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Pauline Betz
Personal information
Date of birth August 6, 1919 (1919-08-06) (age 90)
Country United States United States
Grand Slam singles championships (5)
Wimbledon 1946
U.S. Championships 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946

Pauline May Betz Addie (born August 6, 1919 in Dayton, Ohio) is an American former professional tennis player. She won five Grand Slam singles titles and was the runner-up on three other occasions. Jack Kramer has called her the second best female tennis player he ever saw, behind Helen Wills Moody.[1]

Contents

Biography

Addie won the first of her four singles titles at the U.S. Championships in 1942, saving a match point in the semifinals against Margaret Osborne duPont while trailing 3–5 in the final set.[2] The following year, she won the Tri-State tournament in Cincinnati, Ohio, defeating Catherine Wolf in the final 6–0, 6–2 without losing a point in the first set,[2] a "Golden Set". She won the Wimbledon singles title in 1946, the only time she entered the tournament, without losing a set.[2] Her amateur career ended when she explored the possibilities of turning professional.[2]

According to John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Addie was ranked World No. 1 in 1946 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945).[3] Addie was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1939 through 1946. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1942 through 1944 and in 1946.[4]

Addie was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1965.[2]

Addie attended Los Angeles High School and Rollins College, where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority, at the same time as Kramer. She was married to sportswriter Bob Addie[2] and is the mother of author Kim Addonizio.

The Pauline Betz Addie Tennis Center at Cabin John Regional Park in Potomac, Maryland was renamed in her honor on May 1, 2008. Addie, Allie Ritzenberg, and Stanley Hoffberger founded the center in 1972.

Grand Slam record

  • French Championships
    • Singles runner-up: 1946
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1946
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1946
  • Wimbledon
    • Singles champion: 1946
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1946
  • U.S. Championships
    • Singles champion: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946
    • Singles runner-up: 1941, 1945
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1941, 1943

Grand Slam singles finals

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Wins (5)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1942 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
1943 U.S. Championships (2) Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
1944 U.S. Championships (3) Flag of the United States.svg Margaret Osborne duPont 6–3, 8–6
1946 Wimbledon Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 6–2, 6–4
1946 U.S. Championships (4) Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 11–9, 6–3

Runner-ups (3)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1941 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Sarah Palfrey Cooke 7–5, 6–2
1945 U.S. Championships Flag of the United States.svg Sarah Palfrey Cooke 3–6, 8–6, 6–4
1946 French Championships Flag of the United States.svg Margaret Osborne duPont 1–6, 8–6, 7–5

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Tournament 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 Career SR
Australian Championships A A NH NH NH NH NH A 0 / 0
French Championships A NH R R R R A F 0 / 1
Wimbledon A NH NH NH NH NH NH W 1 / 1
U.S. Championships 1R QF F W W W F W 4 / 8
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 1 2 / 3 5 / 10

NH = tournament not held.

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

References

  1. ^ Female players & the 1950–51 Pauline Betz-Gussy Moran tour
  2. ^ a b c d e f Pauline May Betz (Addie)
  3. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.  
  4. ^ United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc.. pp. 260–1.  

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