|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
• 19 m (62 ft)
Pathanamthitta is a town situated in the very heart of the Central Travancore region of Kerala State, India.It is the administrative capital of The Pathanamthitta District. The town has a population of 38,000. It is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing town and business center. It is the main transport hub to the famous Hindu pilgrim center of Sabarimala. The main trunk road to Sabarimala is from Pathanamthitta. The Main Eastern Highway (Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Road/SH-08) and T.K.Road (Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Road/SH-07) pass through Pathanamthitta. Pathanamthitta is a cosmopolitan town, with people of different faiths like Hindus, Christians, and Muslims living in harmony. Pathanamthitta District has a communal break up of Hindus 55.58%, Christians 40.35%, Muslims 4.03%.
The name Pathanamthitta is derived from two Malayalam words Pathanam and thitta, which together mean "houses by the riverside".
Pathanamthitta town is located on the fertile banks of the River Achankovil.
Pathanamthitta district is bordered by Alappuzha district on west, Kottayam and Idukki districts on north, Kollam district on south and Tamil Nadu on east.
Major townships around Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta is the gateway to the world-renowned pilgrim centre Sabarimala.
Pathanamthitta district, the fourteenth and the youngest revenue district of the state of Kerala, nestles its head on the slopes of the Western Ghats and stretches to the low – lying rice fields bordering Alapuzha district. It was formed with effect from the 1st Nov.1982 vide GO.(MS) No.1026/82/RD dated 29.10.1982, with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. It is bounded on the north by Changanassery and Kanjirappally taluks of Kottayam district and Perumade taluk of Idukki district, on the east by the state of Tamil Nadu, on the south by Kunnathur,Pathanapuram and Kottrakkara taluks ofKollam district and on the west by Chengannur, Mavelikkara and kuttanad taluks of Alappuzha district. It bounds with natural splendors – undulating hills, dark mysterious forests, exotic wild life and enchanting valleys.
This district, when carved out of erstwhile Alleppey, Quilon and Idukki districts in 1982, comprised of a total of 54 villages – 21villages of Pathanamthitta taluk and 9 villages of Kunnathur taluk of Quilon district and 4 villages of Chengannur taluk, 2 villages of Mavelikkara taluk and 18 villages of Thiruvalla taluk of Alleppy district. Besides these, the North Pamba Valley area in Mlappara village and the area around ‘Sabarimala Sannidhanam’ in Mlappara village of Peerumed taluk of erstwhile Idukki district were also included in the Jurisdiction of Pathanamthitta district. Vide GO (P) No.652/83/RD dated the 9th. June, 1983 taluks and divisional boundaries of Pathanamthitta district were notified and accordingly Pathanamthitta district at its inception stage comprised of five taluks viz. Thiruvalla, Mallappally, Ranni, Kozhenchery and Adoor and two revenue divisions, namely, Adoor,and Thiruvalla. Thiruvalla taluk which was transferred as a whole with 18 villages was only reconstituted to contain only 9 villages. The remaining 8 villages, excluding one village, namely, Ayroor already included in Ranni taluk were taken to form Mallappally taluk. On the other hand, Ranni taluk was constituted with 8 villages of Pathanamthitta taluk and a sole village of Thiruvalla taluk of erstwhile Quilon and Alleppy districts respectively.The area of North Pamba valley and the around Sabarimala Sannidhanam in Mlappara village of Peerumade taluk of former Idukki district which were transferred to this district on its formation were included in Ranni village of Ranni taluk. The newly constituted Kozhenchery taluk comprised of 13 villages of Pathanamthitta taluk of former Quilon district and 4 villages of Chengannur taluk of erstwhile Alleppy district. The only Taluk of the district which has head quarters different from its taluk name is kozhencher as its head quarters is located at Pathanamthitta. Adoor taluk was comprised of 9 villages of kunnathr taluk of former Quilon and Alleppy districts respectively.
Pathanamthitta is a combination of two words - Pathanam and Thitta – which mean an array of houses on the riverside.It is presumed that the regions presently under the district were formerly under the Pandalam reign which had connections with the Pandya Kingdom. The history of the district is sandwiched between the history of erstwhile Quilon and Alleppey districts. The pre-historic period of the district is obscure. But some megalithic monuments such as the dolmens, found in the Ranni reserve forest and Enadimangalam village of present Adoor taluk, date back to the Neolithic period.Yet some old relics, reminiscent of pre-historic period, found also in some areas of Thiruvalla and Kadappara. Some archeological antiquities in the form of architecture, inscriptions, mural paintings, historical monuments, etc, found in the temples, rock – cut caves, etc. show clear picture about the historic period. During the 1st. century AD, almost all the portions of Quilon district formed a part of Ay kingdom. The southeastern portions up to Thiruvalla of erstwhile Alleppy district were ruled by Ay kingdom with their head quarters at south Travancore. The Kaviyoor Cave Temple of Pallava style of architecture is some of the earliest specimen of stone culture supposed to be made in the 7th. To the 9th. Century AD. The inscriptions engraved on the central shrine of Kaviyoor temple depict details of the area in the kali era of 4051 and 4052. There are some epigraphical records assigned to post – Portuguese period in the Orthodox Syriyan Church at Niranam.
It is significant to note that Pliny, the famous traveler of the 1st. century A .D had described in his famous book ‘preplus’ about Niranam (Neleyanda), the river Pamba (Baris) and about the exporting pepper from Thiruvalla. Christanity had a strong foot hold in the district from the middle of the 1st. century. In A.D 52, St. Thomas, one of the twelve Aposteles of Jesus Christ, landed at Mallankara and founded seven churches in Malabar coast, one of which is located at Niranam.
From the 9th. to the 12th. century A.D, Thiruvalla taluk of the then Alleppey district was part of Nantuzhainad and later it was merged to Odanad and subsequently with Thekkumkur.
In the early 19th. century during the reign of Balarama Varma, Velu Thampi Dalava, who took keen interest in uplifting Quilon as an administrative as well as commercial centre, organized a rebellion at Quilon against the British force. As a result of Kundara Proclamation issued by the Dalava on the 16th. January 1809, thousands of people marched under the banner of Velu Thampi Dalava. The British defeated the local force and captured the fort of Udayagiri and Padmanabhapuram. The ruler of Travancore became helpless and ordered to capture Dalava. Velu Thampi Dalava decided not to surrender alive and committed suicide at mannadi in Kadampanadu village of present Adoor taluk.
During the reign of Rani Parvathi Bai, Pandalam was annexed to Travancore in 1812 A.D. The old principality here was known as Airur Swarupam. The place of Pandalam Raja is closely associated with Sabarimala temple.
It is believed that Sree Ayappan was brought up by then ruling Raja of Pandalam. Even now the ornaments of Sabarimala temple are kept in this palace. It is worth mentioning that in the 9th. century A.D, the district had flourished in the field of culture and literature. The famous Niranam poets who had made great contributions to Malayalam literature belonged to this district.
Marthanda Varma Maharaja, the maker of modern Travancore, played a remarkable role in the history of the state. During the reign of Dharma Raja, a notable event was the invasion of Tippu Sultan and the alliance Travancore made with the East India Company.
The district has prominent role in the freedom struggle of the country.Sri. K E Mamman and Sri. K A Mathew are among the well-known freedom fighters who hail from Thiruvalla which belongs to Pathanamthitta district. After India became independent, the popular ministry was installed in Travancore on the 24th. March, 1948. On the 1st.July,1949, Travancore and Cochin States were integrated and the Maharaja of Travancore became Rajpramukh of Travancore Cochin state and this position continued till the formation of Kerala State on the 1st.November, 1956, as per the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The District came in to existence as a separate administrative unit on the 1st November, 1982 as stated earlier.(courtesy-Department of Economics & statics Thiruvananthapuram)
Sabarimala (Ayyappa Temple) Sabarimala is one of the the most famous Pilgrim centers of India. It is 72 km. Away from Pathanamthitta and is situated between two hills – Karimala and Neelimala which is 191 km. from Thiruvananthapuram and 210 Km. from Kochi. Sabarimala is the holiest and the most famous centre of Hindu pilgrimage. The presiding deity is Lord Ayyappa (known as Sastha in puranas). Ayyappa is believed to be on of Lord Vshnu and Lord Siva and there by a seymbol of unity Vaishnavites and Saivates. The original temple was consecrated by Lord Parasurama. Every year crores of devotees from all over India visit the shrine of Lord Ayyappa for his blessings. The pilgrimage season starts in November (Malayalam month-Virchikam 1st.) and ends in mid January (Makaravilakku).
The traditional route is from Erumeli which is about 40 Km.The other routes are from Vandiperiyar, Upputhura and Clakkayam via Plappally. These routes are well known for its scenic beauty and mythological importance. The temple is situated 5 km. away from Pamba in the hill consecrated by the life of Sabari who was met by Lord Ayyappa, has to undertake 41 days penance consisting of strict celibacy, morning and evening ablutions, growing of beard and saying daily prayers. The Sastha temple at Sabarimala attracts people in lakhs for the and Mandalapooja and Makaravilakku festivals in December and January every year.
On the particular day of Makaravilkku, Lakhs of devotees throng around the temple for a glimpse of Makarajyothi. The temple is closed for during the rest of the year except for first five days of Malayalam month and during Vishu that comes in April month.The temple is situated 914 meters above mean sea level amidst dense forest in the rugged terrains of the Western Ghats. A distinctive feature of the pilgrimage is the absence of any feelings of caste and class and presence of gesture of unity. Various facilities are provided for the pilgrims by the Government of Kerala, Davaswom Board and other voluntary organizations during the festival period. The nearest railway station is Chengannur & Thiruvalla which comes above 100 kms.
Sreevallabha temple at Thiruvalla
Sreevallabha temple at Thiruvalla is one of the important pilgrim centre of Vaishnavites all over India. The town had been named after the magnificent temple of Thiruvallabhan (Sree vallabha or Vishnu) which is said to have been founded as early as 84 BC. A natural big pool within the temple is considered to be a rare phenomenon. Besides the image of Vishnu there are 5 images all made of metal called Pancha loha (gold, silver, tin, lead, and copper). A granite pillar carved out of single piece with an image of Garuda on its top stands in front of the temple. The Pillar, wich serves as a flag staff, is 50 feet high and 2 feet in diameter. There are wonderful corridors, all made of large granite slabs. There is an ancient underground cellar in this temple. The flag staff is also a wonderful Structure in this temple. Kathakali, the folk art of Kerala, is performed almost on all days in this temple as offerings by devotees. BHAGAVATHY TEMPLE OF MALAYALAPUZHA The Bhagavathy temple, with artistic wall paintings and stone work has been an attraction to many foreigners. It is believed to help people to realize their dreams. People bring offerings in different forms during the festival.
It is located at a distance of 16Km. from Pathanamthitta. Pandalam is perhaps second only to Sabarimala in sanctity and significance. Lord Ayyappa, the presiding deity of Sabarimala, had his human sojourn as the son of the Raja of Pandalam. It is believed that the Raja constructed a temple close to his palace on the banks of the river Achankovil, modeled on the Sabarimala shrine, which is the present Valiyakoickal temple. Pilgrims usually offer worship here before proceeding to Sabarimala. Three days prior to Makaravilakku, the sacred ornaments, called Thiruvabharanam, for Lord Ayyappa are taken in a procession from the Pandalam to Sabarimala. Pandalam has one Arts and Science College. It has one cinema hall and one stadium. The nearest town having fire-fighting facility is Adoor, located at a distance of 12Km. The nearest railway station is Chengannur at a distance of 12Km.
Parumala is 10 Km. from Thiruvalla is a part (kara) of Kadappara village. It is in Parumala that Mar Gregorious Metropolitan, the declared saint of Malankara Orthodox Church, takes his rest. The “Ormaperunnal” (Remembrance Day) celebrated on the first and second of every November is very famous. A large number of devotees flock to this place for worship. The Travancore Devaswom Board has set a College named Pamba College. Mar Gregorious Hospital at Parumala is also noteworthy.
Manjanikkara church is situated in Omaloor village with an area of 14.54 Sq.km. It is only five Km. west of Pathanamthitta town. Mar Ignatius Elias III, the holy Patriarch of Antioch, while on his visit to India, died at this place in 1932. His mortal remains are kept in this church. Later this place got developed in to place of pilgrimage. Even today pilgrims, Indians as well as foreigners visit this place frequently. In February every year, devotees, especially Jacobite Syrian Christians flock here in thousands.
Niranam, once known as Kizhakkumbhagam, is located about 7 km. from Thiruvalla. It is having an area of 11.01 Sq.km. Niranam is famous from very ancient times. One of the seven churches, believed to have been founded by St. Thomas, one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, is located here. It is only a few yards away from the this place that the great Malayalam poets known as Kannassa Panickers lived and wrote their main poetic works. A site has been separately identified to put up a memorial for them. The nearest railway station is Thiruvalla.
KODUMON CHILANTHIYAMBALAM (Spider Temple)
Chilanthiyambalam is situated in Kodumon Panchayat about 15 Km. from Pathanamthitta town. The chief attraction of this place is spider temple. It is believed that this temple was built during the reign of the last king of Sakthibhadra Kingdom. The mahalkshmi deity of this temple is worshipped by all people irrespective of cast and creed. It is also believed that spider poison is cured by Praying at this temple. The water of the Chilanthi Kinar (well) in the premises of this temple is believed to cure skin disease.
SIVA TEMPLE AT NILAKKAL
The old Siva Temple on the Pamba Pathanamthitta road is an important place of worship. It is 5 Km. away from plappally. The estate of the Farming Corporation and the Ecumenical Centre of all denominations of Christians is also situated here.
This is the main halting point on the way to Sabarimala. It is also known as Triveni Sangam, the confluence of three rivers. CHERUKOLE
It is the smallest village of Ranni taluk with an area of 15.61 Sq.km. and located t a distance of 18 Km. from Pathanamthitta. It is renowned for an important religious convention of the Hindus, which is held in February every year on the river bed of Pamba, flowing through the district.
This revenue village is located at a distance of 10 Km. from Thiruvalla. St.Mary’s church at Kallooppara stands in close proximity to the Bhagavathy temple That is an admirable example of communal harmony. There are two granite slabs inside the church with some inscriptions in Pali language. The nearest railway station is Thiruvalla. There is an engineering College in the village.
The Kaviyoor Mahadeva temple which was constructed in the early years of the 10th. Century is one of the oldest of the Mahadeva temples in Kerala. References are there in the Kaviyoor ‘Shasanas’ of 1950 A D about the gifts were that were offered to this temple. But it is believed that the carvings on wood (dharusilpas) seen around the temple belong to the 17th. Century.
Thrikkakudi cave temple in kaviyoor panchayat is one of the rare cave temples of Kerala. It is assumed that this temple is constructed in the Pallava architectural style and was built in the 8th. Century. Apart from Ganapathi, Maharshi, Dwarapalaka idols in the Sreekoil, which is about three feet in height? The nearest railway station is Thiruvalla.
It is located in Kadampanadu village. Mannadi is situated 13km. away from Adoor. Velu Thampi Dalwa, the great patriot, renowned freedom fighter of Travancore, spent his last days at Mannadi. He fought against the British imperialism and became a martyr on March 29, 1809 at Mannadi. The monument of his martyrdom at Mannadi in Adoor taluk is of great historical importance.
Muloor S. Padmanabha Panicker (1869 – 1931) who was one of veteran poets and an important social reformer of the century, was born at Elavumthitta 12 Km. away from Pathanamthitta. Muloor Smarakam is located in Mezhuveli Panchayat. His home at Ayathil, Elavumthitta, is preserved as his monuments by the Department of Culture of the state government.
This is an old church in Thiruvalla town. It has exquisite mural pintings. The ancient Church is now being renovated.
Perunthenaruvi, the famous waterfall, is situated 36 km. away from Pathanamthitta. The water falls in the Pamba River at Perunthenaruvi attracts thousands of people from inside and outside the district. The water flows down a rocky bed into a ravine sixty to one hundred feet down. This is a beautiful natural waterfall and an ideal place of tourist attraction. It is only 10 Km. from Erumeli and accessible by trekking or by Jeep.
It is a small beautiful and picturesque hill station located at Thottappuzhassery village with an area of 14.46 sq.km. and at a distance of 18 Km. from Pathanamthitta and 5 Km. from Kozhenchery. This hill station developed in to a major centre of Social, Cultural and religious activities of Marthoma Church in Kerala offers a panoramic view of the nearby valleys including that of the river Pamba. This beautiful centre in central Travancore is gaining a lot of tourist attention because of its location and scenic aspects. There is comfortable camp house, with room and dormitories.
Kakki reservoir, set in sylvan background is a tourist delight. The splendid artificial lake offers exhilarating boating experience. The surrounding forest abounds with tigers, elephants, deer and monkeys. (source- 2001 census Hand Book)
|Date of formation 1st November,1982|
|District Head Quarters Pathanamthitta|
|1 Number Of Revenue Divisions||2||21|
|2 Number Of Taluks||5||63|
|3 Number Of Revenue Villages||68||1452|
|4 Number Of Corporations||0||5|
|5 Number Of Corporation Wards||0||316|
|6 Number Of Muncipalities||3||53|
|7 Number Of Municipality Wards||90||1756|
|8 Number Of Block Panchayat||9||152|
|9 Number Of Block Panchayat Wards||110||2004|
|10 Number Of Grama Panchayat||54||999|
|11 Number Of Grama Panchayat Wards||757||16139|
|12 Number Of Assembly Constituencies||7||140|
|13 Number Of Parliament Constituencies||1||20|
|14 Number Of District Panchayat wards||17||339|
The town enjoys a tropical climate, the monsoons start in June. The months of April-May can get pretty humid. The best weather is from October to February.
Pathanamthitta experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from March to May. The warmest month in Pathanamthitta is April. Although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives locally developed heavy thundershowers in May (although humidity remains high).
The monsoon lasts from June to August, with moderate rainfall. Most of the heavy rainfall in the city fall between June and July, and June is the wettest month of the year. Last weeks of June is also days of floods. The three major rivers viz Pampa, Achankovil and Manimala swell with rainwater.
Winter begins in December. December through February are the winter months. The lowest temperatures are experienced during January.
Thiruvanathapuram International Airport (113 km) and Cochin International Airport, at Nedumbassery, Kochi (142 km) are the nearest airports. The proposed Aranmula national Airport is just 14 km from Pathanamthitta.
Pathanamthitta is the meeting point of two major State Highways T.K.Road (SH - 07) and Main Eastern Highway ( Punalur-Muvattupuzha Road / SH - 08 ). The town is well connected to major towns and cities inside and outside Kerala by the State run K.S.R.T.C and private buses as well as Luxury Services. Both the KSRTC and private buses play equal roles in satisfying the transportation needs of the town. The cities of Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Thrissur etc are connected by KSRTC services whereas hi-range townships like Punalur, Kumali, Pala and the Malabar Area of Northern Kerala are connected by private bus services. Plenty of A/C Luxury Bus services are operated from Pathanamthitta to Bangalore, Chennai, Mangalore and Mumbai on a daily basis.
Places around Pathanamthitta town within a distance of 15 km include Kadammanitta, Vazhamuttom, Pandalam, Manjinikara, Omallur, Malayalappuzha, Kodumthara, Muloor Smarakam, Kodumon, Cherukolpuzha, Kaipattoor, MylapraThumpamon, Maroor, Pramadom, Konni and Valamchuzhy. The places beyond these are Nilackal, Parumala, and Maramon. Pathanamthitta town lies on the road route to the pilgrim town of Sabarimala, which is 65 km away. The famous Chettikulangara temple, at Mavelikkara is about 35 km from Pathanamthitta.
Pathanamthitta is abundantly blessed by nature with lush green plains, majestic waterfalls, mystic woods and sky high mountains. Every nook and corner here is a feast for the eyes.
Only a selected few must see places are mentioned below.
Konni is a village near Pathanamthitta Town. The acres of thick forest with wild animals has now made Konni emerge as another tourist spot for safari and trekking. The animals make the forest safari very exciting. The trek to the hill top and the view from there give lots of pleasure and is an amazing sight.
Located on the Western Ghats of Sahyadri Range, Perunthenaruvi is famous for the waterfalls.
Wrestling is one of the earliest Sports of the world. In the ancient days disputes of two groups were decided by wrestling contests. In those days there were no rules, the brutal force was the yard stick of winning. It was very common in those days arranging fight between wild animals and men for the public entertainment. Even now bull fighting is prevalent in many parts of the world. The winner is rewarded with attracted items. Many die in this fighting but the accidents are no deterrent to the participants. Gradually wrestling has undergone changes; it acquired rules and regulations. We can see that even 600 years ago wrestling were taken place in Assyria, Egypt and Greece. In Olympics the wrestling was introduced for the first time in BC 704. (Courtesy- Mr. Sajan’s book “Olympics Malsarangalilude”)
WRESTLING IN PATHANAMTHITTA
Mr. M C Appavu (Vender Appavu Rawther) and Gopala Pillai Pulimootil (Kolappan) were the main organizers of wrestling in Pathanamthitta, they are no more with us. The ground where the present District General Hospital is situated was the venue of wrestling. The ground measuring about 1 acre 10 cents was owned by Sheik Mydeen Rawther. The flat ground bordered with coconut trees and jack trees was an ideal place to have the wrestling ground. A raised Platform in the middle was the arena. Wrestlers were virtually bathed in oil - that is to elude the opponents grip - and the contests will last until the opponent is forced flatten on his back. Sometimes the wresting will continue for hours to find who the winner, is to the delight and shouting of the exited crowd. On many occasions the show culminated in violence. Minnel Facrudeen Ahamed from Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram Manakkad Narayana Pillai, Kollam Sulaiman, Pathanamthitta Thampikkannu Fayalvan and Santo Chinnappa, Pathanamthitta were prominent wrestlers of the time. When locals and outsiders were contesting, if by chance the locals lost the game, it is certain that there will be trouble; the supporters of the outsiders will be beaten by the locals. The winner will be chased and he had to take shelter in some safe place.
The wrestling matches were exhibited by tickets. Announcements of the big event was made by beating chenda in a moving bullock cart days ahead of the event. The event was good crowd puller in Pathanamthitta and a good entertainment for the people. Somehow somewhere, nobody knows when and where on the wheels of time, the wrestling stoped in Pathanamthitta and gave way to other entertainments.
HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL
“Minto Neta”- that was the name for volleyball in the early days. It was in 1895 one British gentleman Mr. William G Morgan, a Y M C A Physical Education Director invented this game.Then in 1896 Mr.Alfred T Halstead,Director of Springfield Physical Education College in U S A happened to watch this game.He was much impressed with the game and named it as Volleball. Mr. William agreed this and the world accepted Volleyball as an important game .The first country outside the United States to adopt volleyball was Canada in 1900.
Volleyball became popular in India along with Y M C A activities.Volle ball got its due status after the implementation of the back rules. The game became popular in India after 1922. In 1964 volley ball was introduced for the first time in Tokyo Olympics.
VENDER APPAVU RAWTHER
Pathanamthitta; where ten kinds of people coexisting peacefully for generations, Played this game from 1925 onwards. The ground where our present Govt. general hospital is situated, was the venue for matches. Mr.Vendarappav, a prominent public figure and also the leader of Muslim community of those days, used to organize these matches.
MEERANNAN MERA RAWTHER
Famous teams of far and near places were participated in this volley ball tournament.The final match was between Pathanamthitta and Kannyakumari.Meera Annan Routar was the captain of Pathanamthiita team. Meera Annan and his strong boys were playing in their home ground.Thousands are there to cheer for them. As expected, Pathanamthitta defeated Kannyakumari.
Sree Chitira Thirunal Maharaja came to know about this match and expressed his desire to see the performance of Pathanamthitta team. One match was fixed in Thiruvananthapuram.The formidable team of Madda Swamy was defeated by Pathanamthitta. Maharaja was impressed on seeing the lightening smashes of Meera Annan. Maharaja has conferred him the title of ‘Champion’. He was also rewarded with the ceremonial ‘Silk and bracelet’ (pattum valayum) a rare gesture of those days from the royal side. Rest of his life Meera Annan was known as ‘champion’.
In 1975 during the state volley ball tournament in pathanamthitta, Meera Annan Rowther and other prominent yester year’s players like Chinnappa Rowther, Kannankara S Meera Sahib, ‘Minnel” George, were honored by District collector Madhavan and the organizers. One special feature titled ‘Players of yester years’ prepared by Sports writer Mr. Sajan,appeared in the KERALA DESAM SPORTS magazine. Based n this report Kerala Govt.sanctioned pension for 40 players. It is the first time the govt is giving pension to players. Mr.K Pankajakshan was the sports minister then. Next year some more people were selected for pension;,Chinnappa Rowther one was among them. Pathanamthitta Town Team
Kalluppara Ex. M L A Mr.C A Mathew,(Mathappan) Ayroor P S George,(Principal Minerva college, Ranni) George Philip, T I George, Kochu George, S Meera Sahib, Minnel George were the Prominent players of Pathanamthitta. Pathanamthitta was the nerve centre of volley ball tournaments during 1960 to 1980.Kerala Transport Team,Kerala Police Team and other important teams of that time used to meet in the pathanamthitta ground. Time was ripe then, efficient organizers were aplenty in pathanamthitta.Police Inspector Mr. Mathai of Pathanamthitta was the Team Captain and Mr. Mathew of Mylappara of Pathanamthitta was a prominent player in police Team.
In1975 Pathanamthitta Mannil Blessen George was the Captain of Kollam Team.He was also a prominent player of university team and state team of Kerala. Mallasserry Sanikutty was a player of State and Titanium team. In short if we say that Pathanamthitta was the cradle of volleyball there is no exaggeration in it.
In 1955 Mr.Mallappally Varkey was a prominent player of the area. After 1965 another batch of players like Mallappally,Sunny,Mallappally,Achankunju,Pappachan Mallappally etc. were on the field and were the key players of Mallappally team.
Kozhencherry Kunnil Iducula and brothers were leading members of the Kozhencherry volleyball team.
Of all the games, football is passionately loved by people more than any other games. The football as we see today is the result of a gradual and long time evolvement along with the human civilization. It is not exactly known where it started and how it started. It might have been originated from Great Britain as the country was the leader of the world in every activity. There was evidence that the game existed six to seven centuries ago. But was it play or war? Let us look back by turning the pages of the history and see what happened.
BRIEF HISTORY OF CRICKET
Cricket was the national game of Britain, (now it is soccer). We can see lot of similarity in cricket and our ‘ball and stick game’ of Kerala’ we call “ Kutty Pandhu Kaly”; where a single stick similar to a wicket in modern cricket was driven at the end of a field and a person- let us call him bowler- throwing the ball aiming the stick. Arab traders who were regular visitors in Kerala in ancient days saw this game and they played it in their home land with little modification. Thus “kutty pandhu” was transformed in to “stool ball”and from stool ball to the present day cricket. There were no rules like today when this game was played in olden days. Modern cricket had taken the present day shape between the period of 1500-1600. The game got its rules in the year 1744. The credit for this goes to the hambledon cricket club of London. In 1709 hambledon merged in to Marylebone cricket club. (exerpts from the radio talk of Mr. Sajan the historian of sports made in Akashavani Thiruvananthapuram on 18.8.1973)
CRICKET IN PATHANAMTHITTA.
From 1972 onwards a group of youngsters played cricket in Pathanamthitta. However Cricket was played in an organized way from 1974 onwards only.The venue was the ground acquired for the present KSRTC bus stand . One club was formed and the president was the then AVM College Principal Mr. Shahul Hameed. The prominent players were Thampi, Rajeev, Shamz, Shaiyk Pareed, Salam , Saleem, and Appa pilla. The team used to compete with the teams of near by places. Mr. Saleem Kutty and Mr. Jose were two Prominent Players of local cricket club of Pathanamthitta. It is a historical fact that President Mr. Shahul Hameed was behind in organizing the youths and making it a team . His relentless efforts in fixing matches and taking the team in to various places for playing will be remembered by the cricket lovers of Pathanamthitta. Yet the club had to wait years to get an approval from the Kollam Sports Council for participating in League matches.
YOUNG LORDS CRICKET CLUB
Mr. Philip George of Pathanamthitta had taken the initiative in forming Young Lords Cricket Club .The club got got its official approval from the Kollam District Cricket Association on 6 .12 .1980. Then the district president was Mr.S Ramachandran and the secretary Mr. C G K Kammath paved way for the “Young Lords” to participate in the League matches. During the 1980 – 81 period Pathanamthitta participated in the matches held in the Kollam S N college Ground. The first match was between Kollam Packers and Young Lords of Pathanamthitta. Kollam won by 27 runs. Philip George Kottor, Abraham George (General Convenor) Ebi George (captain), Sakariah George, Dony Sam Vallicode, C C Yohanan (Ranjan) Sam George, Kunju Makkamkunnu, Skaria, Cheriyan, Reji George were the players Participated in the Kollam League.
Next match was between Kollam Kent Thevally and Pathanamthitta- Pathanamthitta lost for 14 runs. In the next match between Kollam ARC and Pathanamthitta, Kollam was defeated by a margin of 14 runs. In the following match TKM college defeated Pathanamthitta for 5 wickets. Pathanamthitta was very active during 81 – 83 period. Mr. Ranganathan who played for ‘Young Lords’ Pathanamthitta during this period later represented Kerala in the Renji trophy matches during 1984 – 85. Mr.George Varghese, the present Deputy Commissioner of cochin city, became the President of ‘Young Lords’ in 1983- 84. The enthusiastic, young and energetic police officer who himself was a sports man, could infuse strong sporting and team spirit among the ‘Young Lords’. Mr.Philip George was the secretary. The club had a team of efficient officials- 3 vice presidents, Rajeev, Babu P S and Iype Koshy; 2 joint secretaries- Gracious John and Shaji Ollesseril . 2 conveners- Thomas George and Rangular P R.
Players in 1983 - 84 were Shaji Ollesseril, Jijo Kumbanad, M N Ramesh Elavumthitta, Jose K Jacob, Jiji Mathew Mylapara, Mathew Cheriyan, Gracious John, Thomas George, P R Rangular, Iype, Ajoy, P G Prushothaman, Philip George and Paul George.
Details found from the score sheets available of a match played between Young Lords and Cricket Club Quilon on 19 . 11 .83 at TKM Eng.ground—
Game Started at 11 AM Finished at 1 05 PM
INNINGS OF YOUNG LORDS
|NAME OF THE PLAYER||"HOW IS THAT"||RUNS|
|Ramesh MN||run out||06|
CC QUILON started the batting at 1.50 Pm and the match was over by 2.45 Pm. They were bowled out for 34 runs. YOUNG LORDS WON BY 134 RUNS
In the All Kerala Jose Memorial Final match played in pathanamthitta between Adoor white Arrows and Thiruvananthapuram cricket club; Adoor conceded the match to Thiruvananthapuram. The Tournament was a big successes
C J Sajan –The Doyen of Sports Literature of Kerala
‘Valmiki is the author of epic Ramayana, we all know; but who is the first author of sports literature of Kerala? Even our best sports personals of Kerala may not be aware who it is.’ “If there is no exam, who is going to study? Are we not wasting our time in the School in glorifying sports without doing anything constructive to promote sports among our youngsters? Unless we are prepared to change our mindset, there won’t be any healthy change in our sports Scenario.” These are the words of Mr. C J Sajan, author of the first sports book of Kerala, appeared in the ‘Kayika Lokam a Malayalam sports magazine issue of November 1995.Mr. Sajan is not only the first author of sports book in Malayalam; in his credit there is a long list of achievements, sure enough everyone in pathanamthitta can be proud of it.
He was born in Pthanamthitta on March 9th 1943. Kolothumannil. Mr.Yohannan was his father and mother Mrs.Annamma .His house was located in the heart of pathanamthitta and father being a popular personality of the locality he was brought up in an atmosphere of close involvements in every changes of pathanamthitta. Mr.C J Sajan’s Sports books in Malayalam
India olimpicsilude (India Through Olympics) (1965)..Published by Alleppy- sports, Mullackal with aids from Kerala Sahitya Academy
Reviews appeared in the leading National dailies about Mr. Sajan’s, books…
LOKA KAYIKAVEDI— We welcome this as a rare addition to Malayalam literature. The enthusiastic author is interested in his fingertip the scores of all nations in various games during these decades. If India has fared badly on the world arena, it is because politics has intruded in to the choice of teams and their managers. This is roundly condemned by the author. Similarly in the International competitions racialism, threatened to interfere with spirits of sportsmanship. The author devotes his major attention to the important games viz. football and cricket, but other items were not neglected. Giving the historical development of cricket from the eighteenth centaury onwards, he gives a complete list of the rules of games as now in force.
(The above review was authored by Mr. Krishnan, appeared in Hindu dated Tuesday October 1976.)
The book Olympics is approved by the Govt. under black board scheme and widely used in School Libraries since 1995. Lokakaikavedi—under the eight National Prize Competitions for the literature in Physical Education and Sports Organization by the Ministry of Education and Social welfare through the Laxmibhai National College of Physical Education , Gwaliar. Awards
Literary contributions in Malayalam – In his credit there are 6 novels and a collection of short stories.
Mr. Sajan,the doyen of sports literature of Kerala is very busy in his retired life as an editor, sports reporter and novelist.
KOCHEEPPAN- THE VOLLEBALL LEGEND
In 1960’s Elavumthitta market gets lively in the evening because of the regular volley ball playing in the middle of the market. Hundreds of on lookers gather there to witness the ‘lightening smashes’ from Kocheeppan’s powerful left fist. Other players in those days were Kooduvattil Thampi, Mr.Vasukkutty, Mr. Gangadharan of KSRTC, Mr. Mathan, Vasavan and Kurian of Ramanchira. Kurian and Thampi were Outstanding players. Later they were selected in the Air Force and Services Team.
Mr. Kocheeppan was born in an aristocratic Christian family of Prakkanam in the close vicinity of Elavumthitta on June 28 in the year 1940. He is the eldest son of Kollentathu Kocheeppan Mathai and Kunjamma Mathai. He had his education in the Prakkanam LP School, Cheekanal school, CMS Middle School Kuzhikkala and Catholicate High School Pathanamthitta. From 1958 onwards he was a student of Catholicate College Pathanamthitta. During this period he played volleyball and improved on his game. Under the leadership of his father Mr. Kocheeppan Mathai along with the few Youngsters of the area, to name a few like TKG Nair, Rajankutty of Palamootil, Annirudhan Kuravantayyathu, and Ambujakshan of Nedumparambil formed a volleyball club.
ROLE MODEL -- One Senior officer from the Kerala police department remembers his own Primary school days of 1970’s in the Muttathukonam SNDP School.
“We children used to imitate Kocheepansir; we try to walk like him in those days.”
Emoting him gave rich returns; the school was volleyball champions for many years of the Pathanamthitta District.That was how a person influenced the youngsters in Elavumthitta .
THE AIR FORCE MAN --In the year 1960 Mr. Kocheeppan Joined the Air Force and participated very actively in the Game. His talents were noticed and he was selected in the official Air Force Team in 1963. His annual visit to Kerala on leave was a matter of celebration; tournaments were to be played, teams of far and neighboring places were to be conquered; like Alexander the great, where ever his team went, they conquered and back they came with trophies. In one such leave period he took initiative and made a standard volleyball court in the premises of MGUP School Prakkanam with the help of people like, Vazhappallil Vasu, Ramachandran, Gopalan Nair etc.This court witnessed decades of standard and qualitative volleyball games, until a Panchayat stadium constructed in Prakkanam in the year 2004. It was Mr. Francis George Member of Parliament inaugurated the Panchayat Stadium on 09 02 2004.
Kocheeppan was selected to undergo training in National National Institute Of Sports in1968. He passed from NIS with distinctions. In 1972 he was entrusted with the responsibility of selecting and training main command team which won the Air Force volleyball championship at manuari in Allahabad Dist. of UP. Since then he never looked back in Volleyball; continued his inimitable style of training and winning so many championships all over the country with his own trained players in Jalahalai Karnataka 1968, Masuri 69-73, Academy 73-79, Pune 80-96. All these centers were known as volleyball factories.In the year 1972 the secretary of Air Force Selection Board Squn. Ldr. S S Hakeen asked Kocheeppan to train Air Force Team. He accepted the Challenge and started at Manuari in Allahabad. His team played at INS Amla (Bombay) the series championship in 1980 and won the championship in 1980 and the victory was very sweet for the Air Force; they won the Championship after a lapse of 19 years.
KOCHEEPPAN STADIUM POONA A BEFITTING MONUMENT-- Air Force shows how much they are indebted to this individual for his valuable service in the field of volley ball by naming the newly constructed Stadium in the Air Force Centre in Poona as “KOCHEEPPAN STADIUM” by Air Marshall K C Kariappa son of the first Commander in chief of Indian Defense Forces and first Field marshal of India.
What a glorious retreat and what a coincidence; after serving the forces 36 years and 102 days, on 30th sept. 1996 on the day of his retirement, It was the final play of the Inter Services volley ball in Kocheepan Stadium in Poona. A helicopter was flown above the stadium and rose petals were showered. Kocheepan was honoured by asking him to receive the trophy for handing over to the Commandent. A grand reception was waiting for him when he came back on retirement. The reception was organized by Chennerkkara panchayat Probably no other individual got that kind of welcome in the history of the panchayat. The panchayat appointed him as the Director of Volley ball academy in Prakkanam. Now the academy got Govt. approval and getting annual grant for its up keeping.
Mr. Kocheepan is a class 1 referee of volley ball federation of India since 1975 from Trichi Nationals. He was also an official during the 1982 ix th Asian games at Delhi. Mr. Kocheepan is very happy that persons trained by him are all well placed in their life. Coaches of Indian team for Assian games Sethumadhavan of kerala, Reddy of Andhra Pradesh,Pathak of Himacal Pradesh and many coaches of kerala are trained by him. There were 13 nos. of coaches in forces who were his trainees. It is a matter of pride for him that the first Kerala University coach Mr.Sreedharan, Mr.PP Nambiar- Coach of Godhavarma Raja Sports school, Sports Council Coaches EP Nair, Baby, Sahadevan, Balagopalan, Balan Nambiar, are all his products. They all got their initiation in volley ball by Mr. Kocheeppan.
“The legs are to be kept almost at shoulder width; for a right hander the left leg forward; and for a left hander, the right leg forward , both the leg bend at the knee, body weight on the front leg , upper body inclined forward, both the arms bend at the elbow, hands in front of the chest and the player should stand in movements—this is basic posture and movements in Volley ball. All the trainees were taught like this for minimum 2 years and above. Trainees were picked up by seeing the potentialities and all physical qualities like strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and co-ordination are induced by at training”.
That is the voice of Mr. Kocheeppan the coach,who was nick named as the “KOCHEEPPAN THE COACH FACTORY”
TIRUVALLA PAPPAN (Thomas Mathai Varughese)
He was initially in the Kerala Police Department. Later he joined with TATA in Bombay. He became their food ball team captain. His team represented Bombay in the Santhosh Trophy from 1945 to 1956. He was also a member in the national team for a decade.
In 1945 his team played in the London Olympics and in the game France defeated India for 2 goals. In 1951 India won gold medal in the first Asiad meet in Delhi. Tiruvalla Pappan was a member of that team.It was a proud moment for Pathanamthitta that in 1955 he was selected as the team captain of Indian Football Team. He is known as the first Malayalee Olympian in foot ball, of the Free India.
As of 2001 India census, Pathanamthitta had a population of 12.34 lakh. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Pathanamthitta has an average literacy rate of 93%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 96%, and female literacy is 92.5%. In Pathanamthitta, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. There are five engineering colleges and one medical college in Pathanamthitta District. The Pathanamthitta district is home for a number of famous South Asian religious spots.
Sabarimala, around 65 km away from the district headquarters is famous for the Lord Ayyappa temple where lakhs of worshippers gather every year during the season from November to January. The temple shrine is also open for five days from 15-20 every English month. Maramon on the banks of the Pampa river is famous for the yearly Christian convention attended by thousands during February, and is just 12 km away. Cherukolpuzha is also famous for another Hindu religious convention during February. It is also held on the banks of the holy river Pamba.
Various sections of Christianity, Muslim and Hinduism co-exist harmoniously. The Ezhavas, Nairs, Viswakarmas and the Scheduled Class & Tribes constitute the major sections of the Hindu religion. Followers of Orthodox church, Jacobite Church, Knanaya, Marthoma Church,Catholic Church, St. Thomas Evangelical Church, Church of South India, Pentecostal Churches, and Brethren form major Christian sects. Moreover a few churches have their headquarters in Pathanamthitta district. The Mar Thoma Church, the St. Thomas Evangelical Church and the Indian Pentecostal Church of God (IPC) have their headquarters in and around Thiruvalla, which is a prominent part of the district.
Niranam Church (Niranam St.Marys orthodox church) is one of the seven churches of St.Thomas. It was built in AD 54. Parumala church is another famous church which reminds the memory of Parumala Thirumeni (St.Gregorios). Manjinnikkara, which is just 7 km away near Omalloor, is famous for another Christian religious convention held yearly during the second week of February every year in the memory of the Antioch Bishop who visited the church, but unfortunately died during the short visit and was buried there later in manjinikara. Prakkanam Mor Ignatius Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church is 5 km away from Pathanamthitta town.
Pathanamthitta still has quite few settlements of aborigines called 'adivasis' deep in the forest area including areas like Thanithoddu, Chittar. The people from the settlements prefer not to be disturbed by the crowd from outside civilizations or lifestyles, but are indeed harmless.
Pathanamthitta is bordered by Idukki district on the east, Kottayam on the north, Kollam and Aalapuzha on west and south again by Kollam. The villages of Pathanamthitta provides great opportunity to develop, eco, cultural, health care, adventure, monsoon tourism.
Pathanamthitta assembly constituency was part of the Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency) but now Pathanamthitta is a separate Lok Sabha constituency. Pathanamthitta is a part of the Pathanamthitta Legislative assembly, but from the general elections in 2011 onwards Pathanamthitta town will be a part of the Aranmula Legislative assembly.
Malayalam is the official language. People can read and write English.
Pathanamthitta district is well connected and serviced not by rail to all major cities in India.
Tiruvalla railway station (30 km)is in the district.
Chengannur railway station (26 km).
Buses to Pathanamthitta are operated right from the arrival gate of Chengannur Railway Station in every 2 minutes.
Both the State run KSRTC and Private Luxury Bus operators connect Pathanamthitta to other cities.
There are daily direct bus services to Mumbai, Chennai & Bangalore
Frequent buses are available to cities like Kottayam, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Coimbatore, Mangalore & Madurai.
To reach Pathanamthitta by road:
Pathanamthitta is well connected to other cities Mumbai, Goa, Mangalore through Kochi (NH-17), Bangalore, Chennai and Coimbatore through Thrissur (NH-47).
Konni is the gateway to the forest bordering the district. In the past, wild elephants caught from the forests were brought here and put in wooden cages known as Anakoodu to be tamed and trained for work. It is situated 11 km away from Pathanamthitta.
Raktakantaswami Temple Temple having idol of Lord Ayyappan, the temple celebrates the Yearly Utsav at summer of April and May. The Utsav goes on for 10 days. Possessions of more than 10 Elephants, elephants are decorated so beautifully one can feel the gods and goddess of heaven are on earth at that precious ceremony. Omallur is a small village 5km from Pathanamthitta town. There is a famous Rakthakanta temple also known as the Omallur Ambalam. This Rakthakanta Swamy Temple and the annual cattle fair held during March-April are the main attractions of Omallur. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair.Omallur is a village about 4 km south of the district headquarters Pathanamthitta. Omallur is famous for Vayal vanibham which is an annual cattle fair held in the month of Meena. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair. There are many historically important places of worship in Omallur. The Rakthakanta Swamy Temple is a grand temple situated in Omallur and is famous for the annual festival (Utsavam).Omallur is famous for the Rakthakanta Swamy Temple and the annual cattle fair held in the Malayalam month of Meenam. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair. Malayalapuzha houses the Bahagavathy Temple and the goddess here is believed to grant boons to devotees and help them realise dreams. The temple has beautiful wall paintings and artistic stone carvings. Kadamanitta holds the Kadamanitta Devi Temple, famous for the ten day long Padayani performances held in connection with the annual festival in April/ May. Konni is an agricultural region, rich in cash crops like rubber, pepper, coffee, ginger etc. It was once the centre for training elephants and is now known for its elephant rides and the Anakoody where elephants are tamed and trained for work.The Rakthakanta Swamy Temple and the annual cattle fair held in the Malayalam month of Meenam are the main attractions of Omallur. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair. (5 km from Pathanamthitta): The Rakthakanta Swamy Temple and the annual cattle fair held in the Malayalam month of Meenam are the main attractions of Omallur. People from both within and outside the State participate in the fair
The Stretch of riverpamba at Aranmula (about 10 km from Chengannur) is the venue of the famous snake boat race. It is more a pageantry than a race. The snake boat is of an extra ordinary shape with a lenth of about 100 ft. The rear portion towering to a height of about 20 ft and the front portion tapering gradually.The boat resembles a snake with its hood raised. The race is held on the last day of the week long Onam festival to commemorate the crossing of the river by Lord Krishna. The participants cheerfully row up and down the river to the tune of songs known as Vanchippattu.
Started in 1896, the Maramon Convention is held annually by the Mar Thoma Evangelistic Association (MTEA), the missionary wing of the Mar Thoma Church on the banks of the River Pamba at Maramon near Kozhencherry in Pathanamthitta District. Usually held in the month of February, the convention is attended by lakhs (1 lakh = 100,000) from all over India, and is a centre of Christian culture and influence. The annual weeklong gathering is a great occasion for listening to evangelists and eminent exponents of the Bible from around the world. Missionaries of the Evangelistic Association also come and share their experiences with the believers. This gathering is considered to be the largest religious congregation in Asia.
There is an eatery near J-mart ( on the T.B Road in the town, called J& F,which serves authentic North Indian dishes like tandoori,naan,kababs and various other Kashmiri and Punjabi dishes. This food joint is very popular among college students, and its fame, though spread through word of mouth, is fast catching up with the residents of Pathanamthitta. The serving and preparations are hygenic ,although the prices are a bit exhorbitant. Other popular restaurants include Cafe de Kashmir ( similar to J&F), Mannil Regency (veg & non -veg),Aryaas (veg only), Hotel Evergreen Inter-Continental( veg & non-veg). Other than these there are a lot of small hotels and eateries which dot the landscape of Pathanamthitta town.
@@NEDUMBASSERY TODDY SHOP Famous for its run away when excise men coming ************************
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