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Nickname(s): Princess of Igaraçu
Location of Parnaíba in Piauí
Country Brazil Brazil
Region Northeast
State Piauí
Founded 1844
 - Mayor José Hamilton (PTB)
 - Total 435 km2 (168 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 178.264
 - Density 329.9/km2 (854.4/sq mi)
Time zone -3
Website Parnaíba, Piauí

Parnaíba is a port city in Piauí, Brazil, on the right bank of the Parnaíba River, 360 km north of the capital, Teresina. It is one of the only four coastal cities of the state.

Parnaíba is situated at the point where the most easterly of the delta outlets, or channels, called the Rio Igaraçu, branches off from the main stream. All the outlet channels of the river are obstructed by bars built up by the strong current along the Atlantic coast, and only vessels of light draught can enter. The town has some buildings of the old Portuguese type, including two churches and a fine hospital. Parnaíba is the commercial entrepôt of the state; its exports go chiefly through the small port of Amarração, at the mouth of the Rio Igaraçu, 18 km. distant. The city itself does not have much of an economic support apart from exports an although it does have some attraction it lacks of support by the federal government.

Religion plays a large role in everyday life,about 97% of the population is religions. As of 2003 the population- 70,000.

Parnaiba has an eolic park, Pedra do Sal beach. Pedra do Sal is the only beach of that city. The city also has a big perimeter of irrigation called Tabuleiros Litoraneos (TB). Tabuleiros litoraneos has approximately 10 thousand hectares of irrigated land. It is sunny all year long in parnaiba, thus is very good to agriculture. Many producers from the southern Brazil are producing organic acerola to the production vitamin C. Near Tabuleiros Litoraneos,a processing zone of exportation is being installed.

The city of Parnaiba also has 5 universities. These universities a formed by people of different states. The city also has a research center of EMBRAPA.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Coordinates: 2°54′18″S 41°46′37″W / 2.905°S 41.77694°W / -2.905; -41.77694


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Parnaíba is a city in Piauí. Most tourists pass by here for visiting the river delta, or on their way between Lençois Maranhenses and Jericoacoara. However, Parnaíba has its own charm, including nearby beaches, and could be worth a couple of days.

Get in

By bus

A modern bus terminal lies on the southeastern outskirts of the city, where Rua Ceará Chaval and Avenida Deputado Pinheiro Machado intersect, about 5 km from the center. Most long distance buses are handled by Expresso Guanabara [1].

  • To Teresina(5 hours) via Piripiri(2,5 hours) every 2-3 hours.
  • To Tutóia (from where you can move on to Paulino Neves and Lençóis Maranhenses) by São Francisco or Continental. R$ 14, 3 hours bumpy ride. This bus stops by the companies´ own bus station near the center, and waits there for half an hour before continuing.

There is also a flourishing market for "alternative" buses, at somewhat discounted prices, by the downtown end of Avenida Capitão Claro (a continuation of Avenida São Sebastião).

By air

Airport at the northern outskirts of the city. Freshly launched airline Litorânea[2] has turboprops flying to Fortaleza, São Luís and Teresina thrice weekly, and Camocim and Barreirinhas (Lençóis Maranhenses once a week. The chepest fares are from R$ 40 - 140, depending on destination.

By boat

There used to be a daily boat leaving for Tutóia on the western rim of the river delta. Now (August 2007) the only waterway alternative seems to be renting a motor launch at R$ 400 (up to 4 people). If you are on a budget, go by bus.

  • Buses run from the bus station to the center via Avenida São Sebastião. Few buses after dark.
  • Taxis don´t have meters, and are fairly expensive, but negotiable. Center to bus station should be about R$ 15.
  • Mototaxis will take you anywhere in town for R$ 3-4, even with a large backpack.


The northern part of the center, near the bridge and Praça Nossa Senhora das Graças, is quite pleasant with well preserved colonial buildings.


Take an evening stroll along Avenida São Sebastião, from the Balão (roundabout, also known by its restaurant, O Mirante.) towards the center. Dozens of snack bars. There is a cinema around the corner from Hotel Delta, showing the most mainstream from Hollywood.


Local handicraft specialties are made from a certain palm tree´s leaves.

  • Flor de Liz, Avenida São Sebastião. Grilled meats and pizzas. Dishes for 2 at around R$ 25.  edit
  • Sabor e Arte, (Right by the bridge). Pleasant environment, most of the art is for sale. Many dishes around R$ 25.  edit
  • Biola, Praça Santo Antônio, Center. Wide selection of burgers and sandwiches.  edit
  • The liveliest area is Beira Rio, 1 km north of the center, with several restaurants-come-bars.
  • Pride Solutions. Gay  edit
  • Trilhu´s. Bar on the outside, club further in. One forró stage and one electronica room. Small draught beer R$ 2.  edit


A few places opposite the bus station, not very convenient unless you are only staying a night or two in between buses:

  • Pousada Litoral, Avenida Deputado Pinheiro Machado (Right in front of the bus station.). checkout: Noon. Very basic. Rooms with fan (A/C) Single R$ 20(28) Double R$ 30(40).  edit
  • Pousada Toca do Coelho, Avenida Deputado Pinheiro Machedo (200 m from the bus station). Bright and clean, good breakfast. Room with fan (others have A/C) Single R$ 35.  edit
  • Hotel mar das Gaivotas, Rua 08, casa 04 (Sligthly on your right from the bus station), +55 86 3323 2812. Clean and friendly. Single w/fan R$ 30, double R$ 40, add R$ 10 for air con.  edit

Following Av Dep Pinheiro Machado north there are several more, and then a couple along Avenida São Sebastião:

  • Pousada Santa Luzia, Avenida São Sebastião 1436, +55 86 3322 3553. Bright and clean, high ceilings, restaurant. Good location. Single with fan (others have A/C) R$ 25. Also monthly rates..  edit

Higher standard options near and in the center, but also a few low costs, including a youth hostel:

  • Porto das Barcas, [3]. Single R$ 35, double R$ 55.  edit
  • There is an hourly bus (packed on Sundays) to the beach Pedra do Sal, about 15 km north of town. Many shacks selling drinks and fried fish.
  • Tours to the delta of the river Parnaíba leave daily at around 9 AM from Porto de Tatus (Sometimes referred to as Morro de Mariana), around 15 km northwest of town (Taxi from center R$ 25), returning around 3 PM. Several agencies arrange these at R$ 45, including pick up at your hotel. If you want to stay a night in the delta, Ilha das Canárias is an option, Ilha do Caju another, and Ilha dos Poldros a third.
  • Minibuses leave every half hour or so from Praça Santo Antônio for Luís Correia and the beach of Atalaia, R$ 2, 30 minutes.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!


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