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Paul-Emile Janson (Brussels,30 May 1872–Buchenwald, 3 March 1944) was a Belgian liberal politician.

Born in Brussels, Janson was the son of liberal statesman Paul Janson (died 1913). He studied law at the Free University of Brussels (now split into the Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel), practised as a lawyer, and also taught at the university. Janson was elected as a liberal to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives in 1910. He held various minister posts including War, Justice and Foreign affairs. He was made an honorary Minister of State in 1931.

He served as Prime Minister of Belgium in 1937–1938. In the early part of the Second World War, Janson served as Foreign minister, and as minister with portfolio, in the government of Hubert Pierlot. He remained in France when the government in exile moved to London. In 1943 he was detained by the occupying German forces and incarcerated in the Buchenwald concentration camp. He died there in 1944.

Marie Janson, the first woman to be elected to the Chamber of Representatives in 1921, the mother of Paul-Henri Spaak, was his sister.


  • Paul-Emile Janson (Dutch)
  • Paul-Emile Janson (Dutch)
  • D'Ydewalle, Ch., Silhouettes politiques : Paul-Emile Janson, in : Revue Générale, LXII, 1929, p. 86-90.
  • Miroir, A., in : Parisel, W., Histoire de La Loge Les Vrais amis de l'Union et du Progrès Réunis 1892-1980, Brussel, 1980, p. 283-285.
  • Stengers, J., Paul-Emile Janson, in : Académie Royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la Commission des Lettres et des Sciences Morales et Politiques, 5e série, LIX, 1973-1976, p. 202-281.

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul van Zeeland
Prime Minister of Belgium
23 November 1937–15 May 1938
Succeeded by
Paul-Henri Spaak


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