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Pasighat
Pasighat
Location of Pasighat
in Arunachal Pradesh and India
Coordinates 28°04′N 95°20′E / 28.07°N 95.33°E / 28.07; 95.33
Country  India
State Arunachal Pradesh
District(s) East Siang
Population
Density
21972 (2001)
1,504.9 /km2 (3,898 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
14.60 km2 (6 sq mi)
153 m (502 ft)
Website www.pasighat.com

Pasighat is the headquarters of East Siang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Situated at 155 meters, with its scenic splendours Pasighat is Arunachal's oldest town and also the district headquarters of East Siang.

Contents

History

Pasighat was founded in 1911 A.D. by the Britishers as a gateway to administrative convenience of the greater Abor Hills and area north. Primarily it was a settlements of Pasi tribes which are found still living in the villages in and around Pasighat. Prior to the known settlement, the present area was inhabited by Mishing people who were forced to shift to Assam plain due to incessant raids by the hill people.

Geography

Pasighat is located at 28°04′N 95°20′E / 28.07°N 95.33°E / 28.07; 95.33[1]. It has an average elevation of 153 metres (501 ft). The area experience tropical humid climate during summer and dry mild winter. The place is known for receiving highest rainfall in a single year. In fact Pasighat and area around it receive heavy rainfall every year during monsoon season starting from May till September. The unique trough like features surrounded by high hills on all three sides make this place ideal for attracting rain bearing cloud which comes in from Assam plain. The rain bearing wind gets obstructed by the hills and brings heavy downpour. Winter is marked by cold dry local seasonal wind which blows throughout the winter. This factor contributes in making this place fog free even in winter. Bhramaputra emerges from the foothills under the name of Dihang or Siang. It enters India as Dihang west of Sadiya town in Arunachal Pradesh.Flowing southwest, it receives its main left bank tributaries, viz., Dibang and Lohit; thereafter, it is known as the Brahmaputra. Then it races across the Pasighat [north of Assam] heading for the Assam plains as the mighty Brahmaputra.

Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation of local people. Rice is the main foodcrop produced in the area. There are several large tea gardens in the vicinity of the town which attracts workers from all over the region. Lumbering was a big sustaining industry till the Supreme Court clamped down on the this industry during nineties. There is also a bit of tourism in Pasighat, being the oldest town in Arunachal Pradesh. Agriculture, Horticulture, and tourism continues to be the main source of economy for the town.

Demography

As of 2001 India census[2], Pasighat had a population of 21,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Pasighat has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 56%. In Pasighat, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Pasighat is predominantly inhabited by the Minyong Adi people who are known for their colourful Ponung dance and war dance called Taapu. Pasighat is also ideal for adventure sports activities. The Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary is 13km away and is worth visiting. The archaeological site of Malinithan (100km) is linked to the legend of Lord Krishna and his wife Rukmini. The dismembered head of Sati (Parvati) is said to have fallen at Akashiganga (100 km according to ancient Hindu myths. This is a highly sacred place for Vaishnavites.

See also

  • Wikipedia:WikiProject Indian cities

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pasighat
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links

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