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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A patrol is commonly a group of individual persons or military units that are assigned to monitor a specific area; often to maintain rule of law and/or civil order.

A patrol performed by United States Secret Service officers.

Contents

Military

In military tactics, a patrol is often a small tactical grouping sent out by land, sea or air to perform a specific task. The basic task of a patrol is to follow a known route at regular intervals looking out for anything out of the ordinary — which if found will be reported or dealt with as appropriate. A patrol may also be a reconnaissance patrol, sent to investigate some feature of interest, or a fighting patrol (US combat patrol), sent to find and engage the enemy. A patrol can also mean a small cavalry or armoured unit, subordinate to a troop or platoon. A patrol usually comprises a section or squad of mounted troopers, or two AFVs (often tanks).

Civilian law enforcement

US Border Patrol Agent monitoring US-Canada border in Montana

In non-military law enforcement, patrol officers are uniformed police officers assigned to monitor specified geographic areas — that is, to move through their areas at regular intervals looking out for any signs of problems of any kind. They are the officers most commonly encountered by the public, as their duties include responding to calls for service, making arrests, resolving disputes, taking crime reports, and conducting traffic enforcement, and other crime prevention measures. A patrol officer is often the first to arrive on the scene of any incident; what such an officer does or fails to do at the scene can greatly influence the outcome of any subsequent investigation. The patrol officer, as the person who is in the field daily, is often closest to potential crime and may have developed contacts who can provide information.

An emerging trend within patrol is the supplement of basic police patrol with that of private security agencies. The privatization of police is explored in James Pastor's book The Privatization of Police in America: An Analysis and Case Study.[1]

Schools

Some elementary schools use the term patrol to refer to students who are selected to monitor safety in the classroom or to those students who assist crossing guards with safety of children crossing busy streets. Another common term for this use of patrol is hall monitor.

Life saving

In Surf Lifesaving, volunteer patrol units monitor the beaches during the summer. In Australia and some other countries, the patrolled area is marked by red and yellow flags.

Scouting

In Scouting, a patrol is six to eight youth under the leadership of one of them, the basic unit of the Scout movement. The Patrol method is an essential characteristic of Scouting by which it differs from all other organizations, using the natural dynamics of the gang for an educational purpose.

Etymology

From French patrouiller from Old French patouiller (“‘to paddle, paw about, patrol’”) from patte (“‘a paw’”)

References

  1. ^ Pastor, James. The Privatization of Police in America: An Analysis and Case Study. McFarland & Company, 2003.
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Wikitravel:Recent changes patrol article)

From Wikitravel

Recent Changes Patrol is a utility for Wikitravel users who have been registered for over 30 days to see which recent changes have not been reviewed by another user.

Use

If a change hasn't been reviewed by another editor, a red exclamation mark ("!") appears next to the line for the edit.

If you have turned on "Enhanced recent changes" in your preferences then you can review all changes made to an article on that day at one go and mark them as patrolled.

There is an option to "Hide patrolled edits", which you can use to narrow it down to recent changes that still need attention. It is a good idea to turn it on and go through changes from the bottom of the list rather than from the top, so that there is less chance of bad edits slipping through.

Patrolling edits

In diff mode, you'll see a [Mark as patrolled] link for unpatrolled edits.

If the edit is constructive and substantially complies with Wikitravel policies, mark it as patrolled. Patrolling an edit does not mean that you have verified all the content of the edit as correct. Others familiar with the destination will check this using their watchlist and during subsequent edits.

However, when patrolling, in additional to blatant vandalism, you should also check for

  1. Breaching Wikitravel policies, particularly policies on external links, tours and touting
  2. Changing existing accommodation listings url or phone numbers to a consolidator, or agent.
  3. Deletion of information, with no explanation in either the comment or the talk page.
  4. Reordering of listings, without explanation.

If you are in doubt, don't mark the change patrolled. Someone else can double check it later.

Auto-patrol

By default, the edits made by users registered for over 30 days are automatically patrolled.

  • To be able to mark more than one edit at a time as patrolled, turn on "Enhanced recent changes" in your preferences. This will show recent changes grouped by article. You can then click on the "X changes" link to see all changes to the article and mark them all patrolled at once if appropriate.
  • Start from the Special:Recentchanges, and hide bot edits, and patrolled edits. When you have the page looking how you like it, consider bookmarking it for easy access.
  • Open each of the diffs in a new tab (hold down the Control key in both firefox and Internet Explorer when clicking on the diff). and then use Control-TAB to review each edit in turn. Click to either undo, or mark it as patrolled, and cycle to next tab. When complete use Control-W repeatedly to quickly close all the tabs, or use the close other tabs menu item on the tab dropdown menu (Or if you are using firefox, consider the Close other tabs extension [1] for a keyboard shortcut).
  • If you have decided to revert a change, first mark it as patrolled, and then click the back button on your browser to go back and undo the change. This is much simpler than undoing the change first, and then marking the change as patrolled. Reverting a change does not automatically mark it as patrolled.
  • If you are using firefox, consider a extension that supports canned text, for easy revert explanations. Such as Paste Email Plus [2]

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PATROL (Fr. patrouiller, connected with patte, foot), a verb meaning to move up and down or traverse a specified "round" or "beat" in a district in a town, camp or other place, or on a stretch of water on a river or sea, for the purpose of watching and protecting the same, or for reconnoitring the numbers or positions of an enemy. As a substantive the term is used of the detachment of troops or police employed.


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