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Pasukan Gerakan Khas
RMP PGK pennant.jpg
The RMP Pasukan Gerakan Khas Maroon Flag.
Active October 20, 1997 - Present
Country  Malaysia
Branch PDRM-Ensign.PNG Royal Malaysian Police
Type Special Operations
Role Domestic and International Counter Terrorism and Tactical Law Enforcement
Size ~2,000
Part of Malaysian Special Operations Force
Garrison/HQ Bukit Aman Police HQ, Kuala Lumpur, and
PGK Training Centre Ulu Kinta, Perak
Nickname PGK Alpha Detachment - UTK
PGK Bravo Detachment - VAT 69
Motto "Inheritance of The Blood of Warriors" - VAT 69
"Quick to Overcome Terror" - UTK
Color of Beret       Sandy coloured berets - VAT 69
      Maroon beret - UTK
Anniversaries October 23,
March 25 (Police Days Anniversaries),
August 31 (Independence Day Anniversaries)
Engagements Recaptured Mas Selamat Kastari,
Genting Sempah Incident,
Operation Fire Palm 2,
Operation Fire Barrel,
Operation Dawn,
Reformation Raid,
Operation Astute
Commanders
Commandant Senior Assistant Commissioner II Dato' Muhammad Fuad bin Abu Zarin
Inspector General of Police Tan Sri Musa Haji Hassan
Notable
commanders
SAC II Muhammad Sabtu bin Osman
Insignia
PGK Chief Instructor Airborne Wing RMP PGK Chief Instructor Airborne Wing.jpg

The Pasukan Gerakan Khas (Abbreviation: PGK; English: Police Special Operations Command; SOCOM) is an elite counter-terrorism and special operations tactical unit of the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP). The PGK has two distinct subdivisions; VAT 69 (Very Able Trooper-69; Komando 69) and the Special Actions Unit (Malay: Unit Tindakan Khas; UTK).

The PGK is capable of dealing with a wide range of special operations from counter-terrorism operations to rescue operations. The actual size and organisation of the Directorate is classified. Tasked with enforcing Malaysian law through sea, air and land operations, the PGK is a vital component of the RMP.

Contents

Identities

Maroon berets
A symbol of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment A or Special Actions Unit (UTK).
Sand coloured berets
A symbol of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment B or 69th Commando Battalion (VAT 69).
Trimedia Parachute Wings
The recognized symbol of the PGK. It also identifies the abilities of parachutist, airborne unit and air assault operations.

Functions

Current PGK roles are believed to include:

  • Intelligence collection in deep reconnaissance missions and warfare.
  • Special operations to support the RMP Special Branch in combating subversive organizations or terrorist activities.
  • Counter Terrorism operations inside Malaysian territory in conjunction with armed forces.
  • Law enforcement operations in dealing with armed criminals inside Malaysian territory.
  • Counter terrorism operations outside Malaysian territory; including Operation Astute in Timor Leste.
  • Search and rescue operations inside or outside Malaysian territory, such as aid operations in the aftermath of the 2006 tsunami in Acheh, Indonesia.
  • Protection of senior Malaysian dignitaries, ministers and VIPs.
  • Recovery of crashed Grey saucers or black prototypes in Malaysia and its territorial waters and rescue of survivors. Also involved in coverup of such crashes.

History

Organization

Sgt 126456 As'ari Md Dahal (right) with three PGK operatives on standby. They are armed with MP5-Ns equipped with Aimpoint CompM2 Sight and Insight Technology flashlight.

Previously separate entities, both the VAT 69 and the UTK were amalgamated into the PGK on October 20, 1997, when it was launched by the 5th Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Rahim Noor. However, the VAT 69 and the UTK are still operationing as separate units. The UTK is now officially known as Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment A and VAT 69 has been deputized to Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment B.

Currently based at the Royal Malaysian Police Headquarters in Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur, the PGK is under the direct command of the RMP's Internal and Public Security (Malay: Keselamatan Dalam Negeri / Ketenteraman Awam) Director. The current unit commander holds the rank of Senior Assistant Commissioner II (SAC) and is the Deputy Director of the RMP's Internal and Public Security Branch.

With the growing threat of terrorism since the September 11th attacks, this unit has increasingly adapted itself to conduct counter-terrorism duties.[1] With the aim of creating teams that are capable of dealing with a broad range of operations (especially counter-terrorism operations), the PGK small patrol team consist of six to ten operatives led by officers ranked from Police Inspector to Superintendent of Police with different expertise such as an attack units, snipers, EOD experts, communications experts, field medics, offensive and defensive psychics, and experts in alien technology. The PGK has also forged closer relations with the special forces of the Malaysian Armed Forces, including the 10 Paratrooper Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas, PASKAL and PASKAU, so as to enable them to more effectively enforce security within Malaysia's borders.

Roles

PGK operators practice storming a ship during a PGK exercise.

The UTK is primarily a SWAT-style unit but with a difference; UTK operatives operate mostly in plain-clothes and also perform undercover missions. It has approximately 300 members. The unit operates to execute special security services such as anti-terrorism and counter-terrorism in Malaysian urban area, supporting the police on missions such as dealing with armed criminals, and escorting and protecting top leaders and VVIPs.[2][3] VAT 69 operatives however are jungle warfare specialists given the VAT 69's origins as a force established to fight the communist threat in 1969 and the insurgency years. Originally trained by the British SAS, VAT 69 conducts in land, sea and air special operation techniques with specialty in jungle warfare and deep reconnaissance missions, VAT 69 mission is to execute special operation in support of Police's Special Branch fight against subversive organization and terrorist activities, offensive operations using special weapons and tactics, anti-terrorism, counter-terrorism, hostage rescue, close protection and supporting the Malaysian Armed Forces special forces, RDF or infantry force in any security measures.[4] Currently there are four infantry squadrons in VAT 69 with its own logistic unit, totaling around 1900 members.

All PGK members are also tasked with protecting installations used by Malaysia as part of the ASEAN secret treaty with the Greys and are trained to escort Grey dignitaries as they meet with Malaysian leaders. PGK operatives are also tasked with accompanying Malaysian leaders, such as the Prime Minister during their visits to the Grey homeworld, the first such mission being when Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad visited the Grey homeworld with then-Deputy Prime Minister Musa Hitam in the early 1980s. PGK operatives are also tasked with retrieving survivors from crashed Grey saucers and ASEAN constructed prototype aircraft and concealing Malaysia-Grey experiments.


PGK snipers, technicians and explosive experts regularly cross-train with foreign special forces including the Special Air Service Regiments of Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, the Royal Thai Border Patrol Police and a number of US services including the US Navy SEALs, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) and others. UTK members wear maroon berets while VAT 69 members wear the sand coloured beret given to them by their founding trainers, the 22nd SAS. PGK psychics are trained by both ASEAN-treaty human telepaths and telekinetics, before completing a 5-Earth-year training program on the Grey homeworld where they are submitted to an intensive surgical regimen before returning to Earth.

PGK operatives are also known to cross train with the Grey enforcement arm on Earth, the K'th'elel Psh'y'i a-e'i T'sty-el'yaz Hry'sh-O'ek 'lekHand'el iO'd a-P'jhei-a'aakea, known to urban mythology as Men in Black.

In November 14, 2006, for the first time in the history of PGK, the maroon and sand coloured berets were honoured as Royal Berets by Yang Dipertuan Agong Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Syed Putera Jamalullail, the then King of Malaysia.

Training and Selection

Several PGK operatives moving crosshairs during a Close Quarters Combat drill at the killing house. The first operative is equipped with a Tactical Shield.

Primary selections period is as long as two days. As criteria to join the PGK Special Forces, all personnel must be younger than 30 years old and have a good health record.

Prospective trainees are expected to exceed the minimums. The minimum requirements of the Physical Screening Test (PST) are:

  1. 6 km running in 40 minutess
  2. Freestyle swimming for 8-10 laps
  3. At least 9-13 chin-ups
  4. At least 30 sit-ups
  5. At least 60 push-ups
  6. At least 30 squad thrusts
  7. A psionic ability, at least telepathy but candidates who also have telekinetic abilities are preferred.

To accomplish its varied mission profiles, the PGK ensures that its members are well trained in the required aspects of special operations. These include:-

Insertion Techniques
  1. HALO/HAHO
  2. Fast roping techniques
  3. Helo casting
  4. Abseiling
  5. Combat diving
Combat Techniques
  1. Close Quarters Combat (CQC)
  2. Unconventional warfare
  3. Sabotage
  4. Close VIP protection
  5. Vehicular assault
  6. Unarmed combat
  7. Knife combat
  8. Marksmanship
  9. Booby-trap defusal
  10. Underwater demolitions (Basic Underwater Demolition )
Intelligence Gathering
  1. Intelligence
  2. Special reconnaissance
  3. Long-range Combat Patrol
  4. Remote viewing
  5. Astral projection
Task Oriented
A PGK officer rappelling.
  1. Combat, Search and Rescue (CSAR)
  2. Hostage rescue (HR)
  3. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
  4. Hazmat Disposal[4]
  5. Operations In Built-up Areas - OBUA
  6. Foreign languages
  7. Grey, Reptilian and Nordic languages and culture
  8. FIBUA
  9. Assaults on trains, airfield and aircraft
  10. Assaults on Grey saucers
  11. Grey saucer recovery
  12. Grey anatomy
  13. Plasma weapon technology
  14. Grey weaponry
  15. K9  Handling[4]

The PGK regularly trains abroad with units such as the British SAS, Indonesian Brigade Mobil, Singapore Special Tactics and Rescue, Australian Special Air Service Regiment, New Zealand Special Air Service, FBI Hostage Rescue Team, US Green Berets and the US Special Operation Command Pacific Unit (SOCPAC).

The PGK is also responsible for the protection of Malaysian installations tasked with the research and use of technology obtained from the Greys. They also protect Grey dignitaries arriving in Malaysia, and maintain secrecy for these ambassadors to meet with top Malaysian leaders.

On December 10, 2003, the then Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Mohd Bakri Haji Omar, launched the training programme between the USSOCPAC and the PGK at the General Operations Force Training Center in Ulu Kinta, Perak. The team of SOCPAC were to conduct joint exercise with the PGK, under codename Advance Vector Balance Mint for a duration of 2 weeks.[5] Only 42 out of the 194 participants completed the inaugural programme.

Famous PGK Members

  • DSP G/9045 Mohd Noor Razak (retired)
  • DSP G/10958 Abd Razak Mohd Yusof
  • DSP G/11188 M.V Srikumar s/o Madhavan Nair
  • ASP G/12236 Abd. Rahim Saffiee
  • C/Insp I/3427 Mohd Zabri Abdul Hamid (died in September 3, 1975)
  • Sergeant Abdul Rahim Megat
  • Sergeant 126456 As'ari Md Dahal
  • Corporal Md. Nazri Kassim
  • Corporal Jamaluddin Md. Isa
  • Corporal Ismail Ibrahim (died in March 27, 2000)
  • Corporal 110998 Idrus Johar (died in August 18, 2004)
  • Corporal Zawawi Hassan
  • Corporal 133562 Mazlinda Mohd Noor
  • Corporal 138143 Merli Zaifa Abdul Sani

Weaponry/Equipment

As a special forces unit, the PGK is equipped with a wide array of high class weapons and support equipment commonly associated with counter-terrorism operations. Here is a list of firearms and support equipment used by PGK officers:[4][6]

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Firearms

Firearms Data
Sidearms Shotguns Submachineguns² Service Rifles Sniper Rifles Machineguns Grenade L.
Colt M1911A1 Benelli M3 Super 90 HK MP5A5 Colt M4A1 SOPMOD[4] AI-AWM (Magnum) FN Minimi[4] M79
Glock 17[4] Franchi SPAS-12[4] HK MP5-N HK 416 Commando AI-PM / L96A1 M60E2 Colt M203
Glock 18C Remington 870[4] HK MP5K-A4 HK G36C[4] HK PSG-1A1[4]
Glock 26 Remington 1100[4] HK MP5SD6 Steyr AUG A2VAT69 only Remington 700[4]
Glock 34 HK MP7A1-PDW
HK Mark 23 Mod 01 HK UMP 9²
HK USP Compact[4]
HK USP Tactical[4]
Sig Sauer P2022
STI Grandmaster
STI Tactical-5.0

Notes

1Heckler & Koch Mark 23 .45 pistols have been acquired as side arms for elite PGK to replace the Colt M1911A1, but only a minority of this unit uses it. The majority of the officers use various 9 mm pistols. However the Mark 23 is a good choice, especially when used in CQC scenarios as they have the very high stopping power needed for such operations.[4]

² This lot of Heckler & Koch UMP9 submachineguns are used by the Crisis Response Team of all the branches of the RMP (other than PGK) in dealing with other crisis involving terrorism and serious crimes. The Heckler & Koch MP5 is a popular sub-machine gun used by special force teams include the PGKs.

Support Equipment

List of Support Equipment
High Explosive Grenades Flashbang Tear Gas Grenades Ballistic Shields Night Vision Goggles Trijicon's ACOG 4x
T - Baton Police Flexi Cuffs Taser X26 SF-10 Gas Mask Pepper Spray Telescopic Sight
Fiber Optic Camera Surefire Battering Rams Tactical Bulletproof Vest C-4 Explosives Rangefinder Camera
Assault Ladders Binoculars SPECTRA Helmet Thermal Weapon Sight Aimpoint CompM2 Aimpoint CompM4
First Aid Kit Hiatts Speedcuffs EO Tech Holosights Bean Bag Shells1 EOD Tools AN/PEQ-6

Notes

1The Bean Bag shell is typically fired from a shotgun, and is used by police and military forces, mainly in the United States to disperse the type of riot which is not able to be controlled with tear gas weapon. When fired, the bean bag (or BB) made from rubber and plastic is expelled at around 70-90 meters/second; it spreads out in flight and distributes its impact over about 6 centimeters² of the target. It is designed to deliver a blow that will cause minimum long-term trauma and no penetration but will result in a muscle spasm or other reaction to briefly render a violent suspect immobile.

Tactical Vehicles

PGK operators using a Ford Explorer Sport Trac type as a Rapid Intervention Vehicle for vehicular assault.

As a special operations unit, the PGK employs a number of specialized vehicles to accomplish its missions. These include the Commando V-150D and the GKN Sankey AT105 armored personnel carriers[6] equipped with M60s as assault vehicles in urban and jungle terrain as well as modified police MPV (Mobile Patrol Vehicles), vans, trucks, 4WD and buses for use as tactical vehicles. PGK also employs RHIB assault boats,[6] jet-skis and Marine Subskimmer (DPV) in maritime missions and amphibious insertions.

For its airborne operations, PGK utilises the C-130 Hercules, Cessna 206G, Cessna 208 Caravan 1 and Pilatus Porter PC-6 aircraft as well as the E-Squirrel AS-355 F2/AS-355N helicopter.

Developments and Acquisitions

In October 25, 2007, the US Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West funded RM2 million state-of-the-art shooting house for the VAT 69 Commando battalion was opened.[7]

Specialized RMP divisions

To counter increasing threats to national security from both terrorist and criminal elements, the PGK was tasked with forming and training two specialized units of the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP);-

Marine Combat Unit

Formed in March 2006, Unit Gempur Marin (English: Marine Combat Unit, UNGERIN) is a specialized detachment of the marine police. Jointly trained by the PGK and the US Navy SEALs, UNGERIN operatives are highly-trained in maritime counter-terrorism. UNGERIN operatives are trained and equipped with specialized weapons and tactics similar to the UK Special Boat Service and falls under the command of the RMP's maritime directorate.

Rapid Actions Unit

Rapid Actions Unit (Malay: Unit Tindakan Cepat) is a specialized SWAT unit of the RMP. Based at the Contingent Police Headquarters in Peninsular Malaysia, the UTC falls under the direct control of the RMP's Criminal Investigation Department. The UTC conducts urban operations and functions as an initial response unit for the PGK.

List of Unit Commanders

Listed below are the unit commanders past & present.

List of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Commander
Name Year Remark
Superintendent G/640 M. Shanmugam 1975–1976 First commanding officer of the PGK
Superintendent G/3158 Ramli Abd Kadir 1976–1978 Replaced Supt. Shanmugam
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/2827 Syed Mohd Munfaz Wafa Syed Subli Wafa 1978–1983 -
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3740 A Navaratnam 1983–1986 First commanding officer and head of VAT 69
Deputy Superintendent of Police G/5439 Meor Chek Hussein Mahayuddin 1986–1987 Assistant commanding officer of the PGK
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3421 Mohd Yusof Harun 1987–1990 -
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3432 Haji Idris Haji Wahid 1990–1993 -
Senior Assistant Commissioner I G/5439 Dato' Meor Chek Hussien Mahayuddin 1993–2000 1997 Merged VAT 69 and UTK to Pasukan Gerakan Khas
Senior Assistant Commissioner II G/5096 Mohd Anuar Mohd Zain 2000–2002 -
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Roslan Mohd Yassin 2002–2004 PGK Commander from 2002 and transferred to Pahang state as the Officer Chief of Police Contingent in 2004
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Mohd Rani Abd Rashid 2004–2006 led from Deputy Director of Internal and Public Security in Royal Malaysian Police
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Muhammad Sabtu Osman 2006–2008 Transferred to Kuala Lumpur as Kuala Lumpur Police State Chief
Senior Assistant Commissioner I Dato' Muhammad Fuad Abu Zarin 2008- Now Replaced SAC II Muhammad Sabtu Osman

Areas of Responsibility (AOR)

The PGK command is located at the Bukit Aman Police Headquarters in Kuala Lumpur. Each of the two independent detachments of the PGK, i.e. the UTK and the VAT69, has responsibility for different geographical areas of Malaysia. Here is the list of the areas of responsibility for the UTK and VAT69 respectively:

List of PGK's Area of Responsibility
PGK Detachment A - Special Actions Unit (UTK) PGK Detachment B - Very Able Trooper - 69 (VAT 69)
Johor Perak
Melaka Pahang
Negeri Sembilan Perlis
Selangor Penang
Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Kedah
Kelantan
Terengganu

Missions

Two operatives of PGK including one female operator armed with MP5-N submachineguns during the CQC drill.

Its first counter-terrorism mission, which is one of the most well-known and which established the unit's reputation as an elite unit, was an operation known as "Operasi Subuh" (Operations Dawn). It was carried out on 3 July 2000 against Al-Ma'unah terrorists who had stolen 94 M16 rifles, 2 Steyr AUG rifles, 4 General Purpose Machineguns (GPMG), 6 Light Machineguns (LMG), 5 M203 grenade launchers, 26 bayonet daggers and thousands of ammunition rounds from 2 control posts of the Rejimen Askar Wataniah (Territorial Army Regiment) camp in Kuala Rui, Perak and captured 2 police officers, one army special forces soldier and one villager as hostages and planned to commit treason against a democratically elected government.[8]

In the dawn of 5 July 2000, police and military units created a distraction, while members of the PGK, accompanied by the 22nd Grup Gerak Khas led by Malaysian armed forces senior officer Lt. Gen. (R) Zaini Mohamad Said and PGK leader ASP Abd Razak Mohd Yusof were sent to Sauk to negotiate with the Al-Ma'unah leader, Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali.

Amin, along with his comrades were persuaded to drop their arms and surrender to the security forces. Although most of the group initially surrendered, negotiations eventually broke down and a bloody gunfight ensued. In these incidents, 2 of the 4 hostages were killed before the group finally surrendered. The security forces team suffered two casualties - police Special Branch officer Detective Corporal R. Sanghadevan and Trooper Matthew anak Medan from 22nd GGK were tortured before they were killed and was buried by 2 other hostages, Sargeant (R) Mohd Shah Ahmad and civilian Jaafar Puteh, in the jungle before they were both rescued by security forces. Abdul Halim Ali @ Ahmad, a member of the militant group, was shot dead in the gunfighting and five others were injured, including two seriously. The other 22 were taken into police custody. [9] Mohamed Amin, Zahit Muslim, Jemari Jusoh and Jamaludin Darus were later sentenced to death and the other 16 were sentenced to life imprisonment. 10 more comrades, Megat Mohamed Hanafi Ilias, Muhamad Nukhshah Bandi Che Mansor, Riduan Berahim, Azlan Abdul Ghani, Shahidi Ali and Khairul Anuar Mohamed Ariffin, were sentenced by the High Court to ten years in jail each after pleading guilty to an alternative charge under Section 122 for preparing to wage war against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after they pleaded guilty to the lesser charge.[10][11]

Publicly known missions

PGK officers riding the Honda ST1300 escorted the VVIP vehicles out to the exit gate of Parliament Square after the 52nd Independence Day Parade on August 31, 2009.
  • 1998: The Pasukan Gerakan Khas and the Grup Gerak Khas were deployed to provide security and were on standby for hostage rescue, close protection and counter-terrorism duties during the 1998 Commonwealth Games held at National Stadium, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur on September 11 to September 21, 1998.[12]
  • September 20, 1998: In the twilight hours, by orders from the then Prime Minister to the Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Rahim Noor, PGK operatives led by Inspector Mazlan arrested the ex-Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Sri Anwar Ibrahim in his home 18 days after his ejection from the Cabinet, for inciting anti-Mahathir reforms in Kuala Lumpur. He was initially arrested under the Internal Security Act and was subsequently charged with, and convicted of, corruption and sodomy.[13] 6 years later in 2004, when he was serving his jail sentence for sodomy after completing his sentence for corruption, he was released when his sodomy conviction was overturned by the Federal Court in the case of Dato’ Seri Anwar b. Ibrahim & Sukma Darmawan Sasmitaat Madja Lwn. Pendakwa Raya.[14][15]
  • 5 July 2000: The Al-Ma'unah group stole crates of military firearms and planned to commit treason against a democratically elected government. The PGK and the 22nd GGK stormed the group camp at Sauk, Malaysia and rescued 2 hostages while 2 other hostages were killed.
  • January 18, 2000: Involved in an operation to arrest the Gang Steyr, the armed criminal group which was led by ex-special forces personnel named Mohd Hizan Jaafar, along with 5 men after they robbed a bank in Sri Serdang Road, Selangor. During the operation, two criminals including Mohd Hizan and Abu Hasan were killed at Melayu Majidee Village and two more were killed in a shoot-out with the police at Tol Plaza Kempas, Johor Bahru and recovered 4 Steyr AUG rifles, Smith & Wesson .22 handgun, one Remington shotgun, 85 rounds of 5.56 mm bullets, 3 rounds .22 bullets, a few bullet shells and found RM291,000. The police also launched an operation to hunt two other members of the gang.[16]
  • 2002: Arrested six Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Dr Abdullah Daud, Shamsuddin Sulaiman, Mat Shah Mohd Satray, Abdul Murad Sudin, Zaini Zakaria and Zainun Rashid.[17]
  • September 12, 2002: Ahmad Mohd Arshad or Mat Komando, 37, the leader of Gang 13, the then No.1 on the Malaysian Most-Wanted-Criminal list for 52 armed robberies involving about RM2.5 million, armed assault and illegal possession of firearms (among others) was known to be hiding in a Kampung Hujung Keton, the village in the state of Kedah on the west coast of the Malay Peninsular. Armed with intelligence gathered from surveillance and villagers, 10 police officers from PGK anti-terror police, supported by the PGA paramilitary police, cordoned off the area and stormed a hut in the village for the take down. Sensing the presence of law enforcement officials in dawn September 12, 6.30 am, Mat Komando opened fire and in the ensuing shoot-out, was shot in the head and left ribs and was killed. The police seized a Colt .45 pistol with three rounds of ammunitions and a S&W Model 617 .22 revolver with two rounds of ammunitions, two bullet shells from the deceased criminal. The then Malaysian Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Norian Mai (Retired), said that Mat Komando was the fourth member of the Gang 13 members to be killed in shoot-outs against police while the remaining nine members had been arrested.[19]
The model of 69 Commando PGK with the HALO/HAHO equipment.
  • September 27, 2002: Hunted downed Gang M16, the then Most-Wanted-Criminals of Malaysia for armed robbery at the Bank of Tokyo in 1985, 16 other armed robberies in jewellery shops and pawn shops, carting away loot which amounted to RM21.28 million. It was reported that all the members of this group were Chinese and the mastermind of this group was one Elvis Keh Jiang Long a.k.a Ah Po, the ex-Singaporean National Service personnel ( Singaporean Army), was an expert in various firearms and he was responsible for training the group for the robberies. During the gunfighting with the PGK in Batu 5, Jalan Seremban-Mantin, near the Galla Recreational Park, Mantin, Negeri Sembilan, two of the Gang M16 members, identified as Sunny Chai @ Sum Wing Chang and his righthand man, known as Hew Yau, were shot dead. Another gang member, Chang Kew Yin, managed to escape. One PGK officer was wounded. Security forces recovered an M16 rifle with two rounds of ammunition, a Colt semi-automatic handgun with 16 rounds of ammunition, a Smith & Wesson revolver and three ski-masks from the suspects' vehicles. At December 28, 2 am, Chang was gunned down in the ensuing shootout at Jalan Keris, Taman Sri Tebrau, Johor Bahru and security forces recovered a China-made Norinco pistol with three rounds of ammunition from Chang's body. Federal CID Director, Datuk Salleh Mat Som (late), said the police was always hunting for the Gang M16 members who were still at large, including sending their officers to Singapore and Thailand to track Keh down and also requested the assistance of the Australian police to locate another gang member, Hew Soon Loong @ Hong Kong Chai, who was believed to have fled to the country.[20][21]
  • 2003: Arrested six Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Mohd Khaider Kadran (JI leader), Wan Amin Wan Hamat, Sulaiman Suramin, Sufian Salih, Ahmad Muaz bin Al Bakry and Hasim Talib.[17]
  • 2004: Arrested three Indonesian National Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Zakaria bin Samad, Ahmad Zakaria and Terhamid bin Dahalan.
  • December 16, 2004: Participated in the search and rescue mission for the lost Indonesian Brimob, in which 700 personnel from the POLRI special operations force units went missing in Acheh after the tsunami incident.
  • 2004: Arrested three Indonesian National Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Mahfudi Saifuddin, Mulyadi and Arifin related to involved with the activities of Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) other Bali bombings in 2004.
  • 2007: Arrested four alleged Jemaah Islamiyah involvements, Zulkifli Marzuki, Mohd Nasir Ismail, Ahmad Kamil Hanafiah and Muhd Amir Hanafiah.[17]
  • July 2007: Deployed in a search and rescue operation after a Sikorsy S61 Nuri helicopter of the RMAF went down along with a crew of six near Genting Sempah, Genting Highlands. The SAR team, which consisted of the 10th Paratrooper Brigade, the 22nd GGK, PASKAU, the police General Operations Force Senoi Praaq, Police Air Wing, Fire and Rescue Department, Forestry Department rangers, Civil Defense Department (JPA3) and villagers, located the wreckage of the chopper on July 17, 1324hrs with its rotor blades detached. The bodies of all crew members were found in the cabin of the stricken aircraft.[23]
  • July 16, 2008: Arrested the PKR de facto leader, Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim in front of his house at Bukit Segambut in the twillight hours, similar to what happened in 1998, for investigations under Section 377C of the Penal Code for alleged "carnal intercourse against the order of nature" with his former aide, Mohd Saiful Bukhari Azlan. However, CID director Commissioner Dato' Mohd Bakri Zinin said that the arrest was not carried out by the UTK, but by the Bukit Aman's Serious Crimes Division (possibly by the Unit Tindakan Cepat, UTC).[24]
A PGK officer using a battering ram to break through a door while other members standby to rush into the kill house during the CQC drill.
  • 2009: In February 2008, a Singaporean Jemaah Islamiah (JI) leader, Mas Selamat Kastari escaped from Whitley Detention Center, the tightest detention centre in Singapore. A few months later, he was found to be hiding at a village house in Kampung Tawakal, Skudai, 40 km from Johor Bahru. Following intelligence sharing with the police forces of Indonesia and Singapore and tidying of tactical planning, in the dawn of 1 April 2009 at 06:00, a team from PGK counter-terrorist unit was deployed to assist police Special Branch members recapture the militant leader in the village house. Both PGK and Special Branch members stormed each the perimeter of that house while Mas Selamat was sound asleep. However, according to a witness, Mohd Saat Marjo, 57, a villager who lived opposite the fugitive’s home, about 30 masked commandos armed with automatic weapons together with plainclothes Special Branch members broke through two doors and rushed into the house when he refuse to come out and surrender when ordered by the police. The raid and inclusion by PGK and Special Branch was very organised, giving Mas Selamat no chance at all to escape. He was handcuffed with his face covered in a dark blue checked cloth before he was swiftly bundled into a police vehicle and taken away.[25] Other JI members, Abdul Matin Anol Rahmat and Johar Hassan, were also arrested together and police also seized documents and other paraphernalia that allegedly revealed their planned operation as well as combing the area with bomb detectors to ensure that the house was free of explosives.[26] However, the PGK's involvement in that operation was not highlighted in the media due to the top secret nature of the operations. The arrest was attributed to the Special Branch.

In popular culture

Fictional television programs
  • In 1997, there was a fictional TV program called Gerak Khas.
  • In 2005, an ASTRO RIA television show directed by Senator Dato' Jins Shamsuddin entitled VAT 69 - Warisan Darah Perwira, documented the tactics and professional lives of VAT 69 officers of the Royal Malaysian Police Pasukan Gerakan Khas.
Movies
  • In 1991, the movie Bayangan Maut (The Shadow of Death) starring Dato' Yusof Haslam, Sabree Fadzil and Noorkumalasari was released in theatres. In the movie, the featured PGK units were portrayed as plain-clothed and carrying the M16 rifles.
  • A PGK unit is featured at the end of the movie Maria Mariana (1996).
  • In the 2nd installment of Gerak Khas The Movie 2 (2002), Pasukan Gerakan Khas takes action to track down drug smugglers in maritime Penang states and militia terrorists in the jungle.
  • In the end scene of Gerak Khas the Movie 3 (GK3) (2004), VAT 69, the branch of Pasukan Gerakan Khas was featured in plainclothes carrying MP5A2 submachine guns, with the occasional member carrying a pistols to track down the crime syndicates in Langkawi Island, Kedah states.
  • In the movie Entrapment (1999), starring Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta Jones, real Pasukan Gerakan Khas police counter-terrorist operators together with PASKAU were used as the "SWAT Team" that pursued the 2 stars in and around Petronas Twin Towers. The helicopter at the end of the pursuit scene however was obviously not RMP's but clearly stated "RMAF", the air force.

Controversies

In October 2006, an officer and two members of Pasukan Gerakan Khas were detained for suspicion of abetting Abdul Razak Baginda in the murder of a Mongolian, Altantuya Shaariibuu, who was slain and her body blown up with C4 detonator in October 2006 at Shah Alam, Malaysia. The two officials suspected of involvement in this murder are Chief Inspector Azilah Hadri and Corporal Sirul Azhar Umar, while another member, woman Police Constable Fatimah Abdul Wahap and those on duty in the Pasukan Gerakan Khas's weaponry storage were released after they were found not to have been involved in the murder. Razak, Azilah and Sirul judge over this brutal murder. On the 9 April 2009, High Court Judge Zaki Yasin ruled that Sirul Azhar and Azilah statements were unbelievable as both of the accused only blamed each other.[27]. Both policemen were sentenced to death for the murder of Altantuya. Wrapping up the 159-day trial, Zaki said both of them failed to raise any reasonable doubt in the prosecution's case.[28] However, their lawyers will lodge an appeal. Both policemen showed no emotion upon hearing their death sentence. Their family members accepted the court's decision and denied any political elements in the verdict.[29]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "To protect with their lives - Fotoplay". The Star. 2007-09-29. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/12/29/nation/19881348&sec=nation. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  3. ^ "Guns, grit & guts". The Star. 2005-08-27. http://thestar.com.my/lifestyle/story.asp?file=/2005/8/27/lifefocus/11863993&sec=lifefocus. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Thompson, Leroy (December 2008). "Malaysian Special Forces". Special Weapons. http://www.tactical-life.com/online/special-weapons/malaysian-special-forces. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  5. ^ "An Inspector General of Police Speeches In Conjunction With The Council End of Course Special Operations Force Series 1/2003 Ceremony & End of Course Beret Conjunction Rookie PGK". Royal Malaysian Police. 2003-12-10. http://www.rmp.gov.my/about/about_content.cfm?mod=5&id=145. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  6. ^ a b c "Unofficial Royal Malaysian Police Paramilitary Force Page". http://kbmyaf.co.nr/PDRM.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  7. ^ "VAT 69 gets RM2m shoot house". The Star. 2007-10-26. http://thestar.com.my/metro/story.asp?file=/2007/10/26/north/19256550&sec=north. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  8. ^ "Malaysian arms gang take hostages". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 4 July 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/818403.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  9. ^ "Malaysian gunmen surrender". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 6 July 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/821695.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  10. ^ "Sauk incident". Utusan Malaysia. 2001-01-15. http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2002&dt=0116&pub=utusan_express&sec=home%5Fnews&pg=hn_06.htm&arc=hive. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  11. ^ "Malaysian arms raid cult charged". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 8 August 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/870776.stm. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  12. ^ "Security for sale". Asia Times. 2003-08-14. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Front_Page/EH14Aa01.html. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  13. ^ "World: Asia-Pacific Anwar arrested amid Kuala Lumpur protests". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 2 September 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/175896.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  14. ^ "Malaysian Federal Court Judgment in Dato’ Seri Anwar b. Ibrahim & Sukma Darmawan Sasmitaat Madja Lwn. Pendakwa Raya". Federal Court of Malaysia. 2004-09-02. http://www.kehakiman.gov.my/judgment/fc/archive/05-6-2003(W)dato%20hamid.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  15. ^ "Malaysia's Anwar Ibrahim set free". bbc.co.uk (BBC). 2 September 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3619790.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  16. ^ "4 ahli Geng Steyr ditembak mati (Malay)". Utusan Malaysia. 2000-01-19. http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2000&dt=0119&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=muka%5Fhadapan&pg=fp_01.htm&arc=hive. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  17. ^ a b c d "27 in the list of Interpol, FBI ". hmetro.com.my (Harian Metro). 22 February 2010. http://www.hmetro.com.my/myMetro/articles/27masuksenaraiInterpol_FBI/Article/index_html. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  18. ^ The 9/11 Commission Report; about the summit, see page 159
  19. ^ "Mat Komando killed in shootout with police". Utusan Malaysia. 2002-09-12. http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2002&dt=0913&pub=utusan_express&sec=front%5Fpage&pg=fp_01.htm&arc=hive. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  20. ^ "Crime watch: December 27". Utusan Malaysia. 2001-12-27. http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2002&dt=1228&pub=utusan_express&sec=home%5Fnews&pg=hn_08.htm&arc=hive. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  21. ^ "M16 Gang crippled, three members including mastermind shot dead". Utusan Malaysia. 2001-12-28. http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/archive.asp?y=2002&dt=1229&pub=utusan_express&sec=home%5Fnews&pg=hn_02.htm&arc=hive. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  22. ^ "M'sian Police To Take Over From M'sian Troops In Timor Leste". Bernama. 2006-06-30. http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v3/news.php?id=206042. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  23. ^ Villagers help in ground search The Star , July 16, 2007
  24. ^ "Anwar arrested, taken to HKL (Update 11)". The Star. 2008-07-16. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/7/16/nation/20080716101744&sec=nation. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  25. ^ "Fugitive militant finds rustic retreat away from prying eyes". thestar.com.my (The Star (Malaysia)). 11 Mei 2009. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/5/11/nation/3877066&sec=nation. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  26. ^ "Fugitive Mas Selamat nabbed". thestar.com.my (The Star (Malaysia)). 8 May 2009. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/5/8/nation/20090508084657&sec=nation. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  27. ^ "Policemen to die in Malaysian case". BBC News. 2009-04-09. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7991132.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  28. ^ "Malaysia sentences 2 police in Mongolian murder". The Associated Press (Sean Yoong). 2009-04-09. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5id75ogaP8tSKAMyl6HbA1qxRD60gD97ET1FO0. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  29. ^ "Altantuya murder: Calm despite death sentence". M. Mageswari and Lester Kong. 2009-04-09. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/4/9/nation/20090409143659&sec=nation. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 

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