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Pax Ottomana (literally "the Ottoman Peace") is a term used to describe the economic and social stability attained in the conquered provinces of the Ottoman Empire, which, at the height of the Empire's power during the 16th and 17th centuries, applied to lands in the Balkans, Anatolia, the Middle East, North Africa and the Caucasus.

It is preferred in particular by historians and writers who hold a positive view of Ottoman rule to underline the positive impact of Ottoman rule on the conquered regions. They compare it favourably with instability experienced before the Ottoman conquest and with the period after World War I, when only Anatolia and Eastern Thrace remained under Turkish rule.

The term is derived from the more common Pax Romana, "the Roman Peace".


  • Richard Hooker. 1996. The Ottomans Washington State University
  • Kemal Cicek (ed.). 2001. Pax Ottomana: Studies in Memoriam Prof. Dr. Nejat Goyunc (1925-2001). Ankara: Haarlem.
  • İlber Ortaylı. 2004. Osmanlı Barışı. İstanbul: Timaş.


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