Park City, Utah: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Park City, Utah
—  City  —
Park City in 2006
Location of Park City, Utah
Coordinates: 40°39′34″N 111°29′59″W / 40.65944°N 111.49972°W / 40.65944; -111.49972Coordinates: 40°39′34″N 111°29′59″W / 40.65944°N 111.49972°W / 40.65944; -111.49972
Country United States
State Utah
Counties Summit, Wasatch
Founded 1870
Named for Parley's Park
Government
 - Mayor Dana WIlliams
Area
 - Total 9.4 sq mi (29.4 km2)
 - Land 9.4 sq mi (29.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 7,000 ft (2,134 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,731
 Density 781.4/sq mi (301.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 84060, 84068, 84098
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-58070[1]
GNIS feature ID 1444206[2]
Website http://www.parkcity.org/
The Silver King Coalition mine was once the world's richest. 1971 photo
Main Street during a parade, 2004
Looking down Main Street, 2004

Park City is a town in Summit and Wasatch counties in the U.S. state of Utah. It is one of two major resort towns in Utah, the other being Moab. It is considered to be part of the Wasatch Back. The city is 32 miles (48 km) southeast of downtown Salt Lake City and 19.88 miles (24 km) from Salt Lake City's east edge of Sugar House along Interstate 80. The population was 7,371 at the 2000 census. On average, the tourist population greatly exceeds the number of permanent residents.

After a population decline following the shutdown of the area's mining industry, the city rebounded during the 1980s and 1990s through an expansion of its tourism business. The city currently brings in a yearly average of $529,800,000 to the Utah Economy as a tourist hot spot[1]. The city has three major ski resorts: Park City Mountain Resort, Deer Valley Resort, and The Canyons Resort. The Park City and Deer Valley ski resorts were the major locations for ski and snowboarding events at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Although they receive less snow and have a shorter ski season than do their counterparts in Salt Lake County, such as Snowbird resort, they are much easier to access.

Additionally the city is the main location of the United States' largest independent film festival, the Sundance Film Festival, home of the United States Ski Team, training centre for members of the Australian Freestyle Ski Team, the largest collection of factory outlet stores in northern Utah, the 2002 Olympic bobsled/skeleton/luge track at the Utah Olympic Park, and golf courses. Some scenes from 1994's Dumb and Dumber were shot in the city. Outdoor-oriented businesses such as backcountry.com and Rossignol USA have their headquarters in Park City. The city has many upscale luxury retailers, clubs, bars, and restaurants, and has nearby reservoirs, hot springs, forests, and hiking and biking trails. Park City is also the original home of the Mrs. Fields Cookies chain.

In the summertime many valley residents of the Wasatch Front visit the town to escape high temperatures. Park City is usually 11°F (6°C) cooler than Salt Lake City[citation needed], as it lies mostly above 7,000 feet above sea level, while Salt Lake City is situated at an altitude of about 4,000 feet. It is one of the wealthiest cities in the United States and is notable for having a large number of Northern and Central European immigrants. It is also generally thought to be the most liberal city in Utah, with supermajorities usually supporting Democratic Party candidates and issues.

In 2008, Park City was named by Forbes Traveler Magazine among one of the 20 'prettiest towns' in the United States.[3]. It continues to be published in top ski and adventure magazines across the world.

Contents

History: Transformation from Mining to Tourist Ski Mecca

After the first settlement in the Salt Lake City Valley, the first known discovery of this area was by Colonel Patrick E. Connor who instigated his men to search the area in bringing non-Mormons to the Utah region.[2] The finding of precious silver, gold and lead sparked the first silver mines in Park City in the 1860s. In 1872, this town was founded and dedicated by George Snyder and his family on their journey to current Salt Lake City and was known as Synderbasin. Park City’s large mining boom brought large crowds of prospectors setting up camps around the mountain terrain, marking the first mining settlements. The Daly Mining Company and Anchor Mining Company were two of the first major producers.[4] [5] While silver was thriving in Utah, other mines across the world were depleted, drawing many of these miners to Park City. The town flourished with crowds of miners and wealth. However, the city nearly became a ghost town by the end of the 1950s because of a drop in the price of silver.[4] and the determent of World War I and the Great Depression. The transformation of this town into a ski resort is primarily attributed to the silver need during (and after) World War I economy. The war and Great Depression were creating strikes and crippling the economy.[6]http://historytogo.utah.gov/places/olympic_locations/historyofparkcity.html Once the site of the largest silver-mining camp in the country, the town was virtually destroyed by fire in 1898. It was home to the famous Ontario and Silver King Coalition mines. Tragedy struck again in 1902 when 34 miners were killed in an explosion in the Day West Mine. The mining community never fully recovered and the miners resorted to desperate measures. The silver industry was suffering severely, and the town was hanging by a thread when ’Parkite’ miners presented to Utahns Inc,. a proposal for a ski resort called Treasure Mountain which ended up saving the town. This ski resort opened in 1963 on 10,000 acres of land the miners owned with mineral rights. This is said to be when tourists first largely began to visit Park City. This marks the beginning of the ski industry largely promoted by the Utah State Legislation as a destination resort.[7][ From this intense publicity by the state legislation’s sector of “Utah Tourist and Publicity Council”, Park City has flourished in the light of being a ski mecca. Presently, at any given moment, Park City houses more tourists than residents. Park City has grown through the ideals of a winter wonderland. It has become a place of fame through the 2002 Winter Olympic games and provides more attractions than ever before. In the 1950s, Utah began to feed on Park City as a mountain getaway, and not until D. James Canon promoted winter sports in Utah, did the great promotional scheme of “Ski Utah” and “The Greatest Snow on Earth”.[8][, drive many to see for themselves why Utah is a winter wonderland. Utah drew in over 648,000 tourists in 1970 and now a yearly average of 4 million tourists.[9] In a small town with a population of 8,000, the average number of tourists in Park City is 600,000 year. This significant increase in visitors is largely contributed to the promotional material carefully planned and distributed by the state legislation. Growth has accelerated in the last few decades, and it now stands as one of the most affluent and lively resort towns in the United States.

The Tourist Industry now contributes over 1/3 of the total economic value to the state of Utah.[10] In particular Park City, draws in 3,006,071 average annual visitors; in the winter 1,603,775, and in the summer 1,402,296. Park City prospers from the average nightly vistor spending ranging from $100 to $350.[11] Currently, Park City primarily relies on its tourist industry from skiing to restaurants to hiking and biking. The makeover of Park City has stimulated an entirely different culture of expenditure, adventure, and wealth, and their promotional material indulges it. As the tourist economy continues to thrive through its unique terrain and mountainous luxury, the struggle for survival was lost, and created a world-renown name of touristic dominance.

As long ago as the 1920s, miners in Park City were using underground trains and shafts to gain access to the mountain for skiing. Aerial trams once used for hauling ore were converted into chairlifts. To this day, there are still more than 1000 miles (1609 km) of old silver-mine workings and tunnels beneath the slopes at Park City Mountain Resort and neighboring Deer Valley. Park City might be a fairly nondescript-appearing town were it not for its colorful and evocative Main Street, where 64 Victorian buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Old mine buildings, mineshafts, and hoists, including the weathered remains of the Walker Webster Silver Mine and the water towers once used to hydrate one of the biggest mines, the Silver King, provide a hint of the history of this mining town transformed in economic upheaval into a skiing resort.

Geography

Park City is located at 40°39′34″N 111°29′59″W / 40.65944°N 111.49972°W / 40.65944; -111.49972 (40.659306, -111.499828)[12]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.4 km²). None of the area is covered with water.

Park City is located at the south end of Snyderville Basin and climbs steep mountains to the southeast, south, and west. It is accessed by State Route 224 from Interstate 80 to the north and State Route 248(Kearns Boulevard), which heads east to U.S. Route 40 and on to Kamas.


Climate

Climate data for Park City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) -3
(27)
-1
(30)
2
(36)
9
(48)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
26
(79)
20
(68)
12
(54)
3
(37)
-2
(28)
Average low °C (°F) -14
(7)
-12
(10)
-9
(16)
-5
(23)
0
(32)
3
(37)
9
(48)
8
(46)
3
(37)
-4
(25)
-8
(18)
-11
(12)
Source: Go Utah Climate[13] 2009-07-07

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 164
1880 1,542 840.2%
1890 2,850 84.8%
1900 3,759 31.9%
1910 3,439 −8.5%
1920 3,393 −1.3%
1930 4,281 26.2%
1940 3,739 −12.7%
1950 2,254 −39.7%
1960 1,366 −39.4%
1970 1,193 −12.7%
1980 2,823 136.6%
1990 4,468 58.3%
2000 7,341 64.3%
Est. 2007 8,030 9.4%
source:[14][15]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 7,371 people, 2,705 households, and 1,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 781.4 people per square mile (301.8/km²). There were 6,661 housing units at an average density of 706.1/sq mi (272.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.50% White, 0.42% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 15.71% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 19.64% of the population.

There were 2,705 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.11.

The age distribution was 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 118.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $65,800, and the median income for a family was $77,137. Males had a median income of $40,032 versus $26,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $45,164. About 5.3% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

Trivia

  • "More than $400 million worth of silver ore was mined in Jupiter Peak, creating the 23 millionaires, including U.S. Senator Thomas Kearns(Utah), an owner of the Silver King Coalition Mine, The Salt Lake Tribune and the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad, George Hearst, father of William Randolf Hearst founder of the Hearst newspaper dynasty. Roger J. Traynor was born in Park City in 1900 and raised there; he went on to become Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court.

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.forbestraveler.com/best-lists/americas-prettiest-towns-story.html
  4. ^ http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/rugh.html
  5. ^ http://historytogo.utah.gov/places/olympic_locations/historyofparkcity.html
  6. ^ http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/rugh.html
  7. ^ http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/rugh.html
  8. ^ http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/rugh.html
  9. ^ http://www.parkcityinfo.com/docs/TOURISM_2009.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.umich.edu/~econdev/parkcity/
  11. ^ http://www.parkcityinfo.com/docs/TOURISM_2009.pdf
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Go Utah Climate—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 07 July 2009
  14. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 309.
  15. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Utah 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-49.csv. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  16. ^ Wedding bliss for Katherine Heigl, Josh Kelley - USATODAY.com
  17. ^ Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Park City Utah USA" http://www.imdb.com/search/title?locations=Park%20City,%20Utah,%20USA
  1. Rugh, Susan Sessions. “Branding Utah: Industrial Tourism in the Postwar American West”. The Western Historical Quaterly, 2006. 4.37. < http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/rugh.html>
  2. Ball, Jami. "History of Park City." Utah History To Go. Utah Government, 2010. Web. 8 Mar 2010. <http://historytogo.utah.gov/places/olympic_locations/historyofparkcity.html>
  3. “Economic Profile: Tourism: Park City and Summit County Utah”. Park City Chambers of Commerce, Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2009. <http://www.parkcityinfo.com/docs/TOURISM_2009.pdf>
  4. Struck, Don. “From Echo to Park City: The Story of Union Pacific’s Park City Branch”. UtahRails.net. Streamliner, 15.2. 2010. <http://utahrails.net/articles/up-park-city.php>

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message