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Parkavakulam
Regions with significant populations
Tamil Nadu, Srilanka, Malaysia
Languages

Tamil

Religion

Hinduism, Jainism

Related ethnic groups

Tamil people, Senaithalaivar[1]

Parkavakulam (UDAYAR)is a big Landowning Kshatriya caste from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The main sub-divisions of the community are Malaimannar, Moopanar, Nainar, Nathamannar, Shruthimannar, Polygor and Bandariyars(Ref Tamilar varalaru -part2).

Contents

Distribution

The community forms a sizeable population in the areas[citation needed] of Pudukottai,Thuraiyur,Perambalur,Karur, Trichy, Ariyalur, Salem, Theni, Attur, Rasipuram, Namakkal, Tanjavur, Pattukkottai, Mannargudi, Kumbakonam, Thiruvannamalai, Ramanathapuram, Chennai, Sivagangai, Villupuram,Madurai, Mayiladuthurai, Cuddalore, Puducherry,Srilanka and Malaysia.

Titles and surname

Parkavakulathars are referred as Udayar or Gounder (Vellalar) or Samanar or Moopanar or Nainar based on the places they reside. Men of the community are referred to as Parkavan and women as Parkavi.

Religion

Nainaar are mostly Jains residing in North and Central Tamil Nadu. Malaimannar, Moopanar, Nathamannar and Shruthimannar follow either Shaivism or Vaishnavism. It is not unusual to find Christians among those groups due to the conversions which happened during the 18th century in Tamil Nadu.

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Kings and lords

  • Parambu Malai Paari, " Mullaikku Ther Kodutha vallal Paari".
  • Malayamaan Thirumudi Kaari.
  • Val Vil Ori.
  • Later Cholas(Vijalaya Chozhan and his heriditary).
  • A.V.K.V.T Mahindra Bandariyar Zamindhar of vettavalam, .
  • Thiru Venkatachala Udayar Zamindhar of Marandahalli, Dharmapuri

Leaders of Parkavakula Sangam

  • Swamy Manam poondi Kumaraswamy Pillai(Udayar), Was the first person to combine the Udayar, Nainar and Moopanar as Parkavagulam(1911) and conducted a big meeting in Madurai dist headed by E.V.Ramaswamy Naiker(Thanthai Periyar)
  • Late N.Arunachala Udayar - Founder of Parkavakulam Sangam,Conducted the first state meeting in Salem.
  • Late N.P.V. Ramasamy Udayar, Industrialist and Founder Chancellor, Sri Ramachandra University[2].
  • Mr R. Soundaraja Moopanar,Ex- MLA [ Papanasam ], President Parkavakula Sangam.
  • Mr T.R. Pachamuthu udayar, Founder Chancellor, SRM University[3].

Founders of Educational Institutions

  • R. Venugopalasamy Udayar from Pazhayanur (aka Palayanur) started the first educational institution (in 1930) in this community. Started as Thinnai PalliKoodam, now it is Venu Udayar Middle School under the management of NandaGopal Udayar.
  • Late N.P.V. Ramasamy Udayar, Founder Chancellor, Sri Ramachandra University[4].
  • Mr T.R. Pachamuthu udayar, Founder Chancellor, SRM University[5].

Academicians

Civil service and judiciary

  • Mr. Chokkalingam Udayar, I.A.S Former Home Secratary to Govt of TamilNadu.
  • Mr. A. M.Raman, I.A.S Former Secretary to Govt of TamilNadu.
  • Mr R.Sellamuthu, I.A.S Chairman of Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission.
  • Mr. T.K. Rajendran, I.P.S , ADGP(T.N).
  • Mr. Ramanathan, I.P.S retd- Inspector General of Police.
  • Mr. R. Krishnamoorthy, ex- Advocate-General, Government of Tamilnadu.

Politicians

  • Sir A. T. Panneerselvam, Biglandlord, Lawer, Former Finance and Internal Affairs Minister for Madras Presidency and Leader of Justice Party.
  • G.K.Moopanar(Makkal Thalaivar),Biglandlord, ex- General Secretary, All India Congress Committee & Founder of Tamil Maanila Congress.
  • Late Salem N. Ramasamy Udayar, Treasurer, Tamil Nadu Congress Committee and Architect of Kamarajar Arangam in Chennai.
  • Aravinda Bala Pajanor, Senior Advocate and Former Union Cabinet Minister and one of the first non-congress and Dravidian party members from Tamil Nadu to be part of the Union government,
  • V.V Swamynathan, ex- minister for 18 portfolios in M.G.R Government.
  • GK Vasan, Cabinet minister for shipping.
  • Chevalier, Rathnavelu Pillai(Udayar) Ex Mayor of Pondicherry.
  • Chevalier, Muthu Pillai(Udayar),Last Mayor of Pondicherry.
  • A.Arul Mozhi, Lawyer, Dravidar Kazhagam media secretary.
  • Vijaya T. Rajendar, Founder of All India Latchiya Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Party.

Spiritual

  • Narasinga Munayaraiyar Nayanar.
  • Maiporul Nayanar.
  • Kulachchirai Nayanar.

Business

  • Mr K.V.P.Sadayandi Moopanar [POTHYS, Chennai].
  • Mr K. Vaidyalingam Udayar [Balaji Rubber Group of Companies and Surya Batteries, Salem].
  • Mr R. Vasudevan Udayar [Hotchips chain of restaurants, Chennai].
  • Mr T.R.P. Ravi Udayar [S.R.M Transports and Royal Southern Group of hotels, Chennai].
  • Mr R. Jagadeesan Udayar [Thambbi Modern Spinning Mills Limited, Salem].
  • Mr R. Krishnamoorthy Udayar [Propritaor of Schince and Sunraise Pharma Chennai,Harithwar(U.P)].

Media

  • Parkava Mani- Founder and Editor of Parkavan Thudhu, Parkavakula news magazine.
  • Puthiya Thalaimurai - Founder Sathyanarayana udayar.
  • SS Music noble proprietor Santiago Martin udayar.

Arts and cinema

  • Manorama-manorama is mukulathor lady Veteran tamil film actress
  • Maruthakasi - Famous Lyric Writer.
  • Vijaya T. Rajendar[9]-Cine artist and Politician.
  • Kovai Thambi (Motherland Picture)- Veteran tamil film Producer.
  • Silambarasan Rajendar- Young and Upcomming Star.
  • S.Saravana Kumar,M.K.Kottai- Assistant Director(G.Maniratnam).
  • Aravind Raj(Oomai vizhigal film director).
  • Rajappa (Tamil Filim Actor).

References

External links


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