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In politics, a partition is a change of political borders cutting through at least one community’s homeland. That change is done primarily via diplomatic means, and use of military force is negligible.

Common arguments for partitions include:

  • historicist — that partition is inevitable, or is already happening, this argument is related to historicism
  • last resort — that partition should be pursued to avoid the worst outcomes (genocide or large-scale ethnic expulsions), if other means fail
  • cost-benefit — that partition offers, on balance, a better prospect of conflict reduction than the maintenance of the existing borders
  • better tomorrow — that there will be a reduction in actual violence and conflict recurrence, and that the new more homogenized polities that emerge will have better prospects for the peaceful development in future
  • rigorous end — heterogeneity in cultures is bad, homogeneous states should be the goal of any policy

Common arguments against include:

  • It creates enormous human suffering
  • Grievances that could eventually lead to more deadly violence, such as the Korean and Vietnam wars.
  • It prioritizes race and ethnicity to a level only acceptable to an Apartheid Regime
  • The international system is very reluctant to accept the idea of partition in deeply divided societies


Notable examples (see also Category:Partition) are:

See also


  1. ^ Norman Davies: God's Playground [1]
  2. ^ Stephen R. Turnbull, Tannenberg 1410: Disaster for the Teutonic Knights [2]
  3. ^ Elements of General History: Ancient and Modern, by Millot (Claude François Xavier) [3]
  4. ^ Arthur Hassall, The Balance of Power. 1715 - 1789 [4]
  5. ^ Norman Davies: God's Playground [5]
  6. ^ The Polish Occupation. Czechoslovakia was, of course, mutilated not only by Germany. Poland and Hungary also each asked for their share - Hubert Ripka: Munich, Before and After: A Fully Documented Czechoslovak Account of the ..., 1939 [6]
  7. ^ Samuel Leonard Sharp: Poland, White Eagle on a Red Field, [7]
  8. ^ Norman Davies: God's Playground [8]
  9. ^ Debates of the Senate of the Dominion of Canada [9]


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