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National Assembly of Hungary
Type unicameral
Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary Béla Katona
since September 15, 2009
Meeting place
Budapest Parliament conference hall.jpg
Hungarian Parliament Building

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The National Assembly of Hungary (Országgyűlés) is the national parliament of Hungary. The unicameral body consists of 386 members elected to 4-year terms. Election of members is based on a complex system involving both area and list election; parties must win at least 5% of the popular vote in order to enter list members the assembly (but area winners enter regardless). The Assembly includes 25 standing committees to debate and report on introduced bills and to supervise the activities of the ministers. The Constitutional Court of Hungary has the right to challenge legislation on the grounds of constitutionality. The assembly has met in the Hungarian Parliament Building in Budapest since 1902.


2006-2010 Parliament

At the last parliamentary elections in 2006, four parties or party alliances passed the minimum threshold: the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) (190 seats), the coalition party Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ) (20 seats), the Hungarian Civic Union (FIDESZ) in alliance with the Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP) (164 seats in common, 141 for Fidesz and 23 for KDNP), and the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) (11 seats) and 1 independent got into the Parliament, winning a constituency in Somogy county.

The heads of the factions are: Attila Mesterházy (MSZP), Tibor Navracsics (FIDESZ), Zsolt Semjén (KDNP) and János Kóka (SZDSZ). The faction of MDF has already broken up. The head of the allied faction FIDESZ-KDNP is Viktor Orbán. The head of the minority government is Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai. The current speaker of the Assembly is Béla Katona of the MSZP (since 2009).

Speaker of the Provisional National Assembly

  • Béla Zsedényi December 21, 1944–November 29, 1945

Speakers of the National Assembly

Elections hun.png

e • d  Summary of the 9 April and 23 April 2006 National Assembly (Országgyűlés) elections
Parties List Votes % Constituencies
1st round
% Constituencies
2nd round
% Seats
Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP) 2,336,705 43.21 2,175,316 40.26 1,510,360 46.62 186
Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ) 351,612 6.50 340,750 6.31 64,501 1.99 18
Joint candidates MSZP-SZDSZ 154,616 2.86 72,802 2.25 6
Fidesz-KDNP 2,272,979 42.03 2,269,244 41.96 1,511,426 46.65 164
Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF) 272,831 5.04 238,570 4.41 15,973 0.50 11
Joint candidates Fidesz/KNDP-MDF 34,109 0.63 33,029 1.02 0
Joint candidates MDF and other parties 14,838 0.27 3,640 0.11 0
MIÉP-Jobbik Third Way Alliance of Parties (MIÉP-Jobbik a Harmadik Út pártszövetség) 119,007 2.20 92,802 1.70 231 0.01 0
Hungarian Communist Workers' Party (Magyar Kommunista Munkáspárt) 21,955 0.41 16,379 0.30 0
Centre Party (Centrum Összefogás Magyarországért) 17,431 0.32 14,126 0.26 0
Association for Somogy (Somogyért) 9,457 0.17 13,329 0.43 1
Total 5,408,050 100.0 5,403,691 100.0 3,239,752 100.0 386

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