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Paulding County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Paulding County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Seat Paulding
Largest village Paulding
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

419 sq mi (1,085 km²)
416 sq mi (1,078 km²)
3 sq mi (7 km²), 0.63%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

20,293
49/sq mi (19/km²)
Founded April 1, 1820[1]
Named for John Paulding
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Paulding County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population was 20,293. Its county seat is Paulding[2] and is named for John Paulding, one of the captors of Major John André in the American Revolutionary War.[3]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 419 square miles (1,085 km²).416 square miles (1,078 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) of it is water. The total area is 0.63% water.[1]

The center of the county is 723 feet above sea level[2] and the rest of the county does not vary much from that. The land is the most level of any county in the state, and plats look like a checkerboard, with roads every mile. This level terrain resulted in Paulding County being entirely within the Great Black Swamp, unlike any other.

The county contains U.S. Routes 127, 24, and 30 (the Lincoln Highway). There are two major rivers, the Auglaize and the Maumee, as well as numerous small creeks. The largest bodies of water are manmade ponds.

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Adjacent counties

History

The Ottawa tribe of Native Americans were the prevalent occupants of the region before Europeans arrived in North America following the 1492 expedition of Christopher Columbus. By 1750, however, there were Miamis, Prankaahaws, Delawares, Shawnee, Kickapoos, Muscounteres, Huron, Weas, Wyandotts and Mohawks[3].

Under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Continental Congress opened what is now Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin to settlement. However, the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolution in 1783 allowed the British to remain in the Northwest Territory until matters were resolved with the Indians. General Washington sent General "Mad" Anthony Wayne to subdue the native population. He built a series of forts, including Fort Brown, located between Charloe and Melrose. In order to defend against Indian ambush, he cut a swath of woods a mile wide, known as the Wayne Trace. His campaign culminated in a decisive 1794 victory by the Legion of the United States against Indians led by Chief Little Turtle of the near Maumee, Ohio in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and signing of the Treaty of Greenville in 1795.[4]

Paulding County was originally part of territory set aside for Ohio’s Indian people by the Treaty of Greenville. That did not last long. Paulding County was organized by the legislature on April 1, 1820 from lands that were formerly part of Williams County. At that point, it consisted of 12 perfectly square townships. In 1845, Defiance County was formed from lands that were part of Williams County, plus the northern half of Auglaize Township. It was at this time that four sections of Emerald Township were transferred to Auglaize Township.

Settlement of Paulding County was slow, due to the difficult living conditions. Farmers complained that they grew two crops a year - frogs and ice. Many residents suffered from the ague, a disease later determined to be malaria. The primary industries were based on the thick forests. Many timbers were floated up the Maumee River to be used as ship's masts. The trees were so big that one man lived in a hollow tree. There were also many who earned money through the winter by crafting barrel staves with an adze.

George Washington had promoted the building of canals to provide interior transportation for this fledgling nation. Once the Erie Canal was opened in 1825, entrepreneurs promoted other canals, including the Miami and Erie Canal and the Wabash and Erie Canal. The Miami and Erie ran from Lake Erie to the Little Miami River near Cincinnati, Ohio, through Paulding County, and the Wabash and Erie Canal went west into Indiana, meeting the Miami and Erie in Junction, a community in Auglaize township. The canal excitement was so great that people were leaving Fort Wayne, Indiana for Junction, feeling that it had a much brighter future. Canal workers choosing Paulding County as their tax home built the county's population to 25,000 people in 1835, a number it has never approached since.

The combined canal system was the largest canal system in the world - but was only profitable for a short period. The canal was useless in winter, and the banks were constantly caving in, requiring constant dredging to remain passable. To protect the banks, canal boats had to operate at extremely slow speed - and the canal system started being abandoned even before it was completely built. The coming of the railroad quickly supplanted the canals as the primary means of long-haul travel.

A relic of this era is the Furnace Farm near Cecil. Ore was brought in by canal, where it was turned into iron using the ample local fuel. One furnace remains, where it was allowed to cool without being emptied, there being no point in pouring iron that could not be shipped economically to market.

Demographics

Paulding County
Population by year[1]

2000 20,293
1990 20,488
1980 21,302
1970 19,329
1960 16,792
1950 15,047
1940 15,527
1930 15,301
1920 18,736
1910 22,730
1900 27,528
1890 25,932
1880 13,485
1870 8,544
1860 4,945
1850 1,766
1840 1,034
1830 161

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 20,293 people, 7,773 households, and 5,689 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 8,478 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.85% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 3.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 7,773 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,327, and the median income for a family was $45,481. Males had a median income of $35,809 versus $21,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,062. About 4.90% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.50% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Schools

In 1971, the Ohio Board of Education revoked the charters of Payne, Blue Creek, Grover Hill and Auglaize-Brown school districts. Blue Creek was itself the merger of Latty and Haviland schools only a few years prior. Payne, Blue Creek, and Grover Hill merged to form the Wayne Trace school district, and Auglaize-Brown joined Paulding Exempted Village Schools.

  • Antwerp Local School District [5]
  • Paulding Exempted Village School District [6]
  • Wayne Trace Local School District [7]
  • Vantage Career Center [8]

In the late 1950s, Paulding Exempted Village Schools enacted a pay-as-you-go tax for school construction, designed to reduce overall taxes by paying cash for school construction rather than paying high interest rates on bonds. The pay-as-you-go concept has been adopted in a number of local government units in Ohio.

With students from kindergarten to high school at one location, the Paulding campus of PEVS is one of the largest schools in the state.

Communities

Map of Paulding County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Villages

Townships

Unincorporated communities

  • Arthur
  • Batson
  • Briceton
  • Charloe
  • Dague
  • Emmett
  • Fort Brown
  • Hedges

Interesting facts

The Paulding County motto of "No Compromise"[9] came from a banner carried by participants in the Reservoir War,

Paulding County was the first county in the US to receive funding from steel magnate Andrew Carnegie to build a library. Carnegie also matched funds to purchase the pipe organ in the Paulding Methodist Church.[10]

Judge Calvin L. Noble of Paulding County spent the better part of his life as a Paulding County resident. His claim to fame is that he changed the name of the city of Cleaveland, Ohio to Cleveland. Earlier in life, as a printer, he founded the Cleaveland Advertiser. As the name was slightly too long to fit atop the page, he omitted the one letter.

In 1996 and 1998 Paulding County was home to two separate Crop Circles.

References

Further reading

  • Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, by Henry Howe, published 1803.

External links

Coordinates: 41°07′N 84°35′W / 41.12°N 84.58°W / 41.12; -84.58


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Paulding County, Ohio
Map
File:Map of Ohio highlighting Paulding County.png
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded April 1, 1820[1]
Seat Paulding
Largest City Paulding
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.63%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

20293
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4
Named for: John Paulding

Paulding County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. As of the 2000 census, the population was 20,293. Its county seat is Paulding6 and is named for John Paulding, one of the captors of Major John André in the American Revolutionary War.[2]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,085 km² (419 sq mi). 1,078 km² (416 sq mi) of it is land and 7 km² (3 sq mi) of it is water. The total area is 0.63% water.[1]

The center of the county is 723 feet above sea level[2] and the rest of the county does not vary much from that. The land is the most level of any county in the state, and plats look like a checkerboard, with roads every mile. This level terrain resulted in Paulding County being entirely within the Great Black Swamp, unlike any other.

The county contains U.S. Routes 127, 24, and 30 (the Lincoln Highway). There are two major rivers, the Auglaize and the Maumee, as well as numerous small creeks. The largest bodies of water are manmade ponds.

Adjacent counties

History

The Ottawa tribe of Native Americans were the prevalent occupants of the region before Europeans arrived in North America following the 1492 expedition of Christopher Columbus. By 1750, however, there were Miamis, Prankaahaws, Delawares, Shawnee, Kickapoos, Muscounteres, Huron, Weas, Wyandotts and Mohawks[3].

Under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Continental Congress opened what is now Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin to settlement. However, the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolution in 1783 allowed the British to remain in the Northwest Territory until matters were resolved with the Indians. General Washington sent General "Mad" Anthony Wayne to subdue the native population. He built a series of forts, including Fort Brown, located between Charloe and Melrose. In order to defend against Indian ambush, he cut a swath of woods a mile wide, known as the Wayne Trace. His campaign culminated in a decisive 1794 victory by the Legion of the United States against Indians led by Chief Little Turtle of the near Maumee in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and signing of the Treaty of Greenville in 1795.[4]

Paulding County was originally part of territory set aside for Ohio’s Indian people by the Treaty of Greenville. That did not last long. Paulding County was organized by the legislature on April 1, 1820 from lands that were formerly part of Williams County. At that point, it consisted of 12 perfectly square townships. In 1845, Defiance County was formed from lands that were part of Williams County, plus the northern half of Auglaize Township. It was at this time that four sections of Emerald Township were transferred to Auglaize Township.

Settlement of Paulding County was slow, due to the difficult living conditions. Farmers complained that they grew two crops a year - frogs and ice. Many residents suffered from the ague, a disease later determined to be malaria. The primary industries were based on the thick forests. Many timbers were floated up the Maumee River to be used as ship's masts. The trees were so big that one man lived in a hollow tree. There were also many who earned money through the winter by crafting barrel staves with an adze.

George Washington had promoted the building of canals to provide interior transportation for this fledgling nation. Once the Erie Canal was opened in 1825, entrepreneurs promoted other canals, including the Miami and Erie Canal and the Wabash and Erie Canal. The Miami and Erie ran from Lake Erie to the Little Miami River near Cincinnati, through Paulding County, and the Wabash and Erie Canal went west into Indiana, meeting the Miami and Erie in Junction, a community in Auglaize township. The canal excitement was so great that people were leaving Fort Wayne for Junction, feeling that it had a much brighter future. Canal workers choosing Paulding County as their tax home built the county's population to 25,000 people in 1835, a number it has never approached since.

The combined canal system was the largest canal system in the world - but it was not successful. The canal was useless in winter, and the banks were constantly caving in, requiring constant dredging to remain passable. To protect the banks, canal boats had to operate at extremely slow speed - and the canal system started being abandoned even before it was completely built.

A relic of this era is the Furnace Farm near Cecil. Ore was brought in by canal, where it was turned into iron using the ample local fuel. One furnace remains, where it was allowed to cool without being emptied, there being no point in pouring iron that could not be shipped economically to market.

Demographics

Paulding County
Population by year[1]

2000 20,293
1990 20,488
1980 21,302
1970 19,329
1960 16,792
1950 15,047
1940 15,527
1930 15,301
1920 18,736
1910 22,730
1900 27,528
1890 25,932
1880 13,485
1870 8,544
1860 4,945
1850 1,766
1840 1,034
1830 161

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 20,293 people, 7,773 households, and 5,689 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (49/sq mi). There were 8,478 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (20/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.85% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 3.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 7,773 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,327, and the median income for a family was $45,481. Males had a median income of $35,809 versus $21,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,062. About 4.90% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.50% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Paulding County has a significant African-American population, unlike most rural counties in Ohio and Indiana, and while the African-American population in most northern cities dates from the early 20th century, there are a number of African-American families that trace their Paulding County roots to the 1860s and before. Racial strife in Paulding County is relatively low. Leo Goyings, a cobbler and veteran Buffalo Soldier, was elected to the Paulding town council in the 1960s, and other non-whites have been elected to public office since. The Paulding County Historical Society received a significant gift from a local African-American resident that became a physician in Cincinnati.

The Hispanic/Latino population largely arrived after World War II from Texas near the Mexican border, as migrant workers. The Campbell Soup factory in Napoleon decided in 1972 to no longer contract for crops that were not mechanically harvested. Those remaining have largely found job in area factories, have established farms, or work in government, or retail occupations.

Government

Main article: Ohio county government

Schools

In 1971, the Ohio Board of Education revoked the charters of Payne, Blue Creek, Grover Hill and Auglaize-Brown school districts. Blue Creek was itself the merger of Latty and Haviland schools only a few years prior. Payne, Blue Creek, and Grover Hill merged to form the Wayne Trace school district, and Auglaize-Brown joined Paulding Exempted Village Schools.

  • Antwerp Local School District [5]
  • Paulding Exempted Village School District [6]
  • Wayne Trace Local School District [7]
  • Vantage Career Center [8]

In the late 1950s, Paulding Exempted Village Schools enacted a pay-as-you-go tax for school construction, designed to reduce overall taxes by paying cash for school construction rather than paying high interest rates on bonds. The pay-as-you-go concept has been adopted in a number of local government units in Ohio.

With students from kindergarten to high school at one location, the Paulding campus of PEVS is one of the largest schools in the state.

Localities

Municipalities

Map of Paulding County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships

Other places

Interesting facts

The Paulding County motto of "No Compromise"[9] came from a banner carried by participants in the Reservoir War,

Paulding County was the first county in the US to receive funding from steel magnate Andrew Carnegie to build a library. Carnegie also matched funds to purchase the pipe organ in the Paulding Methodist Church.[10]

The town of Payne got its name when the railroad hauled in a used depot with that name already on it. Prior to that, the community was known as Puckerbrush.

Judge Calvin L. Noble of Paulding County spent the better part of his life as a Paulding County resident. His claim to fame is that he changed the name of Cleaveland to Cleveland. Earlier in life, as a printer, he founded the Cleaveland Advertiser. That was just a bit too long to fit atop page one - so he omitted the one letter.

In 1996 and 1998 Paulding County was home to two separate Crop Circles.

References

  1. ^ a b Ohio County Profiles: Paulding County (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ Paulding County data. {{subst:#ifexist:Ohio State University|[[Ohio State University|]]|[[Wikipedia:Ohio State University|]]}} Extension Data Center. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.

Coordinates: 41°07′N 84°35′W / 41.12, -84.58

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Paulding County, Ohio. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Paulding County, OhioRDF feed
County names Paulding County, Ohio  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Ohio  +
Short name Paulding County  +

This article uses material from the "Paulding County, Ohio" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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