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Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma: Wikis

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The Countess Mountbatten
of Burma
Patricia Mountbatten.jpg
Born 14 February 1924 (1924-02-14) (age 85)
Title Countess Mountbatten of Burma
Tenure 27 August 1979 - present
Predecessor The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Spouse(s) The Lord Brabourne
(m. 1946-2005)
Issue The Lord Brabourne
Hon. Michael-John Knatchbull
Lady Joanna Knatchbull
Lady Amanda Knatchbull
Hon. Philip Knatchbull
Hon. Timothy Knatchbull
Hon. Nicholas Knatchbull
Parents The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Hon. Edwina Ashley
(1901-1960)

Patricia Edwina Victoria Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma CBE, MSC, CD, JP, DL (born 14 February 1924) is a British peeress and former lady-in-waiting to her third cousin, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. She was the elder daughter of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma and his wife, the heiress Edwina Ashley, a patrilineal descendant of the Earls of Shaftesbury, first ennobled in 1661. She is the elder sister of Lady Pamela Hicks, and first cousin to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Patricia Mountbatten succeeded her father when he was assassinated in 1979, as his peerages had been created by the Crown with special remainder to his daughters and their heirs male. This inheritance accorded her the title of countess and a seat in the House of Lords, where she remained until 1999, when the House of Lords Act 1999 removed most hereditary peers from the House.

Contents

Marriage and children

On 26 October 1946 she married John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne (9 November 1924–23 September 2005), at the time an aide to her father in the Far East. They had eight children:

  • Norton Louis Philip Knatchbull, 8th Baron Brabourne # (born 8 October 1947), married Penelope Eastwood (born 16 April 1953) and had issue.
  • The Hon. Michael-John Ulick Knatchbull (born 24 May 1950), married Melissa Clare Owen (born 12 November 1960) on 1 June 1985 and had one daughter; divorced in 1997. Married Susan Penelope Jane Coates (born 23 October 1959) on 6 March 1999 and had one daughter.
  • The Hon. Anthony Knatchbull (born and died 6 April 1952)
  • Lady Joanna Edwina Doreen Knatchbull (born 5 March 1955), married Baron Hubert Pernot du Breuil (2 February 1956-6 September 2004) on 3 November 1984 and had one daughter; divorced in 1995; married Azriel Zuckerman (born 18 January 1943) on 19 November 1995 and had one son.
  • Lady Amanda Patricia Victoria Knatchbull (born 26 June 1957), married Charles Vincent Ellingworth (born 7 February 1957) on 31 October 1987 and had three sons.
  • The Hon. Philip Wyndham Ashley Knatchbull (born 2 December 1961), married Atalanta Cowan (born 20 June 1962) on 16 March 1991 and had one daughter; married Wendy Amanda Leach (born 20 July 1966) on 29 June 2002 and had two sons.
  • The Hon. Timothy Nicholas Sean Knatchbull (born 18 November 1964), married Isabella Julia Norman (born 9 January 1971), a great-great-granddaughter of the 4th Earl of Bradford, on 11 July 1998 and had two sons and three daughters.
  • The Hon. Nicholas Timothy Charles Knatchbull (18 November 1964–27 August 1979), murdered, aged 14, by an IRA bomb.

Activities

Lady Mountbatten was educated in Malta, England and New York. In 1943, at age 19, she entered the Women's Royal Naval Service as a Signal Rating and served in Combined Operations bases in the UK until being commissioned as a third officer in 1945 and serving in the Supreme Allied Headquarters, South East Asia. This is where she met Lord Brabourne, who was an aide to her father. In 1973 was appointed Deputy Lieutenant for the County of Kent; she is also a serving magistrate and is involved with numerous service organisations including SOS Children's Villages UK, of which she is Patron; the Order of St John, of which she is a Dame; and the Countess Mountbatten's Own Legion of Frontiersmen of the Commonwealth, of which she is Patron.

On 15 June 1974 she succeeded her cousin Lady Patricia Ramsay, formerly HRH Princess Patricia of Connaught, as Colonel-in-Chief of Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, for whom the regiment was named when Princess Patricia's father, the Duke of Connaught, was Governor General of Canada during the First World War. Despite her succeeding to an earldom in her own right as Countess Mountbatten of Burma on the death of her father in 1979, she preferred that the officers and men of her regiment address her as Lady Patricia. She was succeeded by The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson on 17 March 2007. On 28 August 2007, the Governor General of Canada presented her with the Canadian Meritorious Service Cross for her services as Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Patricia's Light Infantry.

Lady Brabourne was in the boat which was blown up by the IRA off the shores of Sligo in 1979, killing her fourteen-year-old son Nicholas; her father; her mother-in-law, the Dowager Baroness Brabourne; and fifteen-year-old Paul Maxwell, a boat-boy from County Fermanagh. She, her husband, and their son Timothy were injured but survived the attack.

Portrait

In October 2009 TCF Canada Inc. presented the Countess with a portrait of herself by the noted Canadian artist Christian Cardell Corbet of which the oil sketch resides into the Canadian Portrait Academy Permanent Collection.[1]

Titles and honours

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Shorthand titles

  • Miss Patricia Mountbatten (1924 - 1946)
  • The Hon. Patricia Mountbatten (1946 - 1946)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lady Brabourne (1946 - 1979)
  • The Rt Hon. The Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1979 - present)

Patricia Mountbatten was born the daughter of a younger son of a marquess and thus had no courtesy title. She became the daughter of a peer (when her father was created a viscount), and thus obtained the courtesy prefix Honourable. When she married a baron, she obtained her husband's precedence, which happened to be higher than that of a viscount's daughter. But when her father was raised to an earldom her precedence remained the same, because the higher courtesy rank of an earl's daughter cannot be claimed by the wife of a man who ranks as a peer in his own right. When her father died and she succeeded him as countess by special remainder, Patricia Mountbatten became a peeress in her own right. Since her peerage was higher than her husband's, she was entitled to enjoy its higher title and precedence. By contrast, her younger sister outranked her from August 1946 to August 1979 because when a peer's daughter marries a commoner rather than a peer, she is allowed to retain the rank derived from her parent.

Honours

Colonelcies-in-chief

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ The Canadian Portrait Academy Permanent Collection, http://www.canadianportraitacademy.com/, retrieved 2009-10-19  
  2. ^ Canadian Press; Globe and Mail: Clarkson named colonel-in-chief of PPCLI; 7 February 2007

External links

British royalty
Preceded by
Louise Mountbatten
Line of succession to the British throne Succeeded by
The Lord Brabourne
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Louis Mountbatten
Countess Mountbatten of Burma
1979 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
The Lord Brabourne

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