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Transnistria

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Transnistria



See also: Politics of Moldova


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The Supreme Council[1] of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Moldovan: Советулуй Супрем ал Републичий Молдовенешть Нистрене, Sovietul Suprem al Republica Moldovenească Nistreană, Russian: Верховный Совет Приднестровской Молдавской Республики, Verkhovny Soviet Pridniestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki, Ukrainian: Верховна Рада Приднiстровської Молдавської Республiки, Verkhovnа Radа Prydnistrovskoyi Moldavskoyi Respubliky) is the parliament of Transnistria. The unicameral legislature consists of 43 seats, all of which are determined by single mandate constituencies. It is headed by a chairman (or speaker).

Contents

Jurisdiction

Moldova still considers Transnistria part of its territory, although Transnistria declared independence on 2 September 1990. Until 2005, the chairman of the parliament was Grigore Mărăcuţă, but following the election win of opposition party Renewal the new chairman became Renewal party leader Yevgeny Shevchuk. Both Mărăcuţă and Shevchuk are native-born Transnistrians. On 22 July 2009, Shevchuk resigned as speaker and was succeeded by Russian-born ethnic Ukranian Anatoly Kaminski, also from the Renewal party.[2] Shevchuk cited the newly proposed constitution as a major factor as to why he resigned.[3]

Members of parliament

Most of the members of parliament are not native-born Transnistrians. According to official PMR data, only 15 members of the parliament out of 43 were born on the territory of Transnistria (12 in Transnistria proper, 3 in Bessarabian area of Bender-Chiţcani which is controlled by Transnistria), 4 were born in Bessarabia, part never claimed by Transnistria, 9 were born in the Russian Federation, 8 in Ukraine, 2 in Kazakhstan, 1 in Germany, 1 in Belarus, and 3 did not declare their origin. [4] Also a list published by the European Union indicates that a majority of the leadership, who are banned from traveling to the EU, were not born in Transnistria.[5]

Latest election

e • d  Summary of the 11 December 2005 Parliament of Transnistria election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Renewal (Obnovleniye) . 23
Republic (Respublika) . 13
Allies of Renewal . 6
Non-partisans . 1
Total (turnout 56.3%)   43
Source: BHHRG. Renewal was an NGO, later registered - in June 2006 - as political party.

Future

President Igor Smirnov of Transnistria has set up a commission to draft a new constitution. One of the current proposals is to introduce a bicameral legislature.[6][3]

List of speakers

References

Transnistrian Government building in Tiraspol, which also houses the Supreme Council.

External links

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