the first licensed professional player of the club. While at the capital Djorkaeff made 16 appearances for France. Tchouki was PSG's captain for two seasons until the split between the Parisians and the Sangermanois in May 1972. He was reticent to the club's split:

It was good in Saint-Germain, we felt at home ... When we became Paris FC, we felt as lost children.

Jean Djorkaeff, May 1972

Under the presidency of Daniel Hechter (1974-1978), Paris SG shocked everyone in France, paying Sedan a record 1.3m francs for Argelian star Mustapha Dahleb in 1974. He became the club's top scorer in the league with 85 goals and third top scorer in all competitions with 98 goals. Moumous formed a formidable striking partnership alongside French midfielder Jean-Pierre Dogliani and Congolese striker François M'Pelé. The latter scored 97 goals in all competitions. In 1977, Argentinian star, Carlos Bianchi, arrived to the capital and in his first season he scored 37 goals in 38 league matches. El Goleador spent two seasons at the capital, recording 71 goals with two awards for top scorer of the Ligue 1.[18]

Pauleta, PSG's all-time top scorer.

During the presidency of Francis Borelli, the likes of Dominique Baratelli, Luis Fernández, Dominique Bathenay, Nabatingue Toko, Dominique Rocheteau, Ivica Šurjak, Safet Sušić, Joël Bats, and Gabriel Calderón were the club's stars. Bathenay joined the club in 1978 and became the leader of the defense and the captain until 1985. In 1980 the club signed Dominique Green Angel Rocheteau, the best striker in France at the time. He scored 100 goals with PSG's jersey, becoming the club's all-time top scorer. Jean-Marc Pilorget, who played 435 matches for Paris, became the club's all-time most capped player. Safet Sušić was the most emblematic foreign player. The Yugoslav international was never injured nor suspended, thus allowing him to score 85 goals and made a record 61 assists for PSG between 1982 and 1991. Ivica Šurjak was another notable player thanks in part to his two assists during the final of the Coupe de France in 1982.

With the arrival of Canal + in 1991, many leading players signed for PSG: the French internationals Laurent Fournier, David Ginola, Paul Le Guen, Bernard Lama, Vincent Guérin, Alain Roche and Youri Djorkaeff, Brazilian internationals Ricardo, Valdo, Leonardo and Raí, the Italian international Marco Simone and Liberian international George Weah, joined French internationals Daniel Bravo and Antoine Kombouaré, key players who saw the end of the Borelli era and the beginning of the Canal + era. George Weah won the Ballon d'Or and the FIFA World Player of the Year in 1995.

After the presidency of Michel Denisot (1991-1998), the arrivals included the French international Nicolas Anelka, the Nigerian international Jay-Jay Okocha, the Argentine internationals Gabriel Heinze and Juan Pablo Sorín, the Brazilian international Ronaldinho and Portuguese striker Pauleta. Ronaldinho became the star of the capital club and a fan favourite. But in 2003, he left the club after Paris failed to qualify for any European competition. Pauleta eventually became the top scorer in the history of the club with 109 goals.

Managers

Paris Saint-Germain have had 36 managers with 27 being full-time managers since the appointment of the club's first professional manager, Pierre Phelipon in 1970. The most successful manager is Luis Fernández with five major trophies won: one Coupe de France, one Coupe de la Ligue, one Trophée des Champions, one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, and one UEFA Intertoto Cup. He is also the club's longest-serving manager in terms of games with 244 matches. While Fernández and Georges Peyroche are the club's longest-serving managers in terms of time, both with 5 years in charge.

Antoine Kombouaré is Paris Saint-Germain's current manager,[19] replacing Paul Le Guen, whose contract was not renewed in May 2009.[20]

Only managers who have won at least one trophy are mentioned.[21]
Antoine Kombouaré, current manager of the club.
Name Period Matches Won Drawn Lost Trophies Total
Domestic International
L1 L2 CF CL TC UCL CWC UEL UIC USC FCWC
France Pierre Phelipon 1970–72 74 30 22 22
-
1971
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
France Georges Peyroche 1979-83,
1984-85
210 101 46 63
-
-
1982, 1983
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
France Gérard Houllier 1985-87,
1988
122 55 33 34
1986
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
Portugal Artur Jorge 1991-94,
1998–99
167 84 53 30
1994
-
1993
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
France Luis Fernández 1994-96,
2000–03
244 125 61 58
-
-
1995
1995
1995
-
1996
-
2001
5
Brazil Ricardo
France Joël Bats
1996-98 106 54 24 28
-
-
1998
1998
1998
-
-
-
-
3
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vahid Halilhodžić 2003-05 80 36 27 17
-
-
2004
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
France Guy Lacombe 2005-07 55 18 21 16
-
-
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
France Paul Le Guen 2007–09 129 57 32 40
-
-
-
2008
-
-
-
-
-
1
Total 1970–2009 1187 560 319 308 2 1 7 3 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 17

Presidents

Paris Saint-Germain have had 15 presidents since the appointment of the club's first president, Pierre-Étienne Guyot in 1970. The longest-running president is Francis Borelli with 13 years in charge (1978-1991). Michel Denisot is the most successful president with nine major trophies won: one Ligue 1, three Coupes de France, two Coupes de la Ligue, two Trophées des Champions, and one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In addition, the PSG Association has known three chairmen since 1991.

Robin Leproux is Paris Saint-Germain's current President, replacing Sébastien Bazin.[22] While Simon Tahar has been Chairman of the PSG Association since 2006.

Presidents[23]

As of the 20 November 2009.
"Wall of Honor" inside the Parc des Princes.
Presidents of Paris Saint-Germain
1970–1971 France Pierre-Étienne Guyot 
1971 France Guy Crescent
1971–1974 France Henri Patrelle
1974–1978 France Daniel Hechter
1978–1991 France Francis Borelli
1991–1998 France Michel Denisot
1998 France Charles Biétry
1998–2003 France Laurent Perpère
2003–2005 France Francis Graille
2005–2006 France Pierre Blayau
2006–2008 France Alain Cayzac
2008 France Simon Tahar
2008–2009 France Charles Villeneuve
2009 France Sébastien Bazin
2009– France Robin Leproux

PSG Association[23]

As of the 20 November 2009.
PSG Association
1991–2001 France Bernard Brochand 
2001-2006 France Alain Cayzac
2006– France Simon Tahar

Le Classique

PSG 1-3 OM (15-03-2009).

PSG-OM or OM-PSG, often referred to as Le Classique (The Classic) is a football match that is contested between Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique de Marseille. The term Le Classique is modeled on the El Clásico, which is contested between Real Madrid and Barcelona. Like all the game's major rivalries, the antipathy between PSG and OM extends outside the pitch. The so-called French clásico has a historical, cultural and social importance that makes it more than a simple football game, facing capital against province and the chosen ones of French football against its enfants terribles (terrible boys). With PSG being located up north in the French capital, Paris, the rivalry is often referred to as the North versus the South due to l'OM playing in the southern coast city Marseille.

The first edition was held on 12 December 1971 in Marseille, at the Stade Vélodrome. Les Marseillais won 4-2 on this occasion. Both teams play in the Ligue 1 and meet twice per season. The special character of these oppositions receives considerable media attention. These meetings became important at the end of the eighties and were announced especially by incidents which occurred on and around the ground. At the beginning of the nineties, Canal + started to promote near the general public confrontations between the two clubs, making these matches of interest for all French football fans. More and more, the various groups of Marseille and Parisian supporters have hated and battled each other. Important security measures are taken to prevent confrontations between the supporters of the two camps. However, many incidents still occurred at the supporters of the two camps at the time of certain matches. During the 2000–01 season, a young Marseille fan was paralysed for life after being confronted for sitting near the Parisian section of the Parc des Princes.

Paris and Marseille are the only French clubs to have won European trophies, having won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1996 and the UEFA Champions League in 1993 respectively, and were the two dominant forces before the appearance of Lyon at the beginning of the 21st century. However, despite their recent ups and downs, PSG and OM remain, along with Saint-Étienne, the only French clubs with a truly, faithful and passionate fan base, giving the country's biggest match a special atmosphere.[11][12]

Crest

Paris Saint-Germain's first logo appeared in 1970 and was used until 1972 when Paris FC split from Stade Saint-Germain, who kept with the name of Paris Saint-Germain. That same year, the logo was changed to the current one with the Eiffel Tower and the royal cradle underneath it. This logo was first used as merchandising, but then it was adopted as the emblem of the club until the arrival of Daniel Hechter in 1982. Hechter maintained the logo but added an image of the Parc des Princes underneath it. The new crest would last until 1990, when Canal + bought the club. Between 1986 and 1987, PSG adopted the logo of the Paris bid to host the 1992 Summer Olympics.

In 1992, two years after the arrival of Canal +, the club's crest was completely changed, dropping Hechter's design and creating a new one, with the acronym PSG and underneath it Paris Saint-Germain. This new design, mainly used for the direction of the club's communication, would last until 1996. Despite this, the Eiffel Tower logo was present in PSG's shirt. The club's current logo was unveiled for the first time in 1996. Following Hechter's design, the logo was slightly changed and given a more modern touch. The club's name and date of foundation were added above the Eiffel Tower and underneath the royal cradle respectively. In 2002, the crest suffered, once again, slight changes in its colours.

The current logo consists of a red silhouette of the Eiffel Tower with a royal white cradle underneath it and a blue background. PSG's logo represents Paris in its employment of the Eiffel Tower, and Saint-Germain-en-Laye through the berceau royale, or royal cradle, taken from its coat of arms. Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain (the city's coat of arms consequently shows a cradle and the date of his birth). This reference to Louis XIV in the club's badge is very important because he increased the power and influence of France over Europe, thus the country achieving political, military and cultural power that contributed to the prestige of France, its population and language. Also the club's crest, reflects the merger of Paris FC and Stade Saint-Germain, into a new club. This is similar to the way United in English football reflects the merger of two or more clubs into a new one (e.g., Manchester United, Newcastle United).[8]

Colours

The Stade Saint-Germain club played mainly in white until 1970, when they merged with Paris FC and adopted the red and blue colors of Paris combined with the white of Saint-Germain. The first strip design of the fledgling Paris Saint-Germain in 1970 was red with white shorts and blue socks, with white and blue trim. The logo of the equipment supplier (Le Coq Sportif) was generally not displayed (depending on shirt) whereas the following season it was, a trend that continued in the future. In another change to the previous season, a solid blue trim with no white appeared, as the white shorts and blue socks remained.

Fashion designer Daniel Hechter collaborated with the club in May 1973 to design an iconic shirt which would become a strong symbol of the club. It was composed of a blue shirt with a red central vertical bar framed by white edgings. This shirt was first used between 1973 and 1974 in Division 2. The tone and shade of the red and blue has changed over time, as has the dimension and alignment of the red central band. This shirt is in use to the present day, despite proposed implementations of new designs, with the main reason being the supporters' rejection. A reversed version (red with a blue central vertical bar) was in use as the away shirt design in the late 70s.

Francis Borelli succeeded Hechter, and was the first to try to replace the former design, with a predominantly white shirt decorated with two fine red and blue vertical bands.[A] Initially the away shirt, the white design became the home shirt in 1981; Hechter's blue shirt becoming the away design. In 1990, a stylized Eiffel Tower design replaced the vertical bars; this shirt remained in use for two seasons and represented the change between the Borelli and Canal + eras. Between 1992 and 1993, the club adopted a white shirt with blue shoulders.

The white design was abandoned in 1993 in favour of a red and blue shirt, which was quickly replaced in 1994 with a return to Hechter's design. The collar design varied, but the colours remained identical until 2000. From then, the blue was replaced in favour of navy blue and the white edgings disappeared, causing the supporters' anger.[24] Risking backlash from supporters, the club once again modified the shirt in 2001, reducing the width of the vertical red bar and moving the alignment from the centre to the left. In 2002, the white edgings made their reappearance around the red band which was still thinner and aligned to the left. This shirt design was kept for three seasons. In 2005, the club returned to the 'historical' shirt. In 2006, the red band was reduced in width again, but remained central. For the 2009-10 season, the club have introduced a new design which consists of a navy top with red pinstripes.[25]

The away shirt was mainly white before 1981, then again from 1993. Between these two dates, the blue/red home design was used. A grey and white shirt, between 1999 and 2000, and a crimson shirt, between 2006 and 2007, have also been used as away shirts. The current away shirt is white with small grey polka dots.[25]

Le Coq Sportif were the original equipment supplier from 1970 to 1975. Adidas took over from 1975 to 1976 season, before a return to the first brand between 1976 and 1977. Pony was the supplier between 1977 and 1978, before another joint effort with Le Coq Sportif, from 1978 to 1986. Adidas returned until 1989, at which point Nike took over supply duties, and they remain the equipment supplier to the present day.
 

1970–1973
1973–1981
1981–1990
1994–2001
2001–2005
2005–2006
2006–2007
2007–2008
2008–2009
2009–    

Ownership & Finances

Colony Cap Logo.jpg

Paris Saint-Germain was managed by Daniel Hechter (1974-1978) and Francis Borelli (1978-1991), before being purchased by the French media company Canal+ in 1991. The takeover of the club by Canal+ happened gradually. The TV channel started buying shares in the club in 1991, but it wasn’t until 1997 that the TV channel owned the majority. After June 2001, Canal+ obtained another 34% of the shares, and in August 2005, they obtained the remaining 2% held by Alain Cayzac, making Canal+ PSG's sole shareholder. On 11 April 2006, Canal+ announced the sale of the club to its new owners, a consortium comprising American investment company Colony Capital, French investment company, Butler Capital Partners, and American investment bank, Morgan Stanley. The club was sold for a reported sum of 41 million euros, with Canal+ taking responsibility for the debt run up by the club under its direction. This sale became effective on 20 June 2006, after Alain Cayzac replaced Pierre Blayau.[6] On 30 June 2009, Colony Capital acquired all the shares of Morgan Stanley, becoming owners of the 95% of the club.[7]

Stadiums

Camp des Loges represents the club's training facilities since 1974.

The Stade Georges Lefèvre of the Camp des Loges was, from 1904 to 1970, the main stadium of Stade Saint-Germain until the club's fusion with fellow local club Paris FC. It was renamed Stade Georges Lefèvre in 1945, for the player of the Stade Saint-Germain who died at the front in 1940. Following the foundation of Paris Saint-Germain in 1974, the Camp des Loges began operating as a training center for the club. The PSG training center officially opened on 4 November 1975 with Pedro Alonso being installed as the club's first director. In March 2006, in order to modernize the center, Paris Saint-Germain announced that the club would temporarily vacate the Camp des Loges in order for the facilities to be renovated. The renovations officially started in January 2008 and were completed on 4 October 2008. The entire process cost 5 million. The new Camp des Loges, located 400 meters from the old, was inaugurated on 4 November 2008.

During the 1970–71 season, PSG played some matches at the Stade Jean-Bouin, but the attendance was lower than in the Stade Georges Lefèvre, so the club chose to play in Saint-Germain. During the season 1971–72 in Division 1, PSG played their home matches at the Stade de Paris, Saint-Ouen. The club had to play a few games at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes (once in 1974–75)[26] and the Stade de Paris (once in 1977-1978 and twice in 1978-79) because Le Parc was unavailable due to work on the lawn.

Entrance to the Parc des Princes.

On 10 November 1973, Paris SG held their first match at the Parc des Princes during a Division 2 match against Red Star Saint-Ouen. The capital club won the match 3–1.[27] It wasn't until 1974 that PSG left the Stade Georges Lefèvre and became Le Parc's sole tenant. In 1992, after the club was bought by Canal +, the TV channel took control of the SESE, company which holded the concession to the Parc des Princes since June 1988. The club now paid their rent to Canal +.[28] On 28 June 1999, the City of Paris extended the concession from the Parc des Princes for another 15 years. On 18 February 2002, PSG fully appropriates the stadium and the headquarters of the club are moved to a new building. After the club was sold by Canal + to a consortium comprising American investment company Colony Capital, French investment company, Butler Capital Partners, and American investment bank, Morgan Stanley on 11 April 2006, the City of Paris extended the concession until 2014. Le Parc was previously the national stadium until the Stade de France was built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup.

The highest average home attendance of the club was registered during the 1999-2000 season with 43,185 spectators per game.[29] 49,575 spectators is the attendance record and was registered in the UEFA Cup quarter-finals match between PSG and SV Waterschei Thor on 2 March 1983. The club's average home gate for the 2008–09 season was 40,902, the second highest in the Ligue 1.[10]

Evolution of the average home attendance from Paris-SG since the 1970–71 season[29]

Supporters

Supras Auteuil.

The supporters of the club are known as parisiens (parisians). In France, about 11% of the population are said to be Paris Saint-Germain sympathisers, surpassed only by Olympique de Marseille (20%) with Olympique Lyon tied with the club and Girondins de Bordeaux close behind with 10%.[9] Worldwide, the capital club is also the second most popular french club, surpassed only by Olympique de Marseille and followed close behind by Olympique Lyonnais.[30] The current president of the French government, Nicolas Sarkozy, is one of the club's most prominent supporters.[31]

Paris are known to draw their support from both far-right white nationalists and a cross-section of Île de France's multi-ethnic population. The Kop of Boulogne (KOB) is an area in the Parc des Princes which houses supporters groups associated with the club. It is known as the "most notorious stand in French football" due to its links with violence and far-right political groups and is a symbol for football hooliganism and political extremism within French culture.[32] The KOB has been linked with hooliganism since the 80's and continutes to be associated with violent elements within the PSG support. Indeed, the Kop has become synonymous in French public opinion with not only football hooliganism, but racism and fascism due to a number of high profile incidents. The Boys now stand at the Boulogne end of the Parc des Princes. Some nationalists stand at the far right. The Boulogne Boys have been fighting other PSG fans for years. However, the simplistic notion that the Boulogne Boys are all far-right supporters has been disavowed as many supporters have rejected the attempts of right-wing parties to infiltrate their ranks.[32] There has been a large rise of violence in French football and much has been attributed to PSG supporters.[33] In the 90's, fans of Paris fought with supporters from Belgium, England, Germany, Italy and Scotland.[34] In 2000, the bitter rivalry between PSG and Marseille turned violent.[35]

Honours

International National Regional
  • Championnat DH Paris (1) : 1991
Reserves
Summer Tournaments Youth Féminines
  • International Tournament of Troyes (1) : 1980 [36]
  • Palma de Mallorca Trophy (1) : 1982 [37]
  • International Tournament of Sedan (1) : 1992 [38]
  • Ceramics Trophy of Villarreal (1) : 2001
  • Memorial Artemio Franchi (1) : 2009 [39]
  • Championnat National Under-18 (1) : 2006
  • Championnat National Under-16
    • Runners-up (1) : 2008
  • Championnat de France Cadets (1)
    • Winners : 1988
    • Runners-up (1) : 1980


In 1994, Paris Saint-Germain was ranked 1st in the Club World Raking made by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.[14] The club from the capital is the only French club to ever achieve this honor. From 1993 to 1997, PSG finished in the top ten of Club World Raking (9th in 1993,[40] 1st in 1994,[14] 6th in 1995,[41] 10th in 1996[42], and 8th in 1997.[43] The IFFHS publishes a ranking taking into account the results over the past twelve months. PSG has been five times 1st in this mensual rankings.[44] Taking into account the period from 1991 to 2008, PSG is ranked 24th globally, being the highest ranked French club after Lyon.[45] As of 31 January, 2010, the club is ranked 83rd.[15] Since the creation of this ranking, four other French clubs have reached the top 10: Lyon two times (7th in 2005 and 8th in 2006), Marseille (3rd in 1991), Auxerre (7th in 1996) and Monaco (8th in 2004).

In 1998, PSG was ranked 1st in the UEFA coefficient of Top Clubs. Paris is also the only French club to ever achieve this honor.[16]

Current squad

As of the 21 October 2009. [46]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 France GK Grégory Coupet
2 Brazil DF Ceará
3 France DF Mamadou Sakho
4 France MF Claude Makélélé Captain
7 France MF Ludovic Giuly
8 France FW Péguy Luyindula
9 Réunion FW Guillaume Hoarau
10 Benin MF Stéphane Sessègnon
11 Turkey FW Mevlüt Erdinç
13 Mali DF Sammy Traoré
14 Serbia FW Mateja Kežman
No. Position Player
15 France DF Zoumana Camara
16 France GK Willy Grondin
17 France MF Granddi Ngoyi
20 France MF Clément Chantôme
21 France FW Jean-Eudes Maurice
22 France DF Sylvain Armand (vice-captain)
23 France MF Jérémy Clément
24 France MF Tripy Makonda
26 France DF Christophe Jallet
27 France MF Younousse Sankharé
30 Armenia GK Apoula Edel
Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
12 Cameroon MF Albert Baning (at Strasbourg)
18 France FW Loris Arnaud (at Clermont Foot)
19 Brazil FW Everton Santos (at Albirex Niigata)
25 France MF Jérôme Rothen (at Ankaragücü)
29 Côte d'Ivoire FW Yannick Boli (at Nîmes Olympique)

French teams are limited to three players without EU citizenship. Players from the ACP countries—countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement—are not counted against non-EU quotas due to the Kolpak ruling.

The first team is managed by Antoine Kombouaré (Manager), accompanied by Yves Bertucci (Assistant), Nicolas Dehon (Goalkeeper Trainer) and Raphaël Fèvre (Physical Trainer). The medical staff is composed of Éric Rolland (Doctor) and Bruno Le Natur and Jérôme Andral (Physiotherapists).

Reserves & Academy

For the reserve and academy squads, see Camp des Loges.

Paris SG's reserve team in May 2008.

In the 2009-2010 season, Paris Saint-Germain's reserve team will compete in the Group C of the Championnat de France Amateurs. The reserves won three Coupe de Paris in 1972,[47] 1973,[48] and 1980,[49] now played by the club's third team. The reserve side reached the semifinals of the Championnat de France de D3 in 1987.[50]

The capital club has a number of school facilities for the youngsters, these competing in the Coupe Gambardella since 1963. The youngsters won the cup in 1991,[51] reaching the final in 1978, 1989, and 1998, and the semifinals in 1972, 1975, 1990, and 2001.

The junior team won the Championnat de France Cadets in 1988.[52] PSG reached the final in 1980 and the semifinals in 1985 and 1989. From 1990 to 2002, the junior French championship was split in two leagues: Under-17 and Under-15 years. The Under-15 team reached the semifinals in 1992, 2001, and 2002, and the quarterfinals in 1994, 1997, 1998, and 1999. While the Under-17 team reached the quarterfinals in 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2002. In 2002 the junior French championship was divided in three groups: Under-18, Under-16 and Under-14 years. The Under-18 team reached the quarterfinals in 2003 and in 2006, David Bechkoura led the team to the club's first league title. The Under-16 reached the final in 2008 and the semifinals in 2004. Meanwhile, the Under-14 team have only won their group in 2003, while finishing second on goal difference in 2004.

PSG Ladies

Since 1971, the club has had a female section.[13] The female section is chaired by Alain Gobert and the team is coached by Camille Vaz and Karine Noilhan. The 2009-10 season became its 19th season in Division 1 Féminine. PSG won the Division 2 in 2001[53] and were vice-champions in 1983[54] and 1985.[55] The capital club was also runner-up of the Challenge de France in 2008. The team's stadium is the Stade Georges Lefèvre of the Camp des Loges in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, with a capacity of 3,500 seats.

Footnotes

A. ^ Borelli's white shirt was used as the first kit for the first time on 6 October 1981 in a match between PSG and US Valenciennes.
^ PSG ended vice-champion in the league while Olympique de Marseille was forced to relinquish the title due to the Valenciennes FC-OM corruption case. Canal+ didn't let Paris SG accept the title fearing the anger of their provincial subscribers. Concerning this case, Jean-François Pérès and Daniel Riolo, OM-PSG, PSG-OM. The best enemies, investigating a rivalry, Paris, Mango Sport, 2003, p.131-133 : « PSG chose the best interests of Canal + and persisted in its refusal. ».

References

Specific
  1. ^ France Football, N°1255 of 21 April 1970, p.3, full page article entitled Paris FC take the streets ! Signed by chief editor Max Urbini
  2. ^ "Allez Paris Saint-Germain". YouTube. 3 June 2008. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KC9_GxkejlQ. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  3. ^ Palmares
  4. ^ Parc des Princes
  5. ^ Camp des Loges
  6. ^ a b "Paris Saint-Germain changes hands". BBC. 11 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4898746.stm. Retrieved 11 April 2006. 
  7. ^ a b "Colony Capital buy out Morgan Stanley". PSG.fr. 30 June 2009. http://www.psg.fr/en/news-filinfos/101001/not-found/45496/Colony-Capital-buy-out-Morgan-Stanley?p=1&monthSearch=06&yearSearch=2009. Retrieved 3 October 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Paris St-Germain: The Who, What, Where and How?". BigSoccer. 25 March 2005. http://www.bigsoccer.com/forum/showthread.php?t=181703. Retrieved 21 November 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "L'OM, équipe de football préférée des Français". Le Point. 7 August 2009. http://www.lepoint.fr/actualites-societe/2009-08-07/sondage-ifop-l-om-equipe-de-football-preferee-des-francais/920/0/367474. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Attendances 2008/09". Ligue 1. http://www.ligue1.com/ligue1/stat/affluence_club.asp?saison=2008/2009. Retrieved 28 September 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "France's passion play". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/stories/classicderby/news/newsid=1037223.html#frances+passion+play. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "OM-PSG D-2: The match that divides a nation". Ligue 1. 23 October 2009. http://www.ligue1.com/ligue1/lireArticle.asp?idArticle=14341. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  13. ^ a b Paris Football Club, N°8 of June 1972, p.9. On 16 May, 1972, PSG's female section emerged following the decision of the French Football Federation to create a women's football championship. For the 1971-1972 season, without a women's team, 33 women were sign by the club, published by Paris St-Germain, N°1 of September 1971, p.13.
  14. ^ a b c IFFHS 1994
  15. ^ a b IFFHS 2009-2010
  16. ^ a b UEFA Team Coefficients 1995-1996
  17. ^ "PSG firmly in the pantheon". FIFA. 17 October 2008. http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/clubs/club=33191/index.html. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  18. ^ "France - Topscorers". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/frantops.html. Retrieved 24 November 2009. 
  19. ^ "Kombouaré to coach PSG". PSG.fr. 29 May 2009. http://www.psg.fr/en/article/003001/article/45320/Kombouare-to-coach-PSG. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  20. ^ "Le Guen leaves Paris". PSG.fr. 5 May 2009. http://www.psg.fr/en/article/003001/article/45081/Official-Club-Statement. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  21. ^ Managers
  22. ^ "Leproux named PSG president". PSG.fr. 9 September 2009. http://www.psg.fr/en/article/003001/article/46063/Leproux-named-PSG-president. Retrieved 9 November 2009. 
  23. ^ a b Presidents
  24. ^ Paris Foot, N°3 from November-December 2001, p.12 : "Frankly, the supporters of PSG have not digested the new shirt of their team! Last event of bad mood, this banner during the PSG-Lyon match: "No to the shirt""
  25. ^ a b "Paris Saint-Germain 09/10 Nike kits". Football Shirt Culture. 8 June 2009. http://www.footballshirtculture.com/09/10-kits/paris-saint-germain-2009-2010-nike-kits.html. Retrieved 21 June 2009. 
  26. ^ France Football, N°1506 of 11 February 1975, p.8-9 : PSG-Lyon on 9 February 1975.
  27. ^ "PSG 3-1 Red Star". Ligue 1. http://www.ligue1.com/ligue2/feuilleMatch.asp?saison=1973/1974&code_evt=D2&num_ordre=1&code_jr_tr=J13&no_groupe=2. Retrieved 29 October 2009. 
  28. ^ "Le Parc des Princes passera-t-il le Mondial ?". L'Humanité. 31 October 1997. http://www.humanite.presse.fr/journal/1997-10-31/1997-10-31-790721. Retrieved 29 October 2009. 
  29. ^ a b "Historique des affluences de spectateurs de Paris-SG". Stades-Spectateurs.com. http://www.stades-spectateurs.com/historique-affluences-spectateurs.php?club=Paris-SG. Retrieved 22 October 2009. 
  30. ^ "Top European Football Clubs Have Global Fan Base". comScore. 15 May 2007. http://www.comscore.com/Press_Events/Press_Releases/2007/05/European_Football_Clubs. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  31. ^ Benjamin Dante, Football & politics, Dangerous games, Paris, Solar, 2001, p.35 : « "I have known all Paris Saint-Germain's eras. The ones from Hechter and Borelli. Also Denisot's, a great president and friend. I have nice memories of people like Luis Fernández, David Ginola, a player that I adore, and George Weah, although for him it was at least 30 degrees and not enough wind to be at the top." Nicolas Sarkozy »
  32. ^ a b Hourcade, Nicolas (January 2007). "Young Parisians". When Saturday Comes. http://www.wsc.co.uk/content/view/635/29/. 
  33. ^ "Naissance d'un Kop" (in French). Kop of Boulogne. http://kobrules.free.fr/histoire.htm. Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  34. ^ "Racist insults infiltrate French soccer stadium". The Boston Bay State Banner. 20 April 2006. http://www.baystatebanner.com/archives/stories/2006/04/042006-07.htm. Retrieved 21 October 2006. 
  35. ^ "PSG act after fan hurt". BBC. 18 October 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/europe/978987.stm. Retrieved 29 April 2007. 
  36. ^ France Football, N°1788 of 15 July 1980, p.13. PSG defeated Saint-Étienne in the final.
  37. ^ Trofeo Ciutat de Palma (Palma de Mallorca-Spain) 1969-2008 RSSSF
  38. ^ France Football, N°2416 of 28 July 1992, p.15. PSG defeated Metz on penalties in the final.
  39. ^ "Calcio: sconfitte per Milan e Fiorentina". 29 July 2009. http://www.corriere.it/sport/09_luglio_29/fiorentina_milan_907bd504-7c81-11de-bec1-00144f02aabc.shtml. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  40. ^ IFFHS 1993
  41. ^ IFFHS 1995
  42. ^ IFFHS 1996
  43. ^ IFFHS 1997
  44. ^ IFFHS Clubs more times First in Club World Ranking
  45. ^ IFFHS Classement Mondial perpétuel des Clubs
  46. ^ "Team & Staff". PSG.fr. http://www.psg.fr/en/News/300001/Team-Staff. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
  47. ^ France Football, N°1369 of 27 June 1972, p.21 - PSG 0-0 Malakoff (final replay) and France Football, N°1370 of 4 July 1972, p.21 - PSG 2-1 Malakoff
  48. ^ France Football, N°1420 of 19 June 1973, p.24 - PSG 1-0 AS Poissy
  49. ^ L. Billac and P. Le Brech, DT Foot 2001-2002, St-Germain-en-Laye, DT Sport International, 2001, p.402. France Football no longer covered the Coupe de Paris in 1980.
  50. ^ Championnat de France de D3 at RSSSF and France Football, N°2149 of 16 June 1987, p.27 - PSG eliminated in the semi-finals of the championnat de France de D3 : Châtellerault 2-1 PSG
  51. ^ France Football, N°2354 of 21 May 1991, p.34 - PSG 1-1 Auxerre (PSG won 3-1 on aggregate)
  52. ^ France Football, N°2202 of 21 June 1988, p.42 - PSG 2-0 Nîmes
  53. ^ Championnat de France féminin 2000-2001 RSSSF
  54. ^ Championnat de France féminin D2 1982-1983 RSSSF - D2 final on 12 June 1983, PSG 1-3 Condé-sur-Noireau
  55. ^ Championnat de France féminin D2 1984-1985 RSSSF - D2 final on 23 June 1985, PSG 2-3 Boran-sur-Oise
General
  • Riolo, Daniel (2006). The History of Paris Saint-Germain. Hugo Sport. ISBN 2-7556-0115-9. 
  • Albert, Rodolphe (2006). The Secrets of PSG. Éditions Privé. ISBN 2-35076-028-6. 
  • Bouchard, Jean-Philippe (2000). The Thriller of PSG, from Canal+ to Canal-. Calman-Lévy. ISBN 2-7021-3107-7. 
  • Berthou, Thierry (1998). History of Paris Saint-Germain Football-Club (1904-1998). Pages de Foot. ISBN 2-913146-00-7. 
  • Basse, Pierre-Louis (1995). PSG, Secret Histories (1991-1995). Solar. ISBN 2-263-02317-8. 
  • Dautrepuis, Anne; Gilles Verdez (1998). PSG, New Secret Histories (1995-1998). Solar. ISBN 2-263-02653-3. 
  • Grimault, Dominique; Luis Fernández (1995). The Parc of My Passions. Albin Michel. ISBN 2-226-07790-1. 
  • Balédant, Fabrice; Alain Leiblanc (1986). Paris S.G. champion!. RTL Éditions. ISBN 2-87951-157-7. 
  • Le Goulven, Francis; Robert Ichah (1981). Paris SG 81/82. PAC. ISBN 2-85336-158-2. 
  • Hechter, Daniel (1979). The Football Business. Ramsay. ISBN 2-85956-118-8. 
  • Chevit, Frédéric; Olivier Rey (1977). The Roman Truth of Paris SG. Fayard. ISBN 2-213-00520-6. 

External links

Official Websites
News Sites
Fan Sites
Preceded by
Real Zaragoza
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Winner
1996
Runner up: Rapid Vienna
Succeeded by
Barcelona


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