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Paris quadrifolia
Paris quadrifolia growing near Loggerheads, North Wales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Paris
Species: P. quadrifolia
Binomial name
Paris quadrifolia

Paris quadrifolia (Herb Paris, True-lover's Knot) is a species of the genus Paris in the family Melanthiaceae although authorities formerly regarded it as part of the Liliaceae family. It is related to Trillium with which it can be confused. Trillium however is generally 3-merous (3 leaves per whorl, 3 petals etc.) whereas Paris is 4-merous.


In the UK it has the familiar name of Herb Paris.

It has solitary flowers with four or more very narrow greenish filiform (threadlike) petals and green petaloid sepals. The flower is borne above a single whorl of four or more stem leaves. It prefers calcareous soils and lives in damp and shady places especially old established woods and stream sides. It occurs locally in temperate and cool areas throughout Europe and Asia but is absent in the wild from the Americas, Africa and the southern hemisphere. In Britain it is more frequently found in the east of the country but it is uncommon throughout its range. Each plant only produces one, blueberry-like fruit, which is poisonous.

Herb Paris gallery

Herb Paris from a German herbal

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Paris quadrifolia


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales
Familia: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Paris
Species: P. quadrifolia


Paris quadrifolia, Linnaeus

Vernacular Name

Deutsch: Einbeere
English: Herb Paris
Magyar: Farkasszőlő
Русский: Вороний глаз четырёхлистный
Svenska: Ormbär


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