Party of European Socialists
Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas
Parti socialiste européen
Partito Socialista Europeo
Partido socialista europeo
Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα
Partia Europejskich Socjalistów
Partido socialista europeu
Sosyalist Partinin Avrupa
De Europæiske Socialdemokrater
Партия на европейските социалисти
Páirtí Sóisialach na hEorpa
Partidul Socialiştilor Europeni
|President||Poul Nyrup Rasmussen MEP|
|Headquarters||Rue du Trône/Troonlaan, 98, 1050 Brussels, Belgium|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European Parliament Group||Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats|
|Politics of the European
The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party comprising thirty-two socialist, social democratic and labour parties from each European Union member state and Norway. The PES is led by President Poul Nyrup Rasmussen MEP. Its aims include:
In 1961, the Socialists in the European Parliament attempted to produce a common European Socialist Programme but were neglected due to the applications of Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway to join the European Communities. The Socialist's 1962 congress pushed for greater democratisation and powers for Parliament though it was only in 1969 that this possibility was examined by the member states.
In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the European Community bringing in new parties from these countries. The enlarged Socialist Congress met in Bonn and inaugurated the Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community. The Congress also passed a resolution on social policy, including the right to decent work, social security, democracy and equality in the European economy.
In 1978, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved the first common European election Manifesto. It focused on several goals among which the most important were to ensure a right to decent work, fight pollution, end discrimination, protect the consumer and promote peace, human rights and civil liberties. The Luxembourg Congress approved the first Statue of the Confederation of Socialist Parties in 1980. The accession of Greece in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 brought in more parties. In 1984 another common Socialist election manifesto was approved at a congress in Luxembourg. The Manifesto proposed a socialist remedy for the economic crisis by establishing a link between industrial production, protection of the fundamental social benefits and the fight for an improved quality of life.
In 1992, with the European Communities becoming the European Union and with the Treaty of Maastricht establishing the framework for political parties at the European Level, the Confederation was able to mobilize a majority of delegates in favour of transforming the Confederation into the Party of European Socialists. The first programme of the party concentrated on job creation, democracy, gender equality, environmental and consumer protection, peace and security, regulation of immigration, discouragement of racism and fighting organised crime.
In 2004 Poul Nyrup Rasmussen defeated Giuliano Amato to be elected President of the PES, succeeding Robin Cook in the post. He was re-elected for a further 2.5 years at the PES Congress in Porto on 8 December 2006.
Presidents of the Party of European Socialists and its predecessors.
|1.||Wilhelm Dröscher||Germany||Social Democratic Party (SPD)||April 1974||January 1979|
|2.||Robert Pontillon||France||Socialist Party (PS)||January 1979||March 1980|
|3.||Joop den Uyl||Netherlands||Labour Party (PvdA)||March 1980||May 1987|
|4.||Vítor Constâncio||Portugal||Socialist Party (PS)||May 1987||January 1989|
|5.||Guy Spitaels||Belgium||Socialist Party (PS)||February 1989||May 1992|
|6.||Willy Claes||Belgium||Socialist Party (SP)||November 1992||October 1994|
|7.||Rudolf Scharping||Germany||Social Democratic Party (SPD)||March 1995||May 2001|
|8.||Robin Cook||United Kingdom||Labour Party||May 2001||April 2004|
|9.||Poul Nyrup Rasmussen||Denmark||Social Democrats (SD)||April 2004||-|
There are thirty-two member parties from all the twenty-seven member states and Norway. There are a further five associate and six observer parties. PES is an associated organisation of the Socialist International. Ecosy is the youth organisation of PES and PES Women is the party's women's organisation, led by Zita Gurmai MEP.
The parties meet at the party Congress twice every five years to decide on political orientation, such as adopting manifestos ahead of elections. Every year that the Congress does not meet, the Council (a quarter Congress) shapes PES policy. The Congress also elects the party's President, Vice Presidents and the Presidency.
The most recent Council was held in Madrid in December 2008 and the next Congress with be held in Prague in late 2009.
The President (currently former Danish Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen) represents the party on a daily basis and chairs the Presidency, which also consists of the Secretary General, President of the PES group in Parliament (the PSE, see below) and one representative per full member party and organisation. They may also be joined by the President of the European Parliament (if a PES member), a PES European Commissioner and a representatives from associate parties and organisations.
The Leader's Conference brings together Prime Ministers and Party Leaders from PES parties three to four times a year to agree strategies and resolutions.
European Commissioners are meant to remain independent, however there has been an increasing degree of politicisation within the Commission. Although the current Barroso Commission is dominated by conservatives and liberals, five of the twenty-seven Commissioners belong to PES. These are First Vice-President Margot Wallström, Commissioner Joaquín Almunia (Economy), Commissioner Catherine Ashton (Trade), Commissioner Vladimír Špidla ( Social) and Commissioner László Kovács (Taxation).
Party-alignment at the European Council is often loose, but has been the basis of some intergovernmental cooperation. At present the following countries are led by a PES-affiliated leader, who represents that state at the European Council: Bulgaria (Sergey Stanishev), Hungary (Gordon Banjai)Portugal (José Sócrates), Slovakia (Robert Fico), Spain (José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero) and United Kingdom (Gordon Brown). The makeup of national delegations to the Council of Ministers is at some times subject to coalitions: for the above governments led by a PES party, that party may not be present in all Council configurations; in other governments led by non-PES parties a PES minister may be its representative for certain portfolios. PES is in coalition in a further six countries: Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Italy and Luxembourg.
With 32 members it is the only political party to have a member from every EU state, although not all of them have elected MEPs.
|State||Name (national language)||Name (English)||abbr.||MEPs|
|Austria||Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs||Social Democratic Party of Austria||SPÖ||7|
|Belgium (Flemish Community)||Socialistische Partij Anders||Socialist Party Different||SPa||3|
|Belgium (French Community)||Parti Socialiste||Socialist Party||PS||4|
Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija
|Bulgarian Socialist Party||BSP||5|
|Movement for Social Democracy||EDEK||1|
|Czech Republic||Česká strana sociálně demokratická||Czech Social Democratic Party||ČSSD||2|
|Estonia||Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond||Social Democratic Party||SDE||1|
|Finland||Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue||Social Democratic Party of Finland||SDP||3|
|France||Parti Socialiste||Socialist Party||PS||14|
|Germany||Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands||Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||24|
Panellínio Sosialistikó Kínima
|Panhellenic Socialist Movement||PASOK||8|
|Hungary||Magyar Szocialista Párt||Hungarian Socialist Party||MSZP||4|
|Magyarországi Szociáldemokrata Párt||Hungarian Social Democratic Party||MSZDP||0|
|Ireland||Páirtí an Lucht Oibre / Labour Party||Labour Party||Lab.||3|
|Italy||Partito Socialista Italiano||Italian Socialist Party||PSI||4|
|Latvia||Latvijas Sociāldemokrātiskā Strādnieku Partija||Social Democratic Workers' Party of Latvia||LSDSP||0|
|Lithuania||Lietuvos Socialdemokratų Partija||Social Democratic Party of Lithuania||LSDP||2|
|Luxembourg||Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechterpartei||Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party||LSAP||1|
|Malta||Partit Laburista||Labour Party||PL||3|
|Netherlands||Partij van de Arbeid||Labour Party||PvdA||7|
|Norway||Det norske Arbeiderparti||Norwegian Labour Party||DNA||N/A|
|Poland||Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej||Democratic Left Alliance||SLD||5|
|Unia Pracy||Labour Union||UP||0|
|Portugal||Partido Socialista||Socialist Party||PS||12|
|Romania||Partidul Social Democrat||Social Democratic Party||PSD||10|
|Slovakia||Smer – sociálna demokracia||Direction - social democracy||Smer||5|
|Slovenia||Socialni demokrati||Social Democrats||SD||1|
|Spain||Partido Socialista Obrero Español||Spanish Socialist Workers' Party||PSOE||24|
|Sweden||Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti||Social Democratic Workers' Party of Sweden||SAP||5|
|Labour Party||Labour Party||LP||19|
|Páirtí Sóisialta Daonlathach an Lucht Oibre||Social Democratic and Labour Party||SDLP||0|
|State||Name (original language)||Name (English)||abbr.||Status|
|Albania||Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë||Socialist Party||PSS||Associate|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH||Social Democratic Party||SDP||Associate|
Partija Balgarski socialdemokrati
|Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats||PBS||Associate|
|Croatia||Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske||Social Democratic Party of Croatia||SDP||Associate|
|Iceland||Samfylkingin||Social Democrat Alliance||S||Associate|
сојуз на Македонија
Socijaldemokratski sojuz na Makedonija
|Social Democratic Union of Macedonia||SDSM||Associate|
|Montenegro||Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crne Gore||Democratic Party of Socialists||DPS||Associate|
|Montenegro||Socijaldemokratska Partija Crne Gore||Social Democratic Party||SDP||Associate|
Partei der Schweiz /
Parti socialiste suisse
|Social Democratic Party of Switzerland||SP/PS||Associate|
|Turkey||Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi||Republican People's Party||CHP||Associate|
|Turkey||Demokratik Toplum Partisi||Democratic Society Party||DTP||Associate|
|State||Name (original language)||Name (English)||abbr.||Status|
|Andorra||Partit Socialdemòcrata||Social Democratic Party||PS||Observer|
|Vitality - Together||MY||Observer|
|San Marino||Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici||Party of Socialists and Democrats||PSD||Observer|
|Turkey||Cumhuriyetçi Türk Partisi||Republican Turkish Party||CTP||Observer|