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Patrick Francis Baxter (1 October 1891 – 3 April 1959)[1] was an Irish politician from County Cavan. He was a Teachta Dala (TD) in the 1920s, and later a senator for over 25 years, serving as Cathaoirleach of Seanad Éireann from 1954 to 1957.

Baxter was first elected to Dáil Éireann in the 1923 general election, when he won a seat as Farmers' Party TD for Cavan in the 4th Dáil. He had stood unsuccessfully in the 1922 general election, but after topping the poll in 1923 he was re-elected at the June 1927 general election with his vote halved. He lost his seat in the September 1927 general election.

After the collapse of the Farmers' Party in the late 1920s, he made three further unsuccessful attempts to return to the Dáil: at the 1932 general election as a Cumann na nGaedhael candidate in Cavan, at the 1933 general election as a National Centre Party candidate in Clare, and as a Fine Gael candidate in Cavan at the 1943 general election.[2]

He was elected in 1934 as a senator, for a nine-year term, but the Free State Seanad was abolished in 1936. When the house was re-established, he was re-elected in 1938 to the 2nd Seanad on the Agricultural Panel,[3] and held the seat until his death in 1959.[4]


  1. ^ "Mr. Patrick F. Baxter". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 30 January 2008.  
  2. ^ "Patrick Baxter". Retrieved 6 February 2008.  
  3. ^ The 2nd Seanad Éireann was actually the first Seanad elected under the 1937 constitution. This is because the Free State Seanad was considered to be in continuous session, since it members were elected for a period of nine years (reduced in 1928 from the original 12 years), with elections every three years for a those senators whose terms had expired. The Free State Seanad is therefore collectively known as the First Seanad.
  4. ^ Baxter's party affiliation in the Seanad is incorrect in the Oireachtas Members Database where he is listed as a member of the Farmer's Party, which is impossible since that party was defunct in 1932. He was a Clann na Talmhan senator. See reference.
Preceded by
Liam Ó Buachalla
Cathaoirleach of Seanad Éireann
Succeeded by
Liam Ó Buachalla


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