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National Assembly of Serbia
Народна скупштина Србије
Narodna skupština Srbije
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Speaker Slavica Đukić Dejanović
since 25 June 2008
Structure
Members 250
Belgrad2006parlament.jpg
Election
Last election 2008 parliamentary elections
Meeting place
Dom Narodne Skupštine, Belgrade
Website
www.parliament.gov.rs
Serbia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
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The National Assembly of Serbia (Serbian: Народна скупштина Србије / Narodna skupština Srbije) is the unicameral parliament of Serbia. The Assembly Speaker (officially President of the Assembly) is Slavica Đukić Dejanović since 25 June 2008.

Contents

History

The first Act of the National Assembly of Serbia was passed on 28 October 1858. Based on this Act, the St. Andrew's Day Assembly was convened, and held from 30 November 1858 to 31 January 1859 in Belgrade. Thus the institution of the national assembly was made legal, and foundations were laid for a system of popular representation in Serbia.

Common-law assemblies were held from the beginning of the 19th century until 1858. They were convened either by the Prince or by the Council whenever they saw fit. They were also held during the First and Second Serbian Uprisings, from 1804 to 1815. The participants in these assemblies, except for a few rare cases, were invited by the Prince or by the Council, rather than elected by the people. Common-law assemblies were almost always held under the open sky, and thousands of people would attend. At one of them, the Sretenje Assembly, held on the day of the Serbian Orthodox Church religious holiday Sretenje (Presentation of Jesus), the first Serbian constitutionSretenje Constitution – was ratified. In early September of 1842, the "Defenders of the Constitution" (ustavobranioci) headed by Toma Vučić-Perišić, aided by the assembly, deposed Prince Mihailo and put Aleksandar Karađorđević in his place. Sixteen years later, at the St. Andrew's Day Assembly, they performed a dynastic coup and returned the Obrenović dynasty to the throne.[1]

Building

The Parliament building is located in the city center of Belgrade, on the Nikola Pašić Square, in front of Pioneer's Park. The building is shown on the five thousand Serbian dinar note. The Parliament of Serbia moved into this building on 23 July 2006, after the independence was regained. Prior to becoming the parliament of Serbia, it served as the seat of parliament for Yugoslavia (Kingdom, DFY, FPRY, SFRY and FRY) and Serbia and Montenegro. During the time of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro, the parliament of Serbia convened in another building on Kralja Milana street.

Construction on the building started in 1907, with the cornerstone being laid by King Petar I. The building was based on a design made by Konstantin Jovanović in 1891; a variant of that design made by Jovan Ilkić, which won a competition in 1901. World War I delayed construction, and the original plans to the building were lost. Reconstruction of the plans were made by Ilkić's son Pavle. The interior was designed by Nikolaj Krasnov. It was designed in the manner of academic traditionalism.

A sculpture by Toma Rosandić, Igrali se konji vrani (Play of Black Horses), was placed in front of the building in 1939.

A clip of the parliament building burning (which happened during the October fifth Overthrow) can be seen in the 2008 movie The Day the Earth Stood Still.

The parliament building also seems to have served as inspiration in the game Half-life 2, featured as the Overwatch Nexus[2]

Current National Assembly

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Organization

Number of seats by parliamentary groups
parliamentary group seats
ZES (DS, SPO & G17+)
  
102
SRS
  
56
DSS & NS
  
30
SNS
  
21
SPS, PUPS & JS
  
20
LDP
  
12
minorities
  
7
independent
  
2
As of September 2009
Nataša Jovanović (Serbian Radical Party)
Božidar Delić (Serbian Progressive Party)
Gordana Čomić (Democratic Party)
Nikola Novaković (G17 Plus)
Radojko Obradović (Democratic Party of Serbia)
Judita Popović (Liberal Democratic Party)
  • Secretary: Veljko Odalović (Socialist Party of Serbia)

Parliamentary groups and parties

National Assembly Chamber
Parliamentary groups Seats Parties Seats
For a European Serbia
78 Democratic Party (DS) 64
Democratic League of Croats in Vojvodina (DSHV) 1
Social Democratic Party of Serbia (SDP) 4
League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina (LSV) 5
Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO) 4
Serbian Radical Party
56 Serbian Radical Party (SRS) 56
G17 Plus
24 G17 Plus (G17+) 21
Together for Šumadija (ZZS) 2
Independent 1
Forward Serbia
21 Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) 21
Democratic Party of Serbia
21 Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) 21
SPS – JS
15 Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) 12
United Serbia (JS) 3
Liberal Democratic Party
12 Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) 11
Social Democratic Union (SDU) 1
New Serbia
9 New Serbia (NS) 9
Ethnic Minorities Group
7 Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians (SVM) 4
Bosniac Democratic Party of Sanjak (BDSS) 1
Social-Liberal Party of Sanjak (SLPS) 1
Party for Democratic Action (PzDD) 1
United Pensioners of Serbia
5 Party of United Pensioners of Serbia (PUPS) 5
Christian Democratic Party of Serbia 2 Christian Democratic Party of Serbia (DHSS) 2

References

External links


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