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Belarus

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Politics and government of
Belarus



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The National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus is the bicameral parliament that governs the Eastern European country of Belarus. The two chambers that make up the National Assembly are the following:

While each chamber has specific duties they have been charged to enforce, both chambers have the ability to veto local laws that deviate from the Constitution of Belarus.

The chambers of the National Assembly are convened to two regular sessions every year: the first session opens October 2 and its duration cannot be more than 80 days; the second session opens April 2 and does not last more than 90 days.

In extraordinary cases and following a decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus, the House of Representatives and the Council of the Republic may be convened to an extraordinary session. Extraordinary sessions are convened under a particular agenda upon an initiative of the President of the country or upon a request of at least two-thirds majority of the full membership of each of the chambers.

Any bill must be initially considered in the House of Representatives and then in the Council of the Republic. According to the constitution, any bill that impacts the budget must be approved by the president or the government before being voted on.

Its predecessor was the Supreme Soviet to 1996.

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet

  • Nikolay Dementyey May 18, 1990– August 25, 1990
  • Stanislav Shushkevich (acting) August 25, 1990–September 18, 1991
  • Stanislav Shushkevich September 18, 1991–January 26, 1994
  • Vyacheslav Kuznyetsov (acting) January 26, 1994–January 28, 1994
  • Myechyslaw Hryb January 28, 1994–January 10, 1996
  • Semyon Sharetsky January 10, 1996–November 28, 1996
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