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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A part-time job is a form of employment that carries fewer hours per week than a full-time job. Workers are considered to be part-time if they commonly work fewer than 30 or 35 hours per week.[1] According to the International Labour Organization, the number of part-time workers has increased from one-fourth to a half in the past 20 years in most developed countries, excluding the United States.[1] There are many reasons for working part-time, including the desire to do so, having one's hours cut back by an employer and being unable to find a full-time job.

"Part-time" can also be used in reference to a student (usually in higher education) who takes only a few courses, rather than a full load of coursework each semester.


In Australia

Part-time employment in Australia involves a comprehensive framework. Part-time employee's work less hours than their full-time counterparts within a specific industry, this can vary but is generally less than 35-40 hours per week.

Part-time employee's within Australia are legally entitled to paid annual leave, sick leave, maternity leave etc. except it is covered on a 'pro-rata' (percentage) basis depending on the hours worked each week.

Furthermore, as a part-time employee is guaranteed a regular roster within a workplace, they are given an annular salary paid each week, fortnight or month. Employers within Australia are obliged to provide minimum notice requirements for termination, redundancy and change of rostered hours in relation to part-time workers[2].

As of January 2010, the number of part-time workers within Australia is approximately 3.3 million out of the 10.9 million individuals within the Australian workforce[3].

In Canada

In Canada, part-time workers are those who usually work less than 30 hours per week at their main or only job.[2] In 2007, just over 1 in every 10 employees aged 25 to 54 worked part-time. A person who has a part-time placement is often contracted to a company or business in which they have a set of terms they agree with.

In the United States

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, working part-time is defined as working between 1 and 35 hours per week.[3] In 2007, 32.4 million Americans worked part-time, approximately two-thirds of whom were women. Less than one fifth of part-time workers were forced to do so for economic reasons.[4]

Typically, part-time employees in the United States are not entitled to employee benefits, such as health insurance.

In Asia

Arubaito (JPN:アルバイト?) or Arubaitu (KOR: 아르바이트) is a common term used in East Asia to refer to a part-time job. The word is a rendering of the German noun "Arbeit" (work).

External links to statistics on part-time employment



  • Eurostat has data on part-time employment by sex, age group, economic activity, occupation as well as information on the reason for taking up part-time work, and whether or not if it is voluntary for its member states.


Monthly situation

Annual situation

United States

Monthly situation

Annual situation


  1. ^ a b Part-Time Work Information Sheet, International Labour Organization, via [1]
  2. ^ The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance, Glossary, November 25, 2008
  3. ^ Labor force characteristics, Full- or part-time status, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Labor Force Statistics.
  4. ^ Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. Persons at work in nonagricultural industries by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and usual full- or part-time status,

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