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National Assembly of Bulgaria
Народно събрание
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Président Tsetska Tsacheva
since 14 July 2009
Structure
Members 240
Political groups GERB (116)
BSP (40)
DPS (38)
Ataka(21)
BC(15)
RZS(10)
Election
Last election Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2009
Meeting place
National Assembly, Sofia
Website
http://parliament.bg/

The National Assembly of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Народно събрание, Narodno sabranie) is the unicameral parliament and body of the legislative of the Republic of Bulgaria.

It was established in 1879 with the Constitution of Bulgaria.

Contents

Ordinary National Assembly

The National Assembly consists of 240 members elected for a four-year term. 209 of the representatives are elected by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies and 31 are elected in single-seat constituencies according to the last amendment of the Elctoral law governing parliamentary elections, promulgated SG 36th edition on 15th of May 2009. Political parties must gather a minimum of 4% of the national vote in order to enter the Assembly. Bulgaria has a multi-party system. Obtaining of all the state power by a single party is forbidden, according to the articles of 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria.

The Assembly is responsible for enactment of laws, approval of the budget, scheduling of presidential elections, selection and dismissal of the Prime Minister and other ministers, declaration of war, concluding peace and deployment of troops outside of Bulgaria, and ratification of international treaties and agreements. It is headed and presided by the Chairperson of the National Assembly of Bulgaria.

The Assembly administers the publication of the State Gazette, Bulgaria's gazette of record.

Grand National Assembly

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In addition to the ordinary National Assembly, a Grand National Assembly (Велико народно събрание, Veliko narodno sabranie) may be convened in order for matters of special jurisdiction, such as: 1) Adoption of a new Constitution; 2)Amendment of certain articles of the Constitution, e.g. those related with the basic civil rights; 3)Changes in the territory (gain or loss) of the Rebublic, etc. Before the World War II the Grand National Assembly was also competent in electing the Regency of the Bulgarian Kingdom if the tzar has not come to age. The First and the Third Grand National Assemblies also elected the first two Bulgarian monarchs after the liberation from the Turkish yoke - The Grand Duke (Knjaz) Alexander Batemberg and the Grand Duke (Knjaz) Ferdinand Saxe Coburg-Gotha.

As an organ, the Grand National Assembly was introduced with the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879, abolished in 1947 and reintroduced with the 1991 constitution. During different constitutonal provisions it was constituted by a different amount of reoresentatives. Acoring to the 1991 Constitution it consists of 400 deputies (as opposed to 240 in the ordinary one). The 1991 Constitution was adopted by the Seventh Grand National Assembly and was composed of 200 members being elected by proportional representation and the other 200 by majoritarian representation. The Constitution provides that the elections for Grand National Assembly shall be conduvted by the same manner as those for the Ordinary National Assembly. A qualified majority of 2/3 during three voting procedures on separate dates is required for a decision to be made. The Grand National Assembly can also serve as an ordinary National Assembly, taking care of regular legislative activities, in an urgent cases only. After it has concluded its work on the matter it was elected for, the Grand National Assembly is dissolved ex lege and the President of the Republic shall appoint elections for an Ordinary National Assembly.

A total of seven Grand National Assemblies have been in operation in Bulgaria, the last one from 10 July 1990 to 12 July 1991 adopting the current constitution.

Building

The National Assembly's main building has been proclaimed a monument of culture for its historic significance. Situated in downtown Sofia, it was designed in Neo-Renaissance style by Konstantin Jovanović, a Serbian-Bulgarian architect who received his education in Vienna and Switzerland and whose other works include the Parliament of Serbia building. It was constructed between 1884 and 1886 by Friederich Wilhelm Gustav Liebe, a young builder from Saxony who was only 22 years old when construction began.[1]

The building is depicted on the reverse of the Bulgarian 20 leva banknote, issued in 1999 and 2007.[2]

Due to insufficient space in the main building, some administrative offices of the National Assembly are now housed by the former headquarters of the Bulgarian Communist Party, located at the Largo.

Previous composition (2005-2009)

This is the composition of the 40th (ordinary) National Assembly of Bulgaria as established by the Bulgarian parliamentary election in 2005. Since the elections, slight changes have occurred in the composition of a number of coalitions and parties. Currently, the government consists of a coalition composed of the Coalition for Bulgaria, the National Movement Simeon II and the Movement for Rights and Freedoms aimed at the 2007 Accession of Bulgaria to the European Union.


e • d Summary of the 25 June 2005 National Assembly of Bulgaria election results
Coalitions and parties Votes % Seats +/−
Coalition for Bulgaria (Koalicija za Bălgarija) 1,129,196 31.0 82 +34
National Movement Simeon II (Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori) 725,314 19.9 53 −67
Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dviženie za Prava i Svobodi) 467,400 12.8 34 +13
National Union Attack (Nacionalno Obedinenie Ataka) 296,848 8.1 21 +21
United Democratic Forces (Obedineni demokratični sili) 280,323 7.7 20 −31
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria (Demokrati za Silna Bălgarija) 234,788 6.4 17 +17
Bulgarian People's Union (Bălgarski Naroden Săjuz) 189,268 5.2 13 +13
Others 324,050 8.8 0
Total (turnout 55.8%) 3,648,177 100.0 240  
Invalid votes 99,616
Votes cast 3,747,793
Registered voters 6,720,941
Source: Centralna Izbiratelna Komisija and Adam Carr's Electoral Archive

Current composition (2009-2013)

This is the composition of the 41st (ordinary) National Assembly of Bulgaria as established by the Bulgarian parliamentary election in 2009.

Party Votes  % +/– Seats +/–
  Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria 1,678,641 39.72 new 116 new
  Coalition for Bulgaria 748,147 17.70 −13.3 40 −42
  Movement for Rights and Freedoms 610,521 14.45 +1.7 38 +4
  National Union Attack 395,733 9.36 +1.2 21 ±0
  Blue Coalition 285,662 6.76 −7.3 15 −22
  Order, Lawfulness, Justice 174,582 4.13 new 10 new
  Lider (Bulgaria) 137,795 3.26 new
  National Movement for Stability and Progress 127,470 3.02 −16.9 −53
  The Greens 21,841 0.52 new
  For the Homeland 11,524 0.27
  Bulgarian Left Coalition 8,762 0.21
  Union of the Patriotic Forces "Defense" 6,426 0.15
  Social Democrats 5,004 0.12
  Bulgarian National Union – New Democracy 3,813 0.09
  The Other Bulgaria 3,455 0.08
  Party of the Liberal Alternative and Peace 2,828 0.07
  Union of the Bulgarian Patriots 2,175 0.05
  National Movement for the Salvation of the Fatherland 1,874 0.04
Valid votes 4,226,194 97.75 240
Invalid votes 97,387 2.25
Total (turnout: 60.20%) 4,323,581 100.00
Source: CIK

Notes

  1. ^ Gervas, Stan (2004) [1991]. Five Graves in Dalwallinu. Maylands: Gervas Books. pp. 15–21. ISBN 0646068202. 
  2. ^ Bulgarian National Bank. Notes and Coins in Circulation: 20 leva (1999 issue) & 20 leva (2007 issue). – Retrieved on 26 March 2009.

External links

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