Paul Joseph James Martin: Wikis


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The Right Hon.
 Paul Joseph James Martin

Senator for Windsor-Walkerville, Ontario
In office
April 20, 1968 – October 30, 1974
Appointed by Pierre Trudeau

In office
1935 – 1968
Preceded by Raymond Morand
Succeeded by Riding was abolished in 1966

Born June 23, 1903(1903-06-23)
Ottawa, Ontario
Died September 14, 1992 (aged 89)
Windsor, Ontario
Political party Liberal
Children Paul Martin
Cabinet Secretary of State of Canada (1945-1946)
Minister of National Health and Welfare (1946-1957)
Minister of Labour (Acting) (1950)
Secretary of State for External Affairs (1963-1968)
Minister Without Portfolio (1968-1969)
Committees Chairman, Special Committee on Prices (1947-1948)
Portfolio Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Labour (1943-1945)
Leader of the Government in the Senate (1969-1974)

Joseph James Guillaume Paul Martin,[1][2] PC, CC, QC (June 23, 1903 – September 14, 1992), often referred to as Paul Martin, Sr, was a noted Canadian politician. He was the father of Paul Martin (Jr.), who served as Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 - 2006.


Early life

Martin was born in Ottawa, Ontario, the son of Lumina (née Chouinard) and Joseph Philippe Ernest Martin.[1] His Irish Catholic paternal grandfather's family immigrated from County Mayo, while his paternal grandmother and mother were French Canadian.[1][3] He was raised in Pembroke, Ontario in the Ottawa Valley, although he did his high school studies at Collège Saint-Alexandre in Gatineau, Quebec. He completed his university education at the University of Toronto, and earned his law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School. Later, Martin studied at the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, on a scholarship. He opened a law practice in Windsor, Ontario.




A member of the Liberal Party of Canada, he was first elected to the House of Commons in 1935 and entered the cabinet in 1945. He went on to serve as a noted member of the cabinets of four Prime Ministers: William Lyon Mackenzie King, Louis St. Laurent, Lester B. Pearson and Pierre Trudeau.

Martin was viewed as one of the most left-wing members of the Liberal cabinet, and as Minister of National Health and Welfare from 1946 to 1957 he played an important role in the fight against polio and overseeing the creation of hospital insurance in Canada, and is sometimes recognized as a father of medicare. Martin served as Secretary of State for External Affairs in the Pearson government, and was instrumental in the acquisition of U.S. nuclear weapons for Canadian Forces.[4]

Hon. Paul Martin (left) and Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King attending the opening session of the United Nations General Assembly, 23 October 1946

Liberal leadership

He ran for the Liberal leadership three times, in 1948, in 1958 and 1968, but was defeated at all three Liberal leadership conventions, first by Louis St. Laurent, then by Lester B. Pearson, then by Pierre Trudeau.

Senator and beyond

Trudeau appointed him to the Senate in 1968. He served as Leader of the Government in the Senate until 1974 when he was appointed High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He also served as Chancellor of Wilfrid Laurier University from 1972-1977, as a result of which the university named the Paul Martin Centre in his honour. Until his death Paul Martin was an Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Windsor.

His two volume memoirs, A Very Public Life, was published in 1983 (ISBN 0888790929) and 1986 (ISBN 0888781216).


In 1976 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In recognition of his accomplishments, Martin was granted the right to use the honorific Right Honourable in 1992, a rare honour for one who has never been Prime Minister, Governor-General or Chief Justice of Canada. The University of Windsor has a Paul Martin Chair in law and political science, recently held by former Manitoba Premier Howard Pawley (until his retirement from the University of Windsor). The City of Windsor had also re-named their "Post Office Building" the Paul Martin Sr. Building in his honour on November 18, 1994.

Honorary Degrees

See also


External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Brooke Claxton
Minister of National Health and Welfare
12 December 1946 – 20 June 1957
Succeeded by
Alfred Johnson Brooks
Preceded by
John Joseph Connolly
Minister Without Portfolio (Leader of the Government in the Senate)
20 April 1968 – 1 April 1969
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Leader of the Government in the Senate
1 April 1969 – 7 August 1974
Succeeded by
Raymond Joseph Perrault
Academic offices
Preceded by
W. Ross Macdonald
Chancellor of Waterloo Lutheran University/Wilfrid Laurier University
1972 – 1977
Succeeded by
John Black Aird
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jake Warren
Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
1974 – 1979
Succeeded by
Jean Casselman Wadds


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